Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9780674038189
  • Release Date: 2009-06-30
  • Number of pages: 528
  • Author: Philip HAMBURGER
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: democratic-authority-and-the-separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9780199796083
  • Release Date: 2011-09-01
  • Number of pages: 180
  • Author: Robert Audi
  • Publisher: OUP USA



Democratic states must protect the liberty of citizens and must accommodate both religious liberty and cultural diversity. This democratic imperative is one reason for the increasing secularity of most modern democracies. Religious citizens, however, commonly see a secular state as unfriendly toward religion. This book articulates principles that enable secular governments to protect liberty in a way that judiciously separates church and state and fully respects religious citizens. After presenting a brief account of the relation between religion and ethics, the book shows how ethics can be independent of religion-evidentially autonomous in a way that makes moral knowledge possible for secular citizens-without denying religious sources a moral authority of their own. With this account in view, it portrays a church-state separation that requires governments not only to avoid religious establishment but also to maintain religious neutrality. The book shows how religious neutrality is related to such issues as teaching evolutionary biology in public schools, the legitimacy of vouchers to fund private schooling, and governmental support of "faith-based initiatives." The final chapter shows how the proposed theory of religion and politics incorporates toleration and forgiveness as elements in flourishing democracies. Tolerance and forgiveness are described; their role in democratic citizenship is clarified; and in this light a conception of civic virtue is proposed. Overall, the book advances the theory of liberal democracy, clarifies the relation between religion and ethics, provides distinctive principles governing religion in politics, and provides a theory of toleration for pluralistic societies. It frames institutional principles to guide governmental policy toward religion; it articulates citizenship standards for political conduct by individuals; it examines the case for affirming these two kinds of standards on the basis of what, historically, has been called natural reason; and it defends an account of toleration that enhances the practical application of the ethical framework both in individual nations and in the international realm.

A Secular Faith

  • Filename: a-secular-faith.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015064750956
  • Release Date: 2006-01-01
  • Number of pages: 273
  • Author: Darryl G. Hart
  • Publisher: Ivan R Dee



Analyzes the widening gap between religious and secular America throughout the past quarter century to present a faith-based argument for the absolute separation of church and state, explaining that Christian politics are inappropriate for a religiously diverse society and fundamentally misconstrue the meaning of the Christian religion.

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: why-the-religious-right-is-wrong-about-separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9781615924103
  • Release Date: 2010-09-30
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Robert Boston
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books



Award-winning journalist Robert Boston lambastes the zealots of the Religious Right for spreading misinformation about the constitutional principle of the separation of church and state. Boston reveals how a band of ultraconservative religious groups with a political agenda - led primarily by televangelist Pat Robertson - is conducting a systematic war aginst the separation of church and state. The tactics of these groups are designed to exploit unfounded fears and turn the American people against the separationist principle. They will not rest, Boston says, until the United States has become a theocracy. To expose the Religious Right's blatant distortions of U.S. history and correct its skewed analysis of legal rulings, Boston objectively reviews the evolution of church/state relations in the United States and looks at how the separation principle has been applied by the courts. He also examines efforts by sectarian groups to win government support for their schools, the school prayer issue, the history of the free exercise of religion, and the controversial role of religion in the public square. Published in cooperation with Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: the-separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9780807097076
  • Release Date: 2011-06-01
  • Number of pages: 72
  • Author: Forrest Church
  • Publisher: Beacon Press



Now in paperback, a primer of essential writings about one of the cornerstones of our democracy by the original authors of the Constitution, edited by preeminant liberal theologian Forrest Church. Americans will never stop debating the question of church-state separation, and such debates invariably lead back to the nation’s beginnings and the founders’ intent. The Separation of Church and State presents a basic collection of the founders’ teachings on this topic. This concise primer gets past the rhetoric that surrounds the current debate, placing the founders’ vivid writings on religious liberty in historical perspective. Edited and with running commentary by Forrest Church, this important collection informs anyone curious about the original blueprint for our country and its government. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: the-separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 0897748522
  • Release Date: 1994
  • Number of pages: 189
  • Author: Darien Auburn McWhirter
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group



This book discusses major separation of church and state issues that the Supreme Court has addressed.

Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9780817350352
  • Release Date: 2003-04-23
  • Number of pages: 240
  • Author: Dina de-Malkhuta
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press



For the Jewish community, the end of the Middle Ages and the emergence of the modern nation-state brought the promise of equal citizenship as well as the possible loss of Jewish corporate identity. The legal maxim dina de-malkhuta dina (the law of the State is law) invoked in Talmidic times to justify the acceptance of the king’s law and qualified in the Middle Ages by Maimonides and Rashbam to include the requirement of consent by the governed underwent further redefinition by Jews in the Napoleonic age. Graff focuses on the struggle between 18th and 19th-century Jewish religious reformers and traditionalists in defining the limits of dina de-malkhuta dina. He traces the motivations of the reformers who, in their zeal to gain equality for the formerly disenfranchised Jewish communities in Western Europe, were prepared to render unto the State compromising authority over Jewish religious life under the rubric of dina de-malkhuta dina was intended to strike a balance between synagogue and state and not to be used as a pretext for the liquidation of the community’s corporate existence. Graff observes that the significance of dina de-malkhuta dina and its interpretation ids vital for an understanding of modern Jewish life as well as the relationship of Diaspora Jews to the Jewish community in the state of Israel.

