Game Theory and Animal Behavior

  • Filename: game-theory-and-animal-behavior.
  • ISBN: 0195350200
  • Release Date: 2000-03-23
  • Number of pages: 336
  • Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

Game theory has revolutionized the study of animal behavior. The fundamental principle of evolutionary game theory--that the strategy adopted by one individual depends on the strategies exhibited by others--has proven a powerful tool in uncovering the forces shaping otherwise mysterious behaviors. In this volume, the first since 1982 devoted to evolutionary game theory, leading researchers describe applications of the theory to diverse types of behavior, providing an overview of recent discoveries and a synthesis of current research. The volume begins with a clear introduction to game theory and its explanatory scope. This is followed by a series of chapters on the use of game theory to understand a range of behaviors: social foraging, cooperation, animal contests, communication, reproductive skew and nepotism within groups, sibling rivalry, alternative life-histories, habitat selection, trophic-level interactions, learning, and human social behavior. In addition, the volume includes a discussion of the relations among game theory, optimality, and quantitative genetics, and an assessment of the overall utility of game theory to the study of social behavior. Presented in a manner accessible to anyone interested in animal behavior but not necessarily trained in the mathematics of game theory, the book is intended for a wide audience of undergraduates, graduate students, and professional biologists pursuing the evolutionary analysis of animal behavior.

Field and Laboratory Exercises in Animal Behavior

  • Filename: field-and-laboratory-exercises-in-animal-behavior.
  • ISBN: 0080552765
  • Release Date: 2007-09-04
  • Number of pages: 232
  • Author: Chadwick V. Tillberg
  • Publisher: Academic Press

INSTRUCTORS, interested in requesting a review copy? Register at today! For animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology courses, this laboratory manual is the first of its kind in this subject area that guides students through the diverse and fascinating fields of behavioral and ethological studies, employing a wide array of organisms as model systems for the study of behavior. Students participate in the development of hypothesis and turn the recording, analysis, and interpretation of data into an active and engaging process. A teacher-friendly companion website provides extensive teaching notes on the background to each lab project, tips and hints for successful project presentation, sources for studying organisms, ideas for variations in labs, and alternate study organisms. With fresh new ideas, Field and Laboratory Exercises in Animal Behavior brings this field to life for students! * Provides fully developed and tested laboraty exercises * Offers both field and lab experiences- adaptable for fall, spring, or summer courses * Laboratories emphasize student thought and involvement in experimental design * Includes an online supplement to the manual for teachers

Game Theory Evolving

  • Filename: game-theory-evolving.
  • ISBN: 9780691140513
  • Release Date: 2009-02-15
  • Number of pages: 390
  • Author: Herbert Gintis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

This revised edition contains new material & shows students how to apply game theory to model human behaviour in ways that reflect the special nature of sociality & individuality. It continues its in-depth look at cooperation in teams, agent-based simulations, experimental economics, & the evolution & diffusion of preferences.

Game Theory in Action

  • Filename: game-theory-in-action.
  • ISBN: 9781400880881
  • Release Date: 2016-04-05
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Stephen Schecter
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

Game Theory in Action is a textbook about using game theory across a range of real-life scenarios. From traffic accidents to the sex lives of lizards, Stephen Schecter and Herbert Gintis show students how game theory can be applied in diverse areas including animal behavior, political science, and economics. The book's examples and problems look at such fascinating topics as crime-control strategies, climate-change negotiations, and the power of the Oracle at Delphi. The text includes a substantial treatment of evolutionary game theory, where strategies are not chosen through rational analysis, but emerge by virtue of being successful. This is the side of game theory that is most relevant to biology; it also helps to explain how human societies evolve. Aimed at students who have studied basic calculus and some differential equations, Game Theory in Action is the perfect way to learn the concepts and practical tools of game theory. Aimed at students who have studied calculus and some differential equations Examples are drawn from diverse scenarios, ranging from traffic accidents to the sex lives of lizards A substantial treatment of evolutionary game theory Useful problem sets at the end of each chapter

