From Stimulus to Science

  • Filename: from-stimulus-to-science.
  • ISBN: 9780674042476
  • Release Date: 2009-06-30
  • Number of pages: 114
  • Author: W. V. QUINE
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press

W. V. Quine is one of the most eminent philosophers alive today. Now in his mid-eighties he has produced a sharp, sprightly book that encapsulates the whole of his philosophical enterprise, including his thinking on all the key components of his epistemological stance--especially the value of logic and mathematics. New readers of Quine may have to go slowly, fathoming for themselves the richness that past readers already know lies between these elegant lines. For the faithful there is much to ponder. In this short book, based on lectures delivered in Spain in 1990, Quine begins by locating his work historically. He provides a lightning tour of the history of philosophy (particularly the history of epistemology), beginning with Plato and culminating in an appreciative sketch of Carnap's philosophical ambitions and achievements. This leads, in the second chapter, to an introduction to Quine's attempt to naturalize epistemology, which emphasizes his continuities with Carnap rather than the differences between them. The next chapters develop the naturalistic story of the development of science to take account of how our conceptual apparatus is enhanced so that we can view the world as containing re-identifiable objects. Having explained the role of observation sentences in providing a checkpoint for assessing scientific theories, and having despaired of constructing an empirical criterion to determine which sentences are meaningful, Quine in the remaining chapters takes up a variety of important issues about knowledge. He concludes with an extended treatment of his views about reference and meaning and his attitudes toward psychological and modal notions. The presentation is distinctive, and the many small refinements of detail and formulation will fascinate all who know Quine's philosophy.

MATLAB for Neuroscientists

  • Filename: matlab-for-neuroscientists.
  • ISBN: 9780123838377
  • Release Date: 2014-01-09
  • Number of pages: 570
  • Author: Pascal Wallisch
  • Publisher: Academic Press

MATLAB for Neuroscientists serves as the only complete study manual and teaching resource for MATLAB, the globally accepted standard for scientific computing, in the neurosciences and psychology. This unique introduction can be used to learn the entire empirical and experimental process (including stimulus generation, experimental control, data collection, data analysis, modeling, and more), and the 2nd Edition continues to ensure that a wide variety of computational problems can be addressed in a single programming environment. This updated edition features additional material on the creation of visual stimuli, advanced psychophysics, analysis of LFP data, choice probabilities, synchrony, and advanced spectral analysis. Users at a variety of levels—advanced undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and researchers looking to modernize their skills—will learn to design and implement their own analytical tools, and gain the fluency required to meet the computational needs of neuroscience practitioners. The first complete volume on MATLAB focusing on neuroscience and psychology applications Problem-based approach with many examples from neuroscience and cognitive psychology using real data Illustrated in full color throughout Careful tutorial approach, by authors who are award-winning educators with strong teaching experience

From Stimulus to Consolidation

  • Filename: from-stimulus-to-consolidation.
  • ISBN: 9781455238705
  • Release Date: 2010-10-06
  • Number of pages: 122
  • Author: Mr. Benedict J. Clements
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to stabilize age-related spending in relation to GDP, reduce non-age-related expenditure ratios, and increase revenues. Bold reforms are needed to offset projected increases in age-related spending, particularly health care. On the revenue side, measures could include improving tax compliance, for example through better international cooperation, as well as increasing the yield from VAT by eliminating exemptions and reduced rates, further developing property taxes, and increasing excise rates within the range of rates already applicable in comparable countries.

On Quine

  • Filename: on-quine.
  • ISBN: 0521470919
  • Release Date: 1995-04-28
  • Number of pages: 361
  • Author: Paolo Leonardi
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

A collection of essays which critically evaluate the writings of Quine.

Philosophy Psychology and Psychologism

  • Filename: philosophy-psychology-and-psychologism.
  • ISBN: 9780306481345
  • Release Date: 2006-04-11
  • Number of pages: 342
  • Author: Dale Jacquette
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This book presents a remarkable diversity of contemporary opinions on the prospects of addressing philosophical topics from a psychological perspective. It considers the history and philosophical merits of psychologism, and looks systematically at psychologism in phenomenology, cognitive science, epistemology, logic, philosophy of language, philosophical semantics, and artificial intelligence.

Issues in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

  • Filename: issues-in-contemporary-philosophy-of-religion.
  • ISBN: 9789401005166
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 217
  • Author: Eugene Thomas Long
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This collection of original articles, written by leading contemporary European and American philosophers of religion, is presented in celebration of the publication of the fiftieth volume of the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. Following the Editor's Introduction, John Macquarrie, Adriaan Peperzak, and Hent de Vries take up central themes in continental philosophy of religion. Macquarrie analyzes postmodernism and its influence in philosophy and theology. Peperzak argues for a form of universality different from that of modern philosophy, and de Vries analyzes an intrinsic and structural relationship between religion and the media. The next three essays discuss issues in analytic philosophy of religion. Philip Quinn argues that religious diversity reduces the epistemic status of exclusivism and makes it possible for a religious person to be justified while living within a pluralistic environment. William Wainwright plumbs the work of Jonathan Edwards in order to better understand debates concerning freedom, determinism, and the problem of evil, and William Hasker asks whether theological incompatibilism is less inimical to traditional theism than some have supposed. Representing the Thomist tradition, Fergus Kerr challenges standard readings of Aquinas on the arguments for the existence of God. David Griffin analyzes the contributions of process philosophy to the problem of evil and the relation between science and religion. Illustrating comparative approaches, Keith Ward argues that the Semitic and Indian traditions have developed a similar concept of God that should be revised in view of post-Enlightenment theories of the individual and the historical. Keith Yandell explores themes in the Indian metaphysical tradition and considers what account of persons is most in accord with reincarnation and karma doctrines. Feminist philosophy of religion is represented in Pamela Anderson's article, in which she argues for a gender-sensitive and more inclusive approach to the craving for infinitude.

