Ethics for Adversaries

  • Filename: ethics-for-adversaries.
  • ISBN: 1400822939
  • Release Date: 2000-07-10
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Author: Arthur Isak Applbaum
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

The adversary professions--law, business, and government, among others--typically claim a moral permission to violate persons in ways that, if not for the professional role, would be morally wrong. Lawyers advance bad ends and deceive, business managers exploit and despoil, public officials enforce unjust laws, and doctors keep confidences that, if disclosed, would prevent harm. Ethics for Adversaries is a philosophical inquiry into arguments that are offered to defend seemingly wrongful actions performed by those who occupy what Montaigne called "necessary offices." Applbaum begins by examining the career of Charles-Henri Sanson, who is appointed executioner of Paris by Louis XVI and serves the punitive needs of the ancien régime for decades. Come the French Revolution, the King's Executioner becomes the king's executioner, and he ministers with professional detachment to each defeated political faction throughout the Terror and its aftermath. By exploring one extraordinary role and the arguments that can be offered in its defense, Applbaum raises unsettling doubts about arguments in defense of less sanguinary professions and their practices. To justify harmful acts, adversaries appeal to arguments about the rules of the game, fair play, consent, the social construction of actions and actors, good outcomes in equilibrium, and the legitimate authority of institutions. Applbaum concludes that these arguments are weaker than supposed and do not morally justify much of the violation that professionals and public officials inflict. Institutions and the roles they create ordinarily cannot mint moral permissions to do what otherwise would be morally prohibited.

The Politics of Dissensus

  • Filename: the-politics-of-dissensus.
  • ISBN: 9788481027051
  • Release Date: 2014-05-05
  • Number of pages: 521
  • Author: Kari Palonen
  • Publisher: Ed. Universidad de Cantabria

The Politics of Dissensus inverts the traditional perspective on the study of parliamentary politics by focusing on its less obvious and less well-known aspects. Dissensus instead of consensus becomes the condition for the intelligibility of parliamentary politics. Such politics is indebted to the rhetorical culture of addressing issues from opposite perspectives and debating the alternatives pro et contra: no motion is approved without a thorough examination of, and confrontation among, imaginable alternatives. Establishing the openness of political debating, parliamentarism has become a distinctive historical contribution to the rise of parliamentary democracy. Parliament in Debate refers to the paradigmatic institution for political deliberation, the debates surrounding its legislative activity, as well as the supervision of government and administration. Parliament has become a fascinating object of scrutiny as a political institution adopted and developed by different political traditions. In a nutshell, the book retrieves the study of parliamentary politics to present political theory and action in the parliamentary mode. It is a book on the relevance of parliamentarism to the study of politics and a book on the comparative conceptual and institutional history of parliamentary politics. The Politics of Dissensus: Parliament in Debate is the outcome of an international team of contributors coordinated by two ongoing research projects, relying on a long-lasting international cooperation, namely the Academy of Finland project The Politics of Dissensus and the Spanish National Research Fund projects The Rhetorics of Democracy and The Civic Constellation.

Political Ethics and Public Office

  • Filename: political-ethics-and-public-office.
  • ISBN: 0674686063
  • Release Date: 1987
  • Number of pages: 263
  • Author: Dennis F. Thompson
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press

Are public officials morally justified in threatening violence, engaging in deception, or forcing citizens to act for their own good? Can individual officials be held morally accountable for the wrongs that governments commit? Dennis Thompson addresses these questions by developing a conception of political ethics that respects the demands of both morality and politics. He criticizes conventional conceptions for failing to appreciate the difference democracy makes, and for ascribing responsibility only to isolated leaders or to impersonal organizations. His book seeks to recapture the sense that men and women, acting for us and together with us in a democratic process, make the moral choices that govern our public life. Thompson surveys ethical conflicts of public officials over a range of political issues, including nuclear deterrence, foreign intervention, undercover investigation, bureaucratic negligence, campaign finance, the privacy of officials, health care, welfare paternalism, drug and safety regulation, and social experimentation. He views these conflicts from the perspectives of many different kinds of public officials - elected and appointed executives at several levels of government, administrators, judges, legislators, governmental advisers, and even doctors, lawyers, social workers, and journalists whose professional roles often thrust them into public life. In clarifying the ethical problems faced by officials, Thompson combines theoretical analysis with practical prescription, and begins to define a field of inquiry for which many have said there is a need but to which few have yet contributed. Philosophers, political scientists, policy analysts, sociologists, lawyers, and other professionals interested in ethics in government will gain insight from this book.

