Languages of the World

  • Filename: languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 9781107002784
  • Release Date: 2012-02-09
  • Number of pages: 278
  • Author: Asya Pereltsvaig
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Introduces readers to the rich diversity of human languages, familiarizing them with the variety of languages around the world.

The Languages of the World

  • Filename: the-languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 0203430166
  • Release Date: 2002-05-03
  • Number of pages: 400
  • Author: Kenneth Katzner
  • Publisher: Routledge

This third edition of Kenneth Katzner's best-selling guide to languages is essential reading for language enthusiasts everywhere. Written with the non-specialist in mind, its user-friendly style and layout, delightful original passages, and exotic scripts, will continue to fascinate the reader. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to include more languages, more countries, and up-to-date data on populations. Features include: *information on nearly 600 languages *individual descriptions of 200 languages, with sample passages and English translations *concise notes on where each language is spoken, its history, alphabet and pronunciation *coverage of every country in the world, its main language and speaker numbers *an introduction to language families

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World

  • Filename: concise-encyclopedia-of-languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 9780080877754
  • Release Date: 2010-04-06
  • Number of pages: 1320
  • Author:
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World is an authoritative single-volume reference resource comprehensively describing the major languages and language families of the world. It will provide full descriptions of the phonology, semantics, morphology, and syntax of the world’s major languages, giving insights into their structure, history and development, sounds, meaning, structure, and language family, thereby both highlighting their diversity for comparative study, and contextualizing them according to their genetic relationships and regional distribution. Based on the highly acclaimed and award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, this volume will provide an edited collection of almost 400 articles throughout which a representative subset of the world's major languages are unfolded and explained in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, by the leading scholars in linguistics. In highlighting the diversity of the world’s languages — from the thriving to the endangered and extinct — this work will be the first point of call to any language expert interested in this huge area. No other single volume will match the extent of language coverage or the authority of the contributors of Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. * Extraordinary breadth of coverage: a comprehensive selection of just under 400 articles covering the world's major languages, language families, and classification structures, issues and disputes * Peerless quality: based on 20 years of academic development on two editions of the leading reference resource in linguistics, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics * Unique authorship: 350 of the world's leading experts brought together for one purpose * Exceptional editorial selection, review and validation process: Keith Brown and Sarah Ogilvie act as first-tier guarantors for article quality and coverage * Compact and affordable: one-volume format makes this suitable for personal study at any institution interested in areal, descriptive, or comparative language study - and at a fraction of the cost of the full encyclopedia

An Introduction to the Languages of the World

  • Filename: an-introduction-to-the-languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 0195081161
  • Release Date: 1997-01-01
  • Number of pages: 491
  • Author: Anatole Lyovin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This text is designed to introduce students to the variety of languages of the world.

The Languages of the World

  • Filename: the-languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 9780415250047
  • Release Date: 2002
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Kenneth Katzner
  • Publisher: Psychology Press

Provides an overview of the languages of the world, examining the language families, as well as individual descriptions of two hundred languages with sample texts and their translations into English.

A Survey of Word Accentual Patterns in the Languages of the World

  • Filename: a-survey-of-word-accentual-patterns-in-the-languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 9783110198966
  • Release Date: 2011-01-01
  • Number of pages: 896
  • Author: Harry van der Hulst
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

In this volume, there is an introductory chapter (Chapter 1) that will provide the reader with elementary terminology and theoretical tools to understand the variety of accentual systems that will be discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. Chapter 2 has a double function. It presents an overview of stress patterns in Australian languages, but at the same time it is intended to (re-)familiarize readers with the coding, terminology and theoretical ideas of the StressTyp database. Chapter 11 presents statistical and typological information from the StressTyp database. Part II of this volume contains 'language profiles' which are, for each of the 511 languages contained in StressTyp (in 2009), extracts from the information that is contained in the database.

