Moral Perception

  • Filename: moral-perception.
  • ISBN: 9781400846320
  • Release Date: 2013-02-21
  • Number of pages: 200
  • Author: Robert Audi
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press



We can see a theft, hear a lie, and feel a stabbing. These are morally important perceptions. But are they also moral perceptions--distinctively moral responses? In this book, Robert Audi develops an original account of moral perceptions, shows how they figure in human experience, and argues that they provide moral knowledge. He offers a theory of perception as an informative representational relation to objects and events. He describes the experiential elements in perception, illustrates moral perception in relation to everyday observations, and explains how moral perception justifies moral judgments and contributes to objectivity in ethics. Moral perception does not occur in isolation. Intuition and emotion may facilitate it, influence it, and be elicited by it. Audi explores the nature and variety of intuitions and their relation to both moral perception and emotion, providing the broadest and most refined statement to date of his widely discussed intuitionist view in ethics. He also distinguishes several kinds of moral disagreement and assesses the challenge it poses for ethical objectivism. Philosophically argued but interdisciplinary in scope and interest, Moral Perception advances our understanding of central problems in ethics, moral psychology, epistemology, and the theory of the emotions.

Emotions Imagination and Moral Reasoning

  • Filename: emotions-imagination-and-moral-reasoning.
  • ISBN: 9781136631641
  • Release Date: 2012-05-04
  • Number of pages: 380
  • Author: Robyn Langdon
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



This volume brings together philosophical perspectives on emotions, imagination and moral reasoning with contributions from neuroscience, cognitive science, social psychology, personality theory, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology. The book explores what we can learn about the role of emotions and imagination in moral reasoning from psychopathic adults in the general community, from young children, and adolescents with callous unemotional traits, and from normal child development. It discusses the implications for philosophical moral psychology of recent experimental work on moral reasoning in the cognitive sciences and neurosciences. Conversely, it shows what cognitive scientists and neuroscientists have still to learn from philosophical perspectives on moral reasoning, moral reflection, and moral responsibility. Finally, it looks at whether experimental methods used for researching moral reasoning are consistent with the work in social psychology and with philosophical thought on adult moral reasoning in everyday life. The volume's wide-ranging perspectives reflect the varied audiences for the volume, from students of philosophy to psychologists working in cognition, social and personality psychology, developmental psychology, abnormal psychology, and cognitive neuroscience.

Is Empathy the Missing Link in Teaching Business Ethics A Course based Educational Intervention with Undergraduate Business Students

  • Filename: is-empathy-the-missing-link-in-teaching-business-ethics-a-course-based-educational-intervention-with-undergraduate-business-students.
  • ISBN: 9781109147582
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 166
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Past approaches to teaching ethics have been rooted primarily within the cognitive developmental tradition, with the focus on developing moral reasoning. Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience and social psychology have challenged this emphasis, highlighting the primacy of the emotion in driving moral decision-making. This study proposed that empathy may be an appropriate construct for integrating both processes, and that an moral education intervention that focused on empathetic perspective-taking based on Martin Hoffman's work may prove effective in both advancing moral reasoning and empathy. This approach was applied using a quasi-experimental design with undergraduate business students (N = 181) within a semester-long business ethics course. It was predicted that the class section receiving the empathetic perspective-taking intervention would show more growth on both perspective-taking (Interpersonal Reactivity Index, PT subscale) and moral reasoning (Defining Issues Test-2) measures than the comparison groups receiving the principled moral reasoning approach. Results from repeated measures ANOVAs by group indicated statistically significant differences for the comparison group increases on moral reasoning (DIT-2 N2 score); no difference was seen in the intervention group on either moral reasoning or perspective-taking. The results, however, did indicated a significant difference by gender for the intervention group on one of the subscales, Empathetic Concern, with women increasing and men decreasing in empathetic concern. A discussion of the results offers specific suggestions for integrating empathy into business ethics courses, balancing moral reasoning with emotional engagement and addressing issues related to gender. Also, this study suggests the need for skill-based, context specific measures of empathy.

