The Quantum Frontier

  • Filename: the-quantum-frontier.
  • ISBN: 9780801896446
  • Release Date: 2009-12-07
  • Number of pages: 192
  • Author: Don Lincoln
  • Publisher: JHU Press



Whatever it reveals, the results arising from the Large Hadron Collider will profoundly alter our understanding of the cosmos and the atom and stimulate amateur and professional scientists for years to come.

Ultimate Zero and One

  • Filename: ultimate-zero-and-one.
  • ISBN: 9781461204954
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 250
  • Author: Colin P. Williams
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



As miniaturisation deepens, and nanotechnology and its machines become more prevalent in the real world, the need to consider using quantum mechanical concepts to perform various tasks in computation increases. Such tasks include: the teleporting of information, breaking heretofore "unbreakable" codes, communicating with messages that betray eavesdropping, and the generation of random numbers. This is the first book to apply quantum physics to the basic operations of a computer, representing the ideal vehicle for explaining the complexities of quantum mechanics to students, researchers and computer engineers, alike, as they prepare to design and create the computing and information delivery systems for the future. Both authors have solid backgrounds in the subject matter at the theoretical and more practical level. While serving as a text for senior/grad level students in computer science/physics/engineering, this book has its primary use as an up-to-date reference work in the emerging interdisciplinary field of quantum computing - the only prerequisite being knowledge of calculus and familiarity with the concept of the Turing machine.

The Large Hadron Collider

  • Filename: the-large-hadron-collider.
  • ISBN: 9781421414324
  • Release Date: 2014-09-03
  • Number of pages: 240
  • Author: Don Lincoln
  • Publisher: JHU Press



Since 2008 scientists have conducted experiments in a hyperenergized, 17-mile supercollider beneath the border of France and Switzerland. The Large Hadron Collider (or what scientists call "the LHC") is one of the wonders of the modern world—a highly sophisticated scientific instrument designed to recreate in miniature the conditions of the universe as they existed in the microseconds following the big bang. Among many notable LHC discoveries, one led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for revealing evidence of the existence of the Higgs boson, the so-called God particle. Picking up where he left off in The Quantum Frontier, physicist Don Lincoln shares an insider’s account of the LHC’s operational history and gives readers everything they need to become well informed on this marvel of technology. Writing about the LHC’s early days, Lincoln offers keen insight into an accident that derailed the operation nine days after the collider’s 2008 debut. A faulty solder joint started a chain reaction that caused a massive explosion, damaged 50 superconducting magnets, and vaporized large sections of the conductor. The crippled LHC lay dormant for over a year, while technical teams repaired the damage. Lincoln devotes an entire chapter to the Higgs boson and Higgs field, using several extended analogies to help explain the importance of these concepts to particle physics. In the final chapter, he describes what the discovery of the Higgs boson tells us about our current understanding of basic physics and how the discovery now keeps scientists awake over a nagging inconsistency in their favorite theory. As accessible as it is fascinating, The Large Hadron Collider reveals the inner workings of this masterful achievement of technology, along with the mind-blowing discoveries that will keep it at the center of the scientific frontier for the foreseeable future. -- Anna Call