Languages from the World of the Bible

  • Filename: languages-from-the-world-of-the-bible.
  • ISBN: 9781934078631
  • Release Date: 2011-12-23
  • Number of pages: 274
  • Author: Holger Gzella
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

The alphabetic script is part of the lasting heritage of the ancient Near East. It unites a number of newly-emerging civilizations in ancient Syria-Palestine, which together constitute the immediate background of the Hebrew Bible. Transformed by the impact of Hellenism, they also shaped the social-historical and cultural setting of the New Testament. This work presents fresh and concise yet thorough overviews of the relevant languages and their interaction. They are informed by the most recent scholarship and share a clear historical framework.

The Evolution of Grammar

  • Filename: the-evolution-of-grammar.
  • ISBN: 0226086658
  • Release Date: 1994-11-15
  • Number of pages: 398
  • Author: Joan Bybee
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a universal set of grammatical categories. The authors demonstrate that the semantic content of these categories evolves gradually and that this process of evolution is strikingly similar across unrelated languages. Through a survey of seventy-six languages in twenty-five different phyla, the authors show that the same paths of change occur universally and that movement along these paths is in one direction only. This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature. Grammaticization is always accompanied by an increase in frequency of the grammatical marker, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. The Evolution of Grammar has important implications for the development of language and for the study of cognitive processes in general.

Atlas of the World s Languages in Danger

  • Filename: atlas-of-the-world-s-languages-in-danger.
  • ISBN: 9789231040962
  • Release Date: 2010
  • Number of pages: 218
  • Author: Christopher Moseley
  • Publisher: UNESCO

Languages are not only tools of communication, they also reflect a view of the world. Languages are vehicles of value systems and cultural expressions and are an essential component of the living heritage of humanity. Yet, many of them are in danger of disappearing. UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger tries to raise awareness on language endangerment. This third edition has been completely revised and expanded to include new series of maps and new points of view.

The Infinite Gift

  • Filename: the-infinite-gift.
  • ISBN: 074329338X
  • Release Date: 2006-06-27
  • Number of pages: 289
  • Author: Charles Yang
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster

A child's very first word is a miraculous sound, the opening note in a lifelong symphony. Most parents never forget the moment. But that first word is soon followed by a second and a third, and by the age of three, children are typically learning ten new words every day and speaking in complete sentences. The process seems effortless, and for children, it is. But how exactly does it happen? How do children learn language? And why is it so much harder to do later in life? Drawing on cutting-edge developments in biology, neurology, psychology, and linguistics, Charles Yang's The Infinite Gift takes us inside the astonishingly complex but largely subconscious process by which children learn to talk and to understand the spoken word. Yang illuminates the rich mysteries of language: why French newborns already prefer the sound of French to English; why baby-talk, though often unintelligible, makes perfect linguistic sense; why babies born deaf still babble -- but with their hands; why the grammars of some languages may be evolutionarily stronger than others; and why one of the brain's earliest achievements may in fact be its most complex. Yang also puts forth an exciting new theory. Building on Noam Chomsky's notion of a universal grammar -- the idea that every human being is born with an intuitive grasp of grammar -- Yang argues that we learn our native languages in part by unlearning the grammars of all the rest. This means that the next time you hear a child make a grammatical mistake, it may not be a mistake at all; his or her grammar may be perfectly correct in Chinese or Navajo or ancient Greek. This is the brain's way of testing its options as it searches for the local and thus correct grammar -- and then discards all the wrong ones. And we humans, Yang shows, are not the only creatures who learn this way. In fact, learning by unlearning may be an ancient evolutionary mechanism that runs throughout the animal kingdom. Thus, babies learn to talk in much the same way that birds learn to sing. Enlivened by Yang's experiences with his own young son, The Infinite Gift is as charming as it is challenging, as thoughtful as it is thought-provoking. An absorbing read for parents, educators, and anyone who has ever wondered about the origins of that uniquely human gift: our ability to speak and, just as miraculous, to understand one another.

