Psychoprosthetics

  • Filename: psychoprosthetics.
  • ISBN: 1846289807
  • Release Date: 2007-11-29
  • Number of pages: 164
  • Author: Pamela Gallagher
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Psychoprosthetics is defined as the study of psychological aspects of prosthetic use and of rehabilitative processes in those conditions that require the use of prosthetic devices. Psychoprosthetics: State of the Knowledge brings together, into one easily accessible volume, the most recent and exciting research and knowledge in this new field

Amputation Prosthesis Use and Phantom Limb Pain

  • Filename: amputation-prosthesis-use-and-phantom-limb-pain.
  • ISBN: 9780387874623
  • Release Date: 2009-11-27
  • Number of pages: 203
  • Author: Craig Murray
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The main objective in the rehabilitation of people following amputation is to restore or improve their functioning, which includes their return to work. Full-time employment leads to beneficial health effects and being healthy leads to increased chances of full-time employment (Ross and Mirowskay 1995). Employment of disabled people enhances their self-esteem and reduces social isolation (Dougherty 1999). The importance of returning to work for people following amputation the- fore has to be considered. Perhaps the first article about reemployment and problems people may have at work after amputation was published in 1955 (Boynton 1955). In later years, there have been sporadic studies on this topic. Greater interest and more studies about returning to work and problems people have at work following amputation arose in the 1990s and has continued in recent years (Burger and Marinc ?ek 2007). These studies were conducted in different countries on all the five continents, the greatest number being carried out in Europe, mainly in the Netherlands and the UK (Burger and Marinc ?ek 2007). Owing to the different functions of our lower and upper limbs, people with lower limb amputations have different activity limitations and participation restrictions compared to people with upper limb amputations. Both have problems with driving and carrying objects. People with lower limb amputations also have problems standing, walking, running, kicking, turning and stamping, whereas people with upper limb amputations have problems grasping, lifting, pushing, pulling, writing, typing, and pounding (Giridhar et al. 2001).

Medicine and Society New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

  • Filename: medicine-and-society-new-perspectives-in-continental-philosophy.
  • ISBN: 9789401798709
  • Release Date: 2015-05-22
  • Number of pages: 323
  • Author: Darian Meacham
  • Publisher: Springer



This volume addresses some of the most prominent questions in contemporary bioethics and philosophy of medicine: ‘liberal’ eugenics, enhancement, the normal and the pathological, the classification of mental illness, the relation between genetics, disease and the political sphere, the experience of illness and disability, and the sense of the subject of bioethical inquiry itself. All of these issues are addressed from a “continental” perspective, drawing on a rich tradition of inquiry into these questions in the fields of phenomenology, philosophical hermeneutics, French epistemology, critical theory and post-structuralism. At the same time, the contributions engage with the Anglo-American debate, resulting in a fruitful and constructive conversation that not only shows the depth and breadth of continental perspectives in bioethics and medicine, but also opens new avenues of discussion and exploration. For decades European philosophers have offered important insights into the relation between the practices of medicine, the concept of illness, and society more broadly understood. These interventions have generally striven to be both historically nuanced and accessible to non-experts. From Georges Canguilhem’s seminal The Normal and the Pathological, Michel Foucault’s lectures on madness, sexuality, and biopolitics, Hans Jonas’s deeply thoughtful essays on the right to die, life extension, and ethics in a technological age, Hans-Georg Gadamer’s lectures on The Enigma of Health, and more recently Jürgen Habermas’s carefully nuanced interventions on the question of liberal eugenics, these thinkers have sought to engage the wider public as much as their fellow philosophers on questions of paramount importance to current bioethical and social-political debate. The essays contained here continue this tradition of engagement and accessibility. In the best practices of European philosophy, the contributions in this volume aim to engage with and stimulate a broad spectrum of readers, not just experts. In doing so the volume offers a showcase of the richness and rigor of continental perspectives on medicine and society.

Disability International Development

  • Filename: disability-international-development.
  • ISBN: 0387938400
  • Release Date: 2009-07-21
  • Number of pages: 218
  • Author: Malcolm MacLachlan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



