Geochemistry

  • Filename: geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 9781107268883
  • Release Date: 2009-06-25
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Francis Albarède
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



Introducing the essentials of modern geochemistry for students across the Earth and environmental sciences, this new edition emphasises the general principles of this central discipline. Focusing on inorganic chemistry, Francis Albarède's refreshing approach is brought to topics that range from measuring geological time to the understanding of climate change. The author leads the student through the necessary mathematics to understand the quantitative aspects of the subject in an easily understandable manner. The early chapters cover the principles and methods of physics and chemistry that underlie geochemistry, to build the students' understanding of concepts such as isotopes, fractionation, and mixing. These are then applied across many of the environments on Earth, including the solid Earth, rivers, and climate, and then extended to processes on other planets. Three new chapters have been added – on stable isotopes, biogeochemistry, and environmental geochemistry. End-of-chapter student exercises, with solutions available online, are also included.

Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry

  • Filename: neodymium-isotope-geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 9783642489167
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 187
  • Author: Donald J. DePaolo
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



This monograph was begun with two objectives in mind. The first was to provide a review of research involving the application of neodymium isotopic measurements to pro blems in earth science. In the process of organizing to do this, I realized that the research in this field had produced a need for an updated review of the underlying paradigms. This need had arisen because of the special properties of the samarium-neodymium isotopic system, and because the research had transgressed the traditional boundaries be tween the subfields of earth science. Without such a review, the significance of the results seemed likely to remain un necessarily obscure to interested scientists from related disciplines. Consequently, the second objective became the provision of a theoretical framework for the application of neodymium isotopic studies. Much of what this contains is not new, but it is drawn together here for the first time. At the time the writing was initiated, the literature of the field was still relatively limited. Over the past 5 years it has grown enormously. Considering the rate at which the writing progressed, it became clear that this could not be a fully up-to-date review and still reach completion. The selection of material for the review sections is biased toward earlier studies. Part I presents most of the background information.

Modern Analytical Geochemistry

  • Filename: modern-analytical-geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 9781317894711
  • Release Date: 2014-09-12
  • Number of pages: 344
  • Author: Robin Gill
  • Publisher: Routledge



A comprehensive handbook of analytical techniques in geochemistry which provides the student and the professional with an understanding of the wide spectrum of different analytical methods that can be applied to Earth and environmental materials, together with a critical appreciation of their relative merits and limitations.

Geochemistry

  • Filename: geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 9781118485279
  • Release Date: 2013-01-22
  • Number of pages: 672
  • Author: William M. White
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the ‘geochemical toolbox’: the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in magmatic systems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to such diverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, and the diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to the formation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elements themselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes the topic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and the crust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chapter covers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels and the carbon cycle’s role in controlling Earth’s climate, both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth science students, as well as for researchers and applied scientists who require an introduction to the essential theory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in the earth and environmental sciences. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry

Introduction to Geochemical Modeling

  • Filename: introduction-to-geochemical-modeling.
  • ISBN: 0521578043
  • Release Date: 1996-04-18
  • Number of pages: 543
  • Author: Francis Albarède
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press



An introduction to quantitative geochemical modeling for the researcher and advanced student.

GEOPHYSICS AND GEOCHEMISTRY Volume I

  • Filename: geophysics-and-geochemistry-volume-i.
  • ISBN: 9781848262454
  • Release Date: 2009-11-28
  • Number of pages: 348
  • Author: Jan Lastovicka
  • Publisher: EOLSS Publications



Geophysics and Geochemistry is a component of Encyclopedia of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Geophysics and Geochemistry are two closely intertwined and collaborating branches of Earth’s sciences. The content of the Theme on Geophysics and Geochemistry is organized with state-of-the-art presentations covering eight main topics: Foundations of Geophysics and Geochemistry; Geophysical Systems; Seismology and Volcanology; Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity; Aeronomy and Magnetosphere; Gravimetry; Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry; Planetology – Comparative Planetology of Earth-like Planets and Astrobiology which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry

  • Filename: introduction-to-organic-geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 0632065044
  • Release Date: 2005-01-24
  • Number of pages: 408
  • Author: Stephen D. Killops
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell



An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate of organic matter of all types, biogenic and man-made, in the Earth System. investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments scope widened to provide a broad and up-to-date background - structured to accommodate readers with varied scientific backgrounds essential terminology is defined fully and boxes are used to explain concepts introduced from other disciplines further study aided by the incorporation of carefully selected literature references It investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments.

