Aphids as Virus Vectors

  • Filename: aphids-as-virus-vectors.
  • ISBN: 9781483273884
  • Release Date: 2014-05-10
  • Number of pages: 576
  • Author: Kerry F. Harris
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Aphids as Virus Vectors focuses on aphids as vectors of plant viruses and the fundamentals of their relationship with virus and host. The mouthparts and feeding mechanism of aphids are discussed, along with aphid penetration of plant tissues and the transmission mechanisms of aphids as virus vectors. The intrinsic properties and taxonomy of aphid-borne viruses are also examined. Comprised of 22 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the importance of aphids as vectors, their biology, and the properties of the viruses they transmit. These introductory chapters prepare the reader for later ones on aphid-virus-plant interactions. The next section deals with transmission mechanisms, with emphasis on several novel alternatives to many of the traditionally held concepts of how aphids transmit viruses. Accessory factors in non-persistent virus transmission are considered. Subsequent chapters focus on technological advances in aphid-virus research, including the use of aphid cell culturing, radioisotope methodology, membrane feeding, and electrical measurement systems. The most promising frontiers in epidemiological and control-oriented research are discussed in the last two sections. This monograph will be a useful resource for researchers from such varied sciences as entomology, plant science, and virology, as well as for graduate students taking entomology and plant pathology courses on insects in relation to plant diseases.

Aphids as Crop Pests

  • Filename: aphids-as-crop-pests.
  • ISBN: 9781845932022
  • Release Date: 2007-07-26
  • Number of pages: 717
  • Author: Helmut Fritz Van Emden
  • Publisher: CABI

Aphids represent one of the world's major insect pests, causing serious economic damage to a range of temperate and tropical crops. These range from grain crops and brassicas to potato, cotton, vegetable and fruit crops. This book provides a definitive reference volume on the biology of aphids, their pest status, and how to control them. It includes approximately 30 specially commissioned chapters from world experts, principally from Europe and North America. Topics covered range from host selection and feeding to movement and dispersal, and from insecticide resistance to chemical, cultural and biological control methods. There are also several case study chapters, on integrated pest management in specific crops.

Viruses and the Environment

  • Filename: viruses-and-the-environment.
  • ISBN: 0412451204
  • Release Date: 1995-12-31
  • Number of pages: 210
  • Author: J.I. Cooper
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Describes the advances in the techniques of genetic engineering and molecular biology

Leafhopper Vectors and Plant Disease Agents

  • Filename: leafhopper-vectors-and-plant-disease-agents.
  • ISBN: 9780323143684
  • Release Date: 2012-12-02
  • Number of pages: 670
  • Author: Karl Maramorosch
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Leafhopper Vectors and Plant Disease Agents is the second in a multivolume series on vectors, vector-borne disease agents, and plant disease spread. This text aims to collect findings in leafhopper vector research, to suggest promising frontiers for further research, and to call attention to possible practical applications of understanding of leafhopper-pathogen-plant interactions. This book is organized into five parts. Opening chapters on the taxonomy, bionomics, and worldwide importance of leafhopper and planthopper vectors are appropriately relegated to Parts I and II. Part III focuses on vector-virus interactions of leafhopper-, planthopper-, and aphid-borne viruses and virus-induced, cytopathological changes in vectors. This part also explains the interactions of mycoplasmalike organisms (MLOs) and viruses in dually infected leafhoppers, planthoppers, and plants, as well as the transitory vector-virus interactions. The artificial and aseptic rearing of vectors, microinjection technique, vector tissue culture, and spiroplasmas and its vectors are all covered in Part IV. Part V contains chapters on specific leafhopper-borne viruses and MLOs, leafhopper and planthopper vector control, leafhopper-borne pathogens of corn-stunting diseases, Western X disease, and leafhopper-borne xylem-restricted pathogens. This text will be valuable for students, teachers, and researchers of vector-pathogen-plant relationships. Its in-depth coverage of leafhoppers and planthoppers as vectors makes this book ideally suited as a supplemental text in graduate entomology and plant pathology courses on insect transmission of plant disease agents.

Plant Virus Vector

  • Filename: plant-virus-vector.
  • ISBN: 9781439840610
  • Release Date: 2010-11-19
  • Number of pages: 526
  • Author: S. Mukhopadhyay
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Stressing the key role vectors play spread of virus diseases, this volume represents the priorities in practical plant virus research and ways in which their control or management should be sought through an understanding of the practical and environmental aspects of the interactions of viruses with their vectors and their environment. It provides an in-depth understanding of the vectors, their biology, dispersal, movement and migration, contemporary canvases of epidemiology, and the management of virus diseases keeping in view the globalization of agriculture as also the viruses and their quarantine requirements.