The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics

  • Filename: the-evolution-of-modern-metaphysics.
  • ISBN: 9780521616553
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 668
  • Author: A. W. Moore
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book charts the evolution of metaphysics since Descartes and provides a compelling case for why metaphysics matters.

Badiou and Philosophy

  • Filename: badiou-and-philosophy.
  • ISBN: 9780748668335
  • Release Date: 2012-06-27
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Sean Bowden
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

The first reassessment of Alain Badiou's work since the English translation of his Logics of Worlds in 2009. From Cantor to category/topos theory, from Lacan to Lautman and from Sartre to the subject, these 13 essays engage directly with the work of Alain Badiou. They focus on the philosophical content of Badiou's work and show how he connects both with his contemporaries and his philosophical heritage. This is an important collection for anyone interested in the work of Badiou and contemporary Continental philosophy.

Set Theory and Its Logic Revised Edition

  • Filename: set-theory-and-its-logic-revised-edition.
  • ISBN: 0674802071
  • Release Date: 1969
  • Number of pages: 361
  • Author: Willard Van O QUINE
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press

This is an extensively revised edition of Mr. Quine's introduction to abstract set theory and to various axiomatic systematizations of the subject. The treatment of ordinal numbers has been strengthened and much simplified, especially in the theory of transfinite recursions, by adding an axiom and reworking the proofs. Infinite cardinals are treated anew in clearer and fuller terms than before. Improvements have been made all through the book; in various instances a proof has been shortened, a theorem strengthened, a space-saving lemma inserted, an obscurity clarified, an error corrected, a historical omission supplied, or a new event noted.

Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science 1500 1800

  • Filename: secrets-and-knowledge-in-medicine-and-science-1500-1800.
  • ISBN: 0754668541
  • Release Date: 2011
  • Number of pages: 247
  • Author: Elaine Yuen Tien Leong
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Secrets played a central role in transformations in medical, alchemical, natural philosophical and commercial knowledge in early modern Europe. This volume brings together international scholars from a variety of fields to offer insights and new interpretations into the role played by secrets in their area of specialization.

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

  • Filename: the-mathematical-principles-of-natural-philosophy.
  • ISBN: OXFORD:N10925052
  • Release Date: 1729
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: Sir Isaac Newton
  • Publisher:

Isaac Newton's The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy translated by Andrew Motte and published in two volumes in 1729 remains the first and only translation of Newton's Philosophia naturalis principia mathematica, which was first published in London in 1687. As the most famous work in the history of the physical sciences there is little need to summarize the contents.--J. Norman, 2006.

The No Nonsense Guide to Science

  • Filename: the-no-nonsense-guide-to-science.
  • ISBN: 9781906523749
  • Release Date: 2006-11-01
  • Number of pages: 144
  • Author: Jerome Ravetz
  • Publisher: New Internationalist

New look at scientific history - from dogmatism to uncertainty, and the need for more public participation.

Neuronal Man

  • Filename: neuronal-man.
  • ISBN: 0691026661
  • Release Date: 1997
  • Number of pages: 348
  • Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

Over the past thirty-five years, there has been an explosive increase in scientists' ability to explain the structure and functioning of the human brain. While psychology has advanced our understanding of human behavior, various other sciences, such as anatomy, physiology, and biology, have determined the critical importance of synapses and, through the use of advanced technology, made it possible actually to see brain cells at work within the skull's walls. Here Jean-Pierre Changeux elucidates our current knowledge of the human brain, taking an interdisciplinary approach and explaining in layman's terms the complex theories and scientific breakthroughs that have significantly improved our understanding in the twentieth century. "Jean-Pierre Changeux ... explores the fascinating question of how the human brain, similar in so many ways to the brains of less developed species, is able to accomplish so much more.... [He] presents his ... view with verve, conviction, and an admirable lucidity".--Richard Restak, Washington Post Book World"An outstanding attempt to convey to the general public an interdisciplinary understanding of the human nervous system".-- Nature

The New New Deal

  • Filename: the-new-new-deal.
  • ISBN: 9781451642322
  • Release Date: 2012-08-14
  • Number of pages: 518
  • Author: Michael Grunwald
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster

Reveals lesser-known aspects of the stimulus bill while explaining how the Obama administration's progressive steps have prevented an imminent depression while supporting clean energy, health care, education reform, and other positive agendas.

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