Collective Animal Behavior

  • Filename: collective-animal-behavior.
  • ISBN: 9781400837106
  • Release Date: 2010-09-27
  • Number of pages: 312
  • Author: David J. T. Sumpter
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

Fish travel in schools, birds migrate in flocks, honeybees swarm, and ants build trails. How and why do these collective behaviors occur? Exploring how coordinated group patterns emerge from individual interactions, Collective Animal Behavior reveals why animals produce group behaviors and examines their evolution across a range of species. Providing a synthesis of mathematical modeling, theoretical biology, and experimental work, David Sumpter investigates how animals move and arrive together, how they transfer information, how they make decisions and synchronize their activities, and how they build collective structures. Sumpter constructs a unified appreciation of how different group-living species coordinate their behaviors and why natural selection has produced these groups. For the first time, the book combines traditional approaches to behavioral ecology with ideas about self-organization and complex systems from physics and mathematics. Sumpter offers a guide for working with key models in this area along with case studies of their application, and he shows how ideas about animal behavior can be applied to understanding human social behavior. Containing a wealth of accessible examples as well as qualitative and quantitative features, Collective Animal Behavior will interest behavioral ecologists and all scientists studying complex systems.

The Selfish Gene

  • Filename: the-selfish-gene.
  • ISBN: 0192860925
  • Release Date: 1989
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: Richard Dawkins
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit

Individual Biological Traits and Behavior in Economic Games in Two Populations Lebanon and Jamaica

  • Filename: individual-biological-traits-and-behavior-in-economic-games-in-two-populations-lebanon-and-jamaica.
  • ISBN: 9780549695578
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 173
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

This research investigates variations within individuals in two societies, Lebanon and Jamaica, by looking at some biological traits, facial and bodily symmetry, second-to-fourth digit ratio, waist-to-hip ratio and the degree of relatedness shared between the interacting individuals, among other individual traits.

Evolutionary Game Theory

  • Filename: evolutionary-game-theory.
  • ISBN: 0262731215
  • Release Date: 1997
  • Number of pages: 265
  • Author: Jörgen W. Weibull
  • Publisher: MIT Press

This text introduces current evolutionary game theory -- where ideas from evolutionary biology and rationalistic economics meet -- emphasizing the links between static and dynamic approaches and noncooperative game theory. Much of the text is devoted to the key concepts of evolutionary stability and replicator dynamics. The former highlights the role of mutations and the latter the mechanisms of selection. Moreover, set-valued static and dynamic stability concepts, as well as processes of social evolution, are discussed. Separate background chapters are devoted to noncooperative game theory and the theory of ordinary differential equations. There are examples throughout as well as individual chapter summaries. Because evolutionary game theory is a fast-moving field that is itself branching out and rapidly evolving, Jörgen Weibull has judiciously focused on clarifying and explaining core elements of the theory in an up-to-date, comprehensive, and self-contained treatment. The result is a text for second-year graduate students in economic theory, other social sciences, and evolutionary biology. The book goes beyond filling the gap between texts by Maynard-Smith and Hofbauer and Sigmund that are currently being used in the field. Evolutionary Game Theory will also serve as an introduction for those embarking on research in this area as well as a reference for those already familiar with the field. Weibull provides an overview of the developments that have taken place in this branch of game theory, discusses the mathematical tools needed to understand the area, describes both the motivation and intuition for the concepts involved, and explains why and how it is relevant to economics.

Decisions Uncertainty and the Brain

  • Filename: decisions-uncertainty-and-the-brain.
  • ISBN: 0262572273
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 375
  • Author: Paul W. Glimcher
  • Publisher: MIT Press

An original argument for abandoning classical Cartesian dualism in favor of a model of brain and behavior based on classical microeconomics theory.

