Language Processing in Spanish

  • Filename: language-processing-in-spanish.
  • ISBN: 9781134790098
  • Release Date: 2013-05-13
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Manuel Carreiras
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



This book presents a set of contributions to the current flow of psycholinguistic research, with new and challenging data gathered from Spanish that may illuminate issues about the generality of language processing models. Although it is possible to find a considerable amount of papers on psycholinguistic research with the Spanish language published in English-speaking journals, unfortunately, the scientific community does not have access to an overview of psycholinguistics in Spain. This book overcomes these limitations because it brings together state-of-the-art descriptions of the research and theory of the different subareas of psycholinguistics currently being studied in Spain. Spanish, the third most widely-used language in the world, differs from English in a number of important respects. Since English has been predominant in psycholinguistic research, contrasting properties of Spanish may help to test the generality of language processing mechanisms and to refine their description. The set of contrasting features considered in this book includes acoustical and syllabic transparency, shallow orthography, a much richer morphology, flexibility in word order, less variability in intonational contours, and the existence of null pronominal subjects for inflected verbs. There are also interesting contrasts in the frequency of different linguistic units, whose impact on language processing is also evaluated. One of the main lines of argument throughout this book deals with the tension between universality and variation as a way of characterizing the functioning of language capacities and processes. The variety of topics covered by this book ranges from one end of the spectrum of language related behavior to the other: speech perception, lexical access in word recognition, relations between phonological and orthographic representations, sentence processing, discourse comprehension, and language production. All chapters focus on questions of general interest within each topic, and in most cases they appeal to one particular feature of the Spanish language that is relevant for a given question. Most chapters show the indisputable importance of crosslinguistic research in psycholinguistics to improve understanding on whether universal cognitive mechanisms and language specific routines underlie the ability of understanding and producing language.

Bilingual Language Development and Disorders in Spanish English Speakers

  • Filename: bilingual-language-development-and-disorders-in-spanish-english-speakers.
  • ISBN: 1557666873
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 354
  • Author: Brian Goldstein
  • Publisher: Paul H Brookes Publishing Company



With the increasing number of Spanish-English bilingual children in the U.S., both SLPs and researchers must understand speech and language developments in these children and SLPs also need reliable assessment and intervention approaches for serving bilingual children with language disorders. This comprehensive text is one of the few to offer readers in-depth theoretical and practical information on these timely topics. Focusing on children from 3 to 12 years of age, this urgently needed resource brings together more than a dozen top researchers to present developmental data, best assessment practices, and appropriate intervention approaches in the following areas: language processing skills lexical development morpho-syntactic development first language loss grammatical impairments semantic development phonological development and disorders narrative development and disorders fluency A concluding chapter provides readers with a framework for appropriate language intervention for bilingual speakers. The chapter outlines the major purposes of intervention for bilingual children with speech and language disorders, explores the debate over which language SLPs should use with bilingual children, and examines ways to promote gains in both languages. With this research-based text, SLPs will understand the complexity of language development in bilingual children and learn appropriate assessment and intervention approaches.

The Nature of Syntactic Gender Processing in Spanish An ERP Study

  • Filename: the-nature-of-syntactic-gender-processing-in-spanish-an-erp-study.
  • ISBN: 9780549915676
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 247
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



Syntactic gender as a lexical feature has been studied via picture-word interference paradigms in many languages. While effects have been found for noun phrase production in many languages, no effects have been found in Spanish, despite the fact that articles, nouns, and adjectives have a syntactic gender. Cubelli et al. (2005) found inhibitory effects in bare noun production in Italian which led to the hypothesis that such effects could be found for Spanish. Experiments 1 and 2 represented attempts replicate Cubelli et al.'s findings (Experiment 1 used an auditory distractor word and Experiment 2 a visual distractor), however no gender congruency effects were found. Experiment 3 attempted to generate congruency effects by requiring subjects to utilize gender-marked demonstratives and adjectives but still no effects were found. The lack of effects gave rise to the proposal that gender is not accessed during noun phrase production in Spanish and that the extreme regularity of the gender-marking system makes an article-plus-noun phrase more akin to a single lexical unit that can be accessed without an explicit synthetic process. Experiment 4 contrasted simple noun phrases that might be directly retrieved to constructions with long-distance dependencies, for which access to abstract gender features is relevant to parsing hierarchical sentence structure and aimed to distinguish these distinct cognitive processes via event-related potentials. The hypothesis was that a local gender violation in a sentence like "la piano" (the-fem piano-masc) would elicit a LAN as compared to the correct alternative, while a long-distance violation like "el piano que compre ayer es antigua" (the-masc piano-masc that I bought yesterday is antique-fem) would elicit a P600. All violations elicited a LAN and all violations involving adjacent segments elicited a P600; critically, the long-distance violation did not elicit a P600. It was concluded that the P600 reflects a repair process which occurs when such repair is not costly to the parser. Experiment 5 was a behavioral study using the stimuli from Experiment 4 with an error detection task which confirmed that subjects were sensitive to all error types.