One of the greatest challenges facing modern global health is how to include the most marginalized and impoverished people in international efforts to promote social and economic development. In Disability and International Development disability rights are situated within the broader context of global health and the need for much greater inter-sector collaboration. Reports from a broad cross-section of low- and middle-income countries—locales as diverse as Zimbabwe, Bolivia, Kyrgyzstan, and Papua New Guinea—move beyond surface discussions of "what is working" and "what shows promise" to discuss political and governance contexts, the roles of disabled persons in research by outsiders, concurrent struggles (e.g., women’s or children’s rights), and instructive inroads made by community activists and national Disabled People’s Organizations. The results are provocative, and offer new lenses for viewing both the issues and the populations they affect. Each of the book’s chapters spotlights a topic as representative of the enormity and immediacy of challenges to inclusive global health, including: The impact of international human rights law on domestic law and local traditions. The effect of failed states on the lives of people with disabilities. Empowerment and advocacy: disability organizations and movements. HIV/AIDS interventions with disabled persons. Assistive technologies in low-income countries. Strategies for improving the lives of children with disabilities. Cross-disciplinary as well as cross-cultural, Disability and International Development will attract a wide audience of professionals in rehabilitation, social welfare and human rights; governmental and non-governmental organizations and disabled people’s organizations; researchers and practitioners. It will also be relevant to those working in health and welfare administration, health policy, international aid and development, and human rights. In addition, graduate students in disability studies, public and global health and international development should find this an important guide to the future of these fields.

Managing Depression in Clinical Practice

  • Filename: managing-depression-in-clinical-practice.
  • ISBN: 1849964653
  • Release Date: 2010-09-09
  • Number of pages: 96
  • Author: Edward S Friedman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



An estimated 21 million people are diagnosed each year with a major depressive disorder in the USA, Western Europe and Japan. The economic cost of depression and its impact on sufferers and those around them is enormous. There are numerous therapy choices available, which can be daunting for the clinician trying to achieve the best treatment regimen. Managing Depression in Clinical Practice provides a concise overview of the clinical manifestation, diagnosis and management of this debilitating condition. The book gives practical coverage of depression in special populations, the management of treatment non-response and long-term treatment. Managing Depression in Clinical Practice is intended as an accessible text for family practitioners and psychiatrists in training and in practice. It will also be of interest to specialist nurses and allied health professionals working in the field.

The Oxford Handbook of Rehabilitation Psychology

  • Filename: the-oxford-handbook-of-rehabilitation-psychology.
  • ISBN: 9780199733989
  • Release Date: 2012-08-16
  • Number of pages: 594
  • Author: Paul Kennedy
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



Rehabilitation psychology is one of the fastest growing fields in applied psychology. In this book the editor has successfully brought together a range of well established international and experienced researchers and practitioners to provide a guide to best practice, clinical management, and the wider professional themes and issues.

Management of Prader Willi Syndrome

  • Filename: management-of-prader-willi-syndrome.
  • ISBN: 9780387335360
  • Release Date: 2006-10-11
  • Number of pages: 550
  • Author: Merlin Butler
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Management of Prader-Willi Syndrome brings together the contributions of professionals with considerable expertise in diagnosis and management of PWS. Clinical, social, family, and community issues are explored and management strategies identified. The text presents historical, medical, and genetic information to orient the reader. The major portion deals with pragmatic guidelines, rather than research and diagnosis, and is directed to health and educational specialists in academic, clinical, and community settings. This manual is endorsed by The Prader-Willi Syndrome Association, which is recognized world-wide.

Embodiment

  • Filename: embodiment.
  • ISBN: 9780335226276
  • Release Date: 2004-09-01
  • Number of pages: 225
  • Author: Malcolm MacLachlan
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)



This is the first book to explore the idea of embodiment across a wide range of clinical contexts. Adopting a critical and cultural perspective, the book stresses the importance of understanding people through their lived experiences and constructions of their own body.The book: Challenges both the mind-body dichotomy and the biopsychosocial model Examines the clinical significance of people's experience of 'being a body' through a broad range of health and illness experiences, in particular when the body is distressed, diseased, disordered, disabled or dismembered Provides insight into the physical and emotional experiences of individuals through its empathetic style Drawing a parallel with innovative work on neural plasticity, the author illustrates how we are now in an age of body plasticity, where our body boundaries are becoming increasingly ambiguous, allowing more degrees of freedom and offering more opportunities than ever before to overcome physical limitations.From anorexia to amputation, Botox to body dysmorphic disorder, phantom limbs to acute and chronic pain, the book considers a broad range of bodily experiences.Drawing on research from diverse areas including health and clinical psychology, neuroscience, medicine, nursing, anthropology, philosophy and sociology, this book is essential reading for students across all these disciplines.

Gender and Conflict since 1914

  • Filename: gender-and-conflict-since-1914.
  • ISBN: 9781137030276
  • Release Date: 2012-08-29
  • Number of pages: 200
  • Author: Ana Carden-Coyne
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan



The First World War was a turning point for modern globalised warfare. It involved the inclusion of women in 'war efforts', the homefront becoming the warzone, and produced millions of wounded and disabled men. At the same time, it incited an extraordinary arsenal of gendered discourses, practices and beliefs in the service of militarism, power structures and personal agency. This insightful collection of interdisciplinary essays, by a wide-ranging team of experts, draws out critical themes emanating from 1914. Spanning the First and Second World Wars, through to the Vietnam War, the 'War on Terror' and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the volume asks what has changed and what has continued? Ana Carden-Coyne demonstrates adeptly how understanding gender during periods of conflict has ongoing relevance across the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Phenomenology in Anthropology

