Advanced Materials for Clean Energy

  • Filename: advanced-materials-for-clean-energy.
  • ISBN: 9781482205800
  • Release Date: 2015-04-06
  • Number of pages: 631
  • Author: Qiang Xu
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Research for clean energy is booming, driven by the rapid depletion of fossil fuels and growing environmental concerns as well as the increasing growth of mobile electronic devices. Consequently, various research fields have focused on the development of high-performance materials for alternative energy technologies. Advanced Materials for Clean Energy surveys the key developments in the science and engineering of the state-of-the-art materials for clean energy. The book provides a broad overview of materials for photovoltaics, solar energy conversion, thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, supercapacitors, rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, and hydrogen production and storage. Each of these topics is covered by an experienced international group of contributors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields. The books gives you a valuable information for maximizing the efficiency of alternative energy approaches.

Electrochemical Energy

  • Filename: electrochemical-energy.
  • ISBN: 9781482227284
  • Release Date: 2016-01-05
  • Number of pages: 622
  • Author: Pei Kang Shen
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

  • Filename: advanced-nanomaterials-and-their-applications-in-renewable-energy.
  • ISBN: 0128015284
  • Release Date: 2015-08-01
  • Number of pages: 436
  • Author: Louise Jingbo Liu
  • Publisher:

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Simulation and Growth of Advanced Materials for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production

  • Filename: simulation-and-growth-of-advanced-materials-for-photoelectrochemical-hydrogen-production.
  • ISBN: 0549079440
  • Release Date: 2007
  • Number of pages: 83
  • Author:
  • Publisher: ProQuest

The photoelectrochemical (PEC) method of renewable hydrogen production is a promising alternative to generate environment friendly energy to alleviate the current energy crisis. It produces clean energy with only sunlight as an energy source and only water as a by-product. Finding a suitable material for the harvesting of sunlight to break water has been a major challenge. The aim of this work was to demonstrate the possible use of InN in direct water splitting. The structural and electronic properties of InN were calculated using Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP). Pulsed laser deposition was employed to grow the InN films on sapphire, Silicon, and conductive glass substrates. The effect of growth parameters, such as pulse energy and pulse counts on the film quality was investigated. The crystalline quality and the surface morphology of the grown films were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). To demonstrate its potential in PEC Hydrogen production, the photocurrent of the film, which reflects the efficiency of the system, was measured in a conventional three electrode setup. In order to get better photoresponse, the effect of growth parameters on the photoresponse of the films was investigated. The maximum photocurrent observed was 6 muA/cm2, which is the basis for further investigation.

Structural Characterization Techniques

  • Filename: structural-characterization-techniques.
  • ISBN: 9814669342
  • Release Date: 2016-02-21
  • Number of pages: 250
  • Author: Lorenzo Malavasi
  • Publisher:

The book presents state-of-the-art contributions related to advanced structural characterization techniques in the field of clean energy materials with particular emphasis on solid oxide fuel cells and hydrogen storage materials. It describes several diffraction and spectroscopic techniques for investigation of both the average and local structures with several examples related to the most recent clean energy materials. It is the first authoritative collection of contributions showing the importance of applying the most advanced structural techniques to shed light on the properties and mechanism of materials currently investigated for the use in alternative energy devices. It represents an essential guide for researchers working in the field of structural analysis of advanced materials by providing key techniques for ex situ and in situ investigation of clean energy materials.

Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation

  • Filename: clean-disruption-of-energy-and-transportation.
  • ISBN: 9780692210536
  • Release Date: 2014-06-27
  • Number of pages: 290
  • Author: Tony Seba
  • Publisher: Tony Seba

