Optical Magnetometry

  • Filename: optical-magnetometry.
  • ISBN: 9781107010352
  • Release Date: 2013-03-07
  • Number of pages: 412
  • Author: Dmitry Budker
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Comprehensive coverage of the principles, technology and diverse applications of optical magnetometry for graduate students and researchers in atomic physics.

Applications of Optical Magnetometry to Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy

  • Filename: applications-of-optical-magnetometry-to-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-spectroscopy.
  • ISBN: 9781109098877
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 127
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

This thesis focuses on the application of optical magnetometry to magnetic resonance experiments. After an introduction of the basics of magnetic resonance and optical magnetometry it discusses imaging and spectroscopic applications. Two magnetomers are described; one was constructed in the Pines lab and uses frequency modulated non-linear magneto-optics, while the other was constructed in the Budker lab and is based on a spin-exchange relaxation free technique. An Earth's field MRI device was used in the first two experiments discussed. This device imaged the flow of water through a porous steel sample and through a T-shaped mixer. The third experiment discussed is a one-dimensional imaging technique. The final experiment discussed uses the Budker lab magnetometer to determine J-coupling values at zero field.

Magnetic Microscopy of Layered Structures

  • Filename: magnetic-microscopy-of-layered-structures.
  • ISBN: 9783662445327
  • Release Date: 2014-11-03
  • Number of pages: 246
  • Author: Wolfgang Kuch
  • Publisher: Springer

This book presents the important analytical technique of magnetic microscopy. This method is applied to analyze layered structures with high resolution. This book presents a number of layer-resolving magnetic imaging techniques that have evolved recently. Many exciting new developments in magnetism rely on the ability to independently control the magnetization in two or more magnetic layers in micro- or nanostructures. This in turn requires techniques with the appropriate spatial resolution and magnetic sensitivity. The book begins with an introductory overview, explains then the principles of the various techniques and gives guidance to their use. Selected examples demonstrate the specific strengths of each method. Thus the book is a valuable resource for all scientists and practitioners investigating and applying magnetic layered structures.

Laser Physics at the Limits

  • Filename: laser-physics-at-the-limits.
  • ISBN: 9783662048979
  • Release Date: 2013-06-29
  • Number of pages: 522
  • Author: Hartmut Figger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Published on the occasion of Theodor Hänsch's 60th Birthday emphasis is placed on precision related to results in a variety of fields, such as atomic clocks, frequency standards, and the measurement of physical constants in atomic physics. Furthermore, illustrations and engineering applications of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics are widely covered. It has contributions by Nobel prize winners Norman F. Ramsey, Steven Chu, and Carl E. Wieman.

High Sensitivity Magnetometers

  • Filename: high-sensitivity-magnetometers.
  • ISBN: 9783319340708
  • Release Date: 2016-09-20
  • Number of pages: 576
  • Author: Asaf Grosz
  • Publisher: Springer

This book gathers, for the first time, an overview of nearly all of the magnetic sensors that exist today. The book is offering the readers a thorough and comprehensive knowledge from basics to state-of-the-art and is therefore suitable for both beginners and experts. From the more common and popular AMR magnetometers and up to the recently developed NV center magnetometers, each chapter is describing a specific type of sensor and providing all the information that is necessary to understand the magnetometer behavior including theoretical background, noise model, materials, electronics, design and fabrication techniques, etc.

Quantum Information Processing with Diamond

  • Filename: quantum-information-processing-with-diamond.
  • ISBN: 9780857096685
  • Release Date: 2014-05-12
  • Number of pages: 345
  • Author: Steven Prawer
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Diamond nitrogen vacancy (NV) color centers can transform quantum information science into practical quantum information technology, including fast, safe computing. Quantum Information Processing with Diamond looks at the principles of quantum information science, diamond materials, and their applications. Part one provides an introduction to quantum information processing using diamond, as well as its principles and fabrication techniques. Part two outlines experimental demonstrations of quantum information processing using diamond, and the emerging applications of diamond for quantum information science. It contains chapters on quantum key distribution, quantum microscopy, the hybridization of quantum systems, and building quantum optical devices. Part three outlines promising directions and future trends in diamond technologies for quantum information processing and sensing. Quantum Information Processing with Diamond is a key reference for R&D managers in industrial sectors such as conventional electronics, communication engineering, computer science, biotechnology, quantum optics, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, quantum cryptology, and nanotechnology, as well as academics in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Brings together the topics of diamond and quantum information processing Looks at applications such as quantum computing, neural circuits, and in vivo monitoring of processes at the molecular scale

