The Quantum Frontier

  • Filename: the-quantum-frontier.
  • ISBN: 9780801896446
  • Release Date: 2009-12-07
  • Number of pages: 192
  • Author: Don Lincoln
  • Publisher: JHU Press



Whatever it reveals, the results arising from the Large Hadron Collider will profoundly alter our understanding of the cosmos and the atom and stimulate amateur and professional scientists for years to come.

Ultimate Zero and One

  • Filename: ultimate-zero-and-one.
  • ISBN: 9781461204954
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 250
  • Author: Colin P. Williams
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



As miniaturisation deepens, and nanotechnology and its machines become more prevalent in the real world, the need to consider using quantum mechanical concepts to perform various tasks in computation increases. Such tasks include: the teleporting of information, breaking heretofore "unbreakable" codes, communicating with messages that betray eavesdropping, and the generation of random numbers. This is the first book to apply quantum physics to the basic operations of a computer, representing the ideal vehicle for explaining the complexities of quantum mechanics to students, researchers and computer engineers, alike, as they prepare to design and create the computing and information delivery systems for the future. Both authors have solid backgrounds in the subject matter at the theoretical and more practical level. While serving as a text for senior/grad level students in computer science/physics/engineering, this book has its primary use as an up-to-date reference work in the emerging interdisciplinary field of quantum computing - the only prerequisite being knowledge of calculus and familiarity with the concept of the Turing machine.

Exploring the Quantum classical Frontier

  • Filename: exploring-the-quantum-classical-frontier.
  • ISBN: 1590332245
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 479
  • Author: Jonathan R. Friedman
  • Publisher: Nova Publishers



Contents: Foreword; Macroscopic Quantum Mechanics of the Current-Biased Josephson Junction; Quantum Mechanics at the Macroscopic Level: Experiments on Josephson Junctions; Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in SQUIDs; Quantum Coherence in a Superconducting Single-Electron Box; Magnetisation Reversal by Quantum Tunneling in Nanometer-Sized Particles and Clusters; Resonant Magnetisation Tunnelling in Molecular Magnets; Spin Tunnelling in Molecular Magnets; Solitons, Instantons and Mesoscopic Quantum Phenomena in Magnetism; From Microscopic towards Mesoscopic; Quantum State Engineering with Cold Trapped Ions; Theory of Bose-Einstein Condensation of Laser-Cooled Neutral Atoms; Collective Collapse of a Bose-Einstein Condensates; Tunnelling of Defects in Metals; Josephson-Junction Qubits and the Readout Process by Single-Electron Transistors; Continuous Weak Measurement of the Macroscopic Quantum Coherent Oscillations; Index.

Exploring Frontiers of the Mind Brain Relationship

  • Filename: exploring-frontiers-of-the-mind-brain-relationship.
  • ISBN: 1461406471
  • Release Date: 2011-11-25
  • Number of pages: 243
  • Author: Alexander Moreira-Almeida
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The conscious mind defines human existence. Many consider the brain as a computer, and they attempt to explain consciousness as emerging at a critical, but unspecified, threshold level of complex computation among neurons. The brain-as-computer model, however, fails to account for phenomenal experience and portrays consciousness as an impotent, after-the-fact epiphenomenon lacking causal power. And the brain-as-computer concept precludes even the remotest possibility of spirituality. As described throughout the history of humankind, seemingly spiritual mental phenomena including transcendent states, near-death and out-of-body experiences, and past-life memories have in recent years been well documented and treated scientifically. In addition, the brain-as-computer approach has been challenged by advocates of quantum brain biology, who are possibly able to explain, scientifically, nonlocal, seemingly spiritual mental states. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship argues against the purely physical analysis of consciousness and for a balanced psychobiological approach. This thought-provoking volume bridges philosophy of mind with science of mind to look empirically at transcendent phenomena, such as mystic states, near-death experiences and past-life memories, that have confounded scientists for decades. Representing disciplines ranging from philosophy and history to neuroimaging and physics, and boasting a panel of expert scientists and physicians, including Andrew Newberg, Peter Fenwick, Stuart Hameroff, Mario Beauregard, Deepak Chopra, and Chris Clarke the book rigorously follows several lines of inquiry into mind-brain controversies, challenging readers to form their own conclusions—or reconsider previous ones. Key coverage includes: Objections to reductionistic materialism from the philosophical and the scientific tradition. Phenomena and the mind-brain problem. The neurobiological correlates of meditation and mindfulness. The quantum soul, a view from physics. Clinical implications of end-of-life experiences. Mediumistic experience and the mind-brain relationship. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship is essential reading for researchers and clinicians across many disciplines, including cognitive psychology, personality and social psychology, the neurosciences, neuropsychiatry, palliative care, philosophy, and quantum physics. “This book ... brings together some precious observations about the fundamental mystery of the nature of consciousness ... It raises many questions that serve to invite each of us to be more aware of the uncertainty of our preconceptions about consciousness ... This book on the frontiers of mind-body relationships is a scholarly embodiment of creative and open-minded science.” C. Robert Cloninger, MD Wallace Renard Professor of Psychiatry, Genetics, and Psychology, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis MO

