Science and Ethics

  • Filename: science-and-ethics.
  • ISBN: 9781139455046
  • Release Date: 2006-03-27
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Bernard E. Rollin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and animals, and its pernicious effect on pain management. Finally, he articulates the implications of the ideological denial of ethics for the practice of science itself in terms of fraud, plagiarism, and data falsification. In engaging prose and with philosophical sophistication, Rollin cogently argues in favor of making education in ethics part and parcel of scientific training.

Science and Ethics

  • Filename: science-and-ethics.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105123371440
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 359
  • Author: Paul Kurtz
  • Publisher:

This volume presents a unique collection of authors who generally maintain that science can help us make wise choices and that an increase in scientific knowledge can help modify our ethical values and bring new ethical principles into social awareness.

Ethics and Science

  • Filename: ethics-and-science.
  • ISBN: 9780521878418
  • Release Date: 2012-10-25
  • Number of pages: 388
  • Author: Adam Briggle
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book explores ethical issues at the interfaces of science, policy, religion and technology, cultivating the skills for critical analysis.

Stem Cells

  • Filename: stem-cells.
  • ISBN: 9789814374248
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 282
  • Author: Muireann Quigley
  • Publisher: World Scientific

Fiction. LGBT Studies. Finalist for the American Library Association GLBT Fiction Award. "Guess deftly performs the parlor trick of handling several different voices, switching fluidly from perceptive Caddie to the clipped cadence of masculine Jo to jaded Selena. This Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore for the 1990s celebrates the differences between people without fudging the loneliness that these entail. Guess's attempts to put a Midwestern spin on magical realism are blessedly rare: in a book loaded with so many natural surprises, any supernatural extras would be gilt on the lily"—Publishers Weekly.

Bridging the Gap between Aristotle s Science and Ethics

  • Filename: bridging-the-gap-between-aristotle-s-science-and-ethics.
  • ISBN: 9781107010369
  • Release Date: 2015-05-05
  • Number of pages: 316
  • Author: Devin Henry
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Explores the extent to which Aristotle's ethical treatises employ the concepts, methods, and practices developed in his 'scientific' works.

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter

  • Filename: what-is-nanotechnology-and-why-does-it-matter.
  • ISBN: 1444318004
  • Release Date: 2009-11-19
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Fritz Allhoff
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Ongoing research in nanotechnology promises both innovations and risks, potentially and profoundly changing the world. This book helps to promote a balanced understanding of this important emerging technology, offering an informed and impartial look at the technology, its science, and its social impact and ethics. Nanotechnology is crucial for the next generation of industries, financial markets, research labs, and our everyday lives; this book provides an informed and balanced look at nanotechnology and its social impact Offers a comprehensive background discussion on nanotechnology itself, including its history, its science, and its tools, creating a clear understanding of the technology needed to evaluate ethics and social issues Authored by a nanoscientist and philosophers, offers an accurate and accessible look at the science while providing an ideal text for ethics and philosophy courses Explores the most immediate and urgent areas of social impact of nanotechnology

The Environment

  • Filename: the-environment.
  • ISBN: 9780262301022
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 307
  • Author: William P. Kabasenche
  • Publisher: MIT Press

Philosophical reflections on the environment began with early philosophers' invocation of a cosmology that mixed natural and supernatural phenomena. Today, the central philosophical problem posed by the environment involves not what it can teach us about ourselves and our place in the cosmic order but rather how we can understand its workings in order to make better decisions about our own conduct regarding it. The resulting inquiry spans different areas of contemporary philosophy, many of which are represented by the fifteen original essays in this volume. The contributors first consider conceptual problems generated by rapid advances in biology and ecology, examining such topics as ecological communities, adaptation, and scientific consensus. The contributors then turn to epistemic and axiological issues, first considering philosophical aspects of environmental decision making and then assessing particular environmental policies (largely relating to climate change), including reparations, remediation, and nuclear power, from a normative perspective.

Improving Nature

  • Filename: improving-nature.
  • ISBN: 0521008476
  • Release Date: 2001-05-21
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Michael J. Reiss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

A biologist and a moral philosopher consider the positive potential and the possible negative consequences of genetic engineering, outlining the science surrounding the technology while discussing moral and ethical considerations. Reprint.

A Communion of Subjects

  • Filename: a-communion-of-subjects.
  • ISBN: 0231136420
  • Release Date: 2006
  • Number of pages: 686
  • Author: Paul Waldau
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press

"A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into humans' relationships with animals and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live." "Contributors examine Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Daoism, Confucianism, African religions, traditions from ancient Egypt and early China, and Native American, indigenous Tibetan, and Australian Aboriginal traditions, among others. They explore issues such as animal consciousness, suffering, sacrifice, and stewardship in innovative methodological ways. They also address contemporary challenges relating to law, biotechnology, social justice, and the environment. By grappling with the nature and ideological features of various religious views, the contributors cast religious teachings and practices in a new light. They reveal how we either intentionally or inadvertently marginalize "others," whether they are human or otherwise, reflecting on the ways in which we assign value to living beings."