Game Theoretical Models in Biology

  • Filename: game-theoretical-models-in-biology.
  • ISBN: 9781439853214
  • Release Date: 2013-03-27
  • Number of pages: 520
  • Author: Mark Broom
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Covering the major topics of evolutionary game theory, Game-Theoretical Models in Biology presents both abstract and practical mathematical models of real biological situations. It discusses the static aspects of game theory in a mathematically rigorous way that is appealing to mathematicians. In addition, the authors explore many applications of game theory to biology, making the text useful to biologists as well. The book describes a wide range of topics in evolutionary games, including matrix games, replicator dynamics, the hawk-dove game, and the prisoner’s dilemma. It covers the evolutionarily stable strategy, a key concept in biological games, and offers in-depth details of the mathematical models. Most chapters illustrate how to use MATLAB® to solve various games. Important biological phenomena, such as the sex ratio of so many species being close to a half, the evolution of cooperative behavior, and the existence of adornments (for example, the peacock’s tail), have been explained using ideas underpinned by game theoretical modeling. Suitable for readers studying and working at the interface of mathematics and the life sciences, this book shows how evolutionary game theory is used in the modeling of these diverse biological phenomena.

Principles of Animal Behavior

  • Filename: principles-of-animal-behavior.
  • ISBN: 9780393922332
  • Release Date: 2013-03-28
  • Number of pages: 648
  • Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

Principles of Animal Behavior has long been considered the most current and engaging introduction to animal behavior. The Third Edition is now also the most comprehensive and balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.

Evolution and the Theory of Games

  • Filename: evolution-and-the-theory-of-games.
  • ISBN: 0521288843
  • Release Date: 1982-10-21
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: John Maynard Smith
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

In this 1982 book, the theory of games, first developed to analyse economic behaviour, is modified so that it can be applied to evolving populations. John Maynard Smith's concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy is relevant whenever the best thing for an animal or plant to do depends on what others are doing. The theory leads to testable predictions about the evolution of behaviour, of sex and genetic systems, and of growth and life history patterns. This book contains a full account of the theory, and of the data relevant to it. The account is aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students, teachers and research workers in animal behaviour, population genetics and evolutionary biology. The book will also be of interest to mathematicians and game theorists; the mathematics has been largely confined to appendixes so that the main text may be easily followed by biologists.

Beyond War

  • Filename: beyond-war.
  • ISBN: 9780199885862
  • Release Date: 2007-02-16
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: Douglas P. Fry
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

A profoundly heartening view of human nature, Beyond War offers a hopeful prognosis for a future without war. Douglas P. Fry convincingly argues that our ancient ancestors were not innately warlike--and neither are we. He points out that, for perhaps ninety-nine percent of our history, for well over a million years, humans lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer groups, egalitarian bands where warfare was a rarity. Drawing on archaeology and fascinating recent fieldwork on hunter-gatherer bands from around the world, Fry debunks the idea that war is ancient and inevitable. For instance, among Aboriginal Australians, warfare was an extreme anomaly. Fry also points out that even today, when war seems ever present, the vast majority of us live peaceful, nonviolent lives. We are not as warlike as we think, and if we can learn from our ancestors, we may be able to move beyond war to provide real justice and security for the world.

Evolutionary Game Dynamics

  • Filename: evolutionary-game-dynamics.
  • ISBN: 9780821853269
  • Release Date: 2011-10-27
  • Number of pages: 175
  • Author: American Mathematical Society. Short Course
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

This volume is based on lectures delivered at the 2011 AMS Short Course on Evolutionary Game Dynamics, held January 4-5, 2011 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Evolutionary game theory studies basic types of social interactions in populations of players. It combines the strategic viewpoint of classical game theory (independent rational players trying to outguess each other) with population dynamics (successful strategies increase their frequencies). A substantial part of the appeal of evolutionary game theory comes from its highly diverse applications such as social dilemmas, the evolution of language, or mating behaviour in animals. Moreover, its methods are becoming increasingly popular in computer science, engineering, and control theory. They help to design and control multi-agent systems, often with a large number of agents (for instance, when routing drivers over highway networks or data packets over the Internet). While these fields have traditionally used a top down approach by directly controlling the behaviour of each agent in the system, attention has recently turned to an indirect approach allowing the agents to function independently while providing incentives that lead them to behave in the desired way. Instead of the traditional assumption of equilibrium behaviour, researchers opt increasingly for the evolutionary paradigm and consider the dynamics of behaviour in populations of agents employing simple, myopic decision rules.

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