Shared Beginnings Divergent Lives

  • Filename: shared-beginnings-divergent-lives.
  • ISBN: 0674039971
  • Release Date: 2009-06-30
  • Number of pages: 350
  • Author: John H. LAUB
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



This book analyzes newly collected data on crime and social development up to age 70 for 500 men who were remanded to reform school in the 1940s. Born in Boston in the late 1920s and early 1930s, these men were the subjects of the classic study Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency by Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck (1950). Updating their lives at the close of the twentieth century, and connecting their adult experiences to childhood, this book is arguably the longest longitudinal study of age, crime, and the life course to date. John Laub and Robert Sampson's long-term data, combined with in-depth interviews, defy the conventional wisdom that links individual traits such as poor verbal skills, limited self-control, and difficult temperament to long-term trajectories of offending. The authors reject the idea of categorizing offenders to reveal etiologies of offending--rather, they connect variability in behavior to social context. They find that men who desisted from crime were rooted in structural routines and had strong social ties to family and community. By uniting life-history narratives with rigorous data analysis, the authors shed new light on long-term trajectories of crime and current policies of crime control. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments 1. Diverging Pathways of Troubled Boys 2. Persistence or Desistance? 3. Explaining the Life Course of Crime 4. Finding the Men 5. Long-Term Trajectories of Crime 6. Why Some Offenders Stop 7. Why Some Offenders Persist 8. Zigzag Criminal Careers 9. Modeling Change in Crime 10. Rethinking Lives in and out of Crime Notes References Index The accounts of individuals are quite riveting, and the book can be recommended strongly purely for the stories provided about diverse lives. However, the book is much, much more than that in terms of the serious challenge that the authors' findings and ideas present to some of the leading contemporary theories of both crime and development. A highly original and scholarly contribution of the highest quality. --Sir Michael Rutter, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London ttitleShared Beginnings, Divergent Lives is an extraordinary work which shows the deep insights gained by studying the whole life course, beginning in childhood and ending in later life. With access to a rare data archive, the authors provide compelling evidence on the remarkably varied adult lives of teenage delinquents who grew up in low-income areas of Boston (born 1925-1935). The story behind these varied life paths and their consequences inspires fresh thinking about crime over the life course through models of life trajectories and vivid narratives that reveal the complexity of lives. --Glen H. Elder, Jr., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill This book redraws the landscape of developmental criminology that Laub and Sampson already have done so much to define, setting new standards and benchmarks along the way. The authors both provide new evidence for earlier conclusions and challenge prevailing assumptions and assertions, thereby reshaping the criminological research agenda for years to come. --John Hagan, Northwestern University

Shared beginnings divergent lives

  • Filename: shared-beginnings-divergent-lives.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015057629142
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 338
  • Author: John H. Laub
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr



This book analyzes newly collected data on crime and social development up to age 70 for 500 men who were remanded to reform school in the 1940s. Born in Boston in the late 1920s and early 1930s, these men were the subjects of the classic study Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency by Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck (1950). Updating their lives at the close of the twentieth century, and connecting their adult experiences to childhood, this book is arguably the longest longitudinal study of age, crime, and the life course to date. John Laub and Robert Sampson's long-term data, combined with in-depth interviews, defy the conventional wisdom that links individual traits such as poor verbal skills, limited self-control, and difficult temperament to long-term trajectories of offending. The authors reject the idea of categorizing offenders to reveal etiologies of offending--rather, they connect variability in behavior to social context. They find that men who desisted from crime were rooted in structural routines and had strong social ties to family and community. By uniting life-history narratives with rigorous data analysis, the authors shed new light on long-term trajectories of crime and current policies of crime control.

Crime in the Making

  • Filename: crime-in-the-making.
  • ISBN: 0674176057
  • Release Date: 1995
  • Number of pages: 309
  • Author: Robert J. Sampson
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



dult social factors have little relevance.

Great American City

  • Filename: great-american-city.
  • ISBN: 9780226733883
  • Release Date: 2012-03-25
  • Number of pages: 552
  • Author: Robert J. Sampson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



For over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. Some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fates regardless of our surroundings, while other theories place us at the mercy of global forces beyond our control. These two perspectives dominate contemporary views of society, but by rejecting the importance of place they are both deeply flawed. Based on one of the most ambitious studies in the history of social science, Great American City argues that communities still matter because life is decisively shaped by where you live. To demonstrate the powerfully enduring impact of place, Robert J. Sampson presents here the fruits of over a decade’s research in Chicago combined with his own unique personal observations about life in the city, from Cabrini Green to Trump Tower and Millennium Park to the Robert Taylor Homes. He discovers that neighborhoods influence a remarkably wide variety of social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement, home foreclosures, teen births, altruism, leadership networks, and immigration. Even national crises cannot halt the impact of place, Sampson finds, as he analyzes the consequences of the Great Recession and its aftermath, bringing his magisterial study up to the fall of 2010. Following in the influential tradition of the Chicago School of urban studies but updated for the twenty-first century, Great American City is at once a landmark research project, a commanding argument for a new theory of social life, and the story of an iconic city.