Exploring Frontiers of the Mind Brain Relationship

  • Filename: exploring-frontiers-of-the-mind-brain-relationship.
  • ISBN: 1461406471
  • Release Date: 2011-11-25
  • Number of pages: 243
  • Author: Alexander Moreira-Almeida
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The conscious mind defines human existence. Many consider the brain as a computer, and they attempt to explain consciousness as emerging at a critical, but unspecified, threshold level of complex computation among neurons. The brain-as-computer model, however, fails to account for phenomenal experience and portrays consciousness as an impotent, after-the-fact epiphenomenon lacking causal power. And the brain-as-computer concept precludes even the remotest possibility of spirituality. As described throughout the history of humankind, seemingly spiritual mental phenomena including transcendent states, near-death and out-of-body experiences, and past-life memories have in recent years been well documented and treated scientifically. In addition, the brain-as-computer approach has been challenged by advocates of quantum brain biology, who are possibly able to explain, scientifically, nonlocal, seemingly spiritual mental states. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship argues against the purely physical analysis of consciousness and for a balanced psychobiological approach. This thought-provoking volume bridges philosophy of mind with science of mind to look empirically at transcendent phenomena, such as mystic states, near-death experiences and past-life memories, that have confounded scientists for decades. Representing disciplines ranging from philosophy and history to neuroimaging and physics, and boasting a panel of expert scientists and physicians, including Andrew Newberg, Peter Fenwick, Stuart Hameroff, Mario Beauregard, Deepak Chopra, and Chris Clarke the book rigorously follows several lines of inquiry into mind-brain controversies, challenging readers to form their own conclusions—or reconsider previous ones. Key coverage includes: Objections to reductionistic materialism from the philosophical and the scientific tradition. Phenomena and the mind-brain problem. The neurobiological correlates of meditation and mindfulness. The quantum soul, a view from physics. Clinical implications of end-of-life experiences. Mediumistic experience and the mind-brain relationship. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship is essential reading for researchers and clinicians across many disciplines, including cognitive psychology, personality and social psychology, the neurosciences, neuropsychiatry, palliative care, philosophy, and quantum physics. “This book ... brings together some precious observations about the fundamental mystery of the nature of consciousness ... It raises many questions that serve to invite each of us to be more aware of the uncertainty of our preconceptions about consciousness ... This book on the frontiers of mind-body relationships is a scholarly embodiment of creative and open-minded science.” C. Robert Cloninger, MD Wallace Renard Professor of Psychiatry, Genetics, and Psychology, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis MO

Exploring the Quantum classical Frontier

  • Filename: exploring-the-quantum-classical-frontier.
  • ISBN: 1590332245
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 479
  • Author: Jonathan R. Friedman
  • Publisher: Nova Publishers



Contents: Foreword; Macroscopic Quantum Mechanics of the Current-Biased Josephson Junction; Quantum Mechanics at the Macroscopic Level: Experiments on Josephson Junctions; Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in SQUIDs; Quantum Coherence in a Superconducting Single-Electron Box; Magnetisation Reversal by Quantum Tunneling in Nanometer-Sized Particles and Clusters; Resonant Magnetisation Tunnelling in Molecular Magnets; Spin Tunnelling in Molecular Magnets; Solitons, Instantons and Mesoscopic Quantum Phenomena in Magnetism; From Microscopic towards Mesoscopic; Quantum State Engineering with Cold Trapped Ions; Theory of Bose-Einstein Condensation of Laser-Cooled Neutral Atoms; Collective Collapse of a Bose-Einstein Condensates; Tunnelling of Defects in Metals; Josephson-Junction Qubits and the Readout Process by Single-Electron Transistors; Continuous Weak Measurement of the Macroscopic Quantum Coherent Oscillations; Index.

The Quantum and the Lotus

  • Filename: the-quantum-and-the-lotus.
  • ISBN: 9781400080793
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 312
  • Author: Matthieu Ricard
  • Publisher: Broadway Books



In an incisive dialog, a Buddhist monk trained as a molecular biologist and a leading astrophysicist raised as a Buddhist explore the interconnections that exist between the traditional teachings of Buddhism and the theories of modern-day science as they share new thoughts on the relationship between science and religion. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

