The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: the-neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 1605352306
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 435
  • Author: Jerry W. Rudy
  • Publisher: Sinauer Associates

To understand how the brain learns and remembers requires an integration of psychological concepts and behavioral methods with mechanisms of synaptic plasticity and systems neuroscience. The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Second Edition provides a synthesis of this interdisciplinary field. Each chapter makes the key concepts transparent and accessible to a reader with minimal background in either neurobiology or psychology and is extensively illustrated with full-color photographs and figures depicting important concepts and experimental data. Like the First Edition, the Second Edition is organized into three parts. However, each part has been expanded to include new chapters or reorganized to incorporate new findings and concepts. Part One introduces the idea that synapses modified by experience provide the basis for memory storage. It next describes the long- term potentiation methodology used to study how synapses are modified and concepts needed to understand the organization of synapses. The remaining chapters are organized around the idea that the synaptic changes that support long-term potentiation evolve in four overlapping stages referred to as (a) generation, (b) stabilization, (c) consolidation, and (d) maintenance. The goal of each chapter is to reveal that each stage depends on unique molecular processes and to describe what they are. Part Two builds on this foundation to show how molecules and cellular processes that have been identified from studies of synaptic plasticity also participate in the making of memories. It discusses some of the basic conceptual issues researchers face in trying to relate memory to synaptic molecules and describes some of the behavioral and neurobiological methods that are used. The chapters describing the processes involved in memory formation and consolidation have been extensively modified to provide a more detailed account of the molecular events that are engaged to ensure that establ

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 9780080479675
  • Release Date: 2007-07-13
  • Number of pages: 624
  • Author: Raymond P. Kesner
  • Publisher: Academic Press

The first edition of Neurobiology of Learning and Memory was published in 1998 to rave reviews. As before, this second edition will discuss anatomy, development, systems, and models though the organization and content is substantially changed reflecting advances in the field. Including information from both animal and human studies, this book represents an up-to-date review of the most important concepts associated with the basic mechanism that support learning and memory, theoretical developments, use of computational models, and application to real world problems. The emphasis of each chapter will be the presentation of cutting-edge research on the topic, the development of a theoretical perspective, and providing an outline that will aid a student in understanding the most important concepts presented in the chapter. *New material covers basal ganglia, cerebellum, prefrontal cortex, and fear conditioning *Additional information available on applied issues (i.e., degenerative disease, aging, and enhancement of memory) *Each chapter includes an outline to assist student understanding of challenging concepts *Four-color illustrations throughout

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 9971508680
  • Release Date: 1990
  • Number of pages: 848
  • Author: James L. McGaugh
  • Publisher: World Scientific

This volume consists of 82 classic and important contributions to the basic neurobiology of learning and memory. Included are historical articles as well as articles on developmental plasticity, hormones and memory, long-term potentiation, electrophysiology of memory, biochemistry of memory, morphology of memory, invertebrate models, and features of animal and human memory. This is a companion volume to Brain Theory Reprint Volume in which articles on mathematical models of memory are presented.

Learning and Memory

  • Filename: learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015010149683
  • Release Date: 1986
  • Number of pages: 414
  • Author: Hansjürgen Matthies
  • Publisher: Pergamon

Learning and Memory: Mechanisms of Information Storage in the Nervous System contains the proceedings of the Seventh International Neurobiological Symposium held at Magdeburg on October 28 to November 2, 1985. Organized into four sections, this book first elucidates the synaptic long-term potentiation. Section II explores hippocampal functions, and Section III describes the biochemistry of memory formation. The last section addresses the principles and modification of learning behavior.

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory An Introduction

  • Filename: the-cognitive-neuroscience-of-memory-an-introduction.
  • ISBN: 9780198032465
  • Release Date: 2002-02-07
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Howard Eichenbaum Library of Cognitive Neurobiology Boston University
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This clear and accessible textbook introduces students to the brain's remarkable capacity for memory. It begins with a history of thinking and research on the biological bases of memory, highlighting discoveries about the brain made in a "Golden Era" of neuroscience around the turn of the 20th century. This is followed by presentation of our current understanding of the neurobiology of memory, organized into sections corresponding to the book's four major themes. The first is Connection, and it considers how memory is based on alterations in the communication between nerve cells. Research on the physiology and biochemistry of neurons has revealed a cascade of molecular events and structural changes that enhance or weaken the connectivity of nerve cells in support of memory. The second theme is Cognition, which considers the psychological structure of memory. Early work on this topic involved controversy over the basic cognitive processes that underlie memory, and modern research has shown that these characterizations reflect distinctions among qualitatively different forms of memory. The third theme is Compartmentalization, the notion that the different forms of memory are accomplished by distinct brain systems. Recent research has revealed parallel memory systems that separately mediate our ability for conscious recollection, our capacity to acquire skills and habits, and our acquisition of emotional attachments and aversions. The fourth theme is Consolidation, the process by which memories are transformed from a labile trace into a permanent store. Scientists have shown that there are two distinct stages in memory consolidation, one involving cellular mechanisms that underlie a fixation of changes in the neuronal connection strengths and the other involving a reorganization and restruction of the circuits that store and retrieve memories. The book assumes little background knowledge from biology or psychology, and is intended as a text for use in undergraduate courses on memory and cognitive science, and for early graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive science, or biology. It encapsulates the major concepts in the field, and makes this area of research accessible to students who pursue a variety of related disciplines.