Emotion and Value

  • Filename: emotion-and-value.
  • ISBN: 9780199686094
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 258
  • Author: Sabine Roeser
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA



This volume brings together new work by leading philosophers on emotion and value. They address questions including the role of emotions in practical rationality and moral psychology, the connection between imagination and emotion, and the ability of emotions to ground ethical or aesthetic judgements.

The Righteous Mind

  • Filename: the-righteous-mind.
  • ISBN: 9780307455772
  • Release Date: 2013
  • Number of pages: 500
  • Author: Jonathan Haidt
  • Publisher: Vintage



Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.

Moral Tribes

  • Filename: moral-tribes.
  • ISBN: 1782393390
  • Release Date: 2015-03-05
  • Number of pages: 432
  • Author: Joshua David Greene
  • Publisher:



After two and a half millennia, it's rare to come across a genuinely new idea on the nature of morality, but in this book Josh Greene advances not one but several... Moral Tribes is a landmark in our understanding of morality and the moral sense.' Steven Pinker

Self Evaluation

  • Filename: self-evaluation.
  • ISBN: 9400712669
  • Release Date: 2011-06-25
  • Number of pages: 282
  • Author: Anita Konzelmann Ziv
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The book contains contributions by leading figures in philosophy of mind and action, emotion theory, and phenomenology. As the focus of the volume is truly innovative we expect the book to sell well to both philosophers and scholars from neighboring fields such as social and cognitive science. The predominant view in analytic philosophy is that an ability for self-evaluation is constitutive for agency and intentionality. Until now, the debate is limited in two (possibly mutually related) ways: Firstly, self-evaluation is usually discussed in individual terms, and, as such, not sufficiently related to its social dimensions; secondly, self-evaluation is viewed as a matter of belief and desire, neglecting its affective and emotional aspects. The aim of the book is to fill these research lacunas and to investigate the question of how these two shortcomings of the received views are related.

Beyond Emotion and Reason The Social Function of Morality

  • Filename: beyond-emotion-and-reason-the-social-function-of-morality.
  • ISBN: 9780549714538
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 52
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Three studies explore the hypothesis that morality is defined by evolved social-cognitive abilities and social emotions tailored to the development of trusting and cooperative relationships with others. Study 1 will show a fundamental bias in moral judgment that functions to elevate one's conception of one's own moral reputation relative to others, and show that this bias extends to group-level social identities. Study 2 will address the cause of this bias, showing that the phenomenon does not result from self-serving automatic intuitions, but rather from the effect of self-serving motivated reasoning which operates in direct competition with more basic and automatic selfless intuitions. Study 3 will extend the social model beyond moral judgment to moral action, investigating the implications of group-membership on the experience of prosocial emotions as well as the frequency and degree of altruistic behavior. Taken together these studies suggest a need for a shift away from traditional arguments debating the relative importance of emotion and reason in moral judgment, and towards a consideration of the function of our moral capacities. Subjects were recruited from the Northeastern University introductory psychology participant pool.

Christian Ethics and Commonsense Morality

  • Filename: christian-ethics-and-commonsense-morality.
  • ISBN: 9781317555780
  • Release Date: 2014-11-27
  • Number of pages: 210
  • Author: Kevin Jung
  • Publisher: Routledge



Christian Ethics and Commonsense Morality goes against the grain of various postmodern approaches to morality in contemporary religious ethics. In this book, Jung seeks to provide a new framework in which the nature of common Christian moral beliefs and practices can be given a new meaning. He suggests that, once major philosophical assumptions behind postmodern theories of morality are called into question, we may look at Christian morality in quite a different light. On his account, Christian morality is a historical morality insofar as it is rooted in the rich historical traditions of the Christian church. Yet this kind of historical dependence does not entail the evidential dependence of all moral beliefs on historical traditions. It is possible to argue for the epistemic autonomy of moral beliefs, according to which Christian and other moral beliefs can be justified independently of their historical sources. The particularity of Christian morality lies not in its particular historical sources that also function as the grounds of justification, but rather in its explanatory and motivational capacity to further articulate the kind of moral knowledge that is readily available to most human beings and to enable people to act upon their moral knowledge.

