Shared Beginnings Divergent Lives

  • Filename: shared-beginnings-divergent-lives.
  • ISBN: 0674039971
  • Release Date: 2009-06-30
  • Number of pages: 350
  • Author: John H. LAUB
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



This book analyzes newly collected data on crime and social development up to age 70 for 500 men who were remanded to reform school in the 1940s. Born in Boston in the late 1920s and early 1930s, these men were the subjects of the classic study Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency by Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck (1950). Updating their lives at the close of the twentieth century, and connecting their adult experiences to childhood, this book is arguably the longest longitudinal study of age, crime, and the life course to date. John Laub and Robert Sampson's long-term data, combined with in-depth interviews, defy the conventional wisdom that links individual traits such as poor verbal skills, limited self-control, and difficult temperament to long-term trajectories of offending. The authors reject the idea of categorizing offenders to reveal etiologies of offending--rather, they connect variability in behavior to social context. They find that men who desisted from crime were rooted in structural routines and had strong social ties to family and community. By uniting life-history narratives with rigorous data analysis, the authors shed new light on long-term trajectories of crime and current policies of crime control. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments 1. Diverging Pathways of Troubled Boys 2. Persistence or Desistance? 3. Explaining the Life Course of Crime 4. Finding the Men 5. Long-Term Trajectories of Crime 6. Why Some Offenders Stop 7. Why Some Offenders Persist 8. Zigzag Criminal Careers 9. Modeling Change in Crime 10. Rethinking Lives in and out of Crime Notes References Index The accounts of individuals are quite riveting, and the book can be recommended strongly purely for the stories provided about diverse lives. However, the book is much, much more than that in terms of the serious challenge that the authors' findings and ideas present to some of the leading contemporary theories of both crime and development. A highly original and scholarly contribution of the highest quality. --Sir Michael Rutter, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London ttitleShared Beginnings, Divergent Lives is an extraordinary work which shows the deep insights gained by studying the whole life course, beginning in childhood and ending in later life. With access to a rare data archive, the authors provide compelling evidence on the remarkably varied adult lives of teenage delinquents who grew up in low-income areas of Boston (born 1925-1935). The story behind these varied life paths and their consequences inspires fresh thinking about crime over the life course through models of life trajectories and vivid narratives that reveal the complexity of lives. --Glen H. Elder, Jr., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill This book redraws the landscape of developmental criminology that Laub and Sampson already have done so much to define, setting new standards and benchmarks along the way. The authors both provide new evidence for earlier conclusions and challenge prevailing assumptions and assertions, thereby reshaping the criminological research agenda for years to come. --John Hagan, Northwestern University

Shared beginnings divergent lives

  • Filename: shared-beginnings-divergent-lives.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015057629142
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 338
  • Author: John H. Laub
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr



This book analyzes newly collected data on crime and social development up to age 70 for 500 men who were remanded to reform school in the 1940s. Born in Boston in the late 1920s and early 1930s, these men were the subjects of the classic study Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency by Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck (1950). Updating their lives at the close of the twentieth century, and connecting their adult experiences to childhood, this book is arguably the longest longitudinal study of age, crime, and the life course to date. John Laub and Robert Sampson's long-term data, combined with in-depth interviews, defy the conventional wisdom that links individual traits such as poor verbal skills, limited self-control, and difficult temperament to long-term trajectories of offending. The authors reject the idea of categorizing offenders to reveal etiologies of offending--rather, they connect variability in behavior to social context. They find that men who desisted from crime were rooted in structural routines and had strong social ties to family and community. By uniting life-history narratives with rigorous data analysis, the authors shed new light on long-term trajectories of crime and current policies of crime control.

Crime in the Making

  • Filename: crime-in-the-making.
  • ISBN: 0674176057
  • Release Date: 1995
  • Number of pages: 309
  • Author: Robert J. Sampson
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



dult social factors have little relevance.

