Tacit and Explicit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-and-explicit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9780226113821
  • Release Date: 2010-06-15
  • Number of pages: 200
  • Author: Harry Collins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



Much of what humans know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can’t explain how we do it? Abilities like this were called “tacit knowledge” by physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi, but here Harry Collins analyzes the term, and the behavior, in much greater detail, often departing from Polanyi’s treatment. In Tacit and Explicit Knowledge, Collins develops a common conceptual language to bridge the concept’s disparate domains by explaining explicit knowledge and classifying tacit knowledge. Collins then teases apart the three very different meanings, which, until now, all fell under the umbrella of Polanyi’s term: relational tacit knowledge (things we could describe in principle if someone put effort into describing them), somatic tacit knowledge (things our bodies can do but we cannot describe how, like balancing on a bike), and collective tacit knowledge (knowledge we draw that is the property of society, such as the rules for language). Thus, bicycle riding consists of some somatic tacit knowledge and some collective tacit knowledge, such as the knowledge that allows us to navigate in traffic. The intermixing of the three kinds of tacit knowledge has led to confusion in the past; Collins’s book will at last unravel the complexities of the idea. Tacit knowledge drives everything from language, science, education, and management to sport, bicycle riding, art, and our interaction with technology. In Collins’s able hands, it also functions at last as a framework for understanding human behavior in a range of disciplines.

Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-organizational-learning.
  • ISBN: 9781599045030
  • Release Date: 2008-01-31
  • Number of pages: 482
  • Author: Busch, Peter
  • Publisher: IGI Global



Understanding the complexity of tactic knowledge has become increasingly important to the enhancement of organizational flow. Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning aims to advocate the need for “human factor” consideration from a (tactic) knowledge capital point of view. Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning offers academians and practitioners an illustration of the importance of tacit knowledge to an organization, presenting a means to measure and track tacit knowledge in individuals and recommendations on firm attributes and their ideal utilization of the tacit knowledge resource.

Tacit Knowledge in Organizations

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-organizations.
  • ISBN: 076195337X
  • Release Date: 1999-07-28
  • Number of pages: 264
  • Author: Philippe Baumard
  • Publisher: SAGE



`Philippe Baumard has observed that strategic success seems to lie more in top managers' ability to use tacit knowledge than in their gaining or updating explicit knowledge' - William H Starbuck, New York University `This important new book effectively illustrates how, in conditions of ambiguity, managers `over-manage', i.e. rely too much on explicit plans and interpretations. Here, Philippe Baumard develops an alternative analysis and with it a new approach to management' - Frank Blackler, Lancaster University This landmark book delves below the surface of organizations in order to understand the complex processes of top managers' decision making. Philippe

Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9781317547266
  • Release Date: 2014-09-03
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: Neil Gascoigne
  • Publisher: Routledge



Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can it be measured? Recent years have seen a growing interest from philosophers in understanding the nature of tacit knowledge. Philosophers of science have discussed its role in scientific problem-solving; philosophers of language have been concerned with the speaker's relation to grammatical theories; and phenomenologists have attempted to describe the relation of explicit theoretical knowledge to a background understanding of matters that are taken for granted. This book seeks to bring a unity to these diverse philosophical discussions by clarifying their conceptual underpinnings. In addition the book advances a specific account of tacit knowledge that elucidates the importance of the concept for understanding the character of human cognition, and demonstrates the relevance of the recommended account to those concerned with the communication of expertise. The book will be of interest to philosophers of language, epistemologists, cognitive psychologists and students of theoretical linguistics.

Enabling Knowledge Creation

  • Filename: enabling-knowledge-creation.
  • ISBN: 9780195126167
  • Release Date: 2000-06-01
  • Number of pages: 292
  • Author: Georg von Krogh
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand



When The Knowledge-Creating Company appeared, it was hailed as a landmark work in the field of knowledge management. Now, Enabling Knowledge Creation ventures even further into this all-important territory, showing how firms can generate and nurture ideas by using the concepts introduced in the first book.