The industrial age of energy and transportation will be over by 2030. Maybe before. Exponentially improving technologies such as solar, electric vehicles, and autonomous (self-driving) cars will disrupt and sweep away the energy and transportation industries as we know it. The same Silicon Valley ecosystem that created bit-based technologies that have disrupted atom-based industries is now creating bit- and electron-based technologies that will disrupt atom-based energy industries. Clean Disruption projections (based on technology cost curves, business model innovation as well as product innovation) show that by 2030: - All new energy will be provided by solar or wind. - All new mass-market vehicles will be electric. - All of these vehicles will be autonomous (self-driving) or semi-autonomous. - The new car market will shrink by 80%. - Even assuming that EVs don't kill the gasoline car by 2030, the self-driving car will shrink the new car market by 80%. - Gasoline will be obsolete. Nuclear is already obsolete. - Up to 80% of highways will be redundant. - Up to 80% of parking spaces will be redundant. - The concept of individual car ownership will be obsolete. - The Car Insurance industry will be disrupted. The Stone Age did not end because we ran out of rocks. It ended because a disruptive technology ushered in the Bronze Age. The era of centralized, command-and-control, extraction-resource-based energy sources (oil, gas, coal and nuclear) will not end because we run out of petroleum, natural gas, coal, or uranium. It will end because these energy sources, the business models they employ, and the products that sustain them will be disrupted by superior technologies, product architectures, and business models. This is a technology-based disruption reminiscent of how the cell phone, Internet, and personal computer swept away industries such as landline telephony, publishing, and mainframe computers. Just like those technology disruptions flipped the architecture of information and brought abundant, cheap and participatory information, the clean disruption will flip the architecture of energy and bring abundant, cheap and participatory energy. Just like those previous technology disruptions, the Clean Disruption is inevitable and it will be swift.

Design Fabrication Properties and Applications of Smart and Advanced Materials

  • Filename: design-fabrication-properties-and-applications-of-smart-and-advanced-materials.
  • ISBN: 1498722482
  • Release Date: 2016-01-15
  • Number of pages: 450
  • Author: Xu Hou
  • Publisher: CRC Press

This book introduces various advanced, smart materials and the strategies for the design and preparation for novel uses from macro to micro or from biological, inorganic, organic to composite materials. Selecting the best material is a challenging task, requiring tradeoffs between material properties and designing functional smart materials. The development of smart, advanced materials and their potential applications is a burgeoning area of research. Exciting breakthroughs are anticipated in the future from the concepts and results reported in this book.

Energy Materials

  • Filename: energy-materials.
  • ISBN: 9780470978061
  • Release Date: 2011-04-04
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Duncan W. Bruce
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

In an age of global industrialisation and population growth, the area of energy is one that is very much in the public consciousness. Fundamental scientific research is recognised as being crucial to delivering solutions to these issues, particularly to yield novel means of providing efficient, ideally recyclable, ways of converting, transporting and delivering energy. This volume considers a selection of the state-of-the-art materials that are being designed to meet some of the energy challenges we face today. Topics are carefully chosen that show how the skill of the synthetic chemist can be applied to allow the targeted preparation of inorganic materials with properties optimised for a specific application. Four chapters explore the key areas of: Polymer Electrolytes Advanced Inorganic Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solar Energy Materials Hydrogen Adsorption on Metal Organic Framework Materials for Storage Applications Energy Materials provides both a summary of the current status of research, and an eye to how future research may develop materials properties further. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Low-Dimensional Solids

Advanced Batteries

  • Filename: advanced-batteries.
  • ISBN: 9780387764245
  • Release Date: 2008-11-09
  • Number of pages: 474
  • Author: Robert Huggins
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Storage and conversion are critical components of important energy-related technologies. "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" employs materials science concepts and tools to describe the critical features that control the behavior of advanced electrochemical storage systems. This volume focuses on the basic phenomena that determine the properties of the components, i.e. electrodes and electrolytes, of advanced systems, as well as experimental methods used to study their critical parameters. This unique materials science approach utilizes concepts and methodologies different from those typical in electrochemical texts, offering a fresh, fundamental and tutorial perspective of advanced battery systems. Graduate students, scientists and engineers interested in electrochemical energy storage and conversion will find "Advanced Batteries: Materials Science Aspects" a valuable reference.

Apollo s Fire

  • Filename: apollo-s-fire.
  • ISBN: 9781597266499
  • Release Date: 2009-08-13
  • Number of pages: 416
  • Author: Jay Inslee
  • Publisher: Island Press

Looks at renewable energy policy and resources and argues that a reduction in greenhouse gases will increase economic growth and provide energy independence.

