Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 9780080479675
  • Release Date: 2007-07-13
  • Number of pages: 624
  • Author: Raymond P. Kesner
  • Publisher: Academic Press

The first edition of Neurobiology of Learning and Memory was published in 1998 to rave reviews. As before, this second edition will discuss anatomy, development, systems, and models though the organization and content is substantially changed reflecting advances in the field. Including information from both animal and human studies, this book represents an up-to-date review of the most important concepts associated with the basic mechanism that support learning and memory, theoretical developments, use of computational models, and application to real world problems. The emphasis of each chapter will be the presentation of cutting-edge research on the topic, the development of a theoretical perspective, and providing an outline that will aid a student in understanding the most important concepts presented in the chapter. *New material covers basal ganglia, cerebellum, prefrontal cortex, and fear conditioning *Additional information available on applied issues (i.e., degenerative disease, aging, and enhancement of memory) *Each chapter includes an outline to assist student understanding of challenging concepts *Four-color illustrations throughout

The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: the-neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 1605352306
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 435
  • Author: Jerry W. Rudy
  • Publisher: Sinauer Associates

To understand how the brain learns and remembers requires an integration of psychological concepts and behavioral methods with mechanisms of synaptic plasticity and systems neuroscience. The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Second Edition provides a synthesis of this interdisciplinary field. Each chapter makes the key concepts transparent and accessible to a reader with minimal background in either neurobiology or psychology and is extensively illustrated with full-color photographs and figures depicting important concepts and experimental data. Like the First Edition, the Second Edition is organized into three parts. However, each part has been expanded to include new chapters or reorganized to incorporate new findings and concepts. Part One introduces the idea that synapses modified by experience provide the basis for memory storage. It next describes the long- term potentiation methodology used to study how synapses are modified and concepts needed to understand the organization of synapses. The remaining chapters are organized around the idea that the synaptic changes that support long-term potentiation evolve in four overlapping stages referred to as (a) generation, (b) stabilization, (c) consolidation, and (d) maintenance. The goal of each chapter is to reveal that each stage depends on unique molecular processes and to describe what they are. Part Two builds on this foundation to show how molecules and cellular processes that have been identified from studies of synaptic plasticity also participate in the making of memories. It discusses some of the basic conceptual issues researchers face in trying to relate memory to synaptic molecules and describes some of the behavioral and neurobiological methods that are used. The chapters describing the processes involved in memory formation and consolidation have been extensively modified to provide a more detailed account of the molecular events that are engaged to ensure that establ

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 9971508680
  • Release Date: 1990
  • Number of pages: 848
  • Author: James L. McGaugh
  • Publisher: World Scientific

This volume consists of 82 classic and important contributions to the basic neurobiology of learning and memory. Included are historical articles as well as articles on developmental plasticity, hormones and memory, long-term potentiation, electrophysiology of memory, biochemistry of memory, morphology of memory, invertebrate models, and features of animal and human memory. This is a companion volume to Brain Theory Reprint Volume in which articles on mathematical models of memory are presented.

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 9781467222198
  • Release Date: 2016-10-16
  • Number of pages: 31
  • Author: CTI Reviews
  • Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Facts101 is your complete guide to Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Neurobiology of Memory

  • Filename: the-neurobiology-of-memory.
  • ISBN: UVA:X001650036
  • Release Date: 1989
  • Number of pages: 340
  • Author: Yadin Dudai
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This is the first book on the neurobiology of learning and memory that covers comprehensively all levels of analysis, from molecules to brain, in both invertebrates and vertebrates, from molluscs to man. The book addresses in a provocative, stimulating, and lucid manner the major questions, concepts, and experimental approaches in the biology of learning and memory, and describes, analyses, and integrates recent findings and hypotheses. The result is a fascinating, clear, and balanced picture of the state of the art at one of the frontiers of brain research.