Research in Second Language Processing and Parsing

  • Filename: research-in-second-language-processing-and-parsing.
  • ISBN: 9789027253156
  • Release Date: 2010
  • Number of pages: 351
  • Author: Bill VanPatten
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing



This volume is the first dedicated to the growing field of theory and research on second language processing and parsing. The fourteen papers in this volume offer cutting-edge research using a number of different languages (e.g., Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, French, German, English) and structures (e.g., relative clauses, wh-gaps, gender, number) to examine various issues in second language processing: first language influence, whether or not non-natives can achieve native-like processing, the roles of context and prosody, the effects of working memory, and others. The researchers include both established scholars and newer voices, all offering important insights into the factors that affect processing and parsing in a second language.

Natural Language Processing NLP 2000

  • Filename: natural-language-processing-nlp-2000.
  • ISBN: 9783540676058
  • Release Date: 2000-05-24
  • Number of pages: 444
  • Author: Dimitris N. Christodoulakis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

Bilingual Figurative Language Processing

  • Filename: bilingual-figurative-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9781107029545
  • Release Date: 2015-01-26
  • Number of pages: 444
  • Author: Roberto R. Heredia
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Bilingual Figurative Language Processing is the first book of its kind to address how bilinguals learn, store, and comprehend figurative language.

Cross language Transfer of Phonological and Orthographic Processing Skills in Spanish speaking Children Learning to Read and Spell in English

  • Filename: cross-language-transfer-of-phonological-and-orthographic-processing-skills-in-spanish-speaking-children-learning-to-read-and-spell-in-english.
  • ISBN: 9780549452331
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 176
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest



This dissertation included two studies designed to examine how young children acquire biliteracy skills. Specifically, I aimed to determine how reading and spelling acquisition in English second language (L2) is influenced by Spanish first language (L1). Study 1 investigated the contribution of Spanish phonological and orthographic processing skills to English reading and spelling in 89 Spanish-English bilingual children in grades 2 (n = 42) and 3 (n = 47). Comparable measures in English and Spanish tapping phonological and orthographic processing were administered to the bilingual children and to 53 monolingual English-speaking children in grades 2 (n = 32) and 3 (n = 21) as a comparison group. We found that cross language phonological and orthographic transfer occurs from Spanish to English for real word and pseudoword reading. However, Spanish orthographic processing only predicted reading, not spelling. Study 2 examined spelling errors committed on specific linguistic units---vowels that are spelled differently in the two languages (i.e., contrastive vowels)---to determine whether Spanish-speaking children spell these vowels using Spanish spelling rules. Participants for Study 2 were carefully recruited; these Spanish-speaking students had received about 2.2 years of literacy instruction in their native language, ensuring that they would have adequate orthographic knowledge to read and spell in Spanish. Error analyses indicated that the 27 native Spanish-speaking children who received prior literacy instruction in Spanish did indeed spell these contrastive vowels using Spanish orthography; therefore, these errors were influenced by their L1 orthographic knowledge. Taken together, these two studies highlight the importance of taking into consideration bilingual children's L1 phonological and orthographic knowledge in understanding L2 reading and spelling acquisition. The results of the two studies enhance the theoretical frameworks by providing empirical evidence to support the notion that bilingual children are indeed both positively and negatively affected by the differences in orthographic depths of the languages.

Advances in Natural Language Processing

  • Filename: advances-in-natural-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9783540373346
  • Release Date: 2006-08-10
  • Number of pages: 771
  • Author: Tapio Salakoski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, FinTAL 2006, held in Turku, Finland in August 2006. The book presents 72 revised full papers together with 1 invited talk and the extended abstracts of 2 invited keynote addresses. The papers address all current issues in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual intelligent language processing - theory, methods and applications.

