Tacit and Explicit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-and-explicit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9780226113821
  • Release Date: 2010-06-15
  • Number of pages: 200
  • Author: Harry Collins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



Much of what humans know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can’t explain how we do it? Abilities like this were called “tacit knowledge” by physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi, but here Harry Collins analyzes the term, and the behavior, in much greater detail, often departing from Polanyi’s treatment. In Tacit and Explicit Knowledge, Collins develops a common conceptual language to bridge the concept’s disparate domains by explaining explicit knowledge and classifying tacit knowledge. Collins then teases apart the three very different meanings, which, until now, all fell under the umbrella of Polanyi’s term: relational tacit knowledge (things we could describe in principle if someone put effort into describing them), somatic tacit knowledge (things our bodies can do but we cannot describe how, like balancing on a bike), and collective tacit knowledge (knowledge we draw that is the property of society, such as the rules for language). Thus, bicycle riding consists of some somatic tacit knowledge and some collective tacit knowledge, such as the knowledge that allows us to navigate in traffic. The intermixing of the three kinds of tacit knowledge has led to confusion in the past; Collins’s book will at last unravel the complexities of the idea. Tacit knowledge drives everything from language, science, education, and management to sport, bicycle riding, art, and our interaction with technology. In Collins’s able hands, it also functions at last as a framework for understanding human behavior in a range of disciplines.

Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-organizational-learning.
  • ISBN: 9781599045030
  • Release Date: 2008-01-31
  • Number of pages: 482
  • Author: Busch, Peter
  • Publisher: IGI Global



Understanding the complexity of tactic knowledge has become increasingly important to the enhancement of organizational flow. Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning aims to advocate the need for “human factor” consideration from a (tactic) knowledge capital point of view. Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning offers academians and practitioners an illustration of the importance of tacit knowledge to an organization, presenting a means to measure and track tacit knowledge in individuals and recommendations on firm attributes and their ideal utilization of the tacit knowledge resource.

Tacit Knowledge in Organizations

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-organizations.
  • ISBN: 076195337X
  • Release Date: 1999-07-28
  • Number of pages: 264
  • Author: Philippe Baumard
  • Publisher: SAGE



`Philippe Baumard has observed that strategic success seems to lie more in top managers' ability to use tacit knowledge than in their gaining or updating explicit knowledge' - William H Starbuck, New York University `This important new book effectively illustrates how, in conditions of ambiguity, managers `over-manage', i.e. rely too much on explicit plans and interpretations. Here, Philippe Baumard develops an alternative analysis and with it a new approach to management' - Frank Blackler, Lancaster University This landmark book delves below the surface of organizations in order to understand the complex processes of top managers' decision making. Philippe

Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9781317547266
  • Release Date: 2014-09-03
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: Neil Gascoigne
  • Publisher: Routledge



Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can it be measured? Recent years have seen a growing interest from philosophers in understanding the nature of tacit knowledge. Philosophers of science have discussed its role in scientific problem-solving; philosophers of language have been concerned with the speaker's relation to grammatical theories; and phenomenologists have attempted to describe the relation of explicit theoretical knowledge to a background understanding of matters that are taken for granted. This book seeks to bring a unity to these diverse philosophical discussions by clarifying their conceptual underpinnings. In addition the book advances a specific account of tacit knowledge that elucidates the importance of the concept for understanding the character of human cognition, and demonstrates the relevance of the recommended account to those concerned with the communication of expertise. The book will be of interest to philosophers of language, epistemologists, cognitive psychologists and students of theoretical linguistics.

