High Velocity Impact Phenomena

  • Filename: high-velocity-impact-phenomena.
  • ISBN: 9780323144988
  • Release Date: 2012-12-02
  • Number of pages: 592
  • Author: Ray Kinslow
  • Publisher: Elsevier

High-Velocity Impact Phenomena covers a wide range of pertinent topics dealing with impact phenomena. The book discusses hypervelocity accelerators; stress wave propagation in solids; and the theory of impact. The text also describes the application of the theory of impact on thin targets and shields and correlation with experiment; the numerical evaluation of hypervelocity impact phenomena; and analytical studies of impact-generated shock propagation. The equation of state of solids from shock wave studies; metallurgical observations and energy partitioning; and engineering considerations in hypervelocity impact are also encompassed. Design engineers will find the book invaluable.

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VIII

  • Filename: high-pressure-shock-compression-of-solids-viii.
  • ISBN: 9783540271680
  • Release Date: 2006-03-30
  • Number of pages: 380
  • Author: L.C. Chhabildas
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Research in the field of shock physics and ballistic impact has always been intimately tied to progress in development of facilities for accelerating projectiles to high velocity and instrumentation for recording impact phenomena. The chapters of this book, written by leading US and European experts, cover a broad range of topics and address researchers concerned with questions of material behaviour under impulsive loading and the equations of state of matter, as well as the design of suitable instrumentation such as gas guns and high-speed diagnostics. Applications include high-speed impact dynamics, the inner composition of planets, syntheses of new materials and materials processing. Among the more technologically oriented applications treated is the testing of the flight characteristics of aeroballistic models and the assessment of impacts in the aerospace industry.

High Velocity Impact Dynamics

  • Filename: high-velocity-impact-dynamics.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015021562635
  • Release Date: 1990-11-08
  • Number of pages: 960
  • Author: Jonas A. Zukas
  • Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

This compendium of mathematical techniques for the modeling and simulation of high-velocity impacts presents the various analytical and experimental aspects of impact dynamics and describes the responses of a variety of materials and structures under impact. Coverage is extended beyond that of the author's Impact Dynamics and deals with new topics in impacts involving inert materials, including the dynamic response to energetic and inert materials. Treatment uses classical mechanics along with the conservation laws, combined with failure analysis.

Dimensional Analysis

  • Filename: dimensional-analysis.
  • ISBN: 3642192343
  • Release Date: 2011-06-06
  • Number of pages: 186
  • Author: Qing-Ming Tan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Dimensional analysis is an essential scientific method and a powerful tool for solving problems in physics and engineering. This book starts by introducing the Pi Theorem, which is the theoretical foundation of dimensional analysis. It also provides ample and detailed examples of how dimensional analysis is applied to solving problems in various branches of mechanics. The book covers the extensive findings on explosion mechanics and impact dynamics contributed by the author’s research group over the past forty years at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The book is intended for research scientists and engineers working in the fields of physics and engineering, as well as graduate students and advanced undergraduates of the related fields. Qing-Ming Tan is a former Professor at the Institute of Mechanics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Dynamic Behavior of Materials

  • Filename: dynamic-behavior-of-materials.
  • ISBN: 047158262X
  • Release Date: 1994-10-11
  • Number of pages: 668
  • Author: Marc A. Meyers
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Addresses fundamentals and advanced topics relevant to the behavior of materials under in-service conditions such as impact, shock, stress and high-strain rate deformations. Deals extensively with materials from a microstructure perspective which is the future direction of research today.

Hypervelocity Impact Phenomena

  • Filename: hypervelocity-impact-phenomena.
  • ISBN: OCLC:68342205
  • Release Date: 1995
  • Number of pages: 13
  • Author:
  • Publisher:

There is a need to determine the equations of state of materials in regimes of extreme high pressures, temperatures and strain rates that are not attainable on current two-stage light-gas guns. Understanding high-pressure material behavior is crucial to address the physical processes associated with a variety of hypervelocity impact events related to space sciences-orbital-debris impact, debris-shield designs, high-speed plasma propagation, and impact lethality applications. At very high impact velocities material properties will be dominated by phase-changes, such as melting or vaporization, which cannot be achieved at lower impact velocities. Development of well-controlled and repeatable hypervelocity launch capabilities is the first step necessary to improve our understanding of material behavior at extreme pressures and temperatures not currently available using conventional two-stage light-gas gun techniques. In this paper, techniques that have been used to extend both the launch capabilities of a two-stage light gas gun to 16 km/s, and their use to determine the material properties at pressures and temperature states higher than those ever obtained in the laboratory are summarized. The newly developed hypervelocity launcher (HVL) can launch intact (macroscopic dimensions) plates to 16 km/s. Time-resolved interferometric techniques have been used to determine shock-loading/release characteristics of materials impacted by such fliers as well as shock-induced vaporization phenomena in fully vaporized states. High-speed photography or radiography has been used to evaluate the debris propagation characteristics resulting from disc impact of thin bumper sheets at hypervelocities in excess of 10 km/s using the HVL. Examples of these experiments are provided in this paper.

