Chemical Reaction Hazards

  • Filename: chemical-reaction-hazards.
  • ISBN: 088415274X
  • Release Date: 1997
  • Number of pages: 225
  • Author: John Barton
  • Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing



This revised edition of a best-selling book continues to provide a basis for the identification and evaluation of chemical reaction hazards for chemists, engineers, plant personnel, and students. Before undertaking the design of a chemical manufacturing process it is vital that the chemical reactions involved be fully understood, potential hazards assessed, and safety measures planned. Chemical Reaction Hazards aims to help the people responsible for this design and operation to meet the general duties of safety. Two major additions to this revised book are the appendices. One of these describes 100 incidents, illustrating their cause and indicating consequences if appropriate procedures within this guide are not followed. The second provides a practical example of a typical chemical reaction hazard assessment, from consideration of the process description, through experimental testing to the specification of safety measures.

Managing Hazardous Reactions and Compounds in Process Chemistry

  • Filename: managing-hazardous-reactions-and-compounds-in-process-chemistry.
  • ISBN: 0841230331
  • Release Date: 2015-07-01
  • Number of pages: 488
  • Author: Jaan A. Pesti
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society



There is always potential for hazards during chemical reactions that can lead to accidents resulting in loss of time, equipment, products and harm to people. The hazards may result from uncontrolled exothermic reactions or secondary exothermic reactions such as decomposition of a reactant, reagent or product. Hazards may also occur from impurities or metal residues that can catalyze undesired exothermic reactions or decompositions. Many organic reactants, reagents, products as well as solvents have varying degrees of toxic effects and/or fire hazard if not handled properly. Improperly treated waste may also be a source of many hazards. Managing all these hazards effectively is very important for carrying out reactions safely, particularly on large scale. To achieve this goal, chemists and engineers need a clear understanding of the thermal characteristics of chemical reactions derived from accurate quantitative measurements and clear scientific knowledge of reaction mechanisms. They also need to build an expertise on handling toxic and flammable materials and proper procedures to waste treatment and disposal. To address these objectives, this book covers many topics on management of potential hazards in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The topics range from classical batch reactions to the latest innovative applications of continuous processes and flow chemistry. The applications range in scale from bench to manufacturing. The book contains 16 chapters on different aspects of managing chemical reaction hazards contributed by a group of internationally renowned leading chemical safety and hazard management experts. Their contributions make this book a valuable addition to the scientific literature.

Thermal Hazards of Chemical Reactions

  • Filename: thermal-hazards-of-chemical-reactions.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105009746533
  • Release Date: 1994
  • Number of pages: 407
  • Author: Theodor Grewer
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science



Exothermic reactions used for the production of chemicals present a hazard if they proceed without control. Runaway reactions can result in a blow-off of the reactor top and an emission of reactants and products, possibly followed by a gas explosion. Undesired exothermic reactions initiated during production, purification or storage by excessive temperatures or other causes have similar destructive effects, even if the origin is different. Although the hazards connected with exothermic reactions have been known since the inception of the chemical industry, a systematic knowledge of the possible effects has only been developed in the last 25 years. A number of incidents in the chemical industry, which have been investigated by groups of experts from various companies, have promoted the understanding of these hazards. The author has investigated incidents in plants and tested experimental methods for more than 20 years. In particular he was interested in collecting and comparing safety-relevant data of products. At the end of his industrial career he now believes that it is important to pass on information about this field of activity to younger colleagues who are interested in the safety of chemical plants. The purpose of this book is to provide a basis for understanding the hazards arising from exothermic reactions. Knowledge of the relevant properties is necessary for a safe processing of products and mixtures. The test methods which have been used and developed together with the increasing understanding of the hazards of reactions are particularly important. A critical survey of extensive experimental techniques is provided.

Industrial Hazards and Plant Safety

  • Filename: industrial-hazards-and-plant-safety.
  • ISBN: 1560320699
  • Release Date: 2002-11-27
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Sanjoy Banerjee
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Here is a new and analytical approach to chemical plant safety-encompassing design, construction, and operation to reduce the likelihood of hazardous incidents as well as actions to mitigate their consequences should they still occur. The most significant safety issues are addressed both from the viewpoint of the fundamental phenomena and the perspective of plant design. Many of the phenomena covered are outside the scope of the normal chemical engineering curriculae; examples include compressible multiphase flow, deflagrations and detonations, turbulent dispersion, thermochemical characterization methods for material decomposition and reactions. In the plant design area, topics of importance include built in redundancy of equipment, and minimization of inventory of hazardous materials. The combination of the fundamental and applied aspects makes this book a unique and useful one for both the academic and industrial sectors.

