Meteorological Measurement Systems

  • Filename: meteorological-measurement-systems.
  • ISBN: 0198030746
  • Release Date: 2001-02-08
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Fred V. Brock
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



This book treats instrumentation used in meteorological surface systems, both on the synoptic scale and the mesoscale, and the instrumentation used in upper air soundings. The text includes material on first- and second-order differential equations as applied to instrument dynamic performance, and required solutions are developed. Sensor physics are emphasized in order to explain how sensors work and to explore the strengths and weaknesses of each design type. The book is organized according to sensor type and function (temperature, humidity, and wind sensors, for example), though several unifying themes are developed for each sensor. Functional diagrams are used to portray sensors as a set of logical functions, and static sensitivity is derived from a sensor's transfer equation, focusing attention on sensor physics and on ways in which particular designs might be improved. Sensor performance specifications are explored, helping to compare various instruments and to tell users what to expect as a reasonable level of performance. Finally, the text examines the critical area of environmental exposure of instruments. In a well-designed, properly installed, and well-maintained meteorological measurement system, exposure problems are usually the largest source of error, making this chapter one of the most useful sections of the book.

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation

  • Filename: meteorological-measurements-and-instrumentation.
  • ISBN: 9781118745755
  • Release Date: 2014-10-14
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Giles Harrison
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation

  • Filename: meteorological-measurements-and-instrumentation.
  • ISBN: 9781118745809
  • Release Date: 2015-01-20
  • Number of pages: 280
  • Author: Giles Harrison
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.

Floods and Landslides Integrated Risk Assessment

  • Filename: floods-and-landslides-integrated-risk-assessment.
  • ISBN: 9783642586095
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 375
  • Author: Riccardo Casale
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

Measurement Methods in Atmospheric Sciences

  • Filename: measurement-methods-in-atmospheric-sciences.
  • ISBN: 3443010660
  • Release Date: 2010
  • Number of pages: 257
  • Author: Stefan Emeis
  • Publisher:



'Measurement Methods in Atmospheric Sciences provides a comprehensive overview of in-situ and remote sensing measurement techniques for probing the Earth's atmosphere. The methods presented in this book span the entire range from classical meteorology via atmospheric chemistry and micrometeorological fiux determination to Earth observation from space. Standard instruments for meteorological and air quality monitoring methods, as well as specialized instrumentation predominantly used in scientific experiments, are covered. The presented techniques run from simple mechanical sensors to highly sophisticated electronic devices. Special emphasis is on the rapidly evolving field of remote sensing techniques. Here, active ground-based remote sending techniques such as SODAR and LIDAR find a detailed coverage. The book conveys the basic principles of the various observational and monitoring methods, enabling the user to identify the most appropriate method. An introductory chapter covers general principles (e. g. inversion of measured data, available platforms, statistical properties of data, data acquisition). Later chapters each treat methods for measuring a specific property (e.g. humidity, wind speed, wind direction). Long chapters provide an introductory tabular list of the methods treated. More than 100 figures and 400 references, mostly to the recent scientific literature, aid the reader in reading up on the details of the various methods at hand. Recommendations at the end of each major chapter provide additional hints on the use of some instruments in order to facilitate the selection of the proper instrument for a successful measurement. A large number of national and international standards, providing precise guidelines for measuring and acquiring reliable, reproducible and comparable data sets are listed in the appendix. A dedicated index allows easy access to this valuable information. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in meteorological and atmospheric sciences, physical geography, ecology, environmental sciences, agriculture and related disciplines as well as scientists in the process of planning atmospheric measurements in field campaigns or working with data already acquired. Practitioners in environmental agencies and similar institutions will benefit from instrument descriptions and the extended lists in the appendix.' (Publisher)

An Introduction to Meteorological Instrumentation and Measurement

  • Filename: an-introduction-to-meteorological-instrumentation-and-measurement.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015040047238
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 229
  • Author: Thomas P. DeFelice
  • Publisher:



Introduces fundamentals of field measurements by providing the basics behind meteorological or atmospheric environmental measurements using modern devices, covering how to choose an instrument, how an instrument makes its measurements, and how to ensure that data is usable and to what extent. Furthe

Knowledge Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

  • Filename: knowledge-based-intelligent-information-and-engineering-systems.
  • ISBN: 9783540288947
  • Release Date: 2005
  • Number of pages: 1319
  • Author: Rajiv Khosla
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The four volume set LNAI 3681, LNAI 3682, LNAI 3683, and LNAI 3684 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2005, held in Melbourne, Australia in September 2005. The 716 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from nearly 1400 submissions. The papers present a wealth of original research results from the field of intelligent information processing in the broadest sense; topics covered in the first volume are intelligent design support systems, data engineering, knowledge engineering and ontologies, knowledge discovery and data mining, advanced network application, approaches and methods of security engineering, chance discovery, information hiding and multimedia signal processing, soft computing techniques and their applications, intelligent agent technology and applications, smart systems, knowledge - based interface systems, intelligent information processing for remote sensing, intelligent human computer interaction systems, experience management and knowledge management, network (security) real-time and fault tolerant systems, advanced network application and real-time systems, and intelligent watermarking algorithms.

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