The Spanish Language in the Digital Age

  • Filename: the-spanish-language-in-the-digital-age.
  • ISBN: 9783642308413
  • Release Date: 2012-08-17
  • Number of pages: 79
  • Author: Georg Rehm
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its potential. It addresses educators, journalists, politicians, language communities and others. The availability and use of language technology in Europe varies between languages. Consequently, the actions that are required to further support research and development of language technologies also differ for each language. The required actions depend on many factors, such as the complexity of a given language and the size of its community. META-NET, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission, has conducted an analysis of current language resources and technologies. This analysis focused on the 23 official European languages as well as other important national and regional languages in Europe. The results of this analysis suggest that there are many significant research gaps for each language. A more detailed expert analysis and assessment of the current situation will help maximise the impact of additional research and minimize any risks. META-NET consists of 54 research centres from 33 countries that are working with stakeholders from commercial businesses, government agencies, industry, research organisations, software companies, technology providers and European universities. Together, they are creating a common technology vision while developing a strategic research agenda that shows how language technology applications can address any research gaps by 2020.

Automaticity and Control in Language Processing

  • Filename: automaticity-and-control-in-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9781135419677
  • Release Date: 2007-01-24
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Antje Meyer
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



The use of language is a fundamental component of much of our day-to-day life. Language often co-occurs with other activities with which it must be coordinated. This raises the question of whether the cognitive processes involved in planning spoken utterances and in understanding them are autonomous or whether they are affected by, and perhaps affect, non-linguistic cognitive processes, with which they might share processing resources. This question is the central concern of Automaticity and Control in Language Processing. The chapters address key issues concerning the relationship between linguistic and non-linguistic processes, including: How can the degree of automaticity of a component be defined? Which linguistic processes are truly automatic, and which require processing capacity? Through which mechanisms can control processes affect linguistic performance? How might these mechanisms be represented in the brain? How do limitations in working memory and executive control capacity affect linguistic performance and language re-learning in persons with brain damage? This important collection from leading international researchers will be of great interest to researchers and students in the area.

The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics

  • Filename: the-handbook-of-hispanic-linguistics.
  • ISBN: 9781118228043
  • Release Date: 2012-02-14
  • Number of pages: 904
  • Author: José Ignacio Hualde
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Reflecting the growth and increasing global importance of the Spanish language, The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics brings together a team of renowned Spanish linguistics scholars to explore both applied and theoretical work in this field. Features 41 newly-written essays contributed by leading language scholars that shed new light on the growth and significance of the Spanish language Combines current applied and theoretical research results in the field of Spanish linguistics Explores all facets relating to the origins, evolution, and geographical variations of the Spanish language Examines topics including second language learning, Spanish in the classroom, immigration, heritage languages, and bilingualism

Spanish Second Language Acquisition

  • Filename: spanish-second-language-acquisition.
  • ISBN: 0878409076
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 332
  • Author: Barbara Armstrong Lafford
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press



Spanish Second Language Acquisition provides a panoramic overview of previous studies on the acquisition of Spanish as a second or foreign language, the theoretical approaches used in these studies, and the effects of various pedagogical approaches on the development of Spanish interlanguage systems. Barbara Lafford and Rafael Salaberry have compiled the first volume to provide a comprehensive critical overview of the research done and data compiled on how adults acquire Spanish as a second language. Major scholars in the field of SLA have contributed chapters having to do with a wide range of "products" (phonology, tense/aspect, subjunctive, clitics, lexicon, discourse/pragmatics) and "processes" (generative, cognitive and sociocultural theories) involved in the acquisition process-concluding with a discussion of the effects of instruction on Spanish interlanguage development. While being an invaluable reference tool for undergraduate and graduate programs that focus on the acquisition of Spanish as a second language, due to the extraordinary range of the review research on theoretical and methodological issues, this is also an extremely useful volume for second language theoreticians and practitioners involved in all aspects of the pedagogy of other second languages. It is the editors' desire that students, teachers, program administrators and scholars alike will benefit from the insights that the contributors bring to the myriad issues that language professionals confront.

Bilingual Sentence Processing

  • Filename: bilingual-sentence-processing.
  • ISBN: 9027224986
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 292
  • Author: Eva M. Fernández
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing



This title looks at the representation of semitic words in the mental lexicon of semitic language speakers. It asks: should we see semitic words' morphology as root-based or word-based?.

Communication Disorders in Spanish Speakers

  • Filename: communication-disorders-in-spanish-speakers.
  • ISBN: 9781853599712
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 310
  • Author: José G. Centeno
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters



This book bridges the gap in the literature on Hispanic individuals for student clinicians and professionals in Speech-Language Pathology/Speech Therapy. It links empirical and theoretical bases to evidence-based practices for child and adult Spanish users. This volume provides both students and licensed professionals in speech-language pathology much-needed multidisciplinary bases to implement clinical services with Spanish speakers. Researchers and practitioners from Speech-Language Pathology, Neurolinguistics, Neuropsychology, Education, and Clinical Psychology provide theoretical and empirical grounds to develop evidence-based clinical procedures for monolingual Spanish and bilingual Spanish-English children and adults with communication disorders.

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