Dialogue Skill and Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: dialogue-skill-and-tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9780470032855
  • Release Date: 2006-02-22
  • Number of pages: 368
  • Author: Bo Goranzon
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Everyone in an organization, from cleaner to CEO, has expert knowledge. Yet only a fraction of it can be codified and expressed explicitly as facts and rules. A little more is visible implicitly as accepted procedures, but even this is only the beginning. Submerged beneath the explicit and implicit levels is a vast iceberg of tacit knowledge that cannot be reliably accessed by traditional analytical approaches. And yet, without it, organizational learning means little. Interweaving theory with practical guidance, this book looks at the importance of tacit knowledge and shows how it is now being put in motion through groundbreaking analogical thinking methods. Chief among these is the Dialogue Seminar, developed by the editors, in which learning is seen as arising from encounters with differences. There can be no consensus on the value of corporate knowledge until what is meant by that knowledge is discussed and defined. Based on two decades of research and a host of practical cases, this book offers a way forward. "Göranzon argues that the question of whether machines can think is not the right question to ask. The more important question, he believes, is the impact of automation on work and human skills, and he is looking for a way of describing skills that allows us to discuss this question." —Janet Vaux, New Scientist "A Swedish initiave to rethink the relationship between learning and work." —Rolf Hughes, The Times Higher Education

The Inquiring Organization

  • Filename: the-inquiring-organization.
  • ISBN: 1567204902
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 191
  • Author: Catherine Kano Kikoski
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group



Provides the background necessary to nurture skills in collaborative knowledge creation via a continuous, proven process of questioning and conversation.

Tacit Knowledge

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge.
  • ISBN: 9781317547266
  • Release Date: 2014-09-03
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: Neil Gascoigne
  • Publisher: Routledge



Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can it be measured? Recent years have seen a growing interest from philosophers in understanding the nature of tacit knowledge. Philosophers of science have discussed its role in scientific problem-solving; philosophers of language have been concerned with the speaker's relation to grammatical theories; and phenomenologists have attempted to describe the relation of explicit theoretical knowledge to a background understanding of matters that are taken for granted. This book seeks to bring a unity to these diverse philosophical discussions by clarifying their conceptual underpinnings. In addition the book advances a specific account of tacit knowledge that elucidates the importance of the concept for understanding the character of human cognition, and demonstrates the relevance of the recommended account to those concerned with the communication of expertise. The book will be of interest to philosophers of language, epistemologists, cognitive psychologists and students of theoretical linguistics.

Tacit Knowledge Capture

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-capture.
  • ISBN: 9781503578111
  • Release Date: 2015-06-19
  • Number of pages: 152
  • Author: William G. Dzekashu, PhD
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation



About This Book: Knowledge loss forced organizations to develop knowledge capture programs. Yet captured knowledge proved deficient in quality, due in part to lack of integration of quality management throughout the capture process. This book presents the outcome of a case study that explored the impact of integrating quality management into the tacit knowledge–capture process. The study framed around Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowing proves the perfect management companion. From a social perspective, implementation of a model that encompasses personality and quality could improve the decision-making process. Book Review: “This book presents the outcome of a case study investigation of quality problems associated with learning tacit knowledge. Using qualitative methods, Dr. Dzekashu finds through the study that focusing on human development needs and quality control in knowledge transmittal mitigates quality degradation issues associated with transmitting tacit knowledge. These findings provide important implications for managers seeking to maintain critical and quality mass of organizational knowledge in the face of a rapidly aging workforce.” —Hermann A. Ndofor, PhD, assistant professor, Mays Business School, Texas A&M University

Tacit Knowledge in Professional Practice

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-professional-practice.
  • ISBN: 9781135688264
  • Release Date: 1999-02-01
  • Number of pages: 272
  • Author: IBM Professor of Psychology and Education Robert J Sternberg, PhD PhD
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



