Art and Complexity

  • Filename: art-and-complexity.
  • ISBN: 0080527582
  • Release Date: 2003-02-19
  • Number of pages: 180
  • Author: J. Casti
  • Publisher: Elsevier



This title is the result of a one-week workshop sponsored by the Swedish research agency, FRN, on the interface between complexity and art. Among others, it includes discussions on whether "good" art is "complex" art, how artists see the term "complex", and what poets try to convey in word about complex behavior in nature.

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

  • Filename: the-art-of-insight-in-science-and-engineering.
  • ISBN: 9780262526548
  • Release Date: 2014-11-07
  • Number of pages: 408
  • Author: Sanjoy Mahajan
  • Publisher: MIT Press



In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author's fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering.To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red.The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

  • Filename: complexity-theory-and-the-social-sciences.
  • ISBN: 9781134714735
  • Release Date: 2002-01-04
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: David Byrne
  • Publisher: Routledge



Chaos and complexity are the new buzz words in both science and contemporary society. The ideas they represent have enormous implications for the way we understand and engage with the world. Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences introduces students to the central ideas which surround the chaos/complexity theories. It discusses key concepts before using them as a way of investigating the nature of social research. By applying them to such familiar topics as urban studies, education and health, David Byrne allows readers new to the subject to appreciate the contribution which complexity theory can make to social research and to illuminating the crucial social issues of our day.

A Theory of Art

  • Filename: a-theory-of-art.
  • ISBN: 0873955544
  • Release Date: 1982
  • Number of pages: 246
  • Author: Stephen David Ross
  • Publisher: SUNY Press



The richness of art is manifested in contrast: contrast with other works of art, other features of human experience, other times and places, and other forms of judgment and understanding. The possibilities of contrast are inexhaustible. Every being shares this inexhaustibility of openness to novel possibilities, although inexhaustibility is most fully realized in art. The general theory of art and aesthetic value developed in this book is based on the notions of inexhaustibility and contrast and has important forebears in Kant, Coleridge, and Whitehead. The theory allows art to be located relative to otheR spheres of judgment science, action, and philosophy. The theory allows a new perspective on interpretation and criticism. Ross presents and defines a new synthetic form of understanding works of art that offers an alternative to the skepticism that haunts so many theories of interpretation."

Complexity and the Art of Public Policy

  • Filename: complexity-and-the-art-of-public-policy.
  • ISBN: 9781400850136
  • Release Date: 2014-05-25
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: David Colander
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press



Complexity science—made possible by modern analytical and computational advances—is changing the way we think about social systems and social theory. Unfortunately, economists’ policy models have not kept up and are stuck in either a market fundamentalist or government control narrative. While these standard narratives are useful in some cases, they are damaging in others, directing thinking away from creative, innovative policy solutions. Complexity and the Art of Public Policy outlines a new, more flexible policy narrative, which envisions society as a complex evolving system that is uncontrollable but can be influenced. David Colander and Roland Kupers describe how economists and society became locked into the current policy framework, and lay out fresh alternatives for framing policy questions. Offering original solutions to stubborn problems, the complexity narrative builds on broader philosophical traditions, such as those in the work of John Stuart Mill, to suggest initiatives that the authors call “activist laissez-faire” policies. Colander and Kupers develop innovative bottom-up solutions that, through new institutional structures such as for-benefit corporations, channel individuals’ social instincts into solving societal problems, making profits a tool for change rather than a goal. They argue that a central role for government in this complexity framework is to foster an ecostructure within which diverse forms of social entrepreneurship can emerge and blossom.

Art and Sustainability

  • Filename: art-and-sustainability.
  • ISBN: 9783839418031
  • Release Date: 2014-03
  • Number of pages: 514
  • Author: Sacha Kagan
  • Publisher: transcript Verlag



What is the cultural dimension of sustainability? This book offers a thought-provoking answer, with a theoretical synthesis on 'cultures of sustainability'. Describing how modernity degenerated into a culture of unsustainability, to which the arts are contributing, Sacha Kagan engages us in a fundamental rethinking of our ways of knowing and seeing the world. We must learn not to be afraid of complexity, and to re-awaken a sensibility to patterns that connect. With an overview of ecological art over the past 40 years, and a discussion of art and social change, the book assesses the potential role of art in a much needed transformation process.