Lawyers and Justice

  • Filename: lawyers-and-justice.
  • ISBN: 0691022909
  • Release Date: 1988
  • Number of pages: 440
  • Author: David Luban
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

The law, Holmes said, is no brooding omnipresence in the sky. "If that is true," writes David Luban, "it is because we encounter the legal system in the form of flesh-and-blood human beings: the police if we are unlucky, but for the (marginally) luckier majority, the lawyers." For practical purposes, the lawyers are the law. In this comprehensive study of legal ethics, Luban examines the conflict between common morality and the lawyer's "role morality" under the adversary system and how this conflict becomes a social and political problem for a community. Using real examples and drawing extensively on case law, he develops a systematic philosophical treatment of the problem of role morality in legal practice. He then applies the argument to the problem of confidentiality, outlines an affordable system of legal services for the poor, and provides an in-depth philosophical treatment of ethical problems in public interest law.

Ethics in Public Relations

  • Filename: ethics-in-public-relations.
  • ISBN: 9781452236780
  • Release Date: 2006-05-03
  • Number of pages: 256
  • Author: Kathy Fitzpatrick
  • Publisher: SAGE

Ethics in Public Relations: Responsible Advocacy is the first book to identify universal principles of responsible advocacy in public relations. In this engaging book, editors Kathy Fitzpatrick and Carolyn Bronstein bring together prominent authorities in the field to address theoretic and practical issues that illustrate the broad scope and complexity of responsible advocacy in 21st-century public relations.

The Ontological Foundation of Ethics Politics and Law

  • Filename: the-ontological-foundation-of-ethics-politics-and-law.
  • ISBN: 9780761860716
  • Release Date: 2013-03-25
  • Number of pages: 530
  • Author: Francesco Belfiore
  • Publisher: University Press of America

The revised edition of The Ontological Foundation of Ethics, Politics, and Law adds new concepts and discusses the views of additional thinkers. The author refers to his basic ontological conception of the human “mind” or “spirit” as an evolving, conscious, triadic entity composed of intellect, sensitivity, and power, each exerting a bidirectional (selfish and moral) activity. Through this approach, the notions of good, morality, society, and law are derived from the structure and functioning of the mind. It follows that the solutions presented are the results of a discovery and not the consequence of a choice. Otherwise stated, ethics, politics, and law are given an ontological foundation. For each topic considered, Belfiore shows how his thought can reinterpret the views of other philosophers. This new edition, enriched in concepts and quotations, appears as an innovative and highly stimulating contribution to the philosophical branches of ethics, politics, and law, and will be of interest to both graduate students and philosophy scholars.

Handled with Discretion

  • Filename: handled-with-discretion.
  • ISBN: 0847681777
  • Release Date: 1996-01-01
  • Number of pages: 220
  • Author: John Kleinig
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

Criticisms of how police exercise their authority are neither new nor uncommon. Police officers have considerable power, and they often must draw on that power in complex and pressing circumstances. This collection of essays by fifteen leading specialists in ethics and criminal justice examines the nature of police discretion and its many varieties. The essays explore the kinds of judgment calls police officers frequently must make: When should they get involved? Whom should they watch? What constitutes a "disturbance of the peace"? What resources should be devoted to a situation? Does social welfare take precedence over law enforcement? Under what conditions, if any, may police officers engage in selective enforcement of the law? Each essay or pair of essays is followed by a response, making Handled with Discretion an excellent text for stimulating discussion in the classroom. Contributors: Arthur Isak Applbaum, Howard Cohen, Michael Davis, James J. Fyfe, Diana Gordon, Vidar Halvorsen, William C. Heffernan, Robert Jackall, John Kleining, Candace McCoy, Howard McGary, Joan McGregor, John Pittman, Jeffery Reiman, David Wasserman

Modern Legal Ethics

  • Filename: modern-legal-ethics.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105064170868
  • Release Date: 1986
  • Number of pages: 1114
  • Author: Charles W. Wolfram
  • Publisher: West Academic Publishing

Authoritative coverage focuses on a lawyer's fiduciary responsibility. Text describes the legal profession's self-regulatory system and the professional codes that have emerged. Examines lawyers and the legal profession, including regulation and discipline. Provides a detailed discussion of the client-lawyer relationship. Judges and the quality of justice are also addressed. Provides systematic examination of the issues covered in the 1969 Code of Professional Responsibility and the 1983 Model Rules of Professional Conduct.

As Christ Submits to the Church

  • Filename: as-christ-submits-to-the-church.
  • ISBN: 9781441232045
  • Release Date: 2011-08-01
  • Number of pages: 176
  • Author: Alan G. Padgett
  • Publisher: Baker Academic

What does the Bible really say about gender, the ethics of submission, and male-female roles? In this book, well-regarded theologian Alan Padgett offers a fresh approach to the debate. Through his careful interpretation of Paul's letters and broader New Testament teaching, the author shows how Christ's submission to the church models an appropriate understanding of gender roles and servant leadership. As Christ submits to the church, so all Christians must submit to, serve, and care for one another. Padgett articulates a creative approach to mutual submission and explores its practical outworking in the church today, providing biblical and ethical affirmation for equality in leadership.