Mind Matter and Quantum Mechanics

  • Filename: mind-matter-and-quantum-mechanics.
  • ISBN: 3540407618
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 297
  • Author: Henry P. Stapp
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



"Scientists other than quantum physicists often fail to comprehend the enormity of the conceptual change wrought by quantum theory in our basic conception of the nature of matter," writes Henry Stapp. Stapp is a leading quantum physicist who has given particularly careful thought to the implications of the theory that lies at the heart of modern physics. In this book, which contains several of his key papers as well as new material, he focuses on the problem of consciousness and explains how quantum mechanics allows causally effective conscious thought to be combined in a natural way with the physical brain made of neurons and atoms. The book is divided into four sections. The first consists of an extended introduction. Key foundational and somewhat more technical papers are included in the second part, together with a clear exposition of the "orthodox" interpretation of quantum mechanics. The third part addresses, in a non-technical fashion, the implications of the theory for some of the most profound questions that mankind has contemplated: How does the world come to be just what it is and not something else? How should humans view themselves in a quantum universe? What will be the impact on society of the revised scientific image of the nature of man? The final part contains a mathematical appendix for the specialist and a glossary of important terms and ideas for the interested layman. This new edition has been updated and extended to address recent debates about consciousness.

Gravitation

  • Filename: gravitation.
  • ISBN: 9781420034271
  • Release Date: 2004-10-31
  • Number of pages: 198
  • Author: I. Ciufolini
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Although gravity is the dominant force of nature at large distances (from intermediate scales to the Hubble length), it is the weakest of forces in particle physics, though it is believed to become important again at very short scales (the Planck length). The conditions created in particle accelerators are similar to those at the time of the early universe. While particle physics offers insight to early universe physics, there is a need to understand gravity at extremes of large and short distances to further understand cosmology and the development of the universe. Gravitation: From the Hubble Length to the Planck Length fulfills this need by providing an overview of relativistic astrophysics, early universe physics, cosmology, and their interface with particle physics. Written by international experts, this reference presents up-to-date information on classical relativity, astrophysics, and theoretical and experimental particle physics. The introduction sets the scene and provides a context for the remaining chapters. Chapters cover an extensive array of topics, from refined experimental techniques in gravitational physics to cosmology and the quantum frontier. The book concludes with a discussion of the connection among particles, fields, strings, and branes. This compilation shows how gravity plays a fundamental role in astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology by exploring domains from the microscopic, such as black holes, to superclusters of galaxies that form the large-scale texture of the present-day cosmos. Moreover, with its theoretical and experimental focus on the foundations of gravity, Gravitation proves to be an invaluable resource for current and future research.

The Quantum and the Lotus

  • Filename: the-quantum-and-the-lotus.
  • ISBN: 9781400080793
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 312
  • Author: Matthieu Ricard
  • Publisher: Broadway Books



In an incisive dialog, a Buddhist monk trained as a molecular biologist and a leading astrophysicist raised as a Buddhist explore the interconnections that exist between the traditional teachings of Buddhism and the theories of modern-day science as they share new thoughts on the relationship between science and religion. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

Gravitation

  • Filename: gravitation.
  • ISBN: 9781139485395
  • Release Date: 2010-01-28
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: T. Padmanabhan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Covering all aspects of gravitation in a contemporary style, this advanced textbook is ideal for graduate students and researchers in all areas of theoretical physics. The 'Foundation' section develops the formalism in six chapters, and uses it in the next four chapters to discuss four key applications - spherical spacetimes, black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology. The six chapters in the 'Frontier' section describe cosmological perturbation theory, quantum fields in curved spacetime, and the Hamiltonian structure of general relativity, among several other advanced topics, some of which are covered in-depth for the first time in a textbook. The modular structure of the book allows different sections to be combined to suit a variety of courses. Over 200 exercises are included to test and develop the reader's understanding. There are also over 30 projects, which help readers make the transition from the book to their own original research.

Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanical Methods

  • Filename: combined-quantum-mechanical-and-molecular-mechanical-methods.
  • ISBN: 0841235902
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 310
  • Author: Jiali Gao
  • Publisher: Amer Chemical Society



Combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical methods (QM/MM) are one of the most promising approaches for quantum mechanical calculations of chemical processes in solution and in enzymes. In such a method a relatively small part of the system (e.g., the solute) is analyzed through quantum mechanics and the remainder (e.g., the solvent) is represented through molecular mechanics, thus combining the accuracy of one method with the efficiency of the other. This book provides an in-depth survey of the methods and their applications in chemistry and biochemistry.

Quantics

  • Filename: quantics.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015018904568
  • Release Date: 1990
  • Number of pages: 539
  • Author: Jean Marc Lévy-Leblond
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd



Amongst the numerous texts on the subject, the authors have succeeded in creating a novel approach to the understanding of quantum physics based on four novel features: - deliberate use of qualitative methods and heuristic arguments rather than formal calculations; - permanent reference to contemporary experimental results in many modern fields of physics (nuclear and high energy, neutronics, solid state, lasers, etc.); - careful discussion of conceptual difficulties and terminological problems from the present standpoint; - presentation of modern theoretical viewpoints (such as symmetry principles). An impressive selection of original problems supplement this up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to quantum physics. Quantics - Rudiments will be appreciated by a wide audience, from educated layman to professional scientist.

Professor Astro Cat s Frontiers of Space

  • Filename: professor-astro-cat-s-frontiers-of-space.
  • ISBN: 1909263079
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 64
  • Author: Dominic Walliman
  • Publisher: Nobrow Press



Professor Astro Cat explains everything he knows about the solar system and outer space, including the Big Bang, manned missions to the Moon, and the night sky throughout the months of the year.

The Basics of Magnetism

  • Filename: the-basics-of-magnetism.
  • ISBN: 9781477777619
  • Release Date: 2014-07-15
  • Number of pages: 96
  • Author: Christopher Cooper
  • Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group



Page after page, this title proves that the power of attraction is undeniable. Readers move beyond a simple fascination with the power of magnets to a clear understanding of the science behind magnetics. Natural magnets, Earth's magnetic field, and the ties between electricity and magnetics are all featured, in addition to the creation and use of magnets in commercial and everyday applications. Information about the life and work of physicist Joseph Henry, a leading electromagnetics pioneer, and a timeline of important dates in the field are also included.

The Emerging Physics of Consciousness

  • Filename: the-emerging-physics-of-consciousness.
  • ISBN: 9783540367239
  • Release Date: 2006-09-05
  • Number of pages: 487
  • Author: Jack A. Tuszynski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Seeks answers to these questions using the underlying assumption that consciousness can be understood using the intellectual potential of modern physics and other sciences. There are a number of theories of consciousness, some based on classical physics while others require the use of quantum concepts. The latter ones have drawn criticism from the parts of the scientific establishment while simultaneously claiming that classical approaches are doomed to failure. The contributing authors presents a spectrum of opinions from both sides of this on-going scientific debate, allowing readers to decide for themselves which of the approaches are most likely to succeed.

Field Theory

  • Filename: field-theory.
  • ISBN: 0813346568
  • Release Date: 1997-03-25
  • Number of pages: 350
  • Author: Pierre Ramond
  • Publisher: Westview Press



Presents recent advances of perturbative relativistic field theory in a pedagogical and straightforward way. For graduate students who intend to specialize in high-energy physics.

Computation for Humanity

  • Filename: computation-for-humanity.
  • ISBN: 9781439883297
  • Release Date: 2013-10-07
  • Number of pages: 520
  • Author: Justyna Zander
  • Publisher: CRC Press



The exponential progress and accessibility of computing has vastly increased data flows and revolutionized the practice of science, engineering, and communication. Computing plays a critical role in advancing research across almost every scientific discipline. Computation for Humanity: Information Technology to Advance Society is a guide for the creation of services, products, and tools that facilitate, support, and enhance progress of humanity toward more sustainable life. This book: Provides a deep understanding of the practical applications of computation to solve human-machine problems Delivers insight into theoretical approaches in an accessible manner Provides a comprehensive overview of computational science and engineering applications in selected disciplines Crosses the boundaries between different domains and shows how they interrelate and complement one another Focuses on grand challenges and issues that matter for the future of humanity Shows different perspectives of computational thinking, understanding, and reasoning Provides a basis for scientific discoveries and enables adopting scientific theories and engineering practices from other disciplines Takes a step back to provide a human-related abstraction level that is not ultimately seen in pure technological elaborations/collections The editors provide a collection of numerous computation-related projects that form a foundation from which to cross-pollinate between different disciplines and further extensive collaboration. They present a clear and profound understanding of computing in today's world, and provide fundamental solutions to some of the most pertinent humanity-related problems.

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