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids III

  • Filename: high-pressure-shock-compression-of-solids-iii.
  • ISBN: 0387982922
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 341
  • Author: Lee W. Davison
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Developments in experimental methods are providing an increasingly detailed understanding of shock compression phenomena on the bulk, intermediate, and molecular scales. This third volume in a series of reviews of the curent state of knowledge covers several diverse areas. The first group of chapters addresses fundamental physical and chemical aspects of the response of condensed matter to shock comression: equations of state, molecular-dynamic analysis, deformation of materials, spectroscopic methods. Two further chapters focus on a particular group of materials: ceramics. Another chapter discusses shock-induced reaction of condensed-phase explosives. And a final pair of chapters considers shock phenomena at low stresses from the point of view of continuum mechanics.

Ballistic Materials and Penetration Mechanics

  • Filename: ballistic-materials-and-penetration-mechanics.
  • ISBN: 9780444601643
  • Release Date: 2012-12-02
  • Number of pages: 306
  • Author: Roy Laible
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Ballistic Materials and Penetration Mechanics deals with ballistically protective materials and penetration mechanics. The book discusses historical and practical considerations of ballistic protection, including metallic armor, as well as ballistic testing methodology, the ability of a protective material to stop or slow down a particular projectile, and the theoretical aspects of penetration mechanics. It also highlights the importance of stress wave analysis in the penetration and spalling phenomena. Organized into 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the history of the armor and the modern helmet. It proceeds with a discussion of variations in ballistic test methods, errors in test methods, and the importance of the hardness and geometry of both the target and the projectile. The next chapters focus on the importance of fibrous armor, materials that are visually transparent and resistant to penetration by high-energy projectiles and fragments, and transparent armor and ceramic composite armor. The reader is also introduced to materials used in the design of metallic armor, the role of stress waves in the penetration problem, and the use of computer simulation to analyze ballistic impact experiments. The book looks at numerical techniques for modeling hypervelocity impact and concludes with a chapter on the penetration mechanics of textile structures. This book is a valuable resource for scientists working at government, industrial, and university laboratories, as well as law enforcement officers and others who want information on materials that provide the best protection against damage from impacts, explosions, and bullets.

Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena in Materials

  • Filename: shock-wave-and-high-strain-rate-phenomena-in-materials.
  • ISBN: 0824785797
  • Release Date: 1992-05-12
  • Number of pages: 1184
  • Author: Meyers
  • Publisher: CRC Press

These proceedings of EXPLOMET 90, the International Conference on the Materials Effects of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, held August 1990, in La Jolla, California, represent a global and up-to-date appraisal of this field. Contributions (more than 100) deal with high-strain-rate deforma

History of Shock Waves Explosions and Impact

  • Filename: history-of-shock-waves-explosions-and-impact.
  • ISBN: 9783540304210
  • Release Date: 2008-09-24
  • Number of pages: 1288
  • Author: Peter O. K. Krehl
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This unique and encyclopedic reference work describes the evolution of the physics of modern shock wave and detonation from the earlier and classical percussion. The history of this complex process is first reviewed in a general survey. Subsequently, the subject is treated in more detail and the book is richly illustrated in the form of a picture gallery. This book is ideal for everyone professionally interested in shock wave phenomena.

Atomic and Ionic Impact Phenomena on Metal Surfaces

  • Filename: atomic-and-ionic-impact-phenomena-on-metal-surfaces.
  • ISBN: 9783642460258
  • Release Date: 2013-03-08
  • Number of pages: 402
  • Author: M. Kaminsky
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The collisions of neutral or charged gaseous particles with solid surfaces govern many physical and chemical phenomena, as has been The gas/solid phenomena in turn depend on a recognized for a long time. great variety of processes such as the charge transfer of the gas/solid interface, adsorption and desorption, the energy transfer between an incident particle and the surface, etc. Our knowledge of these processes, however, is only fragmentary. This is partly due to the difficulty in adequately controlling the ex perimental conditions. Consequently, until recently the data were usually so complex that reliable information about a particular elementary process could not be deduced. Within the last five to ten years, however, the techniques of ultra-high vacuum and surface preparation have developed rapidly and there has been a booming and widespread interest in the role of gas/solid interactions in such diverse fields as plasma physics, thermonuclear reactions, thermionic energy conversion, ion propulsion, sputtering corrosion of the surface of satellites and ion engines, ion getter pumps, deposition of thin films, etc. This led to extensive investigations of numerous gas/solid phenomena, such as surface ionization, sputtering, emission of secondary electrons and ions from surfaces under atom and/or ion impact, ion neutralization, and the thermal accomodation of gaseous particles on surfaces. As a result, it has become possible to gather a variety of valuable information.

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter

  • Filename: shock-wave-phenomena-and-the-properties-of-condensed-matter.
  • ISBN: 0387205721
  • Release Date: 2004-03-30
  • Number of pages: 322
  • Author: Gennady I. Kanel
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

One of the main goals of investigations of shock-wave phenomena in condensed matter is to develop methods for predicting effects of explosions, high-velocity collisions, and other kinds of intense dynamic loading of materials and structures. Based on the results of international research conducted over the past 30 years, this book is addressed not only to experts in shock-wave physics, but also to interested representatives from adjacent fields of activity and to students who seek an introduction to the current issues. With that goal in mind, the book opens with a brief account of the theoretical background and a short description of experimental techniques. The authors then progress to a systematic treatment of special topics, some of which have not been fully addressed in the literature to date.

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