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards

  • Filename: essential-practices-for-managing-chemical-reactivity-hazards.
  • ISBN: 9780470925294
  • Release Date: 2010-08-13
  • Number of pages: 208
  • Author: Robert W. Johnson
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and regulatory coverage. This volume closes the gap in technical guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify, address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards. It guides the reader through an analysis of the potential for chemical reactivity accidents to help prevent fires, explosions, toxic chemical releases or chemical spills. This volume is applicable to processes at any scale and is particularly useful for chemists, safety managers, and engineers involved in scale-up. An enclosed CD-ROM provides portable checklists, analysis tools, and a list of additional references. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Handbook of Batch Process Design

  • Filename: handbook-of-batch-process-design.
  • ISBN: 9789400914551
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: P.N. Sharratt
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Batch processes are used to manufacture many fine organic chemicals, and as such they can be considered to underpin much of the modern chemical industry. Despite widespread use and a consequent huge contribution to wealth creation, batch processes have attracted limited attention outside the user industries. Batch chemicals processing uses a number of core techniques and technologies, such as scheduling and sequence control, agitation and batch filtration. The combination of these technologies with often complex chemistry, the multi-purpose nature of much of this type of plant, the distinctive safety and environmental issues, and a fast moving commercial environment makes the development of a successful batch process a considerable challenge for the chemist or engineer. The literature on the topics covered in this book is fragmented and often not easily accessible, so this handbook has been written to address this problem and to bring together design and process analysis methods in the core areas of batch process design. By combining the science and pragmatism required in the development of successful batch processes this new book provides answers to real problems in an accessible and concise way. Written by an international team of authors drawn from industry, consulting and academe, this book is an essential part of the library of any chemist, technologist or engineer working on the development of new or existing batch processes.

Bretherick s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

  • Filename: bretherick-s-handbook-of-reactive-chemical-hazards.
  • ISBN: 9781483294087
  • Release Date: 2016-06-23
  • Number of pages: 2100
  • Author: Peter Urben
  • Publisher: Elsevier



'Bretherick' is widely accepted as the reference work on reactive chemical hazards and is essential for all those working with chemicals. It attempts to include every chemical for which documented information on reactive hazards has been found. The text covers over 5000 elements and compounds and as many again of secondary entries involving two or more compounds. One of its most valuable features is the extensive cross referencing throughout both sections which links similar compounds or incidents not obviously related. The fifth edition has been completely updated and revised by the new Editor and contains documented information on hazards and appropriate references up to 1994, although the text still follows the format of previous editions. Volume 1 is devoted to specific information on the stability of the listed compounds, or the reactivity of mixtures of two or more of them under various circumstances. Each compound is identified by an UPAC-based name, the CAS registry number, its empirical formula and structure. Each description of an incident or violent reaction gives reference to the original literature. Each chemical is classified on the basis of similarities in structure or reactivity, and these groups are listed alphabetically in Volume 2. The group entries contain a complete listing of all the compounds in Volume 1 assigned to that group to assist cross referral to similar compounds. Volume 2 also contains hazard topic entries arranged alphabetically, some with lists. Appendices include a fire related data table for higher risk chemicals, indexes of registry numbers and chemical names as well as reference abbreviations and a glossary.

Bretherick s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

  • Filename: bretherick-s-handbook-of-reactive-chemical-hazards.
  • ISBN: 0080523404
  • Release Date: 2013-10-22
  • Number of pages: 2680
  • Author: Peter Urben
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards is an assembly of all reported risks such as explosion, fire, toxic or high-energy events that result from chemical reactions gone astray, with extensive referencing to the primary literature. It is designed to improve safety in laboratories that perform chemical synthesis and general research, as well as chemical manufacturing plants. Entries are ordered by empirical formula and indexed under both name(s) and Chemical Abstracts Registry Numbers. This two-volume compendium focuses on reactivity risks of chemicals, alone and in combination; toxicity hazards are only included for unexpected reactions giving volatile poisons Predict, avoid, and control reactivity danger with this latest edition of the leading guide Covers every chemical with documented information on reactive hazards; more than 5,000 entries on single elements or compounds, and 5,000 entries on the interactions between two or more compounds Includes five years of new reports, new references to the primary literature, and amplification to existing entries Links similar compounds or incidents that are not obviously related

A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances

  • Filename: a-comprehensive-guide-to-the-hazardous-properties-of-chemical-substances.
  • ISBN: 9780471714583
  • Release Date: 2007-05-25
  • Number of pages: 1059
  • Author: Pradyot Patnaik
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Correlating chemical structure with toxicity to humans and the environment, and the chemical structure of compounds to their hazardous properties, this book allows users to assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data exists. Thus, it bridges the gap between hazardous materials and chemistry. Extensively updated and expanded.

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook

  • Filename: hazardous-chemicals-handbook.
  • ISBN: 9780080495156
  • Release Date: 2002-03-12
  • Number of pages: 640
  • Author: P A CARSON
  • Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann



"Every health and safety practitioner should have a copy of this handbook as it is not simply of value to those working in the chemical and related industries, it is also of value to those studying for advanced health and safety qualifications." Safety & Health Practitioner The authors' aim with this handbook, is to provide a rapid ready-reference to help in the often complex task of handling, using and disposing of chemicals safely and with minimum risk to people's health or damage to facilities or to the environment. The book provides look-up data, and concise, clear explanations of general chemical principles, physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of risks to people's health and limitation of environmental impact. Over 600 pages of valuable reference materialIncludes information on physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to complianceSummarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace or in transit

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