Strange attractors

  • Filename: strange-attractors.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015038555408
  • Release Date: 1997
  • Number of pages: 267
  • Author: Michael R. Bütz
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc



"A realm lies there of forms to explore and harmonies to discover." --David Ruelle, codiscoverer of strange attractors Strange attractors are hidden islands of stability, subtle patterns of order at the heart of chaos. They are among the handful of breakthrough discoveries that gave rise to what has been called the third great scientific revolution of the twentieth century, chaos theory. Offering a revolutionary new rubric for understanding the natural world, chaos theory arms scientists with a set of powerful tools for studying complex systems in fields as diverse as particle physics, evolutionary biology, and meteorology. Now, behavioral scientists have discovered that chaos theory--which the APA Monitor identified as "an important new paradigm in psychology"--also has profound implications for deciphering human behavior. Written by three leaders in the field, Strange Attractors explains how the principles of chaos theory can help mental health professionals arrive at a more profound understanding of the dynamics of one of the most complicated nonlinear systems--the family. Both a general introduction to chaos theory and a guide to its clinical applications, Strange Attractors details various chaos-based approaches to the assessment and treatment of families. Central to all of the approaches outlined in this book is the concept of families as organic systems with boundaries and patterns that grow and change in complicated ways. Unlike a machine, which is a closed system, a family is open-ended, and its survival depends upon its ability to weather periods of extreme turbulence and chaos en route to calmer oases. The job of the family therapist is to identify the strange attractors that promote transformation. Using vivid vignettes and rich metaphors, Strange Attractors demonstrates how readers can apply the science of chaos theory to the art of engendering family change. Acclaim for Strange Attractors "Family interaction is one of the most important areas of the application of the dynamics of change. This book does an outstanding job of demystifying a complex science and blending the technical and the metaphoric." -- Anyone who has ever sat through a family holiday dinner knows how multilayered and entangled interactions between relatives can be. Like a collision of billiard balls, the rhythms of day-to-day family interplay are intricate and often appear unpredictable--and the dance of families in crisis is even more complex. Yet, while certain family phenomena may appear to be random, they are actually part of a larger coherent process. This groundbreaking book sheds light on how chaos theory can be used to decipher and promote change in complicated family dynamics.

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

  • Filename: complexity-theory-and-the-social-sciences.
  • ISBN: 9781134084913
  • Release Date: 2013-09-11
  • Number of pages: 312
  • Author: David Byrne
  • Publisher: Routledge



For the past two decades, ‘complexity’ has informed a range of work across the social sciences. There are diverse schools of complexity thinking, and authors have used these ideas in a multiplicity of ways, from health inequalities to the organization of large scale firms. Some understand complexity as emergence from the rule-based interactions of simple agents and explore it through agent-based modelling. Others argue against such ‘restricted complexity’ and for the development of case-based narratives deploying a much wider set of approaches and techniques. Major social theorists have been reinterpreted through a complexity lens and the whole methodological programme of the social sciences has been recast in complexity terms. In four parts, this book seeks to establish ‘the state of the art’ of complexity-informed social science as it stands now, examining: the key issues in complexity theory the implications of complexity theory for social theory the methodology and methods of complexity theory complexity within disciplines and fields. It also points ways forward towards a complexity-informed social science for the twenty-first century, investigating the argument for a post-disciplinary, ‘open’ social science. Byrne and Callaghan consider how this might be developed as a programme of teaching and research within social science. This book will be particularly relevant for, and interesting to, students and scholars of social research methods, social theory, business and organization studies, health, education, urban studies and development studies.

Complexity

  • Filename: complexity.
  • ISBN: 1854904175
  • Release Date: 1995-07-14
  • Number of pages: 96
  • Author: Andrew Benjamin
  • Publisher: Wiley



