Principles of Soil Chemistry Fourth Edition

  • Filename: principles-of-soil-chemistry-fourth-edition.
  • ISBN: 9781439813959
  • Release Date: 2011-07-08
  • Number of pages: 390
  • Author: Kim H. Tan
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Learn the secrets of soil chemistry and its role in agriculture and the environment. Examine the fundamental laws of soil chemistry, how they affect dissolution, cation and anion exchange, and other reactions. Explore how water can form water-bridges and hydrogen bonding, the most common forces in adsorption, chelation, and more. Discover how electrical charges develop in soils creating electrochemical potentials forcing ions to move into the plant body through barriers such as root membranes, nourishing crops and plants. You can do all this and more with Principles of Soil Chemistry, Fourth Edition. Since the first edition published in 1982, this resource has made a name for itself as a textbook for upper level undergraduates and as a handy reference for professionals and scientists. This fourth edition reexamines the entire reach of soil chemistry while maintaining the clear, concise style that made previous editions so user-friendly. By completely revising, updating, and incorporating a decade’s worth of new information, author Kim Tan has made this edition an entirely new and better book. See what's new in the Fourth Edition Reexamines atoms as the smallest particle that will enter into chemical reactions by probing new advances testifying the presence of subatomic particles and concepts such as string theory Underscores oxygen as the key element in soil air and atmosphere for life on earth Reevaluates the idea of transformation of orthoclase into albite by simple cation exchange reactions as misleading and bending scientific concepts of ion exchange over the limit of truth Examines the role of fertilizers, sulfur, pyrite, acid rain, and nitrogen fixation in soil acidity, underscoring the controversial effect of nitrification on increasing soil acidity over time Addresses the old and new approaches to humic acids by comparing the traditional operational concept against the currently proposed supramolecular and pseudomicellar concept Proposes soil organics, such as nucleic acids of DNA and others, to also adsorb cation ions held as diffusive ion clouds around the polymers Tan explains, in easy and simple language, the chemical make-up of the four soil constituents, their chemical reactions and interactions in soils as governed by basic chemical laws, and their importance in agriculture, industry, and the environment. He differentiates soil chemistry from geochemistry and physical chemistry. Containing more than 200 equations, 123 figures, and 38 tables, this popular text and resource supplies a comprehensive treatment of soil chemistry that builds a foundation for work in environmental pollution, organic and inorganic soil contamination, and potential ecological health and environmental health risks.

Soil Chemistry

  • Filename: soil-chemistry.
  • ISBN: 0471274976
  • Release Date: 2002-11-25
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Hinrich L. Bohn
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the basics of soil chemistry Although only a meter in depth over the earth's surface, soil is key to sustaining life-affecting air and water quality, the growth of plants and crops, and the health of the entire planet. The complex interplay among organic and inorganic solids, air, water, microorganisms, and plant roots in soil is the subject of Soil Chemistry, a reference pivotal to understanding soil processes and problems. Thoroughly reorganized for ease of use, this updated Third Edition of Soil Chemistry summarizes the important research and fundamental knowledge in the field in a single, readily usable text, including: Soil-ion interactions Biogeological cycles and pollution Water and soil solutions Oxidation and reduction Inorganic solid phase and organic matter in soil Weathering and soil development Cation retention (exchange) Anion and molecular retention Acid and salt-affected soils New to the Third Edition is an enhanced emphasis on soil solution chemistry and expanded coverage of phosphate chemistry and the chemical principles of the aqueous phase. At the same time, the book has retained the clear examination of the fundamentals of the science of soil that has distinguished earlier editions. Complete with SI units and end-of-chapter study questions, Soil Chemistry is an excellent introductory resource for students studying this crucial topic.