  • Filename: phenomenology-in-anthropology.
  • ISBN: 9780253017802
  • Release Date: 2015-10-19
  • Number of pages: 330
  • Author: Kalpana Ram
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press



This volume explores what phenomenology adds to the enterprise of anthropology, drawing on and contributing to a burgeoning field of social science research inspired by the phenomenological tradition in philosophy. Essays by leading scholars ground their discussions of theory and method in richly detailed ethnographic case studies. The contributors broaden the application of phenomenology in anthropology beyond the areas in which it has been most influential—studies of sensory perception, emotion, bodiliness, and intersubjectivity—into new areas of inquiry such as martial arts, sports, dance, music, and political discourse.

Oxford Handbook of the Psychology of Appearance

  • Filename: oxford-handbook-of-the-psychology-of-appearance.
  • ISBN: 9780198723226
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 717
  • Author: Nichola Rumsey
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



We live in a society in which messages associating physical attractiveness with success and happiness are pervasive. There is an epidemic of appearance concerns amongst teenagers and adults in westernised countries and body image dissatisfaction is now considered normative.The Oxford Handbook of the Psychology of Appearance is a comprehensive reference text written by experts in the field. It examines how people feel about the waythey look, and why it is that some people are troubled by the way they look - reporting that these appearance-related concerns affect many aspects of their lives including relationships, health and well-being. It considers the influence of other people and how the media affects thoughts and behaviours relatedto appearance. It explores the experiences of people living with a disfigurement in a society that seems to be increasingly focussed on appearance and the pursuit of an idealised image of beauty, size and weight.

Normal and Abnormal Swallowing

  • Filename: normal-and-abnormal-swallowing.
  • ISBN: 0387951946
  • Release Date: 2002-10-01
  • Number of pages: 287
  • Author: Bronwyn Jones
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This new edition has been completely updated to reflect all the new modalities that have developed in the ten years since the first edition. Beautifully illustrated, this text presents an updated approach to the role of imaging in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient with dysphagia. Centered around the "gold standard" imaging modality, i.e. videofluorography, the text also includes chapters on other modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. This is a "must read" for professionals already involved with patients with dysphagia, or in specialties such as radiology, gastroenterology, otolaryngology, rehabilitation medicine and speech language pathology.

Practical Psychology in Medical Rehabilitation

  • Filename: practical-psychology-in-medical-rehabilitation.
  • ISBN: 9783319340340
  • Release Date: 2016-12-03
  • Number of pages: 595
  • Author: Maggi A. Budd
  • Publisher: Springer



This easy-access guide summarizes the dynamic specialty of rehabilitation psychology, focusing on real-world practice in the medical setting. It begins by placing readers at the frontlines of practice with a solid foundation for gathering information and communicating effectively with patients, families, and staff. The book’s topics run a wide gamut of patient conditions (neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular), related problems (sleep and fatigue issues, depression) and practitioner responses (encouraging coping and compliance, pediatric and geriatric considerations). Models of disability and adaptation, review of competency concerns, and guidelines for group and individual therapy offer evidence-based insights for helping patients manage their health conditions, benefit from rehabilitation interventions, and prepare for their post-rehabilitation lives and activities. Coverage spotlights these core areas: ·Basics and biopsychosocial practicalities, from behavioral medicine and psychopharmacology to ethical and forensic issues. ·Populations, problems, and procedures, including stroke, TBI, substance abuse, transplants, and severe mental illness. ·Assessment and practical interventions such as pain, anxiety, cognitive functioning, and more. ·Consultation, advocacy, and interdisciplinary teams. ·Practice management, administration, and professional self-care. ·Research, technology, and program evaluation. Practical Psychology in Medical Rehabilitation is an essential professional development tool for novice (and a refresher for veteran) psychologists and neuropsychologists, as well as rehabilitation physicians, nurses, therapists, psychiatrists, and social workers. It presents in depth both the hallmarks of the specialty and the nuts and bolts of being a valuable team player in a medical setting.

Culture and Health

  • Filename: culture-and-health.
  • ISBN: 9780470035689
  • Release Date: 2006-05-01
  • Number of pages: 328
  • Author: Malcolm MacLachlan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Most Western health professionals practice in multicultural societies. The influence of culture on illness, health and rehabilitation is therefore very important. Despite this, most lower level health psychology texts skim over these differences and assume our traditional biomedical approach will be appropriate for all. In this completely revised and updated edition of a groundbreaking book, Malcolm MacLachlan redresses the balance by showing how social and cultural aspects interact with the purely physical: from assessment and treatment all the way through to effects on rehabilitation.

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