Lithium Ion Batteries

  • Filename: lithium-ion-batteries.
  • ISBN: 9781439841280
  • Release Date: 2011-12-14
  • Number of pages: 420
  • Author: Xianxia Yuan
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Written by a group of top scientists and engineers in academic and industrial R&D, Lithium-Ion Batteries: Advanced Materials and Technologies gives a clear picture of the current status of these highly efficient batteries. Leading international specialists from universities, government laboratories, and the lithium-ion battery industry share their knowledge and insights on recent advances in the fundamental theories, experimental methods, and research achievements of lithium-ion battery technology. Along with coverage of state-of-the-art manufacturing processes, the book focuses on the technical progress and challenges of cathode materials, anode materials, electrolytes, and separators. It also presents numerical modeling and theoretical calculations, discusses the design of safe and powerful lithium-ion batteries, and describes approaches for enhancing the performance of next-generation lithium-ion battery technology. Due to their high energy density, high efficiency, superior rate capability, and long cycling life, lithium-ion batteries provide a solution to the increasing demands for both stationary and mobile power. With comprehensive and up-to-date information on lithium-ion battery principles, experimental research, numerical modeling, industrial manufacturing, and future prospects, this volume will help you not only select existing materials and technologies but also develop new ones to improve battery performance.

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells

  • Filename: nanostructured-and-advanced-materials-for-fuel-cells.
  • ISBN: 9781466512504
  • Release Date: 2013-12-07
  • Number of pages: 600
  • Author: San Ping Jiang
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Boasting chapters written by leading international experts, Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells provides an overview of the progress that has been made so far in the material and catalyst development for fuel cells. The book covers the most recent developments detailing all aspects of synthesis, characterization, and performance. It offers an overview on the principles, classifications, and types of fuels used in fuel cells, and discusses the critical properties, design, and advances made in various sealing materials. It provides an extensive review on the design, configuration, fabrication, modeling, materials, and stack performance of μ-SOFC technology, and addresses the advancement and challenges in the synthesis, characterization, and fundamental understanding of the catalytic activity of nitrogen-carbon, carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for PEM fuel cells. The authors explore the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, summarize the advancements in the fundamental understanding of the most successful Nafion membranes, and focus on the development of alternative and composite membranes for direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). They also review current challenges and consider future development in the industry. Includes 17 chapters, 262 figures, and close to 2000 references Provides an extensive review of the carbon, nitrogen-carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for fuel cells Presents an update on the latest materials development in conventional fuel cells and emerging fuel cells This text is a single-source reference on the latest advances in the nano-structured materials and electro catalysts for fuel cells, the most efficient and emerging energy conversion technologies for the twenty-first century. It serves as a valuable resource for students, materials engineers, and researchers interested in fuel cell technology.

Advanced Surface Engineering Materials

  • Filename: advanced-surface-engineering-materials.
  • ISBN: 9781119314189
  • Release Date: 2016-09-06
  • Number of pages: 736
  • Author: Ashutosh Tiwari
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Advanced surfaces enriches the high-throughput engineering of physical and chemical phenomenon in relatin to electrical, magnetic, electronics, thermal and optical controls, as well as large surface areas, protective coatings against water loss and excessive gas exchange. A more sophisticated example could be a highly selective surface permeability allowing passive diffusion and selective transport of molecules in the water or gases. The smart surface technology provides an interlayer model which prevents the entry of substances without affecting the properties of neighboring layers. A number of methods have been developed for coatings, which are essential building blocks for the top-down and/or bottom-up design of numerous functional materials. Advanced Surface Engineering Materials offers a detailed up-to-date review chapters on the functional coatings and adhesives, engineering of nanosurfaces, high-tech surface, characterization and new applications. The 13 chapters in this book are divided into 3 parts (Functional coatings and adhesives; Engineering of nanosurfaces; High-tech surface, characterization and new applications) and are all written by worldwide subject matter specialists. The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, environmental, bio- and nano- technologies and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on surface engineering materials and their technological importance.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

  • Filename: carbon-nanomaterials-in-clean-energy-hydrogen-systems.
  • ISBN: 9781402088971
  • Release Date: 2008-10-20
  • Number of pages: 910
  • Author: Bogdan Baranowski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

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