Language Processing in Spanish

  • Filename: language-processing-in-spanish.
  • ISBN: 9781134790098
  • Release Date: 2013-05-13
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: Manuel Carreiras
  • Publisher: Psychology Press

This book presents a set of contributions to the current flow of psycholinguistic research, with new and challenging data gathered from Spanish that may illuminate issues about the generality of language processing models. Although it is possible to find a considerable amount of papers on psycholinguistic research with the Spanish language published in English-speaking journals, unfortunately, the scientific community does not have access to an overview of psycholinguistics in Spain. This book overcomes these limitations because it brings together state-of-the-art descriptions of the research and theory of the different subareas of psycholinguistics currently being studied in Spain. Spanish, the third most widely-used language in the world, differs from English in a number of important respects. Since English has been predominant in psycholinguistic research, contrasting properties of Spanish may help to test the generality of language processing mechanisms and to refine their description. The set of contrasting features considered in this book includes acoustical and syllabic transparency, shallow orthography, a much richer morphology, flexibility in word order, less variability in intonational contours, and the existence of null pronominal subjects for inflected verbs. There are also interesting contrasts in the frequency of different linguistic units, whose impact on language processing is also evaluated. One of the main lines of argument throughout this book deals with the tension between universality and variation as a way of characterizing the functioning of language capacities and processes. The variety of topics covered by this book ranges from one end of the spectrum of language related behavior to the other: speech perception, lexical access in word recognition, relations between phonological and orthographic representations, sentence processing, discourse comprehension, and language production. All chapters focus on questions of general interest within each topic, and in most cases they appeal to one particular feature of the Spanish language that is relevant for a given question. Most chapters show the indisputable importance of crosslinguistic research in psycholinguistics to improve understanding on whether universal cognitive mechanisms and language specific routines underlie the ability of understanding and producing language.

Research in Second Language Processing and Parsing

  • Filename: research-in-second-language-processing-and-parsing.
  • ISBN: 9789027253156
  • Release Date: 2010
  • Number of pages: 351
  • Author: Bill VanPatten
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This volume is the first dedicated to the growing field of theory and research on second language processing and parsing. The fourteen papers in this volume offer cutting-edge research using a number of different languages (e.g., Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, French, German, English) and structures (e.g., relative clauses, wh-gaps, gender, number) to examine various issues in second language processing: first language influence, whether or not non-natives can achieve native-like processing, the roles of context and prosody, the effects of working memory, and others. The researchers include both established scholars and newer voices, all offering important insights into the factors that affect processing and parsing in a second language.

Bilingual Language Development Disorders in Spanish English Speakers

  • Filename: bilingual-language-development-disorders-in-spanish-english-speakers.
  • ISBN: 1598571710
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 389
  • Author: Brian Goldstein
  • Publisher: Brookes Pub

The revised edition of this comprehensive graduate-level text gives SLPs the most current information on language development and disorders of Spanish-English bilingual children. Includes 5 new chapters on literacy and other hot topics.;

Bilingual Sentence Processing

  • Filename: bilingual-sentence-processing.
  • ISBN: 9027224986
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 292
  • Author: Eva M. Fernández
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This title looks at the representation of semitic words in the mental lexicon of semitic language speakers. It asks: should we see semitic words' morphology as root-based or word-based?.

The Nature of Syntactic Gender Processing in Spanish An ERP Study

  • Filename: the-nature-of-syntactic-gender-processing-in-spanish-an-erp-study.
  • ISBN: 9780549915676
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 247
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

