Electrochemical Energy

  • Filename: electrochemical-energy.
  • ISBN: 1482227274
  • Release Date: 2015-12-21
  • Number of pages: 696
  • Author: Pei Kang Shen
  • Publisher: CRC Press

This book gives a comprehensive description of electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the associated latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, as well as challenges and strategies. With contributions from researchers who are at the top of their fields and on the cutting edge of technology, the book includes in-depth discussions ranging from comprehensive understanding to the engineering of components and applied devices.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

  • Filename: advanced-nanomaterials-and-their-applications-in-renewable-energy.
  • ISBN: 0128015284
  • Release Date: 2015-08-01
  • Number of pages: 436
  • Author: Louise Jingbo Liu
  • Publisher:

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Design Fabrication Properties and Applications of Smart and Advanced Materials

  • Filename: design-fabrication-properties-and-applications-of-smart-and-advanced-materials.
  • ISBN: 1498722482
  • Release Date: 2016-01-15
  • Number of pages: 450
  • Author: Xu Hou
  • Publisher: CRC Press

This book introduces various advanced, smart materials and the strategies for the design and preparation for novel uses from macro to micro or from biological, inorganic, organic to composite materials. Selecting the best material is a challenging task, requiring tradeoffs between material properties and designing functional smart materials. The development of smart, advanced materials and their potential applications is a burgeoning area of research. Exciting breakthroughs are anticipated in the future from the concepts and results reported in this book.

Simulation and Growth of Advanced Materials for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production

  • Filename: simulation-and-growth-of-advanced-materials-for-photoelectrochemical-hydrogen-production.
  • ISBN: 0549079440
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 83
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

The photoelectrochemical (PEC) method of renewable hydrogen production is a promising alternative to generate environment friendly energy to alleviate the current energy crisis. It produces clean energy with only sunlight as an energy source and only water as a by-product. Finding a suitable material for the harvesting of sunlight to break water has been a major challenge. The aim of this work was to demonstrate the possible use of InN in direct water splitting. The structural and electronic properties of InN were calculated using Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP). Pulsed laser deposition was employed to grow the InN films on sapphire, Silicon, and conductive glass substrates. The effect of growth parameters, such as pulse energy and pulse counts on the film quality was investigated. The crystalline quality and the surface morphology of the grown films were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). To demonstrate its potential in PEC Hydrogen production, the photocurrent of the film, which reflects the efficiency of the system, was measured in a conventional three electrode setup. In order to get better photoresponse, the effect of growth parameters on the photoresponse of the films was investigated. The maximum photocurrent observed was 6 muA/cm2, which is the basis for further investigation.

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells

  • Filename: nanostructured-and-advanced-materials-for-fuel-cells.
  • ISBN: 9781466512504
  • Release Date: 2013-12-07
  • Number of pages: 600
  • Author: San Ping Jiang
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Boasting chapters written by leading international experts, Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells provides an overview of the progress that has been made so far in the material and catalyst development for fuel cells. The book covers the most recent developments detailing all aspects of synthesis, characterization, and performance. It offers an overview on the principles, classifications, and types of fuels used in fuel cells, and discusses the critical properties, design, and advances made in various sealing materials. It provides an extensive review on the design, configuration, fabrication, modeling, materials, and stack performance of μ-SOFC technology, and addresses the advancement and challenges in the synthesis, characterization, and fundamental understanding of the catalytic activity of nitrogen-carbon, carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for PEM fuel cells. The authors explore the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, summarize the advancements in the fundamental understanding of the most successful Nafion membranes, and focus on the development of alternative and composite membranes for direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). They also review current challenges and consider future development in the industry. Includes 17 chapters, 262 figures, and close to 2000 references Provides an extensive review of the carbon, nitrogen-carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for fuel cells Presents an update on the latest materials development in conventional fuel cells and emerging fuel cells This text is a single-source reference on the latest advances in the nano-structured materials and electro catalysts for fuel cells, the most efficient and emerging energy conversion technologies for the twenty-first century. It serves as a valuable resource for students, materials engineers, and researchers interested in fuel cell technology.

Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation

  • Filename: clean-disruption-of-energy-and-transportation.
  • ISBN: 9780692210536
  • Release Date: 2014-06-27
  • Number of pages: 290
  • Author: Tony Seba
  • Publisher: Tony Seba

The industrial age of energy and transportation will be over by 2030. Maybe before. Exponentially improving technologies such as solar, electric vehicles, and autonomous (self-driving) cars will disrupt and sweep away the energy and transportation industries as we know it. The same Silicon Valley ecosystem that created bit-based technologies that have disrupted atom-based industries is now creating bit- and electron-based technologies that will disrupt atom-based energy industries. Clean Disruption projections (based on technology cost curves, business model innovation as well as product innovation) show that by 2030: - All new energy will be provided by solar or wind. - All new mass-market vehicles will be electric. - All of these vehicles will be autonomous (self-driving) or semi-autonomous. - The new car market will shrink by 80%. - Even assuming that EVs don't kill the gasoline car by 2030, the self-driving car will shrink the new car market by 80%. - Gasoline will be obsolete. Nuclear is already obsolete. - Up to 80% of highways will be redundant. - Up to 80% of parking spaces will be redundant. - The concept of individual car ownership will be obsolete. - The Car Insurance industry will be disrupted. The Stone Age did not end because we ran out of rocks. It ended because a disruptive technology ushered in the Bronze Age. The era of centralized, command-and-control, extraction-resource-based energy sources (oil, gas, coal and nuclear) will not end because we run out of petroleum, natural gas, coal, or uranium. It will end because these energy sources, the business models they employ, and the products that sustain them will be disrupted by superior technologies, product architectures, and business models. This is a technology-based disruption reminiscent of how the cell phone, Internet, and personal computer swept away industries such as landline telephony, publishing, and mainframe computers. Just like those technology disruptions flipped the architecture of information and brought abundant, cheap and participatory information, the clean disruption will flip the architecture of energy and bring abundant, cheap and participatory energy. Just like those previous technology disruptions, the Clean Disruption is inevitable and it will be swift.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

