- Filename: theory-of-electroacoustics.
- ISBN: 0070414785
- Release Date: 1981-01-01
- Number of pages: 317
- Author: Josef Merhaut
- Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
Electroacoustic devices such as microphones and loudspeakers are used everywhere from cars and mobile phones to homes, places of worship, and sports arenas. They are a key part of the modern communication society, helping to transmit information to our ears. A contemporary introduction to the subject, Electroacoustics explains the scientific and engineering principles behind the design of these sound transducers. It also examines the compromises that are necessary when designing transducers for use in the real world. Learn about Ultrasonic Transducers, Loudspeaker Enclosure Design, and More This accessible textbook book is based on the author’s extensive experience teaching electroacoustics to advanced graduate and graduate students. He uses the concept of electrical circuit analogies to help readers quickly grasp the fundamentals of acoustical and mechanical systems. The book covers both traditional electrodynamic audio and ultrasonic transducers and includes up-to-date material on arrays, planar transducers, loudspeaker enclosure design, and more. To meet the needs of a broad range of readers, the book also includes background material on room acoustics, electrical circuits, and electrical filters. Electroacoustic theory is explained in an easy-to-read style without resorting to matrix theory. Throughout, a wealth of illustrations and exercises make the ideas more concrete. Get a Solid Foundation in Electroacoustic Engineering Principles The book emphasizes multidisciplinary engineering principles, preparing students for the broad range of applications they may encounter in their research as well as later in their careers. The modern treatment of transducers also makes this a valuable reference for transducer designers, acoustical consultants, hobbyists, and anyone involved in electroacoustic design.
This book is intended for those who are active with sound amplification and sound distribution. The book provides information on adapting sound systems and/or transducer to the given acoustics like in open, half-open and closed spaces. An important aspect is how loudspeakers can be adapted to cover all types of surroundings. Very often a choice has to be made from a wide range of loudspeakers. On the other hand a combination of loudspeakers must be developed and composed in order to adapt the loudspeakers to the given acoustical circumstances. The question of which loudspeaker is the correct choice and how they need to be set-up so that speech and music are fully comprehensible in all kinds of acoustical and noisy circumstances. This book gives a full answer to these questions. The reader is also made aware of the design of loudspeakers on the basis of Small and Thiele parameters. With thorough calculations and the visibility of the out coming of these calculations by simple software it is possible to convert the acoustic and mechanical elements of the loudspeaker into electrical analogues so that the loudspeaker is simulated on the PC. Using an example the calculations mentioned above can be supported. Finally the full reference list simplifies the task of the reader in finding the information they require. “I’ve been fascinated by the possibilities of Electro-acoustics since I was 10 years old and now I am very pleased to be able to share the knowledge that I built up over 40 years working in the Electro-acoustics division of Philips.” My work experience was supplemented by giving lectures on electro-acoustics at the post-academic courses on acoustics in Antwerp (Belgium)
This is the definitive reference for microphones and loudspeakers, your one-stop reference covering in great detail all you could want and need to know about electroacoustics devises (microphones and loudspeakers). Covering both the technology and the practical set up and placement this guide explores and bridges the link between experience and the technology, giving you a better understanding of the tools to use and why, leading to greatly improved results.
At the end of the nineteenth century, acoustics was a science of musical sounds; the musically trained ear was the ultimate reference. Just a few decades into the twentieth century, acoustics had undergone a transformation from a scientific field based on the understanding of classical music to one guided by electrical engineering, with industrial and military applications. In this book, Roland Wittje traces this transition, from the late nineteenth-century work of Hermann Helmholtz to the militarized research of World War I and media technology in the 1930s. Wittje shows that physics in the early twentieth century was not only about relativity and atomic structure but encompassed a range of experimental, applied, and industrial research fields. The emergence of technical acoustics and electroacoustics illustrates a scientific field at the intersection of science and technology. Wittje starts with Helmholtz's and Rayleigh's work and its intersection with telegraphy and early wireless, and continues with the industrialization of acoustics during World War I, when sound measurement was automated and electrical engineering and radio took over the concept of noise. Researchers no longer appealed to the musically trained ear to understand sound but to the thinking and practices of electrical engineering. Finally, Wittje covers the demilitarization of acoustics during the Weimar Republic and its remilitarization at the beginning of the Third Reich. He shows how technical acoustics fit well with the Nazi dismissal of pure science, representing everything that "German Physics" under National Socialism should be: experimental, applied, and relevant to the military.
The need for a general collection of electroacoustical reference and design data in graphical form has been felt by acousticians and engineers for some time. This type of data can otherwise only be found in a collection of handbooks. Therefore, it is the author's intention that this book serve as a single source for many electroacoustical reference and system design requirements. In form, the volume closely resembles Frank Massa's Acoustic Design Charts, a handy book dating from 1942 that has long been out of print. The basic format of Massa's book has been followed here: For each entry, graphical data are presented on the right page, while text, examples, and refer ences appear on the left page. In this manner, the user can solve a given problem without thumbing from one page to the next. All graphs and charts have been scaled for ease in data entry and reading. The book is divided into the following sections: A. General Acoustical Relationships. This section covers the behavior of sound transmis sion in reverberant and free fields, sound absorption and diffraction, and directional characteris tics of basic sound radiators. B. Loudspeakers. Loudspeakers are discussed in terms of basic relationships regarding cone excursion, sensitivity, efficiency, and directivity index, power ratings, and architectural layout. c. Microphones. The topics in this section include microphone sensitivity and noise rating, analysis of directional properties, stereo microphone array characteristics, proximity effects, and boundary conditions. D. Signal Transmission.
Acoustics, Artificial ears, Acoustoelectric devices, Acoustic measurement, Audiometry, Acoustic equipment, Earphones, Insert earphones, Hearing aids, Calibration, Test equipment, Measurement characteristics