Concise Learning and Memory

  • Filename: concise-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 0080877869
  • Release Date: 2010-05-25
  • Number of pages: 888
  • Author:
  • Publisher: Academic Press

The study of learning and memory is a central topic in neuroscience and psychology. Many of the basic research findings are directly applicable in the treatment of diseases and aging phenomena, and have found their way into educational theory and praxis. Concise Learning and Memory represents the best 30 chapters from Learning and Memory: A comprehensive reference (Academic Press March 2008), the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, selected by one of the most respective scientists in the field, John H. Byrne. This concise version provides a truly authoritative collection of overview articles representing fundamental reviews of our knowledge of this central cognitive function of animal brains. It will be an affordable and accessible reference for scientists and students in all areas of neuroscience and psychology. There is no other single-volume reference with such authority and comprehensive coverage and depth currently available. * Represents an authoritative selection of the fundamental chapters from the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, Learning and Memory - A comprehensive reference (Academic Press Mar 2008) * Representing outstanding scholarship, each chapter is written by a leader in the field and an expert in the topic area * All topics represent the most up to date research * Full color throughout, heavily illustrated * Priced to provide an affordable reference to individuals and workgroups

The Neurobiological Basis of Memory

  • Filename: the-neurobiological-basis-of-memory.
  • ISBN: 9783319157597
  • Release Date: 2015-09-19
  • Number of pages: 428
  • Author: Pamela A. Jackson
  • Publisher: Springer

This exciting volume offers an up-to-date tour of current trends in the neurobiology of memory while saluting Raymond Kesner's pioneering contributions to the field as a theorist and researcher, teacher and mentor. Starting with his signature chapter introducing the Attribute Model of Memory, the first half of the book focuses on the central role of the hippocampus in processing dimensions of space and time, and branches out to memory system interactions across brain structures. Later chapters apply the attribute model to multiple functions of memory in learning, and to specific neurological contexts, including Huntington's disease, traumatic brain injury, and Fragile X. As a bonus, the book concludes with an essay on Kesner's life and work, and reminiscences by colleagues. Among the topics covered: How the hippocampus supports the spatial and temporal attributes of memory. Self-regulation of memory processing centers of the brain. Multiple memory systems: the role of Kesner's Attribute Model in understanding the neurobiology of memory. Pattern separation: a key processing deficit associated with aging? · Prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia attributes underlying behavioral flexibility. Memory disruption following traumatic brain injury. Cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, gerontologists, psychiatrists, and neurobiologists will find The Neurobiological Basis of Memory both enlightening and inspiring--much like Kesner himself.

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory An Introduction

  • Filename: the-cognitive-neuroscience-of-memory-an-introduction.
  • ISBN: 9780198032465
  • Release Date: 2002-02-07
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Howard Eichenbaum Library of Cognitive Neurobiology Boston University
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This clear and accessible textbook introduces students to the brain's remarkable capacity for memory. It begins with a history of thinking and research on the biological bases of memory, highlighting discoveries about the brain made in a "Golden Era" of neuroscience around the turn of the 20th century. This is followed by presentation of our current understanding of the neurobiology of memory, organized into sections corresponding to the book's four major themes. The first is Connection, and it considers how memory is based on alterations in the communication between nerve cells. Research on the physiology and biochemistry of neurons has revealed a cascade of molecular events and structural changes that enhance or weaken the connectivity of nerve cells in support of memory. The second theme is Cognition, which considers the psychological structure of memory. Early work on this topic involved controversy over the basic cognitive processes that underlie memory, and modern research has shown that these characterizations reflect distinctions among qualitatively different forms of memory. The third theme is Compartmentalization, the notion that the different forms of memory are accomplished by distinct brain systems. Recent research has revealed parallel memory systems that separately mediate our ability for conscious recollection, our capacity to acquire skills and habits, and our acquisition of emotional attachments and aversions. The fourth theme is Consolidation, the process by which memories are transformed from a labile trace into a permanent store. Scientists have shown that there are two distinct stages in memory consolidation, one involving cellular mechanisms that underlie a fixation of changes in the neuronal connection strengths and the other involving a reorganization and restruction of the circuits that store and retrieve memories. The book assumes little background knowledge from biology or psychology, and is intended as a text for use in undergraduate courses on memory and cognitive science, and for early graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive science, or biology. It encapsulates the major concepts in the field, and makes this area of research accessible to students who pursue a variety of related disciplines.