Syntactic gender as a lexical feature has been studied via picture-word interference paradigms in many languages. While effects have been found for noun phrase production in many languages, no effects have been found in Spanish, despite the fact that articles, nouns, and adjectives have a syntactic gender. Cubelli et al. (2005) found inhibitory effects in bare noun production in Italian which led to the hypothesis that such effects could be found for Spanish. Experiments 1 and 2 represented attempts replicate Cubelli et al.'s findings (Experiment 1 used an auditory distractor word and Experiment 2 a visual distractor), however no gender congruency effects were found. Experiment 3 attempted to generate congruency effects by requiring subjects to utilize gender-marked demonstratives and adjectives but still no effects were found. The lack of effects gave rise to the proposal that gender is not accessed during noun phrase production in Spanish and that the extreme regularity of the gender-marking system makes an article-plus-noun phrase more akin to a single lexical unit that can be accessed without an explicit synthetic process. Experiment 4 contrasted simple noun phrases that might be directly retrieved to constructions with long-distance dependencies, for which access to abstract gender features is relevant to parsing hierarchical sentence structure and aimed to distinguish these distinct cognitive processes via event-related potentials. The hypothesis was that a local gender violation in a sentence like "la piano" (the-fem piano-masc) would elicit a LAN as compared to the correct alternative, while a long-distance violation like "el piano que compre ayer es antigua" (the-masc piano-masc that I bought yesterday is antique-fem) would elicit a P600. All violations elicited a LAN and all violations involving adjacent segments elicited a P600; critically, the long-distance violation did not elicit a P600. It was concluded that the P600 reflects a repair process which occurs when such repair is not costly to the parser. Experiment 5 was a behavioral study using the stimuli from Experiment 4 with an error detection task which confirmed that subjects were sensitive to all error types.

Natural Language Processing NLP 2000

  • Filename: natural-language-processing-nlp-2000.
  • ISBN: 9783540676058
  • Release Date: 2000-05-24
  • Number of pages: 444
  • Author: Dimitris N. Christodoulakis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

Bilingual Figurative Language Processing

  • Filename: bilingual-figurative-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9781107029545
  • Release Date: 2015-01-26
  • Number of pages: 444
  • Author: Roberto R. Heredia
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Bilingual Figurative Language Processing is the first book of its kind to address how bilinguals learn, store, and comprehend figurative language.

Cross language Transfer of Phonological and Orthographic Processing Skills in Spanish speaking Children Learning to Read and Spell in English

  • Filename: cross-language-transfer-of-phonological-and-orthographic-processing-skills-in-spanish-speaking-children-learning-to-read-and-spell-in-english.
  • ISBN: 9780549452331
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 176
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

This dissertation included two studies designed to examine how young children acquire biliteracy skills. Specifically, I aimed to determine how reading and spelling acquisition in English second language (L2) is influenced by Spanish first language (L1). Study 1 investigated the contribution of Spanish phonological and orthographic processing skills to English reading and spelling in 89 Spanish-English bilingual children in grades 2 (n = 42) and 3 (n = 47). Comparable measures in English and Spanish tapping phonological and orthographic processing were administered to the bilingual children and to 53 monolingual English-speaking children in grades 2 (n = 32) and 3 (n = 21) as a comparison group. We found that cross language phonological and orthographic transfer occurs from Spanish to English for real word and pseudoword reading. However, Spanish orthographic processing only predicted reading, not spelling. Study 2 examined spelling errors committed on specific linguistic units---vowels that are spelled differently in the two languages (i.e., contrastive vowels)---to determine whether Spanish-speaking children spell these vowels using Spanish spelling rules. Participants for Study 2 were carefully recruited; these Spanish-speaking students had received about 2.2 years of literacy instruction in their native language, ensuring that they would have adequate orthographic knowledge to read and spell in Spanish. Error analyses indicated that the 27 native Spanish-speaking children who received prior literacy instruction in Spanish did indeed spell these contrastive vowels using Spanish orthography; therefore, these errors were influenced by their L1 orthographic knowledge. Taken together, these two studies highlight the importance of taking into consideration bilingual children's L1 phonological and orthographic knowledge in understanding L2 reading and spelling acquisition. The results of the two studies enhance the theoretical frameworks by providing empirical evidence to support the notion that bilingual children are indeed both positively and negatively affected by the differences in orthographic depths of the languages.

Advances in Natural Language Processing

  • Filename: advances-in-natural-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9783540373346
  • Release Date: 2006-08-10
  • Number of pages: 771
  • Author: Tapio Salakoski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, FinTAL 2006, held in Turku, Finland in August 2006. The book presents 72 revised full papers together with 1 invited talk and the extended abstracts of 2 invited keynote addresses. The papers address all current issues in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual intelligent language processing - theory, methods and applications.