Concise Learning and Memory

  • Filename: concise-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 0080877869
  • Release Date: 2010-05-25
  • Number of pages: 888
  • Author:
  • Publisher: Academic Press

The study of learning and memory is a central topic in neuroscience and psychology. Many of the basic research findings are directly applicable in the treatment of diseases and aging phenomena, and have found their way into educational theory and praxis. Concise Learning and Memory represents the best 30 chapters from Learning and Memory: A comprehensive reference (Academic Press March 2008), the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, selected by one of the most respective scientists in the field, John H. Byrne. This concise version provides a truly authoritative collection of overview articles representing fundamental reviews of our knowledge of this central cognitive function of animal brains. It will be an affordable and accessible reference for scientists and students in all areas of neuroscience and psychology. There is no other single-volume reference with such authority and comprehensive coverage and depth currently available. * Represents an authoritative selection of the fundamental chapters from the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, Learning and Memory - A comprehensive reference (Academic Press Mar 2008) * Representing outstanding scholarship, each chapter is written by a leader in the field and an expert in the topic area * All topics represent the most up to date research * Full color throughout, heavily illustrated * Priced to provide an affordable reference to individuals and workgroups

The Neurobiology of Learning

  • Filename: the-neurobiology-of-learning.
  • ISBN: 9781135619527
  • Release Date: 2014-04-04
  • Number of pages: 232
  • Author: John H. Schumann
  • Publisher: Routledge

This book constitutes a timely contribution to the existing literature by presenting a relatively comprehensive, neurobiological account of certain aspects of second language acquisition. It represents the collaborative efforts of members of the Neurobiology of Language Research Group in the Applied Linguistics and TESL Department at UCLA. Members of the group are trained in neurobiology and then use this knowledge to develop biological accounts of various aspects of applied linguistics. The volume avoids the corticocentric bias that characterizes many brain-language publications--both cortical and subcortical structures receive their appropriate attention. In addition, it demonstrates that enough is presently known about the brain to inform our conceptualizations of how humans acquire second languages, thus, it provides a refreshingly novel, highly integrative contribution to the (second) language acquisition literature. The goal of the research program was based on the need to draw more links between the neurobiological mechanisms and second language acquisition. As such, the book promotes a neurobiology of language that starts with the brain and moves to behavior. The fundamental insights presented should guide second language acquisition researchers for years to come.

Mechanisms of Memory

  • Filename: mechanisms-of-memory.
  • ISBN: 0080959199
  • Release Date: 2009-09-28
  • Number of pages: 362
  • Author: J. David Sweatt
  • Publisher: Academic Press

This fully revised 2e provides the only unified synthesis of available information concerning the mechanisms of higher-order memory formation. It spans the range from learning theory, to human and animal behavioral learning models, to cellular physiology and biochemistry. It is unique in its incorporation of chapters on memory disorders, tying in these clinically important syndromes with the basic science of synaptic plasticity and memory mechanisms. It also covers cutting-edge approaches such as the use of genetically engineered animals in studies of memory and memory diseases. Written in an engaging and easily readable style and extensively illustrated with many new, full-color figures to help explain key concepts, this book demystifies the complexities of memory and deepens the reader’s understanding. More than 25% new content, particularly expanding the scope to include new findings in translational research. Unique in its depth of coverage of molecular and cellular mechanisms Extensive cross-referencing to Comprehensive Learning and Memory Discusses clinically relevant memory disorders in the context of modern molecular research and includes numerous practical examples

Principles of Neurobiology

  • Filename: principles-of-neurobiology.
  • ISBN: 9781317553830
  • Release Date: 2015-07-13
  • Number of pages: 645
  • Author: Liqun Luo
  • Publisher: Garland Science

Principles of Neurobiology presents the major concepts of neuroscience with an emphasis on how we know what we know. The text is organized around a series of key experiments to illustrate how scientific progress is made and helps upper-level undergraduate and graduate students discover the relevant primary literature. Written by a single author in a clear and consistent writing style, each topic builds in complexity from electrophysiology to molecular genetics to systems level in a highly integrative approach. Students can fully engage with the content via thematically linked chapters and will be able to read the book in its entirety in a semester-long course. Principles of Neurobiology is accompanied by a rich package of online student and instructor resources including animations, journal club suggestions, figures in PowerPoint, and a Question Bank for adopting instructors. A robust student homework platform with instructor dashboard is also available..

