Chemical Reaction Hazards

  • Filename: chemical-reaction-hazards.
  • ISBN: 0852954646
  • Release Date: 1997-01-01
  • Number of pages: 225
  • Author: John Barton
  • Publisher: IChemE

With 100 case studies added to the original text, this second edition encourages the reader to assess potential hazards of a process before designing the plant and provides a basis for the identification and evaluation of chemical reaction hazards. Ideal for practising chemists, engineers and students.

Thermal Hazards of Chemical Reactions

  • Filename: thermal-hazards-of-chemical-reactions.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105009746533
  • Release Date: 1994
  • Number of pages: 407
  • Author: Theodor Grewer
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science

Exothermic reactions used for the production of chemicals present a hazard if they proceed without control. Runaway reactions can result in a blow-off of the reactor top and an emission of reactants and products, possibly followed by a gas explosion. Undesired exothermic reactions initiated during production, purification or storage by excessive temperatures or other causes have similar destructive effects, even if the origin is different. Although the hazards connected with exothermic reactions have been known since the inception of the chemical industry, a systematic knowledge of the possible effects has only been developed in the last 25 years. A number of incidents in the chemical industry, which have been investigated by groups of experts from various companies, have promoted the understanding of these hazards. The author has investigated incidents in plants and tested experimental methods for more than 20 years. In particular he was interested in collecting and comparing safety-relevant data of products. At the end of his industrial career he now believes that it is important to pass on information about this field of activity to younger colleagues who are interested in the safety of chemical plants. The purpose of this book is to provide a basis for understanding the hazards arising from exothermic reactions. Knowledge of the relevant properties is necessary for a safe processing of products and mixtures. The test methods which have been used and developed together with the increasing understanding of the hazards of reactions are particularly important. A critical survey of extensive experimental techniques is provided.

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards

  • Filename: essential-practices-for-managing-chemical-reactivity-hazards.
  • ISBN: 9780470925294
  • Release Date: 2010-08-13
  • Number of pages: 208
  • Author: Robert W. Johnson
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and regulatory coverage. This volume closes the gap in technical guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify, address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards. It guides the reader through an analysis of the potential for chemical reactivity accidents to help prevent fires, explosions, toxic chemical releases or chemical spills. This volume is applicable to processes at any scale and is particularly useful for chemists, safety managers, and engineers involved in scale-up. An enclosed CD-ROM provides portable checklists, analysis tools, and a list of additional references. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Bretherick s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

  • Filename: bretherick-s-handbook-of-reactive-chemical-hazards.
  • ISBN: 0080523404
  • Release Date: 2013-10-22
  • Number of pages: 2680
  • Author: Peter Urben
  • Publisher: Academic Press

Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards is an assembly of all reported risks such as explosion, fire, toxic or high-energy events that result from chemical reactions gone astray, with extensive referencing to the primary literature. It is designed to improve safety in laboratories that perform chemical synthesis and general research, as well as chemical manufacturing plants. Entries are ordered by empirical formula and indexed under both name(s) and Chemical Abstracts Registry Numbers. This two-volume compendium focuses on reactivity risks of chemicals, alone and in combination; toxicity hazards are only included for unexpected reactions giving volatile poisons Predict, avoid, and control reactivity danger with this latest edition of the leading guide Covers every chemical with documented information on reactive hazards; more than 5,000 entries on single elements or compounds, and 5,000 entries on the interactions between two or more compounds Includes five years of new reports, new references to the primary literature, and amplification to existing entries Links similar compounds or incidents that are not obviously related

Handbook of Batch Process Design

  • Filename: handbook-of-batch-process-design.
  • ISBN: 9789400914551
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: P.N. Sharratt
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Batch processes are used to manufacture many fine organic chemicals, and as such they can be considered to underpin much of the modern chemical industry. Despite widespread use and a consequent huge contribution to wealth creation, batch processes have attracted limited attention outside the user industries. Batch chemicals processing uses a number of core techniques and technologies, such as scheduling and sequence control, agitation and batch filtration. The combination of these technologies with often complex chemistry, the multi-purpose nature of much of this type of plant, the distinctive safety and environmental issues, and a fast moving commercial environment makes the development of a successful batch process a considerable challenge for the chemist or engineer. The literature on the topics covered in this book is fragmented and often not easily accessible, so this handbook has been written to address this problem and to bring together design and process analysis methods in the core areas of batch process design. By combining the science and pragmatism required in the development of successful batch processes this new book provides answers to real problems in an accessible and concise way. Written by an international team of authors drawn from industry, consulting and academe, this book is an essential part of the library of any chemist, technologist or engineer working on the development of new or existing batch processes.