Suppression of Tensor Decoherence in QND Measurements of Atomic Ensembles

  • Filename: suppression-of-tensor-decoherence-in-qnd-measurements-of-atomic-ensembles.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:hm896td5906
  • Release Date: 2011
  • Number of pages:
  • Author:
  • Publisher: Stanford University

Atomic ensembles have assumed a central role in modern high precision sensing applications including atomic clocks, magnetometers, gravimeters, and accelerometers. In the past decade significant advances have been made pushing these sensors to, and in some cases beyond the standard quantum limit of sensitivity. Much recent interest has been in the use of Quantum Non-Demolition (QND) measurements to perform state-preparation and metrology simultaneously. QND measurements are typically accomplished through interaction with an off-resonant optical probe. I present techniques to recreate QND measurements in the case that the Probe-Atom interaction is non-QND due to the presence of a tensor light-shift Hamiltonian. The tensor interaction naturally arises in detuned systems with spin one or higher and leads to a series of effects, including Hamiltonian evolution, technical noise enhancement, inhomogeneous and homogeneous dephasing that reduce measurement accuracy in these systems. I demonstrate several techniques for active cancellation of the tensor Hamiltonian and show compatibility with QND measurement and sub-shotnoise metrology performance.

Broadband Optical Modulators

  • Filename: broadband-optical-modulators.
  • ISBN: 9781439825075
  • Release Date: 2016-04-19
  • Number of pages: 568
  • Author: Antao Chen
  • Publisher: CRC Press

"...provides the full, exciting story of optical modulators. ... a comprehensive review, from the fundamental science to the material and processing technology to the optimized device design to the multitude of applications for which broadband optical modulators bring great value. ... Especially valuable in my view is that the authors are internationally known researchers, developers, and systems people who are experts in their field, writing now, with the perspective that time offers, about their groundbreaking work. " —Dr. Rodney C. Alferness, Senior Vice President of Optical Networking Research at Lucent Technologies’ Bell Labs Considered the most comprehensive book yet published on this critical subject, Broadband Optical Modulators: Science, Technology, and Applications offers an incredibly wide-ranging yet in-depth overview of the state of the art in the design and use of optical modulators. A compilation of expert insights, this book covers fundamental and practical aspects, from materials to systems, addressing historical and more recent developments. Coverage includes: Optical and electro-optic properties of traditional single crystalline lithium niobate, silicon, and III-V compound semiconductors, as well as emerging electro-optic polymers and organic nonlinear optic crystals Discussion of factors important to modulator design, fabrication, and performance Fundamental topics, such as electro-optic effect in nonlinear optic crystals and semiconductors Leaders in the field created this invaluable reference for scientific researchers involved in high-speed device research and development, especially in the areas of optical transmitters and optical modulators for fiber-optics communication systems. Helping readers master optical modulation techniques, this book will be invaluable to engineers (system/subsystem designers, product developers, and technical and project managers) and other professionals in the telecommunications and defense industries. It offers the audience—which includes graduate students—an in-depth understanding of the new modulator architectures and technologies now available, as well as the strengths, weaknesses, advantages, and trade-offs associated with each.

Magnetic Sensors and Magnetometers

  • Filename: magnetic-sensors-and-magnetometers.
  • ISBN: 1580530575
  • Release Date: 2001-01-01
  • Number of pages: 494
  • Author: Pavel Ripka
  • Publisher: Artech House on Demand

Although magnetic sensors are usually only briefly mentioned in most textbooks on sensors, this reference provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles and uses of such devices in remote sensing applications.

Developments in Alkali metal Atomic Magnetometry

  • Filename: developments-in-alkali-metal-atomic-magnetometry.
  • ISBN: 0549933557
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 330
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

Alkali-metal magnetometers use the coherent precession of polarized atomic spins to detect and measure magnetic fields. Recent advances have enabled magnetometers to become competitive with SQUIDs as the most sensitive magnetic field detectors, and they now find use in a variety of areas ranging from medicine and NMR to explosives detection and fundamental physics research. In this thesis we discuss several developments in alkali-metal atomic magnetometry for both practical and fundamental applications.

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