Pathogens Vectors and Plant Diseases

  • Filename: pathogens-vectors-and-plant-diseases.
  • ISBN: 9781483273488
  • Release Date: 2013-09-03
  • Number of pages: 322
  • Author: Kerry F. Harris
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases: Approaches to Control is a collection of papers that discusses how vector host interactions, vector ecology, and disease epidemiology can be applied to disease prevention and control. The book deals with innovative strategies pertaining to control of vector-borne viruses and viral infections in plants. One paper discusses nonpesticidal control of vector-borne viruses including soil solarization that uses solar energy for crop protection, and insect sterilization through radiation, chemosterilants or genetic modifications. Another paper discusses chemicals that interfere with nucleic acid and protein synthesis; as these interactions pose no hazards to animal (mammals), the chemicals are suitable for controlling viral diseases. One author examines the use of oil sprays and reflective surfaces as a means of controlling plant viruses transmitted by insects. In the United States, the entry of vector-borne plant pathogens is controlled by plant quarantine. One author lists several ways in effective quarantine procedures, as well as, the safe importation of potential vectors as cultures. This book is suitable for environmentalists, biologists, conservationists, agriculturists, botanists, and researchers in botany and plant genealogy.

Plant Diseases and Vectors Ecology and Epidemiology

  • Filename: plant-diseases-and-vectors-ecology-and-epidemiology.
  • ISBN: 9780323153201
  • Release Date: 2012-12-02
  • Number of pages: 380
  • Author: Karl Maramorosch
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Plant Diseases and Vectors: Ecology and Epidemiology is the fourth in a five-volume series of books on vectors of plant disease agents. It is comprised of 10 chapters representing the expertise of 13 outstanding scientists from a total of seven different countries. This book begins with a discussion on the ecological involvement of wild plants in plant virus pathosystems. This is followed by the principles and applications of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in diagnosing plant viruses and monitoring their movement in the environment. The next two chapters detail the epidemiologies of diseases caused by leafhopper-borne viruses, mollicutes, and rickettsia-like organisms. This book also covers the developments in understanding the importance of helper agents to the transmission ecologies of many aphid-borne plant viruses. It also encompasses the factors that can contribute to the epidemiology and control of a disease affecting a major agricultural crop of the world. A vector of plant viruses not covered in earlier volumes of the series (the host plant, itself) and the man-made epidemiological hazards in major crops of developing countries are also described. This volume will broaden the knowledge of transmission ecology and disease epidemiology, not only by serving as a valuable supplemental textbook, reference work, and bibliographical source, but also by catalyzing novel syntheses of thinking and stimulating further research in the area.

Vegetable Diseases

  • Filename: vegetable-diseases.
  • ISBN: 0123736757
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 448
  • Author: Steven T. Koike
  • Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

This book focuses primarily on diseases of field and greenhouse-grown vegetable crops that are caused by pathogens. Chapters dealing with the general principles of the causes, diagnosis and control of vegetable crop diseases are followed by crop-based chapters. Each entry includes a brief introduction to the disease, detailed description of symptoms, information on the pathogen and disease development, and suggestions on how to manage the problem. Top quality color photos illustrate the book throughout. The book contains technical information of interest to researchers, scientists, technicians and educators in plant pathology and agriculture, as well as practical, field-oriented information of use to farmers, field personnel and the agricultural industry.

Breeding Field Crops

  • Filename: breeding-field-crops.
  • ISBN: 9789401572712
  • Release Date: 2013-04-17
  • Number of pages: 724
  • Author: John M. Poehlman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

While preparing the first edition of this textbook I attended an extension short course on writing agricultural publications. The message I remember was "select your audience and write to it. " There has never been any doubt about the audience for which this textbook was written, the introductory course in crop breeding. In addition, it has become a widely used reference for the graduate plant-breeding student and the practicing plant breeder. In its prepa ration, particular attention has been given to advances in plant-breeding theo ry and their utility in plant-breeding practice. The blend of the theoretical with the practical has set this book apart from other plant-breeding textbooks. The basic structure and the objectives of the earlier editions remain un changed. These objectives are (1) to review essential features of plant re production, Mendelian genetic principles, and related genetic developments applicable in plant-breeding practice; (2) to describe and evaluate established and new plant-breeding procedures and techniques, and (3) to discuss plant breeding objectives with emphasis on the importance of proper choice of objec tive for achieving success in variety development. Because plant-breeding activities are normally organized around specific crops, there are chapters describing breeding procedures and objectives for the major crop plants; the crops were chosen for their economic importance or diversity in breeding sys tems. These chapters provide a broad overview of the kinds of problems with which the breeder must cope.

Plant Viruses

  • Filename: plant-viruses.
  • ISBN: 9789401096539
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages:
  • Author: K. M. Smith
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

In the sixth edition of Plant Viruses, each section has been brought up to date and some additions made. A short account is given of a new technique, the protoplast-culture of plant viruses. The omission in the fifth edition of the Mycoplasma-like organisms has been criticized on the grounds of the close simi larity of symptom expression and techniques of study between Mycoplasmas and plant viruses. To meet this criticism Chapter 16, which gives a brief account of these organisms, is included. Some of the plates have been changed and new ones added. Grateful acknowledgment is due to Dr Aaron KIug F.R.S. and his colleagues, to Drs D. A. Govier, Basil Kassanis F.R.S. and Karl Maramorsch for permission to use their recent work. Acknowledgement is also due to several friends who have supplied prints of illustrations from their published work; credit has been given to authors in the illustration legends. Mr Denis C. Ingram, editor to Chapman and Hall, has been most helpful and co-operative throughout.

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