Geochemical Modelling of Igneous Processes Principles And Recipes in R Language

  • Filename: geochemical-modelling-of-igneous-processes-principles-and-recipes-in-r-language.
  • ISBN: 9783662467923
  • Release Date: 2015-09-10
  • Number of pages: 346
  • Author: Vojtěch Janoušek
  • Publisher: Springer



The aim of this book is to unlock the power of the freeware R language to advanced university students and researchers dealing with whole-rock geochemistry of (meta-) igneous rocks. The first part covers data input/output, calculation of commonly used indexes and plotting in R. The core of the book then focusses on the presentation and practical implementations of modelling techniques used for fingerprinting processes such as partial melting, fractional crystallization, binary mixing or AFC using major-, trace-element and radiogenic isotope data. The reader will be given a firm theoretical basis for forward/reverse modelling, followed by exercises dealing with typical problems likely to be encountered in real life, and their solutions using R. The concluding sections demonstrate, using practical examples, how a researcher can proceed in developing a realistic model simulating natural systems. The appendices outline the fundamentals of the R language and provide a quick introduction to the open-source R-package GCDkit for interpretation of whole-rock geochemical data from igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Metals and Society

  • Filename: metals-and-society.
  • ISBN: 9783319172323
  • Release Date: 2015-07-15
  • Number of pages: 205
  • Author: Nicholas Arndt
  • Publisher: Springer



This book is a comprehensive overview of economic geology for the general geologist and anyone else interested in the minerals industry and the global supply of raw materials. It includes some thought-provoking statements and questions for discussion on globalisation and current practices in the minerals industry. In the second edition, all chapters have been extensively revised, and a new author has been added to increase coverage of some mineral deposits and topics. The economic issues surrounding the exploitation of mineral resources is discussed in three of the six chapters of the book. It deals with issues that are commonly addressed in current science reporting – the rate of exploitation of natural resources, the question of when or if these resources will be exhausted, the pollution and social disturbance that accompanies mining, the compromises and challenges that arise from the explosion in demand from China, India and other rapidly developing countries, and the moral issues that surround mining of metals in lesser-developed countries for consumption in the “first-world” countries. The book will be useful both as an introductory text for students in the earth sciences and a reference volume for students, teachers and researchers of geography, economics and the social sciences.

Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits

  • Filename: geochemistry-of-hydrothermal-ore-deposits.
  • ISBN: 047157144X
  • Release Date: 1997-06-23
  • Number of pages: 972
  • Author: Hubert Lloyd Barnes
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This thoroughly revised and expanded new edition incorporates the most recent research findings on the subject, such as the discovery of dramatic undersea hydrothermal vents. It describes the key process in the generation of ore deposits and emphasizes solid theoretical understanding.

Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry

  • Filename: introduction-to-marine-biogeochemistry.
  • ISBN: 0080916643
  • Release Date: 2011-08-29
  • Number of pages: 928
  • Author: Susan Libes
  • Publisher: Academic Press



An Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry focuses on the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impact of humans on the cycling of these elements. Among the topics covered are the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and seawater pollution. The book contains many examples as well as steady-state models to aid readers in understanding this growing and complex science.. *The focus of Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry is the concept of the ocean as a system, linking land and atmospheric processes. *The text integrates the most current research, allowing students to learn concepts in context *Includes detailed coverage of computational aspects *Offers an online companion site, including a full study guide, available for students

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

  • Filename: chemical-fundamentals-of-geology-and-environmental-geoscience.
  • ISBN: 9780470656655
  • Release Date: 2015-01-27
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Robin Gill
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, and geoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basic chemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third edition of this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such geo–relevant chemistry, presented in the same lucid and accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition has been strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience and incorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters 1 4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geological processes. The second (Chapters 5 8) introduces the wave–mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types of chemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse and distinctive properties. The final chapters (9 11) survey the geologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain their formation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. The book concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendices cover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list the chemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in the book.

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry

  • Filename: introduction-to-organic-geochemistry.
  • ISBN: 9781118697207
  • Release Date: 2013-04-16
  • Number of pages: 408
  • Author: Stephen D. Killops
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate of organic matter of all types, biogenic and man-made, in the Earth System. investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments scope widened to provide a broad and up-to-date background - structured to accommodate readers with varied scientific backgrounds essential terminology is defined fully and boxes are used to explain concepts introduced from other disciplines further study aided by the incorporation of carefully selected literature references It investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments.

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