Input Processing and Grammar Instruction in Second Language Acquisition

  • Filename: input-processing-and-grammar-instruction-in-second-language-acquisition.
  • ISBN: 1567502385
  • Release Date: 1996-01-01
  • Number of pages: 177
  • Author: Bill VanPatten
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

This book provides an alternative to the "grammar debate" in second language acquisition theory and teaching. Accepting that language acquisition is at least partially input dependent, the author asks how grammatical form is processed in the input by second language learners and is it possible to assist this in ways that help the learner to create richer grammatical intake. He answers these questions and explains why traditional paradigms are not psycholinguistically motivated. Drawing on research from both first and second language acquisition, he outlines a model for input processing in second language acquisition that helps to account for how learners construct grammatical systems. He then uses this model to motivate "processing instruction," a type of grammar instruction in which learners are engaged in making form-meaning connections during particular input activities.

The Relationships Between Working Memory Language and Phonological Processing Evidence from Cross language Transfer in Bilinguals

  • Filename: the-relationships-between-working-memory-language-and-phonological-processing-evidence-from-cross-language-transfer-in-bilinguals.
  • ISBN: 9780542763878
  • Release Date: 2006
  • Number of pages: 107
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

The primary purpose of this study was to bridge the phonological awareness research conducted with monolingual and bilingual children and to extend the research on phonological awareness development in bilinguals in order to evaluate whether specific language knowledge or working memory processes provide the underlying support for phonological awareness development. The current study was designed to evaluate these two models by examining sequential bilingual kindergartners' phonological awareness in their first language (L1), Spanish, and their second language (L2), English, before and after receiving two sessions of phonological awareness instruction in Spanish. The secondary goal was to investigate whether phonological instruction presented in Spanish would directly lead to increased skills in English. Results indicated that children made significant and equivalent phonological awareness gains in Spanish and English following training provided in Spanish. These results appear to provide some contradictory support for the language-based model of phonological awareness that has been presented, according to which a significant difference between phonological awareness in children's stronger L1 and weaker L2 would have been expected. Children's working memory skills, as measured by nonword repetition and an experimental complex span task in Spanish, predicted their phonological awareness gains in both languages. Performance on the complex span task was a strong predictor of Spanish gains and a moderate predictor of English gains, while performance on the nonword repetition task was a moderate predictor of gains in both Spanish and English. These results appear to support the memory-based model, which maintains that working memory processes underlie phonological awareness due to their role in coding stable phonological representations.

The Spanish Language in the Digital Age

  • Filename: the-spanish-language-in-the-digital-age.
  • ISBN: 9783642308413
  • Release Date: 2012-08-17
  • Number of pages: 79
  • Author: Georg Rehm
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its potential. It addresses educators, journalists, politicians, language communities and others. The availability and use of language technology in Europe varies between languages. Consequently, the actions that are required to further support research and development of language technologies also differ for each language. The required actions depend on many factors, such as the complexity of a given language and the size of its community. META-NET, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission, has conducted an analysis of current language resources and technologies. This analysis focused on the 23 official European languages as well as other important national and regional languages in Europe. The results of this analysis suggest that there are many significant research gaps for each language. A more detailed expert analysis and assessment of the current situation will help maximise the impact of additional research and minimize any risks. META-NET consists of 54 research centres from 33 countries that are working with stakeholders from commercial businesses, government agencies, industry, research organisations, software companies, technology providers and European universities. Together, they are creating a common technology vision while developing a strategic research agenda that shows how language technology applications can address any research gaps by 2020.

Automaticity and Control in Language Processing

  • Filename: automaticity-and-control-in-language-processing.
  • ISBN: 9781135419677
  • Release Date: 2007-01-24
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Antje Meyer
  • Publisher: Psychology Press

The use of language is a fundamental component of much of our day-to-day life. Language often co-occurs with other activities with which it must be coordinated. This raises the question of whether the cognitive processes involved in planning spoken utterances and in understanding them are autonomous or whether they are affected by, and perhaps affect, non-linguistic cognitive processes, with which they might share processing resources. This question is the central concern of Automaticity and Control in Language Processing. The chapters address key issues concerning the relationship between linguistic and non-linguistic processes, including: How can the degree of automaticity of a component be defined? Which linguistic processes are truly automatic, and which require processing capacity? Through which mechanisms can control processes affect linguistic performance? How might these mechanisms be represented in the brain? How do limitations in working memory and executive control capacity affect linguistic performance and language re-learning in persons with brain damage? This important collection from leading international researchers will be of great interest to researchers and students in the area.

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