Boilers for Power and Process

  • Filename: boilers-for-power-and-process.
  • ISBN: 1420075373
  • Release Date: 2009-04-23
  • Number of pages: 811
  • Author: Kumar Rayaprolu
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Boiler professionals require a strong command of both the theoretical and practical facets of water tube-boiler technology. From state-of-the-art boiler construction to mechanics of firing techniques, Boilers for Power and Process augments seasoned engineers’ already-solid grasp of boiler fundamentals. A practical explanation of theory, it delivers a balanced analysis of the conceptual and functional aspects of boiler design and evolution. Project managers, consultants, and graduate students will also benefit from this handy desk book, which: - Describes boiler theory - Elaborates on the parts and sub-assemblies of the boiler and its essential auxiliaries - Explains firing systems, including FBC and HRSG Insights from a Professional with Decades of Experience Take advantage of the author’s rare techno-commercial perspective and decades of hands-on international experience with industrial and utility boiler systems. Boilers for Power and Process builds on fundamentals – heat transfer, fluid flow, combustion, and fuels – using hundreds of illustrations and tables, a glossary of key terms, and appendices outlining essential calculations required for common processes. Ruthless Optimization Leads to Evolution Examining the latest breakthroughs in boiler technology, this reference details the evolution and what the author calls “ruthless” optimization of firing systems and boilers in the last 150 years. It explains why only the most fuel-flexible, dynamically responsive, best-constructed boilers are used today. This company-neutral text discusses competing designs and why different systems are particularly useful and cost-effective for certain business sectors and global regions. Succinct and easy to navigate, this text illustrates the practical business value and applications of different boilers, distilling the essential information, creating a must-have reference for an intimate understanding of boiler technology.

Boilers

  • Filename: boilers.
  • ISBN: 9781466500532
  • Release Date: 2012-11-20
  • Number of pages: 649
  • Author: Kumar Rayaprolu
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Following the publication of the author’s first book, Boilers for Power and Process by CRC Press in 2009, several requests were made for a reference with even quicker access to information. Boilers: A Practical Reference is the result of those requests, providing a user-friendly encyclopedic format with more than 500 entries and nearly the same number of supporting illustrations. Written for practicing engineers and dealing with practical issues rather than theory, this reference focuses exclusively on water tube boilers found in process industries and power plants. It provides broad explanations for the following topics: A range of boilers and main auxiliaries, as well as steam and gas turbines Traditional firing techniques—grates, oil/gas, and modern systems Industrial, utility, waste heat, MSW and bio-fuel-fired boilers, including supercritical boilers The scientific fundamentals of combustion, heat transfer, fluid flow, and more The basics of fuels, water, ash, high-temperature steels, structurals, refractory, insulation, and more Additional engineering topics like boiler instruments, controls, welding, corrosion, and wear Air pollution, its abatement techniques and their effect on the design of boilers and auxiliaries Emerging technologies such as carbon capture, oxy-fuel combustion, and PFBC This reference covers almost every topic needed by boiler engineers in process and power plants. An encyclopedia by design and a professional reference book by focus and size, this volume is strong on fundamentals and design aspects as well as practical content. The scope and easy-to-navigate presentation of the material plus the numerous illustrations make this a unique reference for busy design, project, operation, and consulting engineers.

Power plant Control and Instrumentation

  • Filename: power-plant-control-and-instrumentation.
  • ISBN: 0852967659
  • Release Date: 2000
  • Number of pages: 222
  • Author: David Lindsley
  • Publisher: IET



Intended as a practical guide to the design, installation, operation and maintenance of the systems used for measuring and controlling boilers and heat-recovery steam-generators used in land and marine power plants and in process industries.

Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers

  • Filename: steam-generators-and-waste-heat-boilers.
  • ISBN: 9781482247121
  • Release Date: 2014-10-10
  • Number of pages: 539
  • Author: V. Ganapathy
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Incorporates Worked-Out Real-World Problems Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers: For Process and Plant Engineers focuses on the thermal design and performance aspects of steam generators, HRSGs and fire tube, water tube waste heat boilers including air heaters, and condensing economizers. Over 120 real-life problems are fully worked out which will help plant engineers in evaluating new boilers or making modifications to existing boiler components without assistance from boiler suppliers. The book examines recent trends and developments in boiler design and technology and presents novel ideas for improving boiler efficiency and lowering gas pressure drop. It helps plant engineers understand and evaluate the performance of steam generators and waste heat boilers at any load. Learn How to Independently Evaluate the Thermal Performance of Boilers and Their Components This book begins with basic combustion and boiler efficiency calculations. It then moves on to estimation of furnace exit gas temperature (FEGT), furnace duty, view factors, heat flux, and boiler circulation calculations. It also describes trends in large steam generator designs such as multiple-module; elevated drum design types of boilers such as D, O, and A; and forced circulation steam generators. It illustrates various options to improve boiler efficiency and lower operating costs. The author addresses the importance of flue gas analysis, fire tube versus water tube boilers used in chemical plants, and refineries. In addition, he describes cogeneration systems; heat recovery in sulfur plants, hydrogen plants, and cement plants; and the effect of fouling factor on performance. The book also explains HRSG simulation process and illustrates calculations for complete performance evaluation of boilers and their components. Helps plant engineers make independent evaluations of thermal performance of boilers before purchasing them Provides numerous examples on boiler thermal performance calculations that help plant engineers develop programming codes with ease Follows the metric and SI system, and British units are shown in parentheses wherever possible Includes calculation procedures for the basic sizing and performance evaluation of a complete steam generator or waste heat boiler system and their components with appendices outlining simplified procedures for estimation of heat transfer coefficients Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers: For Process and Plant Engineers serves as a source book for plant engineers, consultants, and boiler designers.

Steam Plant Operation 9th Edition

  • Filename: steam-plant-operation-9th-edition.
  • ISBN: 9780071667975
  • Release Date: 2011-11-18
  • Number of pages: 736
  • Author: Everett B. Woodruff
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional



The definitive guide for steam power plant systems and operation—fully updated For more than 75 years, this book has been a trusted source of information on steam power plants, including the design, operation, and maintenance of major systems. Steam Plant Operation, Ninth Edition, emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive energy plan utilizing all economical sources of energy, including fossil fuels, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources. Wind, solar, and biomass power are introduced in the book, and the benefits and challenges of these renewable resources for the production of reliable, cost-effective electric power are identified. Even with these new technologies, approximately 90% of electricity is generated using steam as the power source, emphasizing its importance now and in the future. In-depth details on coal-fired plants, gas turbine cogeneration, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources are included, as are the environmental control systems that they require. Potential techniques for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel–fired power plants also are presented. This practical guide provides common power plant calculations such as plant heat rate, boiler efficiency, pump performance, combustion processes, and collection efficiency for plant emissions. Numerous illustrations and clear presentation of the material will assist those preparing for an operator’s license exam. In addition, engineering students will find a detailed introduction to steam power plant technology. Steam Plant Operation, Ninth Edition, covers: Steam and its importance Boilers Design and construction of boilers Combustion of fuels Boiler settings, combustion systems, and auxiliary equipment Boiler accessories Operation and maintenance of boilers Pumps Steam turbines, condensers, and cooling towers Operating and maintaining steam turbines, condensers, cooling towers, and auxiliaries Auxiliary steam plant equipment Environmental control systems Waste-to-energy plants

Thermal Power Plants

  • Filename: thermal-power-plants.
  • ISBN: 9781498708234
  • Release Date: 2016-08-19
  • Number of pages: 322
  • Author: Xingrang Liu
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement explains how to solve highly complex industry problems regarding identification, control, and optimization through integrating conventional technologies, such as modern control technology, computational intelligence-based multiobjective identification and optimization, distributed computing, and cloud computing with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology. Introducing innovative methods utilized in industrial applications, explored in scientific research, and taught at leading academic universities, this book: Discusses thermal power plant processes and process modeling, energy conservation, performance audits, efficiency improvement modeling, and efficiency optimization supported by high-performance computing integrated with cloud computing Shows how to simulate fossil fuel power plant real-time processes, including boiler, turbine, and generator systems Provides downloadable source codes for use in CORBA C++, MATLAB®, Simulink®, VisSim, Comsol, ANSYS, and ANSYS Fluent modeling software Although the projects in the text focus on industry automation in electrical power engineering, the methods can be applied in other industries, such as concrete and steel production for real-time process identification, control, and optimization.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

