Sika Deer

  • Filename: sika-deer.
  • ISBN: 9784431094296
  • Release Date: 2008-12-05
  • Number of pages: 666
  • Author: Dale R. McCullough
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Sika deer, the graceful spotted deer of Japanese and Chinese art, originally were native to Asia from far-east Russia to Vietnam to the islands of Japan and Taiwan. They are widely raised in captivity to supply velvet antler for traditional medicine. They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. Sika deer typically occupy lowland hardwood forests with low winter snow depths, where they thrive in sites disturbed by fire, storm, or logging. In high numbers they can severely impact vegetation though overgrazing, stripping bark from trees and damaging crop fields and forest plantations. Their numbers are high in many parts of Japan, moderate in Russia, and reduced or extinct in the wild in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands.


  • Filename: cervus.
  • ISBN: 1157179363
  • Release Date: 2010-05
  • Number of pages: 46
  • Author: LLC Books
  • Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Elk and Red Deer, Sika Deer, Eastern elk, Tule Elk, Emperor of Exmoor, Formosan Sika Deer, Corsican Red Deer, Kashmir stag, Central Asian Red Deer, Roosevelt elk, Rocky Mountain Elk, Tibetan red deer, Barbary stag, Bactrian deer, Manchurian wapiti, Caspian red deer, South China Sika Deer, North China Sika Deer, Shanxi Sika Deer, Merriam's Elk, Scottish red deer, Sichuan deer, Kansu red deer, Yarkand deer, Tian Shan Wapiti, Manitoban Elk, Altai Wapiti, Vietnamese Sika Deer, Manchurian Sika Deer, Sichuan Sika Deer, Alashan wapiti, Central European red deer. Excerpt: The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species of deer in the world and one of the largest land mammals in North America and eastern Asia. In the deer family (Cervidae), only the larger moose (Alces alces), which is called an "elk" in Europe, and the sambar (Rusa unicolor) rival the elk in size. Elk are similar to the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) found in Europe, of which they were long believed to be a subspecies. However, evidence from a 2004 study of the mitochondrial DNA indicates they are a distinct species. Elk range in forest and forest-edge habitat, feeding on grasses, plants, leaves, and bark. Although native to North America and Eastern Asia, they have adapted well to countries where they have been introduced, including Argentina, Australia, and New Zealand. Their great adaptability may threaten endemic species and ecosystems into which they have been introduced. Male elk have large antlers which are shed each year. Males also engage in ritualized mating behaviors during the rut, including posturing, antler wrestling (sparring), and bugling, a loud series of vocalizations which establishes dominance over other males and attracts females. Elk are susceptible to a number of infectious diseases, some of which can be transmitted to ...

The Ecology of Poole Harbour

  • Filename: the-ecology-of-poole-harbour.
  • ISBN: 0080460321
  • Release Date: 2005-08-24
  • Number of pages: 296
  • Author: V.J. May
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Poole Harbour's unique combination of physical characteristics provide for a rich and productive ecological community recognised for its internationally significant bird populations and as a haven for the naturalisation of exotic species. But the Harbour is also exceptional in the extent to which it represents in microcosm the world-wide tensions between environment and development. The contrasts are sometimes startling: the narrow Harbour entrance separates an unspoilt natural environment of considerable importance from an urban landscape where property competes with Manhattan and Hong Kong Island in the world-wide table of real estate values. The Harbour serves as a port, fishing ground, a receiver of effluent and increasingly as a playground for the affluent. It also lies above Europe's largest on-shore oil-field. The Ecology of Poole Harbour brings together for the first time expert contributions in such a way as to provide a picture of the ecology of the Harbour system as a whole. It covers all the major habitats from reed beds and salt marshes to the extensive mudflats and unseen sub-tidal regions, while also examining in some detail a wide range of ecological phenomena and issues. * First expert overview of ecology of Poole Harbour as a whole

Competition and Resource Partitioning in Temperate Ungulate Assemblies

  • Filename: competition-and-resource-partitioning-in-temperate-ungulate-assemblies.
  • ISBN: 9789400915176
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 131
  • Author: Rory Putman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Rory Putman addresses the question of how, in many temporate ecosystems, diverse and species-rich assemblies of ungulates manage to co-exist despite often quite extensive overlap in ecological requirements. Putman explores the potential for competition, competition tolerance and even positive facilitation amongst the members of such guilds of ungulates. As a central worked example, the author employs data resulting from over 20 years of personal research into the ecology and population dynamics of various large herbivores of the New Forest in Southern England. With these, he applies formal protocols in resource use, evidence for resource limitation and evidence for interaction between species in changing population size over the years.


  • Filename: deer.
  • ISBN: 9781421403878
  • Release Date: 2012-01-26
  • Number of pages: 200
  • Author: George A. Feldhamer
  • Publisher: JHU Press

Think of deer and the image that pops into most American's minds is that of a white-tailed deer, the most common large mammal in North America. Most Europeans are more familiar with red deer. It may surprise many people to know that there are actually about 50 species of deer found throughout the world. Here, readers will find nontechnical, expert information about the wide range of diverse deer species. Did you know that elk and caribou are deer? Or that the earliest fossils of deer are 15 to 20 million years old? Have you ever wondered whether deer swim, play, or see color? How do deer avoid predators and survive the winter? Do deer make good pets or carry contagious diseases? George A. Feldhamer and William J. McShea answer these and other intriguing questions about members of the deer family Cervidae. From the diminutive pudu of South America that weighs 17 pounds to male moose that weigh close to 2,000 pounds, Feldhamer and McShea explore the biology, evolution, ecology, feeding habits, reproduction, and behavior of deer. They chronicle the relationships between humans and deer—both positive and negative—and discuss the challenges of deer conservation and management. With vivid color photographs and an accessible and engaging question-and-answer format, this easy-to-read book is the go-to resource on deer. Nature lovers, hunters, and anyone curious about deer will find this fact-filled book both fascinating and full of surprises.

The Encyclopedia of Deer

  • Filename: the-encyclopedia-of-deer.
  • ISBN: WISC:89084128628
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 160
  • Author:
  • Publisher: Voyageur Press (MN)

Provides descriptions and photographs of the forty-five species of deer in the world. Lists the physical characteristics, habitat, and population of each species.

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