The Ethics Primer for Public Administrators in Government and Nonprofit Organizations

  • Filename: the-ethics-primer-for-public-administrators-in-government-and-nonprofit-organizations.
  • ISBN: 9781449619022
  • Release Date: 2014-02-14
  • Number of pages: 275
  • Author: Associate Professor Department of Political Science James H Svara
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

This concise text is a reader friendly primer to the fundamentals of administrative responsibility and ethics. Your students will come away with a clear understanding of why ethics are important to administrators in governmental and non-profit organizations, and how these administrators can relate their own personal values to the norms of the public sector. Since the publication of the first edition of The Ethics Primer, there has been significant change in the climate of public affairs that impacts the discussion of ethics for those who serve the public in governmental and nonprofit organizations. The new edition reflects those changes in three major areas: Ethics in an era of increasing tension between political leaders and administrators over the role and size of government. Ethical choices in making fiscal cuts or imposing new taxes in the face of the greatest economic crisis since the Depression. Ethical challenges to established practices in public organizations. The Second Edition also offers thoroughly updated data and sources throughout, as well as examples that incorporate new research and new developments in government and politics. The Second Edition of The Ethics Primer for Public Administrators in Government and Nonprofit Organizations: Introduces readers to the fundamentals of administrative responsibility and provides comprehensive coverage of the important elements of ethics. Features an accessible and interactive approach to maximize understanding of the subject. Includes information on the nature of public service and the ethical expectations of public administrators, as well factors that may lead to unethical behavior. Written from a political perspective, the book addresses questions that are highly salient to persons working in government and nonprofits. Offers helpful ways to link ethics and management in order to strengthen the ethical climate in a public organization."

A Discourse on Property

  • Filename: a-discourse-on-property.
  • ISBN: 0521271401
  • Release Date: 1982-10-07
  • Number of pages: 212
  • Author: James Tully
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

John Locke's theory of property is perhaps the most distinctive and the most influential aspect of his political theory. In this book James Tully uses an hermeneutical and analytical approach to offer a revolutionary revision of early modern theories of property, focusing particularly on that of Locke. Setting his analysis within the intellectual context of the seventeenth century, Professor Tully overturns the standard interpretations of Locke's theory, showing that it is not a justification of private property. Instead he shows it to be a theory of individual use rights within a framework of inclusive claim rights. He links Locke's conception of rights not merely to his ethical theory, but to the central arguments of his epistemology, and illuminates the way in which Locke's theory is tied to his metaphysical views of God and man, his theory of revolution and his account of a legitimate polity.

A Modern Legal Ethics

  • Filename: a-modern-legal-ethics.
  • ISBN: 1400828988
  • Release Date: 2010-12-28
  • Number of pages: 376
  • Author: Daniel Markovits
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press

A Modern Legal Ethics proposes a wholesale renovation of legal ethics, one that contributes to ethical thought generally. Daniel Markovits reinterprets the positive law governing lawyers to identify fidelity as its organizing ideal. Unlike ordinary loyalty, fidelity requires lawyers to repress their personal judgments concerning the truth and justice of their clients' claims. Next, the book asks what it is like--not psychologically but ethically--to practice law subject to the self-effacement that fidelity demands. Fidelity requires lawyers to lie and to cheat on behalf of their clients. However, an ethically profound interest in integrity gives lawyers reason to resist this characterization of their conduct. Any legal ethics adequate to the complexity of lawyers' lived experience must address the moral dilemmas immanent in this tension. The dominant approaches to legal ethics cannot. Finally, A Modern Legal Ethics reintegrates legal ethics into political philosophy in a fashion commensurate to lawyers' central place in political practice. Lawyerly fidelity supports the authority of adjudication and thus the broader project of political legitimacy. Throughout, the book rejects the casuistry that dominates contemporary applied ethics in favor of an interpretive method that may be mimicked in other areas. Moreover, because lawyers practice at the hinge of modern morals and politics, the book's interpretive insights identify--in an unusually pure and intense form--the moral and political conditions of all modernity.

Legal Ethics and Human Dignity

  • Filename: legal-ethics-and-human-dignity.
  • ISBN: 0521118247
  • Release Date: 2009-08-06
  • Number of pages: 352
  • Author: David Luban
  • Publisher:

A wide-ranging collection of essays from a leading scholar of legal ethics.

Public Governance and Decentralisation

  • Filename: public-governance-and-decentralisation.
  • ISBN: 8170999189
  • Release Date: 2003
  • Number of pages: 1120
  • Author: S. N. Mishra
  • Publisher: Mittal Publications

The Highly Useful Two Volume Set Recommended For Policy Planners, Practitioners, Students Of Governance And Development And General Readers Alike.

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