Paleontological Data Analysis

  • Filename: paleontological-data-analysis.
  • ISBN: 9781405172943
  • Release Date: 2008-04-15
  • Number of pages: 368
  • Author: ?yvind Hammer
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



During the last 10 years numerical methods have begun to dominate paleontology. These methods now reach far beyond the fields of morphological and phylogenetic analyses to embrace biostratigraphy, paleobiogeography, and paleoecology. Paleontological Data Analysis explains the key numerical techniques in paleontology, and the methodologies employed in the software packages now available. Following an introduction to numerical methodologies in paleontology, and to univariate and multivariate techniques (including inferential testing), there follow chapters on morphometrics, phylogenetic analysis, paleobiogeography and paleoecology, time series analysis, and quantitative biostratigraphy Each chapter describes a range of techniques in detail, with worked examples, illustrations, and appropriate case histories Describes the purpose, type of data required, functionality, and implementation of each technique, together with notes of caution where appropriate The book and the accompanying PAST software package (see www.blackwellpublishing.com/hammer) are important investigative tools in a rapidly developing field characterized by many exciting new discoveries and innovative techniques An invaluable tool for all students and researchers involved in quantitative paleontology

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks

  • Filename: microfacies-of-carbonate-rocks.
  • ISBN: 9783662087268
  • Release Date: 2013-11-11
  • Number of pages: 976
  • Author: Erik Flügel
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This unparelleled reference synthesizes the methods used in microfacies analysis and details the potential of microfacies in evaluating depositional environments and diagenetic history, and, in particular, the application of microfacies data in the study of carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs and the provenance of archaeological materials. Nearly 230 instructive plates (30 in color) showing thin-section photographs with detailed explanations form a central part of the content. Helpful teaching-learning aids include detailed captions for hundreds of microphotographs, boxed summaries of technical terms, many case studies, guidelines for the determination and evaluation of microfacies criteria, for enclosed CD with 14000 references, self-testing exercises for recognition and characterization skills, and more

The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang China

  • Filename: the-cambrian-fossils-of-chengjiang-china.
  • ISBN: 9780470999943
  • Release Date: 2008-04-15
  • Number of pages: 248
  • Author: Xian-guag Hou
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



The Chengjiang biota is one of the most remarkable fossil discoveries ever made. The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang is the first book in English to provide fossil enthusiasts with an overview of the fauna. 100 superb full color plates. First English language illustrated guide to this important fauna. A must-have for all palaeontologists worldwide. To see a collection of images from the book, click on the following link: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/chengjiang

Morphological Change in Quaternary Mammals of North America

  • Filename: morphological-change-in-quaternary-mammals-of-north-america.
  • ISBN: 0521020816
  • Release Date: 2005-10-06
  • Number of pages: 428
  • Author: Robert A. Martin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



This book examines case studies of North American Quaternary mammalian evolution within the larger domain of modern evolutionary theory. It presents previously unpublished studies of a variety of taxa (xenarthrans, rodents, carnivores, ungulates) examined over several temporal scales, from a few thousand years during the Holocene to millions of years of late Pliocene and Pleistocene time. Different organizational levels are represented, from mosaic population variation, to a synopsis of Quaternary evolution of an entire order (Rodentia). In addition to specific case histories, the book includes purely theoretical and methodological contributions, for example, on the statistical recognition of stasis in the fossil record, new ways to calculate evolutionary rates, and the use of digital image analysis in the study of dental ontogeny. Perhaps the most important aspect of the studies reported in this book is that they span the time between the "ecological moment" and "deep time". Modern taxa can be traced back into the fossil record, and variation among extant taxa can be used as a control against which variation in the extinct ones can be understood.

Statistical Methods in Biology

  • Filename: statistical-methods-in-biology.
  • ISBN: 9781439808788
  • Release Date: 2014-08-22
  • Number of pages: 608
  • Author: S.J. Welham
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Written in simple language with relevant examples, Statistical Methods in Biology: Design and Analysis of Experiments and Regression is a practical and illustrative guide to the design of experiments and data analysis in the biological and agricultural sciences. The book presents statistical ideas in the context of biological and agricultural sciences to which they are being applied, drawing on relevant examples from the authors’ experience. Taking a practical and intuitive approach, the book only uses mathematical formulae to formalize the methods where necessary and appropriate. The text features extended discussions of examples that include real data sets arising from research. The authors analyze data in detail to illustrate the use of basic formulae for simple examples while using the GenStat® statistical package for more complex examples. Each chapter offers instructions on how to obtain the example analyses in GenStat and R. By the time you reach the end of the book (and online material) you will have gained: A clear appreciation of the importance of a statistical approach to the design of your experiments, A sound understanding of the statistical methods used to analyse data obtained from designed experiments and of the regression approaches used to construct simple models to describe the observed response as a function of explanatory variables, Sufficient knowledge of how to use one or more statistical packages to analyse data using the approaches described, and most importantly, An appreciation of how to interpret the results of these statistical analyses in the context of the biological or agricultural science within which you are working. The book concludes with a guide to practical design and data analysis. It gives you the understanding to better interact with consultant statisticians and to identify statistical approaches to add value to your scientific research.

Transactions

  • Filename: transactions.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015072689527
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies
  • Publisher:



Principles of Paleontology

  • Filename: principles-of-paleontology.
  • ISBN: 071670613X
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 354
  • Author: Michael Foote
  • Publisher: Macmillan



When published in 1971, Principles of Paleontology (POP) by David Raup and Steven Stanley revolutionized both textbooks and teaching in paleontology by adopting an approach that focused on the process of studying biologic groups, rather than a systematic approach (the study of individual groups of organisms), or an historical approach (narrating events to date). For this highly anticipated revision of Raup and Stanley's one-term undergraduate text, two of Raup's former students--Michael Foote and Arnold Miller--use that defining core approach to present a thoroughly up-to-date portrait of a field that has undergone major transformations in the last two decades.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

  • Filename: a-companion-to-forensic-anthropology.
  • ISBN: 9781118255414
  • Release Date: 2012-03-19
  • Number of pages: 752
  • Author: Dennis Dirkmaat
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

The Paleontological Stratigraphic Interval Construction and Analysis Tool

  • Filename: the-paleontological-stratigraphic-interval-construction-and-analysis-tool.
  • ISBN: 9780549154976
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 32
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Core description diagrams are the primary record of the cylindrical rock samples that result from the scientific drilling process. Typically, these diagrams are drawn by hand in field books and then drafted up in a graphics program for publication. Very rarely are the actual data encoded in the diagrams, e.g., depth in core, grain size, and lithology, captured in a format that can be manipulated and analyzed. This thesis introduces the Paleontological Stratigraphic Interval Construction and Analysis Tool (PSICAT), an interactive, cross-platform environment for creating, viewing, and editing core description diagrams, and discusses the design and implementation of its extensible software architecture and data model which allows it to seamlessly capture and visualize core description data. PSICAT was used to log nearly 1300 meters of sediment core drilled during ANtarctic DRILLing (ANDRILL) project's McMurdo Ice Shelf expedition.

Paleontology

  • Filename: paleontology.
  • ISBN: 9781139497787
  • Release Date: 2011-04-28
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Derek Turner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader to exciting recent work in the philosophy of paleontology and to theoretical issues including punctuated equilibria and species selection. He also critically examines some of the major accomplishments and arguments of paleontologists of the last 40 years.

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