Tacit Knowledge in Professional Practice

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-professional-practice.
  • ISBN: 9781135688264
  • Release Date: 1999-02-01
  • Number of pages: 272
  • Author: IBM Professor of Psychology and Education Robert J Sternberg, PhD PhD
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



Those responsible for professional development in public and private-sector organizations have long had to deal with an uncomfortable reality. Billions of dollars are spent on formal education and training directed toward the development of job incumbents, yet the recipients of this training spend all but a fraction of their working life outside the training room--in meetings, on the shop floor, on the road, or in their offices. Faced with the need to promote "continuous learning" in a cost-effective manner, trainers, consultants, and educators have sought to develop ways to enrich the instructional and developmental potential of job assignments--to understand and facilitate the "lessons of experience." Not surprisingly, social and behavioral scientists have weighed in on the subject of on-the-job learning, and one message of their research is quite clear. This message is that much of the knowledge people use to succeed on the job is acquired implicitly--without intention to learn or awareness of having learned. The common language of the workplace reflects an awareness of this fact as people speak of learning "by doing" or "by osmosis" and of professional "instinct" or "intuition." Psychologists, more careful if not clearer in their choice of words, refer to learning without intention or awareness as "implicit learning" and refer to the knowledge that results from this learning as "tacit knowledge." Tacit Knowledge in Professional Practice explores implicit learning and tacit knowledge as they manifest themselves in the practice of six knowledge-intensive professions, and considers the implications of a tacit-knowledge approach for increasing the instructional and developmental impact of work experiences. This volume brings together distinguished practitioners and researchers in each of the six disciplines to discuss their own research and/or professional experience and to engage each other's views. It addresses professional practice in its totality -- from the technical to the interpersonal to the crassly commercial -- not simply a few aspects of practice that lend themselves to controlled study. Finally, this edited volume seeks to go beyond the enumeration of critical experiences to an understanding of the psychological mechanisms that underlie learning from experience in professional disciplines and, in so doing, to lay a foundation for innovations in professional education and training.

Dialogue Skill and Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: dialogue-skill-and-tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9780470032855
  • Release Date: 2006-02-22
  • Number of pages: 368
  • Author: Bo Goranzon
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Everyone in an organization, from cleaner to CEO, has expert knowledge. Yet only a fraction of it can be codified and expressed explicitly as facts and rules. A little more is visible implicitly as accepted procedures, but even this is only the beginning. Submerged beneath the explicit and implicit levels is a vast iceberg of tacit knowledge that cannot be reliably accessed by traditional analytical approaches. And yet, without it, organizational learning means little. Interweaving theory with practical guidance, this book looks at the importance of tacit knowledge and shows how it is now being put in motion through groundbreaking analogical thinking methods. Chief among these is the Dialogue Seminar, developed by the editors, in which learning is seen as arising from encounters with differences. There can be no consensus on the value of corporate knowledge until what is meant by that knowledge is discussed and defined. Based on two decades of research and a host of practical cases, this book offers a way forward. "Göranzon argues that the question of whether machines can think is not the right question to ask. The more important question, he believes, is the impact of automation on work and human skills, and he is looking for a way of describing skills that allows us to discuss this question." —Janet Vaux, New Scientist "A Swedish initiave to rethink the relationship between learning and work." —Rolf Hughes, The Times Higher Education

The Inquiring Organization

  • Filename: the-inquiring-organization.
  • ISBN: 1567204902
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 191
  • Author: Catherine Kano Kikoski
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group



Provides the background necessary to nurture skills in collaborative knowledge creation via a continuous, proven process of questioning and conversation.

Revealing Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: revealing-tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9783839425169
  • Release Date: 2015-03
  • Number of pages: 308
  • Author: Frank Adloff
  • Publisher: transcript Verlag



How does tacit knowledge inscribe itself into cultural and social practices? As the established distinction between tacit and explicit or discursive forms of knowledge does not explain this question, the contributions in this volume reconstruct, describe, and analyze the manifold processes by which the tacit reveals itself: They focus, for example, on metaphors, feelings, and visualizations as explications of the tacit as well as on processes of embodiment. Taken together, they demonstrate that the tacit does not constitute a single or unified knowledge complex, but has to be understood in its differentiated and fragmented forms. In addition to scholarly essays, the volume features interviews with Mark Johnson, Theodore Schatzki, and Loïc Wacquant.