Environmental Soil Chemistry

  • Filename: environmental-soil-chemistry.
  • ISBN: 9780080494807
  • Release Date: 2003-01-04
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Environmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals, pesticides, industrial contaminants, acid rain, and salts. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this established text. Provides students with both sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns Timely and comprehensive discussion of important concepts including: sorption/desorption, oxidation-reduction of metals and organics, and effects of acidic deposition and salinity on contaminant reacions Boxed sections focus on sample problems and explanations of key terms and parameters Extensive tables on elemental composition of soils, rocks and sediments, pesticide classes, inorganic minerals, and methods of decontaminating soils Clearly written for all students and professionals in environmental science and environmental engineering as well as soil science

Cyanide in Water and Soil

  • Filename: cyanide-in-water-and-soil.
  • ISBN: 9781420032079
  • Release Date: 2005-12-09
  • Number of pages: 616
  • Author: David A. Dzombak
  • Publisher: CRC Press



The presence of cyanide is a significant issue in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment and management, in remediation of former manufactured gas plant sites and aluminum production waste disposal sites, in treatment and management of residuals from hydrometallurgical gold mining, and in other industrial operations in which cyanide-bearing wastes were produced. The complexity of the chemistry and toxicology of cyanide and the risk it poses in different environmental contexts make its management and remediation extremely challenging. Cyanide in Water and Soil is the first book to present the state-of-the-art in managing cyanide across a wide range of industrial and environmental contexts. The book brings together current knowledge and information about cyanide release to and behavior in the environment, and explores how to control or remediate these releases. No other broad-based examination of this topic exists. Exploring the anthropogenic and natural sources of cyanide in the environment, the authors address the full range of issues pertaining to cyanide fate, transport, treatment, and toxicity in water and soil as well as approaches currently used in risk assessment and management. They have developed a careful balance of depth and scope of coverage, providing current references that help readers learn more about topics of particular interest. An array of technologies is available for the treatment of cyanide in surface water and groundwater, wastewaters, and contaminated soils and sludges. These technologies span the gamut of biological, chemical, electrolytic, physical, and thermal treatment processing. Presenting examples of applications of the technologies employed most commonly in municipal and industrial settings, the book is a useful reference tool for engineers, scientists, practitioners, and researchers in academia, industrial organizations, government, and engineering and science consulting firms.

Environmental Soil Chemistry

  • Filename: environmental-soil-chemistry.
  • ISBN: 9781483289205
  • Release Date: 2013-10-22
  • Number of pages: 267
  • Author: Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher: Elsevier



As the author states in his Preface, this book is written at a time when scientific and lay communities recognize that knowledge of environmental chemistry is fundamental in understanding and predicting the fate of pollutants in soils and waters, and in making sound decisions about remediation of contaminated soils. Environmental Soil Chemistry presents the fundamental concepts of soil science and applies them to environmentally significant reactions in soil. Clearly and concisely written for undergraduate and beginning graduate students of soil science, the book is likewise accessible to all students and professionals of environmental engineering and science. Chapters cover background information useful to students new to the discipline, including the chemistry of inorganic and organic soil components, soilacidity and salinity, and ion exchange and redox phenomena. However, discussion also extends to sorption/desorption, oxidation-reduction of metals and organic chemicals, rates of pollutant reactions as well as technologies for remediating contaminated soils. Supplementary reading lists, sample problems, and extensive tables and figures make this textbook accessible to readers. Key Features * Provides students with both sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns * Timely and comprehensive discussion of important concepts including: * Sorption/desorption * Oxidation-reduction of metals and organics * Effects of acidic deposition and salinity on contaminant reactions * Boxed sections focus on sample problems and explanations of key terms and parameters * Extensive tables on elemental composition of soils, rocks and sediments, pesticide classes, inorganic minerals, and methods of decontaminating soils * Clearly written for all students and professionals in environmental science and environmental engineering as well as soil science

The Chemistry of Soils

  • Filename: the-chemistry-of-soils.
  • ISBN: 9780190630881
  • Release Date: 2016-10-03
  • Number of pages: 272
  • Author: Garrison Sposito
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



The second edition of The Chemistry of Soils, published in 2008, has been used as a main text in soil-science courses across the world, and the book is widely cited as a reference for researchers in geoscience, agriculture, and ecology. The book introduces soil into its context within geoscience and chemistry, addresses the effects of global climate change on soil, and provides insight into the chemical behavior of pollutants in soils. Since 2008, the field of soil science has developed in three key ways that Sposito addresses in this third edition. For one, research related to the Critical Zone (the material extending downward from vegetation canopy to groundwater) has undergone widespread reorganization as it becomes better understood as a key resource to human life. Secondly, scientists have greatly increased their understanding of how organic matter in soil functions in chemical reactions. Finally, the study of microorganisms as they relate to soil science has significantly expanded. The new edition is still be comprised of twelve chapters, introducing students to the principal components of soil, discussing a wide range of chemical reactions, and surveying important human applications. The chapters also contain completely revised annotated reading lists and problem sets.