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

  • Filename: thomas-jefferson-and-the-wall-of-separation-between-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 9780814719367
  • Release Date: 2003-10-01
  • Number of pages: 283
  • Author: Daniel Dreisbach
  • Publisher: NYU Press



No phrase in American letters has had a more profound influence on church-state law, policy, and discourse than Thomas Jefferson’s “wall of separation between church and state,” and few metaphors have provoked more passionate debate. Introduced in an 1802 letter to the Danbury, Connecticut Baptist Association, Jefferson’s “wall” is accepted by many Americans as a concise description of the U.S. Constitution’s church-state arrangement and conceived as a virtual rule of constitutional law. Despite the enormous influence of the “wall” metaphor, almost no scholarship has investigated the text of the Danbury letter, the context in which it was written, or Jefferson’s understanding of his famous phrase. Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State offers an in-depth examination of the origins, controversial uses, and competing interpretations of this powerful metaphor in law and public policy.

Separation of Church and State

  • Filename: separation-of-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 0313347697
  • Release Date: 2010
  • Number of pages: 157
  • Author: Jonathan A. Wright
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group



This tour of the American church/state issue revisits past controversies and personalities in the hope of enlightening present-day debates.

Separating Church and State

  • Filename: separating-church-and-state.
  • ISBN: 0252066642
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 206
  • Author: Timothy Hall
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press



Roger Williams, founder of the colony of Rhode Island, is famous as an apostle of religious tolerance and a foe of religious establishments. In Separating Church and State, Timothy Hall combines impressive historical and legal scholarship to explore Williams's theory of religious liberty and relate it to current debate. Williams's fierce religious dogmatism, Hall argues, is precisely what led to his religious tolerance, making him one of the most articulate champions in history of the argument for the necessary separation of church and state.

The Myth of Separation Between Church State

  • Filename: the-myth-of-separation-between-church-state.
  • ISBN: 1579216234
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 192
  • Author: Dee Wampler
  • Publisher: Winepress Pub



Most people think there is a separation of church and state. They are wrong. Most people think it's in the constitution. It isn't. Even a precursory glance at the first amendment easily shows it was meant to protect freedom of religion, not to protect government from religion. Within these pages you will see the myth debunked from voices of the past. The lives, writings, and interaction of our Founding Fathers clearly demonstrates that they were proud to stand on Christian values and had no intentions of separating their everyday or political lives from their religion. You be the judge.

To Build a Wall

  • Filename: to-build-a-wall.
  • ISBN: 0813915546
  • Release Date: 1995
  • Number of pages: 272
  • Author: Gregg Ivers
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press



"To Build a Wall represents the first extensive study of the effect of Jewish interest groups on church-state litigation. Ivers carefully traces the evolution of the American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, and the ADL from benevolent social service agencies to powerful organized interest groups active on all fronts of American politics and public affairs. He draws extensively upon original sources and archival materials from each organization, personal interviews over a five-year period, as well as the personal files and papers of Leo Pfeffer, the lead counsel or amicus curiae in nearly every establishment clause case from the late 1940s through the early eighties. Ivers concludes that organized interests can and do have critical influence in the legal process, but that organizational needs and external demands result in a more ad hoc, less planned approach to law and litigation than much previous scholarship has suggested. Ivers also argues that the ethnic, economic, and religious differences that led to the formation of competing Jewish organizations eighty years ago continue to drive a dynamic pluralism within the Jewish community, manifest in part in divergent approaches to litigation and public affairs."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Separation of Church State

  • Filename: the-separation-of-church-state.
  • ISBN: PSU:000054203082
  • Release Date: 2001-03-01
  • Number of pages: 187
  • Author: Stephen Strehle
  • Publisher: Huntington House Pub



The Separation of Church and State: Has America Lost Its Moral Challenges the notion that one can divorce religion from politics. The author contends that inalienable rights grew out of the western religious tradition of natural law, egalitarianism out of the universal scope of the Christian Gospel; democracy out of the polity of Puritan congregations; capitalism out of the Protestant work ethic. From a philosophical point of view, it is impossible to separate religious and political ideals. Human beings cannot live in self-sufficient autonomy; God is over all, in all, and through all.Stephen Strehle is a Professor of Religion at St. Leo University with doctoral degrees in theology from Dallas Theological Seminary and the Universitt of Basel. He is a noted Reformation scholar with a number of books and articles to his credit

The Serpentine Wall

  • Filename: the-serpentine-wall.
  • ISBN: 9781412849241
  • Release Date: 2013-02-28
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: James F. Harris
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers



The Serpentine Wall is chronologically structured, befitting a history of church-state separation in the United States. It begins with a history of ideas approach to the European backgrounds and colonial American experiments in theocracy and freedom of religion. It covers pre-modern American debates about religious freedom among the founding generation right up through the nineteenth century. The final section of the book focuses on the separation of church and state and how this has become a matter determined by the Supreme Court. The resolution of the proper interpretation of the religious clauses of the First Amendment and the course of the boundary between church and state has been slow. Many changes that took place throughout the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century have influenced the increasingly circuitous route taken by the Serpentine Wall between the two. The result has been an increased focus on social issues involving questions of interpretation of the establishment and free exercise clauses of the First Amendment. The founding of the United States was a unique event in human history and the result of factors that are unlikely to be repeated. To understand the founding of a democratic country with a unique arrangement between church and state, it is important to view that development as both a product of and a departure from what had come before. Harris’ interesting, unique, philosophical viewpoint will be important to those interested in how the roles of church versus state have evolved in the United States.

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