Gravitation

  • Filename: gravitation.
  • ISBN: 9781420034271
  • Release Date: 2004-10-31
  • Number of pages: 198
  • Author: I. Ciufolini
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Although gravity is the dominant force of nature at large distances (from intermediate scales to the Hubble length), it is the weakest of forces in particle physics, though it is believed to become important again at very short scales (the Planck length). The conditions created in particle accelerators are similar to those at the time of the early universe. While particle physics offers insight to early universe physics, there is a need to understand gravity at extremes of large and short distances to further understand cosmology and the development of the universe. Gravitation: From the Hubble Length to the Planck Length fulfills this need by providing an overview of relativistic astrophysics, early universe physics, cosmology, and their interface with particle physics. Written by international experts, this reference presents up-to-date information on classical relativity, astrophysics, and theoretical and experimental particle physics. The introduction sets the scene and provides a context for the remaining chapters. Chapters cover an extensive array of topics, from refined experimental techniques in gravitational physics to cosmology and the quantum frontier. The book concludes with a discussion of the connection among particles, fields, strings, and branes. This compilation shows how gravity plays a fundamental role in astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology by exploring domains from the microscopic, such as black holes, to superclusters of galaxies that form the large-scale texture of the present-day cosmos. Moreover, with its theoretical and experimental focus on the foundations of gravity, Gravitation proves to be an invaluable resource for current and future research.

Gravitation

  • Filename: gravitation.
  • ISBN: 9781139485395
  • Release Date: 2010-01-28
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: T. Padmanabhan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Covering all aspects of gravitation in a contemporary style, this advanced textbook is ideal for graduate students and researchers in all areas of theoretical physics. The 'Foundation' section develops the formalism in six chapters, and uses it in the next four chapters to discuss four key applications - spherical spacetimes, black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology. The six chapters in the 'Frontier' section describe cosmological perturbation theory, quantum fields in curved spacetime, and the Hamiltonian structure of general relativity, among several other advanced topics, some of which are covered in-depth for the first time in a textbook. The modular structure of the book allows different sections to be combined to suit a variety of courses. Over 200 exercises are included to test and develop the reader's understanding. There are also over 30 projects, which help readers make the transition from the book to their own original research.

Professor Astro Cat s Frontiers of Space

  • Filename: professor-astro-cat-s-frontiers-of-space.
  • ISBN: 1909263079
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 64
  • Author: Dominic Walliman
  • Publisher: Nobrow Press



Professor Astro Cat explains everything he knows about the solar system and outer space, including the Big Bang, manned missions to the Moon, and the night sky throughout the months of the year.

Computing with Quantum Cats

  • Filename: computing-with-quantum-cats.
  • ISBN: 9781616149222
  • Release Date: 2014-03-04
  • Number of pages: 295
  • Author: John Gribbin
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books



A mind-blowing glimpse into the near future, where quantum computing will have world-transforming effects. The quantum computer is no longer the stuff of science fiction. Pioneering physicists are on the brink of unlocking a new quantum universe which provides a better representation of reality than our everyday experiences and common sense ever could. The birth of quantum computers - which, like Schrödinger's famous "dead and alive" cat, rely on entities like electrons, photons, or atoms existing in two states at the same time - is set to turn the computing world on its head. In his fascinating study of this cutting-edge technology, John Gribbin updates his previous views on the nature of quantum reality, arguing for a universe of many parallel worlds where "everything is real." Looking back to Alan Turing's work on the Enigma machine and the first electronic computer, Gribbin explains how quantum theory developed to make quantum computers work in practice as well as in principle. He takes us beyond the arena of theoretical physics to explore their practical applications - from machines which learn through "intuition" and trial and error to unhackable laptops and smartphones. And he investigates the potential for this extraordinary science to create a world where communication occurs faster than light and teleportation is possible. This is an exciting insider's look at the new frontier of computer science and its revolutionary implications.

The Quantum Age

  • Filename: the-quantum-age.
  • ISBN: 9781848316997
  • Release Date: 2014-06-05
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Brian Clegg
  • Publisher: Icon Books Ltd



The stone age, the iron age, the steam and electrical ages all saw the reach of humankind transformed by new technology. Now we are living in the quantum age, a revolution in everyday life led by our understanding of the very, very small. Quantum physics lies at the heart of every electronic device from smartphones to lasers; quantum superconductors allow levitating trains and MRI scanners, while superfast, ultra-secure quantum computers may soon be a reality. Yet quantum particles such as atoms, electrons and photons remain mysterious, acting totally unlike the objects we experience directly. With his trademark clarity and enthusiasm, acclaimed popular science author Brian Clegg reveals the amazing world of the quantum that lies all around us.

Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanical Methods

  • Filename: combined-quantum-mechanical-and-molecular-mechanical-methods.
  • ISBN: 0841235902
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 310
  • Author: Jiali Gao
  • Publisher: Amer Chemical Society



Combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical methods (QM/MM) are one of the most promising approaches for quantum mechanical calculations of chemical processes in solution and in enzymes. In such a method a relatively small part of the system (e.g., the solute) is analyzed through quantum mechanics and the remainder (e.g., the solvent) is represented through molecular mechanics, thus combining the accuracy of one method with the efficiency of the other. This book provides an in-depth survey of the methods and their applications in chemistry and biochemistry.

Quantum Healing Revised and Updated

  • Filename: quantum-healing-revised-and-updated.
  • ISBN: 9780804179980
  • Release Date: 2015-11-17
  • Number of pages: 368
  • Author: Deepak Chopra
  • Publisher: Bantam



THE LANDMARK BESTSELLER—NOW COMPLETELY REVISED AND UPDATED More than twenty-five years ago, Quantum Healing helped transform Deepak Chopra into a cultural phenomenon. Now Dr. Chopra, hailed by Time as “the poet-prophet of alternative medicine,” returns to this groundbreaking work, adding the latest scientific research as well as expanded thoughts on the connection between body and mind. Inspired by the unexplained recovery of patients in his own practice who had been given just a few months to live, Dr. Chopra began his search for answers. After returning to his native India to explore humanity’s most ancient healing tradition, Ayurveda, he combined those insights with Western medicine, neuroscience, and physics. What he discovered—a “network of intelligence” in the human body with the potential to defeat cancer, heart disease, even aging itself—forms the basis of Quantum Healing. In this new edition, Dr. Chopra once again offers a fascinating intellectual journey and a deeply moving chronicle of hope and healing. Praise for Quantum Healing “Quantum Healing didn’t set out to cure cancer or Alzheimer’s or any other intractable disease. It set out to see the human body, and human existence in general, through wiser eyes. As a scientist I’m passionate about genes and the brain; as a person I’m totally fascinated by the origins of consciousness. Quantum Healing galvanized my intuition that these areas do not have to be separated.”—Dr. Rudolph Tanzi, from the new foreword “Deepak Chopra illuminates our true innate capacity for healing, growth, and evolution. With the wisdom of an experienced doctor, girded by science, he guides us to reclaim our natural power towards thriving. Chopra’s work is paradigm-changing for medicine and helpful beyond measure for every human being seeking to evolve, flourish, and know our true nature.”—Lisa Miller, Ph.D., author of The Spiritual Child and director of clinical psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University

Field Theory

  • Filename: field-theory.
  • ISBN: 0813346568
  • Release Date: 1997-03-25
  • Number of pages: 350
  • Author: Pierre Ramond
  • Publisher: Westview Press



Presents recent advances of perturbative relativistic field theory in a pedagogical and straightforward way. For graduate students who intend to specialize in high-energy physics.

Quantics

  • Filename: quantics.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015018904568
  • Release Date: 1990
  • Number of pages: 539
  • Author: Jean Marc Lévy-Leblond
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd



Amongst the numerous texts on the subject, the authors have succeeded in creating a novel approach to the understanding of quantum physics based on four novel features: - deliberate use of qualitative methods and heuristic arguments rather than formal calculations; - permanent reference to contemporary experimental results in many modern fields of physics (nuclear and high energy, neutronics, solid state, lasers, etc.); - careful discussion of conceptual difficulties and terminological problems from the present standpoint; - presentation of modern theoretical viewpoints (such as symmetry principles). An impressive selection of original problems supplement this up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to quantum physics. Quantics - Rudiments will be appreciated by a wide audience, from educated layman to professional scientist.

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