  • Filename: power-plant-instrumentation-and-control-handbook.
  • ISBN: 9780128011737
  • Release Date: 2014-11-10
  • Number of pages: 942
  • Author: Swapan Basu
  • Publisher: Academic Press



The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

Industrial Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generators

  • Filename: industrial-boilers-and-heat-recovery-steam-generators.
  • ISBN: 0203910222
  • Release Date: 2002-10-16
  • Number of pages: 646
  • Author: V. Ganapathy
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Filled with over 225 boiler/HRSG operation and design problems, this book covers steam generators and related systems used in process plants, refineries, chemical plants, electrical utilities, and other industrial settings. Emphasizing the thermal engineering aspects, the author provides information on the design and performance of steam generators and heat recovery boilers. He helps those involved in development understand which questions to ask when selecting a steam generator for their project. The book includes many easy to use calculations and effectively explains the theory behind the design and performance of all types of boilers, superheaters and economizers including specialty boilers.

Simulation of Industrial Processes for Control Engineers

  • Filename: simulation-of-industrial-processes-for-control-engineers.
  • ISBN: 0080517242
  • Release Date: 1999-07-13
  • Number of pages: 390
  • Author: Philip J Thomas
  • Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann



Computer simulation is the key to comprehending and controlling the full-scale industrial plant used in the chemical, oil, gas and electrical power industries. Simulation of Industrial Processes for Control Engineers shows how to use the laws of physics and chemistry to produce the equations to simulate dynamically all the most important unit operations found in process and power plant. The book explains how to model chemical reactors, nuclear reactors, distillation columns, boilers, deaerators, refrigeration vessels, storage vessels for liquids and gases, liquid and gas flow through pipes and pipe networks, liquid and gas flow through installed control valves, control valve dynamics (including nonlinear effects such as static friction), oil and gas pipelines, heat exchangers, steam and gas turbines, compressors and pumps, as well as process controllers (including three methods of integral desaturation). The phenomenon of markedly different time responses ("stiffness") is considered and various ways are presented to get around the potential problem of slow execution time. The book demonstrates how linearization may be used to give a diverse check on the correctness of the as-programmed model and explains how formal techniques of model validation may be used to produce a quantitative check on the simulation model's overall validity. The material is based on many years' experience of modelling and simulation in the chemical and power industries, supplemented in recent years by university teaching at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. Several important new results are presented. The depth is sufficient to allow real industrial problems to be solved, thus making the book attractive to engineers working in industry. But the book's step-by-step approach makes the text appropriate also for post-graduate students of control engineering and for undergraduate students in electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering who are studying process control in their second year or later.

PRACTICAL BOILER OPERATION ENGINEERING AND POWER PLANT FOURTH EDITION

  • Filename: practical-boiler-operation-engineering-and-power-plant-fourth-edition.
  • ISBN: 9788120351394
  • Release Date: 2015-08-31
  • Number of pages: 616
  • Author: MALLICK, AMIYA RANJAN
  • Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.