Learning to Smell

  • Filename: learning-to-smell.
  • ISBN: 9780801888946
  • Release Date: 2010-03-24
  • Number of pages: 328
  • Author: Donald A. Wilson
  • Publisher: JHU Press

Written by a neurobiologist and a psychologist, this volume presents a new theory of olfactory perception. Drawing on research in neuroscience, physiology, and ethology, Donald A. Wilson and Richard J. Stevenson address the fundamental question of how we navigate through a world of chemical encounters and provide a compelling alternative to the "reception-centric" view of olfaction. The major research challenge in olfaction is determining how the brain discriminates one smell from another. Here, the authors hold that olfaction is generally not a simple physiochemical process, but rather a plastic process that is strongly tied to memory. They find the traditional approach—which involves identifying how particular features of a chemical stimulus are represented in the olfactory system—to be at odds with historical data and with a growing body of neurobiological and psychological evidence that places primary emphasis on synthetic processing and experiential factors. Wilson and Stevenson propose that experience and cortical plasticity not only are important for traditional associative olfactory memory but also play a critical, defining role in odor perception and that current views are insufficient to account for current and past data. The book includes a broad comparative overview of the structure and function of olfactory systems, an exploration into the mechanisms of odor detection and olfactory perception, and a discussion of the implications of the authors' theory. Learning to Smell will serve as an important reference for workers within the field of chemical senses and those interested in sensory processing and perception. -- Noam Sobel

The Neurobiology of Parental Behavior

  • Filename: the-neurobiology-of-parental-behavior.
  • ISBN: 9780387004983
  • Release Date: 2003-06-11
  • Number of pages: 418
  • Author: Michael Numan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Among the membership of the Society for Neuroscience, the largest subset of researchers are those working in behavior. There are numerous courses offered at the graduate level examining these issues in neuroscience, behavioral science, psychobiology, psychology, and evolutionary biology programs. This first volume in a new series examines these vital questions.

Neurobiology of Learning Emotion and Affect

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-emotion-and-affect.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015021974194
  • Release Date: 1991
  • Number of pages: 354
  • Author: John Madden
  • Publisher: Raven Press (ID)

Synthesizes the results of experiments using invertebrate, vertebrate and primate model systems to explore the biological processes that mediate behavioural and affective responses to stress. Examines cellular and neural mechanisms in fear conditioning, biological processes and neural systems.

The Learning Brain

  • Filename: the-learning-brain.
  • ISBN: 9780199917105
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 179
  • Author: Torkel Klingberg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Despite all our highly publicized efforts to improve our schools, the United States is still falling behind. We recently ranked 15th in the world in reading, math, and science. Clearly, more needs to be done. In The Learning Brain, Torkel Klingberg urges us to use the insights of neuroscience to improve the education of our children. The key to improving education lies in understanding how the brain works: that is where learning takes place, after all. The book focuses in particular on "working memory"--our ability to concentrate and to keep relevant information in our head while ignoring distractions (a topic the author covered in The Overflowing Brain). Research shows enormous variation in working memory among children, with some ten-year-olds performing at the level of a fourteen-year old, others at that of a six-year old. More important, children with high working memory have better math and reading skills, while children with poor working memory consistently underperform. Interestingly, teachers tend to perceive children with poor working memory as dreamy or unfocused, not recognizing that these children have a memory problem. But what can we do for these children? For one, we can train working memory. The Learning Brain provides a variety of different techniques and scientific insights that may just teach us how to improve our children's working memory. Klingberg also discusses how stress can impair working memory (skydivers tested just before a jump showed a 30% drop in working memory) and how aerobic exercise can actually modify the brain's nerve cells and improve classroom performance. Torkel Klingberg is one of the world's leading cognitive neuroscientists, but in this book he wears his erudition lightly, writing with simplicity and good humor as he shows us how to give our children the best chance to learn and grow.

Basic Neurochemistry

  • Filename: basic-neurochemistry.
  • ISBN: 0080472079
  • Release Date: 2005-11-11
  • Number of pages: 1016
  • Author: Scott Brady
  • Publisher: Academic Press

Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects, a comprehensive text on neurochemistry, is now updated and revised in its Seventh Edition. This well-established text has been recognized worldwide as a resource for postgraduate trainees and teachers in neurology, psychiatry, and basic neuroscience, as well as for graduate and postgraduate students and instructors in the neurosciences. It is an excellent source of information on basic biochemical processes in brain function and disease for qualifying examinations and continuing medical education. · Completely updated with 60% new authors and material, and entirely new chapters · Over 400 fully revised figures in splendid color · Accompanying companion website with all the figures and figure legends - perfect for slides, presentations, and handouts

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