Inside Intuition

  • Filename: inside-intuition.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015073902044
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: Eugene Sadler-Smith
  • Publisher: Routledge



This engaging overview of the academic theory of intuition and its cultural, psychological and philosophical background is essential reading for anyone interested in personal development and decision-making.

Embracing Vulnerability

  • Filename: embracing-vulnerability.
  • ISBN: 9781630877668
  • Release Date: 2014-11-13
  • Number of pages: 212
  • Author: Roberto Sirvent
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers



Arguments in favor of divine impassibility take many forms, one of which is moral. This argument views emotional risk, vulnerability, suffering, and self-love as obstacles to moral perfection. In Embracing Vulnerability: Human and Divine, Roberto Sirvent challenges these mistaken assumptions about moral judgment. Through an analysis of Hebrew thought and modern philosophical accounts of love, justice, and emotion, Sirvent reveals a fundamental incompatibility between divine impassibility and the Imitation of God ethic (imitatio Dei). Sirvent shows that a God who is not emotionally vulnerable is a God unworthy of our imitation. But in what sense can we call divine impassibility immoral? To be sure, God's moral nature teaches humans what it means to live virtuously. But can human understandings of morality teach us something about God's moral character? If true, how should we go about judging God's moral character? Isn't it presumptuous to do so? After all, if we are going to challenge divine impassibility on moral grounds, what reason do we have to assume that God is bound to our standards of morality? Embracing Vulnerability: Human and Divine addresses these questions and many others. In the process, Sirvent argues for the importance of thinking morally about theology, inviting scholars in the fields of philosophical theology and Christian ethics to place their theological commitments under close moral scrutiny, and to consider how these commitments reflect and shape our understanding of the good life.

Affect in Social Thinking and Behavior

  • Filename: affect-in-social-thinking-and-behavior.
  • ISBN: 9781135845230
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 360
  • Author: Joseph P. Forgas
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



The role of affect in how people think and behave in social situations has been a source of fascination to laymen and philosophers since time immemorial. Surprisingly, most of what we know about the role of feelings in social thinking and behavior has been discovered only during the last two decades. Affect in Social Thinking and Behavior reviews and integrates the most recent research and theories on this exciting topic, and features original contributions reviewing key areas of affect research from leading researchers active in the area. The book covers fundamental issues, such as the nature and relationship between affect and cognition, as well as chapters that deal with the cognitive antecedents of emotion, and the consequences of affect for social cognition and behavior. This volume offers a highly integrated and comprehensive coverage of this field, and is suitable as a core textbook in advanced courses dealing with the role of affect in social cognition and behavior.

The Antihero in American Television

  • Filename: the-antihero-in-american-television.
  • ISBN: 9781317503170
  • Release Date: 2015-10-14
  • Number of pages: 228
  • Author: Margrethe Bruun Vaage
  • Publisher: Routledge



The antihero prevails in recent American drama television series. Characters such as mobster kingpin Tony Soprano (The Sopranos), meth cook and gangster-in-the-making Walter White (Breaking Bad) and serial killer Dexter Morgan (Dexter) are not morally good, so how do these television series make us engage in these morally bad main characters? And what does this tell us about our moral psychological make-up, and more specifically, about the moral psychology of fiction? Vaage argues that the fictional status of these series deactivates rational, deliberate moral evaluation, making the spectator rely on moral emotions and intuitions that are relatively easy to manipulate with narrative strategies. Nevertheless, she also argues that these series regularly encourage reactivation of deliberate, moral evaluation. In so doing, these fictional series can teach us something about ourselves as moral beings—what our moral intuitions and emotions are, and how these might differ from deliberate, moral evaluation.

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