Measuring Biological Diversity

  • Filename: measuring-biological-diversity.
  • ISBN: 9781118687925
  • Release Date: 2013-04-18
  • Number of pages: 264
  • Author: Anne E. Magurran
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This accessible and timely book provides a comprehensive overview of how to measure biodiversity. The book highlights new developments, including innovative approaches to measuring taxonomic distinctness and estimating species richness, and evaluates these alongside traditional methods such as species abundance distributions, and diversity and evenness statistics. Helps the reader quantify and interpret patterns of ecological diversity, focusing on the measurement and estimation of species richness and abundance. Explores the concept of ecological diversity, bringing new perspectives to a field beset by contradictory views and advice. Discussion spans issues such as the meaning of community in the context of ecological diversity, scales of diversity and distribution of diversity among taxa Highlights advances in measurement paying particular attention to new techniques such as species richness estimation, application of measures of diversity to conservation and environmental management and addressing sampling issues Includes worked examples of key methods in helping people to understand the techniques and use available computer packages more effectively

Biological Diversity

  • Filename: biological-diversity.
  • ISBN: 9780199580668
  • Release Date: 2010-11-18
  • Number of pages: 364
  • Author: Anne E. Magurran
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford



This research level text provides an up-to-date, authoritative review of the methods of measuring biological diversity, as well as the application of these methods.

Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity

  • Filename: measuring-and-monitoring-biological-diversity.
  • ISBN: 9781588344373
  • Release Date: 2014-12-16
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Ronald Heyer
  • Publisher: Smithsonian Institution



Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity is the first book to provide comprehensive coverage of standard methods for biodiversity sampling of amphibians, with information on analyzing and using data that will interest biologists in general. In this manual, nearly fifty herpetologists recommend ten standard sampling procedures for measuring and monitoring amphibian and many other populations. The contributors discuss each procedure, along with the circumstances for its appropriate use. In addition, they provide a detailed protocol for each procedure's implementation, a list of necessary equipment and personnel, and suggestions for analyzing the data. The data obtained using these standard methods are comparable across sites and through time and, as a result, are extremely useful for making decisions about habitat protection, sustained use, and restoration—decisions that are particularly relevant for threatened amphibian populations.

Reptile Biodiversity

  • Filename: reptile-biodiversity.
  • ISBN: 9780520266711
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 412
  • Author: Roy W. McDiarmid
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press



"Authoritative and comprehensive--provides an up-to-date description of the tool box of methods for inventorying and monitoring the diverse spectrum of reptiles. All biodiversity scientists will want to have it during project planning and as study progresses. A must for field biologists, conservation planners, and biodiversity managers."--Jay M. Savage, San Diego State University "Kudos to the editors and contributors to this book. From the perspective of a non-ecologist such as myself, who only occasionally needs to intensively sample a particular site or habitat, the quality and clarity of this book has been well worth the wait."--Jack W. Sites, Jr.

Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement

  • Filename: ecological-diversity-and-its-measurement.
  • ISBN: 9789401573580
  • Release Date: 2013-04-17
  • Number of pages: 179
  • Author: Anne E. Magurran
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Although diversity is one of the central themes of ecology there is considerable disagreement ab out how it should be measured. I first encountered this problem 10 ycars ago whcn I started my research career and spent a long time pouring ovcr the literature in order to find the most useful techniques. The intervening decade has seen a further increasc in the number ofpapers devoted to the topic of ecological diversity but has led to no consensus on how it should be measured. My aim in writing this book is therefore to provide a practical guide to ecological diversity and its measurement. In a quantitative subject such as the measurement of diversity it is inevitable that some mathematics are involved, but at all times these are kept as simple as possible, and the emphasis is constantly on ecological reality and practical application. I hope that others ente ring thc fascinating ficld of ecological diversity will find it hclpful. This book grew out of my work in The School of Biological and Environmental Studies at the New University ofUlster, Coleraine, Northern Ircland. I am indebted to all the ecologists there for pro vi ding a stimulating atmosphere. Foremost among these were Amyan Macfadyen and Palmer Newbould. A number of the figures and tables in the book are based on data collected in Northern Irish woodlands.