Great American City

  • Filename: great-american-city.
  • ISBN: 9780226733883
  • Release Date: 2012-03-25
  • Number of pages: 552
  • Author: Robert J. Sampson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



For over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. Some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. These two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. Based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, Great American City argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. To demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, Robert J. Sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in Chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from Cabrini Green to Trump Tower and Millennium Park to the Robert Taylor Homes. He discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. Even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, Sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the Great Recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. Following in the influential tradition of the Chicago School of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, Great American City is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

The Craft of Life Course Research

  • Filename: the-craft-of-life-course-research.
  • ISBN: 9781606233610
  • Release Date: 2009-08-03
  • Number of pages: 372
  • Author: Glen H. Elder
  • Publisher: Guilford Press



This book brings together prominent investigators to provide a comprehensive guide to doing life course research, including an “inside view” of how they designed and carried out influential longitudinal studies. Using vivid examples, the contributors trace the connections between early and later experience and reveal how researchers and graduate students can discover these links in their own research. Well-organized chapters describe the best and newest ways to: *Use surveys, life records, ethnography, and data archives to collect different types of data over years or even decades. *Apply innovative statistical methods to measure dynamic processes that result in improvement, decline, or reversibility in economic fortune, stress, health, and criminality. *Explore the micro- and macro-level explanatory factors that shape individual trajectories, including genetic and environmental interactions, personal life history, interpersonal ties, and sociocultural institutions.

The Jack Roller

  • Filename: the-jack-roller.
  • ISBN: 0226751260
  • Release Date: 1966-12-15
  • Number of pages: 205
  • Author: Clifford R. Shaw
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



A deliquent's account of his experiences and values illuminates the nature and treatment of juvenile delinquency

Desistance from Sex Offending

  • Filename: desistance-from-sex-offending.
  • ISBN: 9781606239360
  • Release Date: 2011-03-11
  • Number of pages: 306
  • Author: D. Richard Laws
  • Publisher: Guilford Press



This book offers a fresh perspective on treating a population that is often demonized by policymakers, the public, and even clinicians. The authors argue that most sex offenders are "people like us," with the potential to lead meaningful, law-abiding lives—if given a chance and appropriate support. They describe an empirically and theoretically grounded rehabilitation approach, the Good Lives Model, which can be integrated with the assessment and intervention approaches that clinicians already use. Drawing on the latest knowledge about factors promoting desistance from crime, the book discusses how encouraging naturally occurring desistance processes, and directly addressing barriers to community reintegration, can make treatment more effective and long lasting.

Locked Out

  • Filename: locked-out.
  • ISBN: 0195348850
  • Release Date: 2006-03-30
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Jeff Manza
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



5.4 million Americans--1 in every 40 voting age adults-- are denied the right to participate in democratic elections because of a past or current felony conviction. In several American states, 1 in 4 black men cannot vote due to a felony conviction. In a country that prides itself on universal suffrage, how did the United States come to deny a voice to such a large percentage of its citizenry? What are the consequences of large-scale disenfranchisement--both for election outcomes, and for public policy more generally? Locked Out exposes one of the most important, yet little known, threats to the health of American democracy today. It reveals the centrality of racial factors in the origins of these laws, and their impact on politics today. Marshalling the first real empirical evidence on the issue to make a case for reform, the authors' path-breaking analysis will inform all future policy and political debates on the laws governing the political rights of criminals.

Antisocial Behavior by Young People

  • Filename: antisocial-behavior-by-young-people.
  • ISBN: 0521646081
  • Release Date: 1998-10-13
  • Number of pages: 478
  • Author: Michael Rutter
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Written by a child psychiatrist, a criminologist and a social psychologist, Antisocial Behavior by Young People is a major international review of research evidence on antisocial behavior. The book covers all aspects of the field, including descriptions of different types of delinquency and time trends, the state of knowledge on the individual, social-psychological and cultural factors involved, and recent advances in prevention and intervention. The authors bring together a wide range of disciplinary perspectives in order to provide a comprehensive account of antisocial behavior in youth. This will be an important work for many professionals and researchers in the fields of psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and criminology.

