Electrochemical Energy

  • Filename: electrochemical-energy.
  • ISBN: 1482227274
  • Release Date: 2015-12-21
  • Number of pages: 696
  • Author: Pei Kang Shen
  • Publisher: CRC Press

This book gives a comprehensive description of electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the associated latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, as well as challenges and strategies. With contributions from researchers who are at the top of their fields and on the cutting edge of technology, the book includes in-depth discussions ranging from comprehensive understanding to the engineering of components and applied devices.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

  • Filename: advanced-nanomaterials-and-their-applications-in-renewable-energy.
  • ISBN: 0128015284
  • Release Date: 2015-08-01
  • Number of pages: 436
  • Author: Louise Jingbo Liu
  • Publisher:

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Simulation and Growth of Advanced Materials for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production

  • Filename: simulation-and-growth-of-advanced-materials-for-photoelectrochemical-hydrogen-production.
  • ISBN: 0549079440
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 83
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

The photoelectrochemical (PEC) method of renewable hydrogen production is a promising alternative to generate environment friendly energy to alleviate the current energy crisis. It produces clean energy with only sunlight as an energy source and only water as a by-product. Finding a suitable material for the harvesting of sunlight to break water has been a major challenge. The aim of this work was to demonstrate the possible use of InN in direct water splitting. The structural and electronic properties of InN were calculated using Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP). Pulsed laser deposition was employed to grow the InN films on sapphire, Silicon, and conductive glass substrates. The effect of growth parameters, such as pulse energy and pulse counts on the film quality was investigated. The crystalline quality and the surface morphology of the grown films were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). To demonstrate its potential in PEC Hydrogen production, the photocurrent of the film, which reflects the efficiency of the system, was measured in a conventional three electrode setup. In order to get better photoresponse, the effect of growth parameters on the photoresponse of the films was investigated. The maximum photocurrent observed was 6 muA/cm2, which is the basis for further investigation.

Design Fabrication Properties and Applications of Smart and Advanced Materials

  • Filename: design-fabrication-properties-and-applications-of-smart-and-advanced-materials.
  • ISBN: 1498722482
  • Release Date: 2016-01-15
  • Number of pages: 450
  • Author: Xu Hou
  • Publisher: CRC Press

This book introduces various advanced, smart materials and the strategies for the design and preparation for novel uses from macro to micro or from biological, inorganic, organic to composite materials. Selecting the best material is a challenging task, requiring tradeoffs between material properties and designing functional smart materials. The development of smart, advanced materials and their potential applications is a burgeoning area of research. Exciting breakthroughs are anticipated in the future from the concepts and results reported in this book.

Advanced Batteries

  • Filename: advanced-batteries.
  • ISBN: 9780387764245
  • Release Date: 2008-11-09
  • Number of pages: 474
  • Author: Robert Huggins
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Storage and conversion are critical components of important energy-related technologies. "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" employs materials science concepts and tools to describe the critical features that control the behavior of advanced electrochemical storage systems. This volume focuses on the basic phenomena that determine the properties of the components, i.e. electrodes and electrolytes, of advanced systems, as well as experimental methods used to study their critical parameters. This unique materials science approach utilizes concepts and methodologies different from those typical in electrochemical texts, offering a fresh, fundamental and tutorial perspective of advanced battery systems. Graduate students, scientists and engineers interested in electrochemical energy storage and conversion will find "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" a valuable reference.

Lithium Ion Batteries

  • Filename: lithium-ion-batteries.
  • ISBN: 9781439841280
  • Release Date: 2011-12-14
  • Number of pages: 420
  • Author: Xianxia Yuan
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Written by a group of top scientists and engineers in academic and industrial R&D, Lithium-Ion Batteries: Advanced Materials and Technologies gives a clear picture of the current status of these highly efficient batteries. Leading international specialists from universities, government laboratories, and the lithium-ion battery industry share their knowledge and insights on recent advances in the fundamental theories, experimental methods, and research achievements of lithium-ion battery technology. Along with coverage of state-of-the-art manufacturing processes, the book focuses on the technical progress and challenges of cathode materials, anode materials, electrolytes, and separators. It also presents numerical modeling and theoretical calculations, discusses the design of safe and powerful lithium-ion batteries, and describes approaches for enhancing the performance of next-generation lithium-ion battery technology. Due to their high energy density, high efficiency, superior rate capability, and long cycling life, lithium-ion batteries provide a solution to the increasing demands for both stationary and mobile power. With comprehensive and up-to-date information on lithium-ion battery principles, experimental research, numerical modeling, industrial manufacturing, and future prospects, this volume will help you not only select existing materials and technologies but also develop new ones to improve battery performance.

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells

  • Filename: nanostructured-and-advanced-materials-for-fuel-cells.
  • ISBN: 9781466512504
  • Release Date: 2013-12-07
  • Number of pages: 600
  • Author: San Ping Jiang
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Boasting chapters written by leading international experts, Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells provides an overview of the progress that has been made so far in the material and catalyst development for fuel cells. The book covers the most recent developments detailing all aspects of synthesis, characterization, and performance. It offers an overview on the principles, classifications, and types of fuels used in fuel cells, and discusses the critical properties, design, and advances made in various sealing materials. It provides an extensive review on the design, configuration, fabrication, modeling, materials, and stack performance of μ-SOFC technology, and addresses the advancement and challenges in the synthesis, characterization, and fundamental understanding of the catalytic activity of nitrogen-carbon, carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for PEM fuel cells. The authors explore the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, summarize the advancements in the fundamental understanding of the most successful Nafion membranes, and focus on the development of alternative and composite membranes for direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). They also review current challenges and consider future development in the industry. Includes 17 chapters, 262 figures, and close to 2000 references Provides an extensive review of the carbon, nitrogen-carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for fuel cells Presents an update on the latest materials development in conventional fuel cells and emerging fuel cells This text is a single-source reference on the latest advances in the nano-structured materials and electro catalysts for fuel cells, the most efficient and emerging energy conversion technologies for the twenty-first century. It serves as a valuable resource for students, materials engineers, and researchers interested in fuel cell technology.