What Is Biodiversity

  • Filename: what-is-biodiversity.
  • ISBN: 9780226500829
  • Release Date: 2008-11-15
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: James Maclaurin
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



In the life sciences, there is wide-ranging debate about biodiversity. While nearly everyone is in favor of biodiversity and its conservation, methods for its assessment vary enormously. So what exactly is biodiversity? Most theoretical work on the subject assumes it has something to do with species richness—with the number of species in a particular region—but in reality, it is much more than that. Arguing that we cannot make rational decisions about what it is to be protected without knowing what biodiversity is, James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny offer in What Is Biodiversity? a theoretical and conceptual exploration of the biological world and how diversity is valued. Here, Maclaurin and Sterelny explore not only the origins of the concept of biodiversity, but also how that concept has been shaped by ecology and more recently by conservation biology. They explain the different types of biodiversity important in evolutionary theory, developmental biology, ecology, morphology and taxonomy and conclude that biological heritage is rich in not just one biodiversity but many. Maclaurin and Sterelny also explore the case for the conservation of these biodiversities using option value theory, a tool borrowed from economics. An erudite, provocative, timely, and creative attempt to answer a fundamental question, What Is Biodiversity? will become a foundational text in the life sciences and studies thereof.

Biodiversity of Fungi

  • Filename: biodiversity-of-fungi.
  • ISBN: 9780080470269
  • Release Date: 2011-04-28
  • Number of pages: 777
  • Author: Mercedes S. Foster
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Biodiversity of Fungi is essential for anyone collecting and/or monitoring any fungi. Fascinating and beautiful, fungi are vital components of nearly all ecosystems and impact human health and our economy in a myriad of ways. Standardized methods for documenting diversity and distribution have been lacking. A wealth of information, especially regrading sampling protocols, compiled by an international team of fungal biologists, make Biodiversity of Fungi an incredible and fundamental resource for the study of organismal biodiversity. Chapters cover everything from what is a fungus, to maintaining and organizing a permanent study collection with associated databases; from protocols for sampling slime molds to insect associated fungi; from fungi growing on and in animals and plants to mushrooms and truffles. The chapters are arranged both ecologically and by sampling method rather than by taxonomic group for ease of use. The information presented here is intended for everyone interested in fungi, anyone who needs tools to study them in nature including naturalists, land managers, ecologists, mycologists, and even citizen scientists and sophiscated amateurs. Covers all groups of fungi - from molds to mushrooms, even slime molds Describes sampling protocols for many groups of fungi Arranged by sampling method and ecology to coincide with users needs Beautifully illustrated to document the range of fungi treated and techniques discussed Natural history data are provided for each group of fungi to enable users to modify suggested protocols to meet their needs

Species Diversity in Space and Time

  • Filename: species-diversity-in-space-and-time.
  • ISBN: 0521499526
  • Release Date: 1995-05-04
  • Number of pages: 436
  • Author: Michael L. Rosenzweig
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Species diversity is marked by some interesting facts--such as larger areas have more species, and diversity is particularly high near the equator. Other factors to consider are what reduces diversity in ecologically productive places and across what scales of space and time diversity patterns hold. This book examines these questions and many others, the author employing both theory and data in his search for answers. Surprisingly, many of the questions have reasonably likely answers. By identifying these, attention can be turned toward life's many still-unexplained diversity patterns. As evolutionary ecologists race to understand biodiversity before it is too late, this book will help set the agenda for diversity research into the next century and will be useful to graduate students and researchers in ecology and evolutionary and conservation biology.

Mapping Species Distributions

  • Filename: mapping-species-distributions.
  • ISBN: 9780521876353
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Janet Franklin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Comprehensive summary of species distribution modeling methods integrating ecological and statistical models with spatial data, and a framework for implementation.