The Criminal Brain

  • Filename: the-criminal-brain.
  • ISBN: 9780814776148
  • Release Date: 2008-01-01
  • Number of pages: 317
  • Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter
  • Publisher: NYU Press



The epidemic of mass rape in the former Yugoslavia has illustrated once again, and in particularly brutal fashion, the inextricable relationship between national politics, sexual politics, and body politics. The nexus of these three forces is highly charged in any culture, at any time in history, but especially so among cultures in which rapid, even cataclysmic, changes in material realities and national self-conceptions are eroding or overwhelming previously secure boundaries. The postcommunist moment in the so-called Second World--Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union--has dramatically exposed the opportunities and dangers that arise when the political, cultural, and economic foundations of a society are de- and then re-structured. Gender roles and relations, expressions of sexuality or attempts to recontain them, representations of the body, especially the female body, and the larger, cultural meanings it assumes, are particularly marked sites to witness the performance of complex national dramas of crisis and change. This groundbreaking volume turns its attention to the Second World, specifically to such subjects as the birth of the sex media and porn industry in Russia; Russian women and alcoholism; cinema in post-communist Hungary; patriotism and gender in Poland; sexual dissidence in Eastern Europe; and women in the former Yugoslavia. [ go to the Genders website ]

The Jack Roller

  • Filename: the-jack-roller.
  • ISBN: 0226751260
  • Release Date: 1966-12-15
  • Number of pages: 205
  • Author: Clifford R. Shaw
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



A deliquent's account of his experiences and values illuminates the nature and treatment of juvenile delinquency

Locked Out

  • Filename: locked-out.
  • ISBN: 0195348850
  • Release Date: 2006-03-30
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Jeff Manza
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



5.4 million Americans--1 in every 40 voting age adults-- are denied the right to participate in democratic elections because of a past or current felony conviction. In several American states, 1 in 4 black men cannot vote due to a felony conviction. In a country that prides itself on universal suffrage, how did the United States come to deny a voice to such a large percentage of its citizenry? What are the consequences of large-scale disenfranchisement--both for election outcomes, and for public policy more generally? Locked Out exposes one of the most important, yet little known, threats to the health of American democracy today. It reveals the centrality of racial factors in the origins of these laws, and their impact on politics today. Marshalling the first real empirical evidence on the issue to make a case for reform, the authors' path-breaking analysis will inform all future policy and political debates on the laws governing the political rights of criminals.

Desistance from Sex Offending

  • Filename: desistance-from-sex-offending.
  • ISBN: 9781606239360
  • Release Date: 2011-03-11
  • Number of pages: 306
  • Author: D. Richard Laws
  • Publisher: Guilford Press



This book offers a fresh perspective on treating a population that is often demonized by policymakers, the public, and even clinicians. The authors argue that most sex offenders are "people like us," with the potential to lead meaningful, law-abiding lives—if given a chance and appropriate support. They describe an empirically and theoretically grounded rehabilitation approach, the Good Lives Model, which can be integrated with the assessment and intervention approaches that clinicians already use. Drawing on the latest knowledge about factors promoting desistance from crime, the book discusses how encouraging naturally occurring desistance processes, and directly addressing barriers to community reintegration, can make treatment more effective and long lasting.

Antisocial Behavior by Young People

  • Filename: antisocial-behavior-by-young-people.
  • ISBN: 0521646081
  • Release Date: 1998-10-13
  • Number of pages: 478
  • Author: Michael Rutter
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Written by a child psychiatrist, a criminologist and a social psychologist, Antisocial Behavior by Young People is a major international review of research evidence on antisocial behavior. The book covers all aspects of the field, including descriptions of different types of delinquency and time trends, the state of knowledge on the individual, social-psychological and cultural factors involved, and recent advances in prevention and intervention. The authors bring together a wide range of disciplinary perspectives in order to provide a comprehensive account of antisocial behavior in youth. This will be an important work for many professionals and researchers in the fields of psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and criminology.

Black Picket Fences

  • Filename: black-picket-fences.
  • ISBN: 0226649288
  • Release Date: 1999-10-01
  • Number of pages: 276
  • Author: Mary Pattillo-McCoy
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



The author takes a stark and candid look at a section of America often ignored by both scholars and the media: the black middle class.

Sex Differences in Antisocial Behaviour

  • Filename: sex-differences-in-antisocial-behaviour.
  • ISBN: 0521010667
  • Release Date: 2001-09-27
  • Number of pages: 278
  • Author: Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



A fresh approach to sex differences in the causes, course and consequences of antisocial behaviour.

Workfare States

  • Filename: workfare-states.
  • ISBN: 1572306351
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 414
  • Author: Jamie Peck
  • Publisher: Guilford Press



This book examines the political economy of workfare, the umbrella term for welfare-to-work initiatives that have been steadily gaining ground since candidate Bill Clinton's 1992 promise to "end welfare as we know it." Peck traces the development, diffusion, and implementation of workfare policies in the United States, and their export to Canada and the UK. He explores how reforms have been shaped by labor markets and political conditions, how gender and race come into play, and how local programs fit into the broader context of neoliberal economics and globalization. The book cogently demonstrates that workfare rarely involves large-scale job creation, but is more concerned with deterring welfare claims and necessitating the acceptance of low-paying, unstable jobs. Integrating labor market theory, critical policy analysis, and extensive field research, Peck exposes the limitations of workfarism and points toward more equitable alternatives.

Crime and the Punished

  • Filename: crime-and-the-punished.
  • ISBN: 0393920380
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 256
  • Author: Douglas Hartmann
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton



An essential introduction to how sociologists think about and research crime and punishment.

Making Good

  • Filename: making-good.
  • ISBN: 1433802147
  • Release Date: 2007-05-01
  • Number of pages: 211
  • Author: Shadd Maruna
  • Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn



Annotation Can hardened criminals really reform? Making Good provides resounding proof that the answer is yes. This book provides a fascinating narrative analysis of the lives of repeat offenders who, by all statistical measures, should have continued on the criminal path but instead have created lives of productivity and purpose. This examination of the phenomenology of "making good" includes an encyclopedic review of the literature on personal reform as well as a practical guide to the use of narratives in offender counseling and rehabilitation.

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