Those responsible for professional development in public and private-sector organizations have long had to deal with an uncomfortable reality. Billions of dollars are spent on formal education and training directed toward the development of job incumbents, yet the recipients of this training spend all but a fraction of their working life outside the training room--in meetings, on the shop floor, on the road, or in their offices. Faced with the need to promote "continuous learning" in a cost-effective manner, trainers, consultants, and educators have sought to develop ways to enrich the instructional and developmental potential of job assignments--to understand and facilitate the "lessons of experience." Not surprisingly, social and behavioral scientists have weighed in on the subject of on-the-job learning, and one message of their research is quite clear. This message is that much of the knowledge people use to succeed on the job is acquired implicitly--without intention to learn or awareness of having learned. The common language of the workplace reflects an awareness of this fact as people speak of learning "by doing" or "by osmosis" and of professional "instinct" or "intuition." Psychologists, more careful if not clearer in their choice of words, refer to learning without intention or awareness as "implicit learning" and refer to the knowledge that results from this learning as "tacit knowledge." Tacit Knowledge in Professional Practice explores implicit learning and tacit knowledge as they manifest themselves in the practice of six knowledge-intensive professions, and considers the implications of a tacit-knowledge approach for increasing the instructional and developmental impact of work experiences. This volume brings together distinguished practitioners and researchers in each of the six disciplines to discuss their own research and/or professional experience and to engage each other's views. It addresses professional practice in its totality -- from the technical to the interpersonal to the crassly commercial -- not simply a few aspects of practice that lend themselves to controlled study. Finally, this edited volume seeks to go beyond the enumeration of critical experiences to an understanding of the psychological mechanisms that underlie learning from experience in professional disciplines and, in so doing, to lay a foundation for innovations in professional education and training.

Tacit Knowledge and Spoken Discourse

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-and-spoken-discourse.
  • ISBN: 9781441128409
  • Release Date: 2013-04-01
  • Number of pages: 222
  • Author: Michele Zappavigna
  • Publisher: A&C Black



A searching analysis of spoken discourse in the workplace, challenging Polyani's theory of Tacit Knowledge.

Tacit knowledge in the workplace

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-in-the-workplace.
  • ISBN: UIUC:30112041288694
  • Release Date: 1999
  • Number of pages: 220
  • Author: Robert J. Sternberg
  • Publisher:



"This is the final product of a six year effort to define, assess and measure tacit knowledge for leadership among U.S. Army officers. Tacit knowledge is defined as knowledge grounded in experience, intimately related to action, and not well supported by formal training and doctrine. Tacit knowledge for leadership was researched at three different levels of command and developed into assessment inventories for each level. The assessment inventories have been construct validated and proven to predict certain leadership effectiveness ratings at each level and to do so better than measures of verbal reasoning ability, tacit knowledge for business managers, or experience. The report describes the constructs of "practical intelligence" and "tacit knowledge", other research related to them, the general methods used in assessing tacit knowledge, and the development of the Tacit Knowledge for Military Leaders inventories. There is also a chapter on the practical implications for leadership development and training. An expanded version of this report will appear as a commercially available book entitled, Practical Intelligence in Everyday Life by the same authors. " -- Stinet.

Tacit Knowledge An Examination of Intergenerational Knowledge Transfer Within an Aerospace Engineering Community

  • Filename: tacit-knowledge-an-examination-of-intergenerational-knowledge-transfer-within-an-aerospace-engineering-community.
  • ISBN: 0549764887
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 289
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



The rising rate of retirement in the aerospace industry combined with the aging of the aerospace workforce raises concerns that the aerospace industry will experience a shortage of critical technical capabilities. The purpose of the qualitative Delphi study using both qualitative and quantitative methods following modified Delphi techniques was to ascertain the perceptions of Generation X aerospace engineers regarding optimal knowledge transfer strategies, processes, and methods to capture knowledge from retiring baby boomer aerospace engineers. A group of 24 Generation X aerospace engineers, born between 1965 and 1976, participated in three rounds of data collection. Through qualitative coding of the Generation X feedback, two major themes emerged: (a) the quality of the relationship between the sender and receiver of knowledge and (b) the environmental conditions enabling knowledge transfer. Upon the completion of round 3, the panelists reached consensus on 26 statements regarding knowledge transfer mechanisms that might facilitate the capture and transfer of knowledge from baby boomer engineers to Generation X engineers. The findings from all survey rounds inspired the creation of a knowledge transfer model depicting the methods, processes, and strategies identified by panelists as facilitating optimal knowledge transfer from baby boomer engineers to Generation X engineers.

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