Fine Chemicals Manufacture

  • Filename: fine-chemicals-manufacture.
  • ISBN: 044482202X
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 551
  • Author: Andrzej Cybulski
  • Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

The sector of fine chemicals, including pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, dyes and pigments, fragrances and flavours, intermediates, and performance chemicals is growing fast. For obvious reasons chemistry is a key to the success in developing new processes for fine chemicals. However, as a rule, chemists formulate results of their work as recipes, which usually lack important information for process development. Fine Chemicals Manufacture, Technology and Engineering is intended to show what is needed to make the recipe more useful for process development purposes and to transform the recipe into an industrial process that will be safe, environmentally friendly, and profitable. The goal of this book is to form a bridge between chemists and specialists of all other branches involved in the scale-up of new processes or modification of existing processes with both a minimum effort and risk and maximum profit when commercializing the process. New techniques for scale-up and optimization of existing processes and improvements in the utilization of process equipment that have been developed in recent years are presented in the book.

Hazards X

  • Filename: hazards-x.
  • ISBN: 0891169725
  • Release Date: 1989-10-01
  • Number of pages: 449
  • Author: Norbert Gibson
  • Publisher: CRC Press

The tenth work in an important series of symposia concerning industrial safety. The papers contained in this volume address hazard technology, identifying hazards in specific processes, analyzing and assessing risk and both defining and maintaining safe operating procedures.

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

  • Filename: lees-loss-prevention-in-the-process-industries.
  • ISBN: 9780123977823
  • Release Date: 2012-11-05
  • Number of pages: 3776
  • Author: Frank Lees
  • Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

Fire and Explosion Hazards Handbook of Industrial Chemicals

  • Filename: fire-and-explosion-hazards-handbook-of-industrial-chemicals.
  • ISBN: 0080946658
  • Release Date: 2008-10-19
  • Number of pages: 492
  • Author: Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher: William Andrew

The handbook provides ready information on the fire and chemical reactivity of commonly used chemicals. Its purpose is to provide basic information important to the safe handling of chemicals and to help provide guidance in responding to a hazardous materials incident, in particular, incidents involving reactive chemicals and materials posing fire and explosion hazards. The volume has been written for chemical handling specialists, first responders to hazardous materials incidents, and firefighters. The basic definition used for a hazard materials incident is any situation that may potentially lead to catastrophic fire or explosion, and or human exposed to a toxic chemical. This situation may result from a spill of a hazardous material, a leak from a storage vessel or shipping container, or the mixing of incompatible chemicals whereby a chemical reaction could occur resulting in the release of energy and generation of toxic and perhaps flammable by-products. The volume provides chemical specific information, providing the reader with rigorous information on the chemical of interest. This book is a compendium of chemical specific fire and chemical reactivity data and information. More than 1,000 chemicals have been researched and organized into a reference handbook for fire specialists, chemical handling specialists, and plant safety engineers. The specific information provided for chemicals includes the flammability characteristics, recommended fire extinguishing practices, fire extinguishing agents not to be used, behavior in fires, burning characteristics, chemical reactivity with regard to water and common materials, incompatible chemical mixtures, containment and neutralization methods for spills. This reference book has been designed as a data bank for the hazardous materials handling specialist and industrial safety managers dealing with large chemical inventories. It is intended to be used by fire and loss prevention specialists and as a basis for developing procedures for safe storing and handling of chemicals. The authors have included an extensive physical properties section on chemicals, with information most pertinent to fire response situations.

Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

  • Filename: modeling-of-chemical-kinetics-and-reactor-design.
  • ISBN: 0884154815
  • Release Date: 2001
  • Number of pages: 1096
  • Author: A. Kayode Coker
  • Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

Selecting the best type of reactor for any particular chemical reaction, taking into consideration safety, hazard analysis, scale-up, and many other factors is essential to any industrial problem. An understanding of chemical reaction kinetics and the design of chemical reactors is key to the success of the of the chemist and the chemical engineer in such an endeavor. This valuable reference volume conveys a basic understanding of chemical reactor design methodologies, incorporating control, hazard analysis, and other topics not covered in similar texts. In addition to covering fluid mixing, the treatment of wastewater, and chemical reactor modeling, the author includes sections on safety in chemical reaction and scale-up, two topics that are often neglected or overlooked. As a real-world introduction to the modeling of chemical kinetics and reactor design, the author includes a case study on ammonia synthesis that is integrated throughout the text. The text also features an accompanying CD, which contains computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods. Students, chemists, technologists, and chemical engineers will all benefit from this comprehensive volume. Shows readers how to select the best reactor design, hazard analysis, and safety in design methodology Features computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods

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