Mechanisms of Memory

  • Filename: mechanisms-of-memory.
  • ISBN: 0080959199
  • Release Date: 2009-09-28
  • Number of pages: 362
  • Author: J. David Sweatt
  • Publisher: Academic Press

This fully revised second edition provides the only unified synthesis of available information concerning the mechanisms of higher-order memory formation. It spans the range from learning theory, to human and animal behavioral learning models, to cellular physiology and biochemistry. It is unique in its incorporation of chapters on memory disorders, tying in these clinically important syndromes with the basic science of synaptic plasticity and memory mechanisms. It also covers cutting-edge approaches such as the use of genetically engineered animals in studies of memory and memory diseases. Written in an engaging and easily readable style and extensively illustrated with many new, full-color figures to help explain key concepts, this book demystifies the complexities of memory and deepens the reader’s understanding. More than 25% new content, particularly expanding the scope to include new findings in translational research. Unique in its depth of coverage of molecular and cellular mechanisms Extensive cross-referencing to Comprehensive Learning and Memory Discusses clinically relevant memory disorders in the context of modern molecular research and includes numerous practical examples

Principles of Neurobiology

  • Filename: principles-of-neurobiology.
  • ISBN: 9781317553830
  • Release Date: 2015-07-13
  • Number of pages: 645
  • Author: Liqun Luo
  • Publisher: Garland Science

Principles of Neurobiology presents the major concepts of neuroscience with an emphasis on how we know what we know. The text is organized around a series of key experiments to illustrate how scientific progress is made and helps upper-level undergraduate and graduate students discover the relevant primary literature. Written by a single author in a clear and consistent writing style, each topic builds in complexity from electrophysiology to molecular genetics to systems level in a highly integrative approach. Students can fully engage with the content via thematically linked chapters and will be able to read the book in its entirety in a semester-long course. Principles of Neurobiology is accompanied by a rich package of online student and instructor resources including animations, journal club suggestions, figures in PowerPoint, and a Question Bank for adopting instructors. A robust student homework platform with instructor dashboard is also available..

The Learning Brain

  • Filename: the-learning-brain.
  • ISBN: 9780199917105
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 179
  • Author: Torkel Klingberg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Despite all our highly publicized efforts to improve our schools, the United States is still falling behind. We recently ranked 15th in the world in reading, math, and science. Clearly, more needs to be done. In The Learning Brain, Torkel Klingberg urges us to use the insights of neuroscience to improve the education of our children. The key to improving education lies in understanding how the brain works: that is where learning takes place, after all. The book focuses in particular on "working memory"--our ability to concentrate and to keep relevant information in our head while ignoring distractions (a topic the author covered in The Overflowing Brain). Research shows enormous variation in working memory among children, with some ten-year-olds performing at the level of a fourteen-year old, others at that of a six-year old. More important, children with high working memory have better math and reading skills, while children with poor working memory consistently underperform. Interestingly, teachers tend to perceive children with poor working memory as dreamy or unfocused, not recognizing that these children have a memory problem. But what can we do for these children? For one, we can train working memory. The Learning Brain provides a variety of different techniques and scientific insights that may just teach us how to improve our children's working memory. Klingberg also discusses how stress can impair working memory (skydivers tested just before a jump showed a 30% drop in working memory) and how aerobic exercise can actually modify the brain's nerve cells and improve classroom performance. Torkel Klingberg is one of the world's leading cognitive neuroscientists, but in this book he wears his erudition lightly, writing with simplicity and good humor as he shows us how to give our children the best chance to learn and grow.

