Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez

  • Filename: marine-mammals-and-the-exxon-valdez.
  • ISBN: UVA:35007002192536
  • Release Date: 1994
  • Number of pages: 395
  • Author: Thomas R. Loughlin
  • Publisher:

The oil spill disaster that occurred when the Exxon Valdez ran aground has become part of the iconography of ecological disaster. This book synthesizes previously confidential data only recently released by the U.S. government. The data concerns the effects of this nightmarish spill on marine mammals, such as sea otters, harbor seals, killer whales, and humpback whales. Because many of the book's contributors were on site within 24 hours of this 11 million gallon catastrophe, the book is a unique longitudinal study of the demise of an ecosystem due to a single acute environmental perturbation.These certain-to-be-influential results reported here should assist marine biologists, pathologists, toxicologists, environmentalists, engineers, and coastal planners in assessing the nature of this now legendary disaster.

Emergency care and rehabilitation of oiled sea otters

  • Filename: emergency-care-and-rehabilitation-of-oiled-sea-otters.
  • ISBN: UCSD:31822023837370
  • Release Date: 1995-12
  • Number of pages: 279
  • Author: Terrie M. Williams
  • Publisher: Univ of Alaska Pr

This book was written by twenty-nine professionals with the often unwilling cooperation of 357 Alaskan sea otters -- the most photogenic and probably the most vulnerable of the mammalian victims of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. It is divided into three sections covering a broad range of concerns, from how best to capture a sea otter, through tests and suggested treatments, to considerations governing release of rehabilitated animals. Experts also discuss facility design, volunteer training, and personnel safety issues. Although its contents are useful for a variety of people from policymakers to veterinarians, Emergency Care and Rehabilitation of Oiled Sea Otters aims chiefly at helping rehabilitators, representatives of the oil industry, and government agents conduct successful rehabilitation efforts. The book contains the best available information on the subject; nothing else even comes close.

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

  • Filename: long-term-ecological-change-in-the-northern-gulf-of-alaska.
  • ISBN: 9780080469423
  • Release Date: 2006-12-12
  • Number of pages: 608
  • Author: R.B. Spies
  • Publisher: Elsevier

This comprehensive text is a major synthesis on ecological change in the Gulf of Alaska. It encompasses the structural and annual changes, forces of change, long-ecological changes in the atmosphere and ocean, plankton, fish, birds and mammals, and the effects of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. With 5 major sections, Long-term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska first describes the physical features, the atmosphere and physical oceanography, the annual production cycle, the forage base for higher animals and trophic transfer, and the adaptations for survival in this changing environment for 9 portal species. Then, the major forces of change are introduced: climate, geophysics, fisheries and harvesting, species interactions, disease and contaminants. Next, the long-term records of change in physical factors and biological populations are presented, as well as the potential reasons for the biological changes. Following is the history of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its long-term effects. And, finally, the emergent properties of the ecosystem are discussed and an attempt is made to weigh the importance of the major forcing factors in terms of their temporal and spatial scales of influence. * Examines important data on long-term change in the ecosystem and the forcing factors that are responsible for it * Provides an account of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill with emphasis on the long-term effects * Describes the effects of climate change, geophysical change, species interactions, harvesting, disease, the 1989 oil spill, and marine contaminants on key populations of marine organisms

Oil in the Environment

  • Filename: oil-in-the-environment.
  • ISBN: 9781107027176
  • Release Date: 2013-07-18
  • Number of pages: 458
  • Author: John A. Wiens
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Scientists directly involved in studying the Exxon Valdez spill provide a comprehensive synthesis of scientific information on long-term spill effects.

The Gulf of Alaska

  • Filename: the-gulf-of-alaska.
  • ISBN: 156612090X
  • Release Date: 2005-12-01
  • Number of pages: 218
  • Author: Phillip Roy Mundy
  • Publisher: Alaska Sea Grant College Program

State of the World s Oceans

  • Filename: state-of-the-world-s-oceans.
  • ISBN: 9781402091162
  • Release Date: 2008-12-16
  • Number of pages: 256
  • Author: Michelle Allsopp
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The world’s oceans cover 70% of the earth’s surface and are home to a myriad of amazing and beautiful creatures. However, the biodiversity of the oceans is incre- ingly coming under serious threat from many human activities including overfi- ing, use of destructive fishing methods, pollution and commercial aquaculture. In addition, climate change is already having an impact on some marine ecosystems. This book discusses some of the major threats facing marine ecosystems by cons- ering a range of topics, under chapters discussing biodiversity (Chapter 1), fisheries (Chapter 2), aquaculture (Chapter 3), pollution (Chapter 4) and the impacts of increasing greenhouse gas emissions (Chapter 5). It goes on to explore solutions to the problems by discussing equitable and sustainable management of the oceans (Chapter 6) and protecting marine ecosystems using marine reserves (Chapter 7). Presently, 76% of the oceans are fully or over-exploited with respect to fishing, and many species have been severely depleted. It is abundantly clear that, in general, current fisheries management regimes are to blame for much of the widespread degradation of the oceans. Many policy-makers and scientists now agree that we must adopt a radical new approach to managing the seas – one that is precautionary in nature and has protection of the whole marine ecosystem as its primary objective. This ‘ecosystem-based approach’ is vital if we are to ensure the health of our oceans for future generations.

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