The Equations of Oceanic Motions

  • Filename: the-equations-of-oceanic-motions.
  • ISBN: 9781139458368
  • Release Date: 2006-09-28
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Peter Müller
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Modeling and prediction of oceanographic phenomena and climate is based on the integration of dynamic equations. The Equations of Oceanic Motions derives and systematically classifies the most common dynamic equations used in physical oceanography, from large-scale thermohaline circulations to those governing small scale motions and turbulence. After establishing the basic dynamical equations that describe all oceanic motions, Müller then derives approximate equations, emphasizing the assumptions made and physical processes eliminated. He distinguishes between geometric, thermodynamic and dynamic approximations and between the acoustic, gravity, vortical and temperature-salinity modes of motion. Basic concepts and formulae of equilibrium thermodynamics, vector and tensor calculus, curvilinear coordinate systems, and the kinematics of fluid motion and wave propagation are covered in appendices. Providing the basic theoretical background for graduate students and researchers of physical oceanography and climate science, this book will serve as both a comprehensive text and an essential reference.

Ocean Dynamics

  • Filename: ocean-dynamics.
  • ISBN: 9783642234507
  • Release Date: 2012-04-27
  • Number of pages: 703
  • Author: Dirk Olbers
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Ocean Dynamics’ is a concise introduction to the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the common approximations for geophysical fluid dynamics, presenting a comprehensive approach to large-scale ocean circulation theory. The book is written on the physical and mathematical level of graduate students in theoretical courses of physical oceanography, meteorology and environmental physics. An extensive bibliography and index, extensive side notes and recommendations for further reading, and a comparison with the specific atmospheric physics where applicable, makes this volume also a useful reading for researchers. Each of the four parts of the book – fundamental laws, common approximations, ocean waves, oceanic turbulence and eddies, and selected aspects of ocean dynamics – starts with elementary considerations, blending then classical topics with more advanced developments of fluid mechanics and theoretical oceanography. The last part covers the theory of the global wind-driven circulation in homogeneous and stratified regimes, the circulation and overturning in the Southern Ocean, and the global meridional overturning and thermohaline-driven circulation. Emphasis is placed on simple physical models rather than access to extensive numerical results, enabling students to understand and reproduce the complex theory mostly by analytical means. All equations and models are derived in detail and illustrated by numerous figures. The appendix provides short excursions into the mathematical background, such as vector analysis, statistics, and differential equations

Numerical Ocean Circulation Modeling

  • Filename: numerical-ocean-circulation-modeling.
  • ISBN: 1860941141
  • Release Date: 1999
  • Number of pages: 318
  • Author: Dale B. Haidvogel
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

"This book offers a comprehensive overview of the models and methods employed in the rapidly advancing field of numerical ocean circulation modeling. For those new to the field, concise reviews of the equations of oceanic motion, sub-grid-scale parameterization and numerical approximation techniques are presented. The extensive list of references make this book a valuable text for both graduate students and postdoctoral researchers in the marine sciences and in related fields, such as meteorology, climate and coupled biogeochemical modeling."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics

  • Filename: atmosphere-ocean-dynamics.
  • ISBN: 0080570526
  • Release Date: 1982-12-13
  • Number of pages: 662
  • Author: Adrian E. Gill
  • Publisher: Academic Press

A systematic, unifying approach to the dynamics of the ocean and atmosphere is given in this book, with emphasis on the larger-scale motions (from a few kilometers to global scale). The foundations of the subject (the equations of state and dynamical equations) are covered in some detail, so that students with training in mathematics should find it a self-contained text. Knowledge of fluid mechanics is helpful but not essential. Simple mathematical models are used to demonstrate the fundamental dynamical principles with plentiful illustrations from field and laboratory.

Introduction to PDEs and Waves for the Atmosphere and Ocean

  • Filename: introduction-to-pdes-and-waves-for-the-atmosphere-and-ocean.
  • ISBN: 0821883496
  • Release Date: 2003-01-01
  • Number of pages: 234
  • Author: Andrew Majda
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

Written by a leading specialist in the area of atmosphere/ocean science (AOS), the book presents an excellent introduction to this important topic. The goals of these lecture notes, based on courses presented by the author at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, are to introduce mathematicians to the fascinating and important area of atmosphere/ocean science (AOS) and, conversely, to develop a mathematical viewpoint on basic topics in AOS of interest to the disciplinary AOS community, ranging from graduate students to researchers. The lecture notes emphasize the serendipitous connections between applied mathematics and geophysical flows in the style of modern applied mathematics, where rigorous mathematical analysis as well as asymptotic, qualitative, and numerical modeling all interact to ease the understanding of physical phenomena. Reading these lecture notes does not require a previous course in fluid dynamics, although a serious reader should supplement these notes with material such The book is intended for graduate students and researchers working in interdisciplinary areas between mathematics and AOS. It is excellent for supplementary course reading or independent study.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

  • Filename: atmospheric-and-oceanic-fluid-dynamics.
  • ISBN: 9781139459969
  • Release Date: 2006-11-06
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD). This textbook provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-Scale Circulation will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers. Additional resources are available at

Numerical Modeling of Ocean Dynamics

  • Filename: numerical-modeling-of-ocean-dynamics.
  • ISBN: 9810213336
  • Release Date: 1993
  • Number of pages: 481
  • Author: Zygmunt Kowalik
  • Publisher: World Scientific

While there are several excellent books dealing with numerical analysis and analytical theory, one has to practically sift through hundreds of references. This monograph is an attempt to partly rectify this situation. It aims to introduce the application of finite-difference methods to ocean dynamics as well as review other complex methods. Systematically presented, the monograph first gives a detailed account of the basics and then go on to discuss the various applications. Recognising the impossibility of covering the entire field of ocean dynamics, the writers have chosen to focus on transport equations (diffusion and advection), shallow water phenomena — tides, storm surges and tsunamis, three-dimensional time dependent oceanic motion, natural oscillations, and steady state phenomena. The many aspects covered by this book makes it an indispensable handbook and reference source to both professionals and students of this field.