Learning to Smell

  • Filename: learning-to-smell.
  • ISBN: 9780801888946
  • Release Date: 2010-03-24
  • Number of pages: 328
  • Author: Donald A. Wilson
  • Publisher: JHU Press

Written by a neurobiologist and a psychologist, this volume presents a new theory of olfactory perception. Drawing on research in neuroscience, physiology, and ethology, Donald A. Wilson and Richard J. Stevenson address the fundamental question of how we navigate through a world of chemical encounters and provide a compelling alternative to the "reception-centric" view of olfaction. The major research challenge in olfaction is determining how the brain discriminates one smell from another. Here, the authors hold that olfaction is generally not a simple physiochemical process, but rather a plastic process that is strongly tied to memory. They find the traditional approach—which involves identifying how particular features of a chemical stimulus are represented in the olfactory system—to be at odds with historical data and with a growing body of neurobiological and psychological evidence that places primary emphasis on synthetic processing and experiential factors. Wilson and Stevenson propose that experience and cortical plasticity not only are important for traditional associative olfactory memory but also play a critical, defining role in odor perception and that current views are insufficient to account for current and past data. The book includes a broad comparative overview of the structure and function of olfactory systems, an exploration into the mechanisms of odor detection and olfactory perception, and a discussion of the implications of the authors' theory. Learning to Smell will serve as an important reference for workers within the field of chemical senses and those interested in sensory processing and perception. -- Noam Sobel

Reliability and Validity of Experiment in the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Filename: reliability-and-validity-of-experiment-in-the-neurobiology-of-learning-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 0549260838
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 213
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

The concept of reliability has been defined traditionally by philosophers of science as a feature that an experiment has when it can be used to arrive at true descriptive or explanatory claims about phenomena. In contrast, philosophers of science typically take the concept of validity to correspond roughly to that of generalizability, which is defined as a feature that a descriptive or explanatory claim has when it is based on laboratory data but is applicable to phenomena beyond those effects under study in the laboratory. Philosophical accounts of experiment typically treat of the reliability of scientific experiment and the validity of descriptive or explanatory claims independently. On my account of experiment, however, these two issues are intimately linked. I show by appeal to case studies from the contemporary neurobiology of learning and memory that measures taken to guarantee the reliability of experiment often result in a decrease in the validity of those scientific claims that are made on the basis of such experiments and, furthermore, that strategies employed to increase validity often decrease reliability. Yet, since reliability and validity are both desirable goals of scientific experiments, and, on my account, competing aims, a tension ensues. I focus on two types of neurobiological experiments as case studies to illustrate this tension: (1) organism-level learning experiments and (2) synaptic-level plasticity experiments. I argue that the express commitment to the reliability of experimental processes in neurobiology has resulted in the invalidity of mechanistic claims about learning and plasticity made on the basis of data obtained from such experiments. The positive component of the dissertation consists in specific proposals that I offer as guidelines for resolving this tension in the context of experimental design.

Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior

  • Filename: honeybee-neurobiology-and-behavior.
  • ISBN: 9400720998
  • Release Date: 2011-11-25
  • Number of pages: 512
  • Author: C. Giovanni Galizia
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The book is a sequel of a similar book, edited by Randolf Menzel and Alison Mercer, “Neurobiology and Behavior of Honeybees”, published in 1987. It is a “Festschrift” for the 70th birthday of Randolf Menzel, who devoted his life to the topic of the book. The book will include an open commentary for each section written by Randolf Menzel, and discussed with the authors. The written contributions take their inspiration from a symposium on the topic, with all the authors, that was held in Berlin in summer 2010

Brain Organization and Memory

  • Filename: brain-organization-and-memory.
  • ISBN: 0195360257
  • Release Date: 1992-06-25
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: James L. McGaugh
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

This edited volume summarizes recent findings of leading researchers investigating the brain systems that underlie memory. The book reviews recent progress in understanding forms of memory in animals and humans and the interaction of cortical and subcortical systems in the regulation of memory. Special emphasis is given to the development of neural network models that attempt to link cells to systems in the representation of memory. The book will be an invaluable source for cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, and students interested in this active and exciting area of research.

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