A Theology of Science

  • Filename: a-theology-of-science.
  • ISBN: 9781599424262
  • Release Date: 2007-06
  • Number of pages: 260
  • Author: Robert Trundle
  • Publisher: Universal-Publishers

This book reveals a remarkable oddity about the mainstream philosophy of science. While rejecting a noxious relativism, it is unable to ascribe "truth" to scientific theories that also are divorced conceptually from ethics and politics. There is much at stake since these dilemmas have led to a politicized truth whereby "truth" in these areas is often decided ideologically. But the ideology and splintered areas collide head-on with our awareness of ourselves and the world. By relating a world of which we are phenomenologically conscious to a common-sense reasoning, a novel case is made for objective scientific truth, a true causal principle, and the principle's implication of a First Cause. This Cause, as a Creator of Nature, begets moral norms intrinsic to scientific descriptions of our psycho-biological nature since our nature was created as it ought to be; affording a naturalistic ethics that can be as true as the science that informs it. Medicine and its allied sciences are used to illustrate this moral import in terms of a revitalized support of the traditional family -- a perennial norm expressed by the dictum "As the family goes, so goes the state." Thus a state's support of the family exemplifies how normative political claims can be as true as a scientific ethics that informs them. The logical link of ethics to science and politics marks the reasoning implicit in a natural theology common to the major monotheistic religions. And so despite the faults of all organizations, this book suggests one reason why those religions flourished over the ages. Outlasting the Roman Empire and modern ideologies that boasted vainly of reigning to the end of history, the religions address a personal spirituality and fulfill human nature. They render coherent an experienced world where truth coincides in science, ethics, politics, and religion. REVIEW "This book is one of those exceptional works which is both challenging in its philosophical sophistication and edifying in its moral argumentation." The Review of Metaphysics, Sept, 2008, by Tom Michaud Read complete review at link below: The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 62, #245 (Sep), 2008

Gay Science

  • Filename: gay-science.
  • ISBN: 0231500319
  • Release Date: 2013-08-13
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Timothy F. Murphy
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press

Drawing on a wide range of studies in neuroanatomy, genetics, and psychology, Murphy systematically reviews the purpose and goals of gay science, arguing that that science, for better or worse, represents a vital channel through which a more complete understanding of homosexuality can be established.

Science and Ethics in American Medicine 1800 1914

  • Filename: science-and-ethics-in-american-medicine-1800-1914.
  • ISBN: 0913028967
  • Release Date: 1982
  • Number of pages: 552
  • Author: Harris L. Coulter
  • Publisher: North Atlantic Books

Divided Legacy (Vols. I-IV) is a history of Western medical philosophy from the time of Hippocrates to the twentieth century, treating it as a unified system of thought rather than a series of fortuitous discovers. Dr. Coulter interprets the development of medical ideas as the product of a conflict between two opposed systems of thought, Empiricism and Rationalism. This third volume of Divided Legacy continues the account of the conflict between the Empirical and the Rationalist approaches to therapeutics but introduces a socio-economic dimension which had earlier been lacking. In the early nineteenth century, Samuel Hahnemann’s formulation of the Empirical therapeutic doctrine, which he called homeopathy. It flourished especially in the United States. This volume traces the history of the rise and decline of this formulation of Empirical therapeutics in the nineteenth century United States. It analyzes the interaction between the homeopathic doctrines and those of the orthodox school and attempts to illustrate the influence of socio-economic constraints on the movement of medical thought during this period.

Moral Imagination

  • Filename: moral-imagination.
  • ISBN: 0226401693
  • Release Date: 1994-11-01
  • Number of pages: 287
  • Author: Mark Johnson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press

The Enlightenment idea that reason creates fixed moral rules that specify "the right thing to do" is mistaken, according to Johnson, because it misses the ways in which human conceptual systems are grounded in bodily experience, and it ignores the expansive and constructive nature of our best moral thinking. Since new findings in cognitive science explain reasoning in terms of prototypes, frame semantics, metaphor, and basic-level experience, Johnson contends that we must revise our views of ethics and adopt an alternative conception of moral reflection - one that is thoroughly imaginative.

The End of the World

  • Filename: the-end-of-the-world.
  • ISBN: 0415184479
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 310
  • Author: John Leslie
  • Publisher: Psychology Press

Are we in imminent danger of extinction? Yes, we probably are, argues John Leslie in his chilling account of the dangers facing the human race as we approach the second millenium. The End of the World is a sobering assessment of the many disasters that scientists have predicted and speculated on as leading to apocalypse. In the first comprehensive survey, potential catastrophes - ranging from deadly diseases to high-energy physics experiments - are explored to help us understand the risks. One of the greatest threats facing humankind, however, is the insurmountable fact that we are a relatively young species, a risk which is at the heart of the 'Doomsday Argument'. This argument, if correct, makes the dangers we face more serious than we could have ever imagined. This more than anything makes the arrogance and ignorance of politicians, and indeed philosophers, so disturbing as they continue to ignore the manifest dangers facing future generations.

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