The Theory of Large Scale Ocean Circulation

  • Filename: the-theory-of-large-scale-ocean-circulation.
  • ISBN: 9781139499002
  • Release Date: 2011-06-27
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: R. M. Samelson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Mounting evidence that human activities are substantially modifying the Earth's climate brings a new imperative to the study of the ocean's large-scale circulation. This textbook provides a concise but comprehensive introduction to the theory of large-scale ocean circulation, as it is currently understood and established. Students and instructors will benefit from the carefully chosen chapter-by-chapter exercises. This advanced textbook is invaluable for graduate students and researchers in the fields of oceanic, atmospheric and climate sciences and other geophysical scientists, as well as physicists and mathematicians with a quantitative interest in the planetary fluid environment.

The El Ni o Southern Oscillation Phenomenon

  • Filename: the-el-ni-o-southern-oscillation-phenomenon.
  • ISBN: 9781139487016
  • Release Date: 2010-02-18
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Edward S. Sarachik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Many climatic extremes around the globe, such as severe droughts and floods, can be attributed to the periodic warming of the equatorial Pacific sea surface, termed the El Niño or Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Advances in our understanding of ENSO, in which Edward Sarachik and Mark Cane have been key participants, have led to marked improvements in our ability to predict its development months or seasons, allowing adaptation to global impacts. The book introduces basic concepts and builds to more detailed theoretical treatments. Chapters on the structure and dynamics of the tropical ocean and atmosphere place ENSO in a broader observational and theoretical context. Chapters on ENSO prediction, past and future, and impacts introduce broader implications of the phenomenon. This book provides an introduction to all aspects of this most important mode of global climate variability, for research workers and students of all levels in climate science, oceanography and related fields.

Circulation in the Coastal Ocean

  • Filename: circulation-in-the-coastal-ocean.
  • ISBN: 9789401710411
  • Release Date: 2013-03-14
  • Number of pages: 281
  • Author: G.T. Csanady
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

For some time there has existed an extensive theoretical literature relating to tides on continental shelves and also to the behavior of estuaries. Much less attention was traditionally paid to the dynamics of longer term, larger scale motions (those which are usually described as circulation') over continental shelves or in enclosed shallow seas such as the North American Great Lakes. This is no longer the case: spurred on by other disciplines, notably biological oceanography, and by public concern with the environment, the physical science of the coastal ocean has made giant strides during the last two decades or so. Today, it is probably fair to say that coastal ocean physics has come of age as a deduc tive quantitative science. A well developed body of theoretical models exist, based on the equations of fluid motion, which have been related to observed currents, sea level variations, water properties, etc. Quantitative parameters required in using the models to predict e.g. the effects of wind or of freshwater influx on coastal currents can be estimated within reasonable bounds of error. While much remains to be learned, and many exciting discoveries presumably await us in the future, the time seems appropriate to summarize those aspects of coastal ocean dynamics relevant to 'circulation' or long term motion.

Dynamics of Internal Gravity Waves in the Ocean

  • Filename: dynamics-of-internal-gravity-waves-in-the-ocean.
  • ISBN: 9789401713252
  • Release Date: 2013-03-09
  • Number of pages: 406
  • Author: Yu.Z. Miropol'sky
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This monograph creates a systematic interpretation of the theoretical and the most actual experimental aspects of the internal wave dynamics in the ocean. Firstly, it draws attention to the important physical effects from an oceanographical point of view which are presented in mathematical descriptions. Secondly, the book serves as an introduction to the range of modern ideas and the methods in the study of wave processes in dispersive media. The book is meant for specialists in physics of the ocean, oceanography, geophysics, hydroacoustics.

Ocean Forecasting

  • Filename: ocean-forecasting.
  • ISBN: 3540679642
  • Release Date: 2002-03-12
  • Number of pages: 472
  • Author: Nadia Pinardi
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The book gives a first consistent overview of methods and applications of ocean forecasting around the world. This sector of marine science and technology is developing rapidly due to the increasing need for reliable, multidisciplinary information about the marine system, allowing the sustainable usage of coastal resources and the mitigation of global change effects. Several chapters are devoted to the conceptual and theoretical bases of ocean forecasting, ranging from the design of observational and modelling systems, data assimilation techniques and numerical ecosystem modelling. The book also includes examples of modelling/forecasting systems currently in use or being set-up in the ocean for different space and time scales. The book is useful for advanced graduate students as well as scientists in related disciplines, as it enables them to understand the present level of knowledge and performance of existing forecasting systems.

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