Tacit Knowledge Versus Explicit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-versus-explicit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: OCLC:769178392
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 22
  • Author: Ron Sanchez
  • Publisher:



This paper explains two fundamental approaches to knowledge management. The tacit knowledge approach emphasizes understanding the kinds of knowledge that individuals in an organization have, moving people to transfer knowledge within an organization, and managing key individuals as knowledge creators and carriers. By contrast, the explicit knowledge approach emphasizes processes for articulating knowledge held by individuals, the design of organizational approaches for creating new knowledge, and the development of systems (including information systems) to disseminate articulated knowledge within an organization. The relative advantages and disadvantages of both approaches to knowledge management are summarized. A synthesis of tacit and knowledge management approaches is recommended to create a hybrid design for the knowledge management practices in a given organization.

Tacit Knowledge An Examination of Intergenerational Knowledge Transfer Within an Aerospace Engineering Community

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-an-examination-of-intergenerational-knowledge-transfer-within-an-aerospace-engineering-community.
  • ISBN: 0549764887
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 289
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



The rising rate of retirement in the aerospace industry combined with the aging of the aerospace workforce raises concerns that the aerospace industry will experience a shortage of critical technical capabilities. The purpose of the qualitative Delphi study using both qualitative and quantitative methods following modified Delphi techniques was to ascertain the perceptions of Generation X aerospace engineers regarding optimal knowledge transfer strategies, processes, and methods to capture knowledge from retiring baby boomer aerospace engineers. A group of 24 Generation X aerospace engineers, born between 1965 and 1976, participated in three rounds of data collection. Through qualitative coding of the Generation X feedback, two major themes emerged: (a) the quality of the relationship between the sender and receiver of knowledge and (b) the environmental conditions enabling knowledge transfer. Upon the completion of round 3, the panelists reached consensus on 26 statements regarding knowledge transfer mechanisms that might facilitate the capture and transfer of knowledge from baby boomer engineers to Generation X engineers. The findings from all survey rounds inspired the creation of a knowledge transfer model depicting the methods, processes, and strategies identified by panelists as facilitating optimal knowledge transfer from baby boomer engineers to Generation X engineers.

Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9781317547266
  • Release Date: 2014-09-03
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: Neil Gascoigne
  • Publisher: Routledge



Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can it be measured? Recent years have seen a growing interest from philosophers in understanding the nature of tacit knowledge. Philosophers of science have discussed its role in scientific problem-solving; philosophers of language have been concerned with the speaker's relation to grammatical theories; and phenomenologists have attempted to describe the relation of explicit theoretical knowledge to a background understanding of matters that are taken for granted. This book seeks to bring a unity to these diverse philosophical discussions by clarifying their conceptual underpinnings. In addition the book advances a specific account of tacit knowledge that elucidates the importance of the concept for understanding the character of human cognition, and demonstrates the relevance of the recommended account to those concerned with the communication of expertise. The book will be of interest to philosophers of language, epistemologists, cognitive psychologists and students of theoretical linguistics.

Integration of Quality Management Into the Tacit Knowledge Capture Process

  • Filename: integration-of-quality-management-into-the-tacit-knowledge-capture-process.
  • ISBN: 1109129912
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 186
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Knowledge loss resulting from an aging workforce forced many organizations to develop programs aimed at documenting mission critical knowledge. Yet knowledge captured and stored in repositories proved to be deficient in quality, due in part to lack of inclusion of quality management in the capture process. The purpose of the qualitative case study was to explore the impact of integrating quality management into the knowledge capture process. The study was framed around Polanyi's theory of tacit knowing and Tavistock Institute's sociotechnical theory. The research questions were aimed at understanding the operational impact of integrating quality management into the capture process. Data were collected from participants employing interviews, surveys, and document reviews--- demographic data, human resource guides, and quality control manuals. Data analysis was accomplished using content analysis and pattern-matching techniques; utilizing thematic codes that examined adherence to knowledge capture guidelines; and impact of quality management in knowledge capture. The research data revealed that managers at the corporation enabled implementation of quality management into the tacit knowledge capture process by focusing on human development needs and integrating quality assurance measures to knowledge capture processes. Managers in organizations seeking competitive advantage could establish a model that incorporates elements of personality and quality control in knowledge capture. Further studies on the effects of personality on knowledge capture processes could lead to insight on reasons for diminished knowledge quality. From a social perspective, the implementation of a model that encompasses personality and quality management could improve decision making process.

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