  • Filename: carbon-nanomaterials-in-clean-energy-hydrogen-systems.
  • ISBN: 9781402088971
  • Release Date: 2008-10-20
  • Number of pages: 910
  • Author: Bogdan Baranowski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Advanced Batteries

  • Filename: advanced-batteries.
  • ISBN: 9780387764245
  • Release Date: 2008-11-09
  • Number of pages: 474
  • Author: Robert Huggins
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Storage and conversion are critical components of important energy-related technologies. "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" employs materials science concepts and tools to describe the critical features that control the behavior of advanced electrochemical storage systems. This volume focuses on the basic phenomena that determine the properties of the components, i.e. electrodes and electrolytes, of advanced systems, as well as experimental methods used to study their critical parameters. This unique materials science approach utilizes concepts and methodologies different from those typical in electrochemical texts, offering a fresh, fundamental and tutorial perspective of advanced battery systems. Graduate students, scientists and engineers interested in electrochemical energy storage and conversion will find "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" a valuable reference.

Advanced Materials for Sustainable Developments

  • Filename: advanced-materials-for-sustainable-developments.
  • ISBN: 9780470944073
  • Release Date: 2010-11-23
  • Number of pages: 138
  • Author: Hua-Tay Lin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Contributions from three symposia that were part of the 34th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC), in Daytona Beach, FL, January 24-29, 2010 are presented in this volume. The broad range of topics is captured by the symposia titles, which are listed as follows: International Symposium on Ceramics for Electric Energy Generation, Storage, and Distribution (debuted in 2010); Thermal Management Materials and Technologies (debuted in 2010); and lastly, and Advanced Sensor Technology, Developments and Applications (debuted in 2010). These new symposia emerged during this ICACC meeting due to community growth and interest, and thus each of these subject areas were established as stand-alone symposia. The current volume represents 15 contributions from the above listed symposia that embody the latest developments in engineering ceramics for energy technologies, thermal management utilizing either highly conductive or insulating materials, as well as advances regarding the utilization of ceramics for sensors.

Apollo s Fire

  • Filename: apollo-s-fire.
  • ISBN: 9781597266499
  • Release Date: 2009-08-13
  • Number of pages: 416
  • Author: Jay Inslee
  • Publisher: Island Press

Looks at renewable energy policy and resources and argues that a reduction in greenhouse gases will increase economic growth and provide energy independence.

Abu Dhabi s Vision 2030

  • Filename: abu-dhabi-s-vision-2030.
  • ISBN: 9789814383929
  • Release Date: 2012
  • Number of pages: 182
  • Author: Linda Low
  • Publisher: World Scientific

This book aims to tell the Abu Dhabi story in economic development, from its past dominance in oil to its economic vision for the future. More than being an exemplar of industrial restructuring and diversification from a resource-based to a 21st century knowledge-based economy and society, Abu Dhabi emphasises its cultural legacy and tradition as an environmental advocate for green and sustainable pathways. It has as many challenges as creative responses to show that its success is not by wealth alone. This case study unveils Abu Dhabi in particular and the rest of Arabic and GCC economic development in general. They have all attracted foreign investment and global business, typically as hydrocarbon-rich resource economies. Beyond that, the geoeconomics and geopolitics of the Middle East and North Africa, with or without the Arab Spring in 2011 is in and of itself, a rich region for multidisciplinary studies and research, not just for economics and business. With Qatar, Abu Dhabi boasts of one of the highest per capita income in the world; therein lies a reason to enquire about its success and pivotal role in the GCC and global contexts.

Pulse Laser Assisted Growth of Nanowires and Nano heterojunctions and Their Properties

  • Filename: pulse-laser-assisted-growth-of-nanowires-and-nano-heterojunctions-and-their-properties.
  • ISBN: 9781109087864
  • Release Date: 2008
  • Number of pages: 144
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

Catalyst assisted growth has the advantage of synthesizing heterojunctions of nanostructures at desired locations. Using pulse laser vaporization technique, GaAs nanowire-single walled carbon nanotube heterojunctions, GaAs nanowire-Au nanorod heterojunctions have been successfully synthesized based on vapor-liquid-solution (VLS) and solution-liquid-solid (SLS) mechanisms.

Energy Materials

  • Filename: energy-materials.
  • ISBN: 9780470978061
  • Release Date: 2011-04-04
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Duncan W. Bruce
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

In an age of global industrialisation and population growth, the area of energy is one that is very much in the public consciousness. Fundamental scientific research is recognised as being crucial to delivering solutions to these issues, particularly to yield novel means of providing efficient, ideally recyclable, ways of converting, transporting and delivering energy. This volume considers a selection of the state-of-the-art materials that are being designed to meet some of the energy challenges we face today. Topics are carefully chosen that show how the skill of the synthetic chemist can be applied to allow the targeted preparation of inorganic materials with properties optimised for a specific application. Four chapters explore the key areas of: Polymer Electrolytes Advanced Inorganic Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solar Energy Materials Hydrogen Adsorption on Metal Organic Framework Materials for Storage Applications Energy Materials provides both a summary of the current status of research, and an eye to how future research may develop materials properties further. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Low-Dimensional Solids

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