The Diversity of Life

  • Filename: the-diversity-of-life.
  • ISBN: 0674212983
  • Release Date: 1992
  • Number of pages: 424
  • Author: Edward O. Wilson
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



An account of how the living world became diverse and how humans are destroying that diversity traces the processes that create new species and identifies the events that have disrupted evolution over the past six hundred million years.

Biodiversity

  • Filename: biodiversity.
  • ISBN: 0412752204
  • Release Date: 1995-11-30
  • Number of pages: 140
  • Author: David L. Hawksworth
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Leading experts on the field of biodiversity examine examples from a wide range of organism groups. Their approaches include the latest molecular and phylogenetic techniques through to the selection of indicator data and aspects of sampling. This paperback edition has been published for students on 'biodiversity' related courses.

The Economic Value of Biodiversity

  • Filename: the-economic-value-of-biodiversity.
  • ISBN: 1853831956
  • Release Date: 1994
  • Number of pages: 172
  • Author: David William Pearce
  • Publisher: Earthscan



Shows how economic measures can capture the value of biodiversity and lead to policies for conservation and ecosystem management.

A World in One Cubic Foot

  • Filename: a-world-in-one-cubic-foot.
  • ISBN: 9780226481234
  • Release Date: 2012-11-21
  • Number of pages: 204
  • Author: David Liittschwager
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press



Twelve inches by twelve inches by twelve inches, the cubic foot is a relatively tiny unit of measure compared to the whole world. With every step, we disturb and move through cubic foot after cubic foot. But behold the cubic foot in nature—from coral reefs to cloud forests to tidal pools—even in that finite space you can see the multitude of creatures that make up a vibrant ecosystem. For A World in One Cubic Foot, esteemed nature photographer David Liittschwager took a bright green metal cube—measuring precisely one cubic foot—and set it in various ecosystems around the world, from Costa Rica to Central Park. Working with local scientists, he measured what moved through that small space in a period of twenty-four hours. He then photographed the cube’s setting and the plant, animal, and insect life inside it—anything visible to the naked eye. The result is a stunning portrait of the amazing diversity that can be found in ecosystems around the globe. Many organisms captured in Liittschwager’s photographs have rarely, if ever, been presented in their full splendor to the general reader, and the singular beauty of these images evocatively conveys the richness of life around us and the essential need for its conservation. The breathtaking images are accompanied by equally engaging essays that speak to both the landscapes and the worlds contained within them, from distinguished contributors such as Elizabeth Kolbert and Alan Huffman, in addition to an introduction by E. O. Wilson. After encountering this book, you will never look at the tiniest sliver of your own backyard or neighborhood park the same way; instead, you will be stunned by the unexpected variety of species found in an area so small. A World in One Cubic Foot puts the world accessibly in our hands and allows us to behold the magic of an ecosystem in miniature. Liittschwager’s awe-inspiring photographs take us to places both familiar and exotic and instill new awareness of the life that abounds all around.

Biodiversity Monitoring in Australia

  • Filename: biodiversity-monitoring-in-australia.
  • ISBN: 9780643103597
  • Release Date: 2012-04-16
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: David Lindenmayer
  • Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING



Ecological and biodiversity-based monitoring has been marked by an appalling lack of effectiveness and lack of success in Australia for more than 40 years, despite the billions of dollars that are invested in biodiversity conservation annually. What can be done to rectify this situation? This book tackles many aspects of the problem of biodiversity monitoring. It arose from a major workshop held at The Australian National University in February 2011, attended by leaders in the science, policy-making and management arenas of biodiversity conservation. The diversity of participants was deliberate – successful biodiversity monitoring is dependent on partnerships among people with different kinds of expertise. Chapter contributors examine what has led to successful monitoring, the key problems with biodiversity monitoring and practical solutions to those problems. By capturing critical insights into successes, failures and solutions, the authors provide high-level guidance for important initiatives such as the National Biodiversity Strategy, similar kinds of conservation initiatives in state government agencies, as well as non-government organisations that aim to improve conservation outcomes in Australia. Ultimately, the authors hope to considerably improve the quality and effectiveness of biodiversity monitoring in Australia, and to arrest the decline of biodiversity.

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