The fourth edition of the book is richer in contents presenting updated information on the fundamental aspects of various processes related to thermal power plants. The major thrust in the book is given on the hands-on procedure to deal with the normal and emergency situations during plant operation. Beginning from the fundamentals, the book, explores the vast concepts of boilers, steam turbines and other auxiliary systems. Following a simple text format and easy-to-grasp language, the book explicates various real-life situation-related topics involving operation, commissioning, maintenance, electrical and instrumentation of a power plant. NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION • The text now incorporates a new chapter on Environmental and Safety Aspects of Thermal Power Plants. • New sections on Softener, Water Treatment of Supercritical Boiler, Wet Mode and Dry Mode Operation of Supercritical Boiler, Electromatic Pressure Relief Valve, Pressure Reducing and Desuperheating (PRDS) System, Orsat Apparatus, and Safety Interlocks and Auto Control Logics in Boiler have been added in related chapters. • Several sections have been updated to provide the reader with the latest information. • A new appendix on Important Information on Power Generation has been incorporated into the text. Dealing with all the latest coverage, the book is written to address the requirements of the undergraduate students of power plant engineering. Besides this, the text would also cater to the needs of those candidates who are preparing for Boiler Operation Engineers (BOE) Examination and the undergraduate/postgraduate students who are pursuing courses in various power training institutes. The book will also be of immense use to the students of postgraduate diploma course in thermal power plant engineering. KEY FEATURES • Covers almost all the functional areas of thermal power plants in its systematically arranged topics. • Incorporates more than 500 self-test questions in chapter-end exercises to test the student’s grasp of the fundamental concepts and BOE Examination preparation. • Involves numerous well-labelled diagrams throughout the book leading to easy learning. • Provides several solved numerical problems that generally arise during the functioning of thermal power plants.

Boilers Evaporators and Condensers

  • Filename: boilers-evaporators-and-condensers.
  • ISBN: 0471621706
  • Release Date: 1991
  • Number of pages: 835
  • Author: Sadik Kakaç
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



This up-to-date reference covers the thermal design, operation and maintenance of the three major components in industrial heating and air conditioning systems including fossil fuel-fired boilers, waste heat boilers and air conditioning evaporators. Among the distinguishing features covered are: the numerous types of components in use and the features and relative merits of each, overviews of the major technical sections of the book, with suggested approaches to design based on industrial experience, case studies and examples of actual engineering problems, design methods and procedures based on current industrial practice in the United States, Russia, China and Europe with data charts, tables and thermal-hydraulic correlations for design included, and various approaches to design based on experience in the art of industrial process equipment design.

Process Heat Transfer

  • Filename: process-heat-transfer.
  • ISBN: 9780080544410
  • Release Date: 2010-07-28
  • Number of pages: 770
  • Author: Thomas Lestina
  • Publisher: Academic Press



The First Law of Thermodynamics states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Heat exchangers are devices built for efficient heat transfer from one fluid to another. They are widely used in engineering processes and include examples such as intercoolers, preheaters, boilers and condensers in power plants. Heat exchangers are becoming more and more important to manufacturers striving to control energy costs. Process Heat Transfer Rules of Thumb investigates the design and implementation of industrial heat exchangers. It provides the background needed to understand and master the commercial software packages used by professional engineers for design and analysis of heat exchangers. This book focuses on the types of heat exchangers most widely used by industry, namely shell-and-tube exchangers (including condensers, reboilers and vaporizers), air-cooled heat exchangers and double-pipe (hairpin) exchangers. It provides a substantial introduction to the design of heat exchanger networks using pinch technology, the most efficient strategy used to achieve optimal recovery of heat in industrial processes. • Utilizes leading commercial software important to professional engineers designing heat exchangers. • Illustrates design procedures using complete step-by-step worked examples. • Provides details on how to develop an initial configuration for a heat exchanger and how to systematically modify it to obtain a final design. • Abundant example problems solved manually and with the integration of computer software.

Industrial Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generators

  • Filename: industrial-boilers-and-heat-recovery-steam-generators.
  • ISBN: 0203910222
  • Release Date: 2002-10-16
  • Number of pages: 646
  • Author: V. Ganapathy
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Filled with over 225 boiler/HRSG operation and design problems, this book covers steam generators and related systems used in process plants, refineries, chemical plants, electrical utilities, and other industrial settings. Emphasizing the thermal engineering aspects, the author provides information on the design and performance of steam generators and heat recovery boilers. He helps those involved in development understand which questions to ask when selecting a steam generator for their project. The book includes many easy to use calculations and effectively explains the theory behind the design and performance of all types of boilers, superheaters and economizers including specialty boilers.

Combustion Engineering Second Edition

  • Filename: combustion-engineering-second-edition.
  • ISBN: 9781420092516
  • Release Date: 2011-06-15
  • Number of pages: 550
  • Author: Kenneth W. Ragland
  • Publisher: CRC Press



Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today’s energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption.

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