JPVA Journal of Philosophy and the Visual Arts No 6 Complexity Architecture / Art / Philosophy 'Beginning with complexity will involve working with the recognition that there has always been more than one. Here however this insistent "more than one" will be positioned beyond the scope of semantics; rather than complexity occurring within the range of meaning and taking the form of a generalised polysemy, it will be linked to the nature of the object and to its production. Complexity, therefore, will be inextricably connected to the ontology of the object. What this means is that complexity, in resisting the hold of a semantic idealism on the one hand, and the attempt to give to it the position of being the basis of a new foundationalism on the other, becomes a way of thinking both the presence and the production of objects.' Andrew Benjamin The Journal of Philosophy and the Visual Arts has set new standards in its exploration of themes central to philosophy's relation to the visual arts, illuminating areas of art criticism, architecture, feminism as well as philosophy itself. Rather than simply reflecting current trends it provides a forum in which the real developments in the analysis of the visual arts and its larger cultural and political context can be presented. Articles by well known philosophers and theorists, as well as some lesser known, together with writings by artists and architects allow a strong interdisciplinary approach reflecting the Journal's roots in post-structural theory. Previous issues include: Philosophy & the Visual Arts (No 1) Philosophy & Architecture (No 2) Architecture, Space, Painting (No 3) The Body (No 4) Abstraction (No 5)

Defending Complexity

  • Filename: defending-complexity.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015063274230
  • Release Date: 2006
  • Number of pages: 233
  • Author: Eleanor Heartney
  • Publisher: Hard PressInc



One of the most damning charges that can be leveled against artists, curators and critics these days is that they are "reducing art to politics." The idea has taken hold that politics is like a virus, sucking all the aesthetic sophistication, beauty and formal intelligence out of an art work, and leaving behind only an empty husk of tired propaganda. This book looks at art and politics from a variety of standpoints, among them, the failures and successes of art committed to social change, the intersections between art and religion, globalism and economics, the dangers posed by paranoia and censorship to our vision of free expression and the new urgency of these issues in a post 9/11 world.

Essays on Native Modernism

  • Filename: essays-on-native-modernism.
  • ISBN: 1933565020
  • Release Date: 2006
  • Number of pages: 112
  • Author: National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)
  • Publisher: National Museum of American Indian



Essays on Native Modernism: Complexity and Contradiction in American Indian Art explores the legacies of George Morrison (Grand Portage Band of Chippewa, 1919-2000) and Allan Houser (Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache, 1914-1994)--two giants of 20th-century art. Mirroring a symposium held by the museum in May 2005, this book investigates the basis of Native modernism by eliciting a broad discussion about the critical perspectives and practices of Native artists across North America. Essays on Native Modernism also examines the place of Native modernism in the American canon and the currents of influence between Native and non-Native art.

Visual Complexity

  • Filename: visual-complexity.
  • ISBN: 1616892196
  • Release Date: 2013-09-10
  • Number of pages: 272
  • Author: Manuel Lima
  • Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press



Manuel Lima's smash hit Visual Complexity is now available in paperback. This groundbreaking 2011 book—the first to combine a thorough history of information visualization with a detailed look at today's most innovative applications—clearly illustrates why making meaningful connections inside complex data networks has emerged as one of the biggest challenges in twenty-first-century design. From diagramming networks of friends on Facebook to depicting interactions among proteins in a human cell, Visual Complexity presents one hundred of the most interesting examples of informationvisualization by the field's leading practitioners.

Managing Complexity in the Public Services

  • Filename: managing-complexity-in-the-public-services.
  • ISBN: 9781317811640
  • Release Date: 2015-03-24
  • Number of pages: 178
  • Author: Philip Haynes
  • Publisher: Routledge



"Complexity theory has grown in importance over the last decade and its development has enabled a universal method of practice which proposes a pragmatic and humanistic management practice. The application of complexity theory highlights the importance of the development of an organizations culture and communication, it enables them to be dynamic whilst maintaining coherence and stability. It places the workers, their values and mission at the heart of the organizations practices, recognising that information technology may provide a framework for complex communication and knowledge use but cannot replace highly developed professional negotiations and cooperation. This new edition of Managing Complexity in the Public Services argues that the complexity of the public service world limits the usefulness of classical and rational scientific management approaches like the New Public Managerialism (NPM). As a result overly rigid approaches to performance management and strategic management can be highly dysfunctional in the public context. Managing Complexity in the Public Services takes further the articulation of a method of management practice that can cope with the stark realities of the complex and unpredictable public policy world. It develops a number of management practices developed in action research that will be of high use to both academics and practitioners and helps detail how complexity theory can be applied in practice The result is a new value based practice for the post crisis public service world"--

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