Soil Chemistry and Its Applications

  • Filename: soil-chemistry-and-its-applications.
  • ISBN: 0521322693
  • Release Date: 1993-05-06
  • Number of pages: 192
  • Author: Malcolm Cresser
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



The central role of soil chemistry in the ecosystem and other disciplines is becoming increasingly important. For example the effects of the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and accelerated use of pesticides, on soil fertility has been a focus of much high-level debate. This text begins by defining the relationship between soil chemistry and other fields such as plant science and pollution science. A detailed description of the components of soils follows, including inorganic, mineral and organic matter. The book addresses cogent issues such as soil fertility and soil pollution. In a concluding chapter, a review of future analytic advances in the study of soil chemistry is given, emphasising the importance of the soil chemist in equitable and sustainable land use and agricultural policy. The book is an ideal starting point for the student undertaking undergraduate study in the environmental and soil sciences.

Soil Physical Chemistry Second Edition

  • Filename: soil-physical-chemistry-second-edition.
  • ISBN: 0873718836
  • Release Date: 1998-07-07
  • Number of pages: 432
  • Author: Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Soil Physical Chemistry, Second Edition takes up where the last edition left off. With comprehensive and contemporary discussions on equilibrium and kinetic aspects of major soil chemical process and reactions this excellent text/reference presents new chapters on precipitation/dissolution, modeling of adsorption reactions at the mineral/water interface, and the chemistry of humic substances. An emphasis is placed on understanding soil chemical reactions from a microscopic point of view and rigorous theoretical developments such as the use of modern in situ surface chemical probes such as x-ray adsorption fine structure (XAFS), Fournier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies, and scanning probe microscopies (SPM) are discussed.

Soil and Water Chemistry

  • Filename: soil-and-water-chemistry.
  • ISBN: 0203496140
  • Release Date: 2004-06-01
  • Number of pages: 552
  • Author: Michael E. Essington
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances. Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications.

Soil chemistry

  • Filename: soil-chemistry.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105030908623
  • Release Date: 1982
  • Number of pages: 527
  • Author: Gerard H. Bolt
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd



The ionic distribution in the diffuse double layer; Thermodynamics of cation exchange; Theories of cation adsorption by soil constituents: distribution equilibrium in electrostatic fields; Theories of cation adsorption by soil constituents: discrete-site models; Survey of experimental information on cation exchange in soil systems; Cation exchange in clay minerals: some recent developments; Anion exclusion in soil; Interactions of orthophosphate ions with soil; Movement of solutes in soil: principles of adsorption/exchange chromatography; Movement osf solutes in soil: computer-simulated and laboratory results; Electrochemical phenomena in soil and clay systems; Clay transformations: aspects of equilibrium and kinetics; Ion adsorption on inorganic variable charge constituents.

The Effects of Soil Chemistry on Skeletal Preservation at the Voegtly Cemetery

  • Filename: the-effects-of-soil-chemistry-on-skeletal-preservation-at-the-voegtly-cemetery.
  • ISBN: 9780549827870
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 63
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Soil factors played an important role in preservation of skeletal remains at the Voegtly Cemetery. While soil pH was found to have a direct relationship with increased bone degradation (R2 = 0.2064) it is believed the true causative agent, responsible for the acidic pH and vast degree of skeletal preservation were soil microorganisms. The remains from the Voegtly Cemetery were ideal for the current research because many factors contributing to skeletal weathering were controlled. For example, the skeletons were in the ground approximately the same length of time (150 years old), were of the same ethnic group, were exposed to same environmental conditions, and had similar burial methods. Despite these conditions it was noted that many skeletons weathered at different rates with some remains being in excellent condition while others were extremely decomposed. The thorough understanding of how soil contributes to degradation of bone including its component parts (collagen, hydroxyapatite, and DNA) is a worthwhile endeavor. If it is found that soil chemistry has correlations with organic (collagen) and mineral (hydroxyapatite) degradation this may allow forensic scientists to predict the length of time skeletal remains have been buried, which can be used to estimate the approximate time or date of death, providing circumstantial evidence in a criminal investigation. Soils were analyzed for pH, organic matter, exchangeable cations, total elemental concentrations of heavy metals, extractable phosphorous, and soil biomass.

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