Ceramic Materials

  • Filename: ceramic-materials.
  • ISBN: 9780387462714
  • Release Date: 2007-10-23
  • Number of pages: 716
  • Author: C. Barry Carter
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, integrated text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a broad diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text. The text concludes with discussions of ceramics in biology and medicine, ceramics as gemstones and the role of ceramics in the interplay between industry and the environment. Extensively illustrated, the text also includes questions for the student and recommendations for additional reading. KEY FEATURES: Combines the treatment of bioceramics, furnaces, glass, optics, pores, gemstones, and point defects in a single text Provides abundant examples and illustrations relating theory to practical applications Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate teaching and as a reference for researchers in materials science Written by established and successful teachers and authors with experience in both research and industry

Apollo s Fire

  • Filename: apollo-s-fire.
  • ISBN: 159726380X
  • Release Date: 2013-03-06
  • Number of pages: 336
  • Author: Jay Inslee
  • Publisher: Island Press

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy ignited America’s Apollo Project and sparked a revolution in space exploration. Today the New Apollo Energy Project is poised to revolutionize the production of energy and thereby save our planet. The nation that built the world’s most powerful rockets, its most advanced computers, and its most sophisticated life support systems is ready to create the world’s most powerful solar energy systems, its most advanced wind energy turbines, and its most sophisticated hybrid cars. This will result in nothing less than a second American Revolution. Who are the dreamers in California who believe they can use mirrors and liquid metal to wring more electricity from a ray of sunshine than anyone else on earth can? Who are the innovators who have built a contraption that can turn the energy of a simple wave off the Oregon coast into burnt toast in Idaho? Who are the scientists in Massachusetts who have invented a battery that now runs your hand drill and will soon run your car? Readers will meet them all in this book. They will learn how the new energy economy will grow, the research that is required, and the legislation that must be passed to make the vision a reality. This is a thoughtful, optimistic book, based on sound facts. No one before has tied together the concepts of economic growth and greenhouse gas reductions with such concrete examples. No one has previously told the real stories of the people who are right now on the front lines of the energy revolution. The co-authors, one a U.S. Congressman who is the primary sponsor of the New Apollo Energy Act, and the other the founder of the Apollo Alliance, have joined their experience, expertise, and passion for a clean energy future to lay out the path to stop global warming and gain energy independence.

Energy Storage

  • Filename: energy-storage.
  • ISBN: 9781441910233
  • Release Date: 2010-09-01
  • Number of pages: 406
  • Author: Robert A. Huggins
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Introduction Energy is necessary for a number of reasons, the most basic and obvious involve the preparation of food and the provision of heat to make life comfortable, or at least, bearable. Subsequently, a wide range of technological uses of energy have emerged and been developed, so that the availability of energy has become a central issue in society. The easiest way to acquire useful energy is to simply ?nd it as wood or a hydrocarbon fossil fuel in nature. But it has often been found to be advantageous to convert what is simply available in nature into more useful forms, and the processing and conversion of raw materials, especially petrochemicals have become a very large industry. Wood Wood has been used to provide heat for a great many years. In some cases, it can be acquired as needed by foraging, or cutting, followed by simple collection. When it is abundant there is relatively little need for it to be stored. However, many societies have found it desirable to collect more wood than is immediately needed during warm periods during the year, and to store it up for use in the winter, when the needs are greater, or its collection is not so convenient. One can still see this in some locations, such as the more remote communities in the Alps, for example. One might think of this as the oldest and simplest example of energy storage.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

  • Filename: carbon-nanomaterials-in-clean-energy-hydrogen-systems.
  • ISBN: 9781402088971
  • Release Date: 2008-10-20
  • Number of pages: 910
  • Author: Bogdan Baranowski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Advanced Materials for Sustainable Developments

  • Filename: advanced-materials-for-sustainable-developments.
  • ISBN: 9780470944073
  • Release Date: 2010-11-23
  • Number of pages: 138
  • Author: Hua-Tay Lin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Contributions from three symposia that were part of the 34th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC), in Daytona Beach, FL, January 24-29, 2010 are presented in this volume. The broad range of topics is captured by the symposia titles, which are listed as follows: International Symposium on Ceramics for Electric Energy Generation, Storage, and Distribution (debuted in 2010); Thermal Management Materials and Technologies (debuted in 2010); and lastly, and Advanced Sensor Technology, Developments and Applications (debuted in 2010). These new symposia emerged during this ICACC meeting due to community growth and interest, and thus each of these subject areas were established as stand-alone symposia. The current volume represents 15 contributions from the above listed symposia that embody the latest developments in engineering ceramics for energy technologies, thermal management utilizing either highly conductive or insulating materials, as well as advances regarding the utilization of ceramics for sensors.

Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion II

  • Filename: advanced-materials-for-energy-conversion-ii.
  • ISBN: 0873395743
  • Release Date: 2004-01-01
  • Number of pages: 483
  • Author: Dhanesh Chandra
  • Publisher: Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society

This volume explores research related to energy conversion devices and related fundamental mechanisms, particularly in the field of fuel cell research, hydrogen storage, and superconductors. With an emphasis on fundamentals and applications of materials science and engineering related to energy conversion, this volume focuses on recent advances made in the general field of conversion, storage, and transmission of energy. Fuel cells, hydrogen and tritium storage, batteries, superconductors, magnets, membrane materials, thermal energy storage materials, photovoltaics, and related topics are discussed.

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