Black Picket Fences

  • Filename: black-picket-fences.
  • ISBN: 0226649288
  • Release Date: 1999-10-01
  • Number of pages: 276
  • Author: Mary Pattillo-McCoy
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



The author takes a stark and candid look at a section of America often ignored by both scholars and the media: the black middle class.

The Criminal Brain

  • Filename: the-criminal-brain.
  • ISBN: 9780814776568
  • Release Date: 2008-10-01
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: Nicole Rafter
  • Publisher: NYU Press



What is the relationship between criminality and biology? Nineteenth-century phrenologists insisted that criminality was innate, a trait inherent in the offender’s brain matter. While they were eventually repudiated as pseudo-scientists and self-deluded charlatans, today the pendulum has swung back. Both criminologists and biologists have begun to speak of a tantalizing but disturbing possibility: that criminality may be inherited as a set of genetic deficits that place one at risk for theft, violence, and sexual deviance. If that is so, we may soon confront proposals for genetically modifying “at risk” fetuses or doctoring up criminals so their brains operate like those of law-abiding citizens. In The Criminal Brain, well-known criminologist Nicole Rafter traces the sometimes violent history of these criminological theories and provides an introduction to current biological theories of crime, or biocriminology, with predictions of how these theories are likely to develop in the future. What do these new theories assert? Are they as dangerous as their forerunners, which the Nazis and other eugenicists used to sterilize, incarcerate, and even execute thousands of supposed “born” criminals? How can we prepare for a future in which leaders may propose crime-control programs based on biology? Enhanced with fascinating illustrations and written in lively prose, The Criminal Brain examines these issues in light of the history of ideas about the criminal brain. By tracing the birth and growth of enduring ideas in criminology, as well as by recognizing historical patterns in the interplay of politics and science, she offers ways to evaluate new theories of the criminal brain that may radically reshape ideas about the causes of criminal behavior.

Crime and the American Dream

  • Filename: crime-and-the-american-dream.
  • ISBN: 9781285401041
  • Release Date: 2012-06-14
  • Number of pages: 176
  • Author: Steven F. Messner
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning



Authored by Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld, both highly respected scholars and researchers, CRIME AND THE AMERICAN DREAM, 5th Edition is the seminal work in a major segment of criminological theory. The foundation of the book is institutional anomie theory (an offshoot of Mertonian anomie theory), which the authors posit helps to explain why America's over-emphasis on the pursuit of materialistic gain contributes to the country's high rate of violent crime. Featuring a very clear and accessible writing style, this is a theory book that students will actually understand. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Workfare States

  • Filename: workfare-states.
  • ISBN: 1572306351
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 414
  • Author: Jamie Peck
  • Publisher: Guilford Press



This book examines the political economy of workfare, the umbrella term for welfare-to-work initiatives that have been steadily gaining ground since candidate Bill Clinton's 1992 promise to "end welfare as we know it." Peck traces the development, diffusion, and implementation of workfare policies in the United States, and their export to Canada and the UK. He explores how reforms have been shaped by labor markets and political conditions, how gender and race come into play, and how local programs fit into the broader context of neoliberal economics and globalization. The book cogently demonstrates that workfare rarely involves large-scale job creation, but is more concerned with deterring welfare claims and necessitating the acceptance of low-paying, unstable jobs. Integrating labor market theory, critical policy analysis, and extensive field research, Peck exposes the limitations of workfarism and points toward more equitable alternatives.

Making Good

  • Filename: making-good.
  • ISBN: 1433802147
  • Release Date: 2007-05-01
  • Number of pages: 211
  • Author: Shadd Maruna
  • Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn



Annotation Can hardened criminals really reform? Making Good provides resounding proof that the answer is yes. This book provides a fascinating narrative analysis of the lives of repeat offenders who, by all statistical measures, should have continued on the criminal path but instead have created lives of productivity and purpose. This examination of the phenomenology of "making good" includes an encyclopedic review of the literature on personal reform as well as a practical guide to the use of narratives in offender counseling and rehabilitation.

DMCA - Contact