Languages of the World

  • Filename: languages-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 1560245204
  • Release Date: 1993
  • Number of pages: 292
  • Author: Martin D. Joachim
  • Publisher: Psychology Press

This practical guide helps library catalogers deal with specific problems in cataloging materials in languages from all parts of the world. Even the most experienced catalogers frequently have to handle materials in languages with which they are not familiar. Cataloging such materials can be bewildering when the cataloger must face the challenges of identifying the language, creating bilingual catalog systems, or cataloging by names in languages with entirely different naming systems. Languages of the World is invaluable as a resource of practical solutions for cataloging specific languages or groups of languages, and it has much advice for helping patrons locate materials in languages other than their own. Catalogers will find specific and practical advice for dealing with field recordings in Native American languages, Chinese legal materials, materials in Icelandic languages, African languages, Middle Eastern Languages, Central Asian languages, and languages of India and the Pacific. Some of the cataloging methods covered in Languages of the World include using archives and manuscript control formats to provide access to a large collection of Spanish materials, using the PA schedule for cataloging the literature of classical antiquity, the advantages and disadvantages of vernacular versus transliterated Hebrew, and cooperative cataloging from the point of view of a Southeast Asian bibliographer. This informative guide analyzes such topics as cooperative cataloging and the role of national libraries, such as the a National Library of Canada and the Bibliothèque Nationale in France, in cataloging a variety of languages. Catalogers at all levels of expertise will learn much from chapters that discuss: how to identify unfamiliar languages descriptive cataloging when materials lack sources of information such as title pages, do not have uniform titles, or feature non-Western calendars and dating subject cataloging under inadequate and confusing LC subject headings for specialized collections cooperative and shared cataloging collection-level cataloging minimal level cataloging bilingual cataloging the role of subject headings in access to information for non-native speakers Experienced catalogers searching for new and better ways to catalog materials in many languages as well as beginning catalogers confused by unfamiliar languages will find this to be an essential book. Languages of the World combines practical cataloging strategies with specific language examples to create a complete guide to successful cataloging in a wide variety of languages.

Atlas of the World s Languages

  • Filename: atlas-of-the-world-s-languages.
  • ISBN: 0415310741
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 400
  • Author: R. E. Asher
  • Publisher:

The second edition of this highly successful atlas has been fully updated to provide a truly comprehensive resource, with new information on immigrant language use, and global business, diplomatic and internet language use.

The Language Hoax

  • Filename: the-language-hoax.
  • ISBN: 9780199361588
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 182
  • Author: John H. McWhorter
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Challenges the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, which claims that the language people speak shapes the way they perceive the world, arguing against the use of language as a lens through which to better understand human nature.

Through the Language Glass

  • Filename: through-the-language-glass.
  • ISBN: 9781429970112
  • Release Date: 2010-08-31
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Guy Deutscher
  • Publisher: Macmillan

A masterpiece of linguistics scholarship, at once erudite and entertaining, confronts the thorny question of how—and whether—culture shapes language and language, culture Linguistics has long shied away from claiming any link between a language and the culture of its speakers: too much simplistic (even bigoted) chatter about the romance of Italian and the goose-stepping orderliness of German has made serious thinkers wary of the entire subject. But now, acclaimed linguist Guy Deutscher has dared to reopen the issue. Can culture influence language—and vice versa? Can different languages lead their speakers to different thoughts? Could our experience of the world depend on whether our language has a word for "blue"? Challenging the consensus that the fundaments of language are hard-wired in our genes and thus universal, Deutscher argues that the answer to all these questions is—yes. In thrilling fashion, he takes us from Homer to Darwin, from Yale to the Amazon, from how to name the rainbow to why Russian water—a "she"—becomes a "he" once you dip a tea bag into her, demonstrating that language does in fact reflect culture in ways that are anything but trivial. Audacious, delightful, and field-changing, Through the Language Glass is a classic of intellectual discovery.

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