A Survey of English Spelling

  • Filename: a-survey-of-english-spelling.
  • ISBN: 9781134872244
  • Release Date: 2012-08-21
  • Number of pages: 564
  • Author: Edward Carney
  • Publisher: Routledge



Published at a time when literacy and spelling are issues of topical concern, A Survey of English Spelling offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date overview of this important but hitherto neglected area of the English language. The text brings together a vast body of knowledge, both synthesised from diverse sources and original, unpublished research. The emphasis is on a functional exploration of the spelling regularities and markers that underpin literacy in English. An extensive database has been used throughout to provide a wealth of examples, statistics and analyses. The carefully signposted text and detailed contents listing allow students, professionals, teachers and academics in all areas of English Language, Linguistics and Speech Pathology to access specific information with ease.

American English Spelling

  • Filename: american-english-spelling.
  • ISBN: 0801834430
  • Release Date: 1988-05-01
  • Number of pages: 555
  • Author: D. W. Cummings
  • Publisher: JHU Press



In this study of the English language as it is spelled in America, D. W. Cummings demonstrates that behind the apparent disorder of spelling in American English lies a self-regulating and self-reorganizing system that is responsive to four kinds of imperative: phonetic, semantic, etymological, and systemic. Cummings offers a systematic theory of orthography and applies this theory to the American English vocabulary with numerous examples. Cummings also describes the explication of written words into their elements, particles, and processes, and he sets out the tactical and procedural rules that control the distribution and sequencing of vowels and consonants. In the largest section of the book, he provides an exhaustive description of the major and minor correspondences between the sounds of American English words and their spellings. An essential reference work, American English Spelling moves beyond questions of how words are spelled to an understanding of why they are spelled as they are.

English Spelling

  • Filename: english-spelling.
  • ISBN: 9781134719921
  • Release Date: 2008-02-20
  • Number of pages: 112
  • Author: Edward Carney
  • Publisher: Routledge



English Spelling explores the rules and conventions on which present-day English spelling is based. This Language Workbook: * Examines how speech-sounds map onto each other * Explores the extent to which words sound identical or look identical * Analyzes various kinds of spelling mistakes * Looks at the main differences between American and British spelling * Shows how and why the names of people and places may vary from expected spelling conventions * Deals with the punctuation of words by apostrophes, hyphens and capitalisation * Considers several possible approaches to spelling reform

English spelling and the computer

  • Filename: english-spelling-and-the-computer.
  • ISBN: UOM:49015002459825
  • Release Date: 1996
  • Number of pages: 207
  • Author: Roger Mitton
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Ltd



English Spelling and the Computer provides a thorough examination of English spelling focusing in particular on the difficulties faced by present day spellers. Most people make spelling mistakes and while word processors with spellcheckers do offer some help, they do not catch all the errors, and often make inappropriate suggestions. This book looks at common errors and explains why they are made. A knowledge of the history and development of English spelling is useful for understanding the problems of spelling and the difficulties spellcheckers are trying to address. The book therefore begins by examining the history of spelling and goes on to consider the arguments for and against reform. This is followed by an analysis of a large corpus of spelling errors including both the errors that people make when they do not know how to spell a word and the errors they make when they know how to spell the word but for some reason write something different. The second part of the book describes how spellcheckers store their dictionaries, detect errors, retrieve sets of suggestions and rank-order them for the user. Roger Mitton describes the techniques used by spellcheckers and shows why they come up with their occasionally curious lists. The technical material in this part of the book is carefully explained, so familiarity with computer programming is not essential for grasping the main concepts. The book will appeal to students of English language, to teachers of pupils with spelling problems and to psychologists with an interest in spelling, as well as to computer scientists specializing in the processing of text.

A Survey of Modern English

  • Filename: a-survey-of-modern-english.
  • ISBN: 9780415300353
  • Release Date: 2004
  • Number of pages: 397
  • Author: Stephan Gramley
  • Publisher: Psychology Press



This comprehensive and systematic review of modern English presents a description of both the linguistic structure of present-day English and its geographical, social, gender and ethnic variations.

Spell It Out

  • Filename: spell-it-out.
  • ISBN: 9781847658227
  • Release Date: 2012-09-06
  • Number of pages: 254
  • Author: David Crystal
  • Publisher: Profile Books



Why is there an 'h' in ghost? William Caxton, inventor of the printing press and his Flemish employees are to blame: without a dictionary or style guide to hand in fifteenth century Bruges, the typesetters simply spelled it the way it sounded to their foreign ears, and it stuck. Seventy-five per cent of English spelling is regular but twenty-five per cent is complicated, and in Spell It Out our foremost linguistics expert David Crystal extends a helping hand to the confused and curious alike. He unearths the stories behind the rogue words that confound us, and explains why these peculiarities entered the mainstream, in an epic journey taking in sixth century monks, French and Latin upstarts, the Industrial Revolution and the internet. By learning the history and the principles, Crystal shows how the spellings that break all the rules become easier to get right.

Domesday

  • Filename: domesday.
  • ISBN: 9780199669783
  • Release Date: 2014
  • Number of pages: 335
  • Author: Sally Harvey
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA



Domesday: book of judgement provides a unique study of the extraordinary eleventh-century survey, the Domesday Book. Sally Harvey depicts the Domesday Book as the written evidence of a potentially insecure conquest successfully transforming itself, by a combination of administrative insight and military might, into a permanent establishment. William I used the Domesday Inquiry to contain the new establishment and consolidate their landholding revolution within a strict fiscal and tenurial framework, with checks and balances to prevent the king's followers from taking more powers and assets than they had been allocated. In this way, the survey served as a conciliatory gesture between the conquerors and the conquered, as William I came to realise that, faced with the threat to his rule from the Danes, he needed England's native populations more than they needed him. Yes, the overlying theme of the Domesday Book is Judgment: every class of society had reason to regard the Survey's methodical and often pitiless proceedings as both a literal and a metaphorical day of account. In this volume, Sally Harvey considers the Anglo-Saxon background and the architects of the survey: the bishops, royal clerks, sheriffs, jurors, and landholders who contributed to Domesday's content and scope. She also discusses at length the core information in the Survey: coinage, revenues from landholding, fiscal concessions, and taxation, as well as some central tenurial issues. She draws the conclusion that the record, whilst consolidating William's position as king of the English, also laid the foundations for the twelfth-century treasury and exchequer. The volume newly argues that the Domesday survey also became an inquest into individual sheriffs and officials, thereby laying a foundation for reinterpreting the size of towns in England. -- Provided by publisher.

A Survey of Modern English

  • Filename: a-survey-of-modern-english.
  • ISBN: 9781134420452
  • Release Date: 2004-02-24
  • Number of pages: 416
  • Author: Stephan Gramley
  • Publisher: Routledge



Fully revised and updated, the second edition of this authoritative guide is a comprehensive, scholarly and systematic review of modern English. In one volume the book presents a description of both the linguistic structure of present-day English and its geographical, social, gender, and ethnic variations. Covering new developments such as the impact of email on language and corpus-based grammars, this accessible text has been extensively rewritten and brings the survey of modern English right up to date. It also offers new examples and suggestions for further reading.

Spelling for Life

  • Filename: spelling-for-life.
  • ISBN: 9781134671465
  • Release Date: 2013-10-23
  • Number of pages: 280
  • Author: Lyn Stone
  • Publisher: Routledge



"There is a common misconception in educational circles that spelling and mathematics are opposites. A familiar cry of the struggling speller, "I can't spell because I have a maths brain."Actually spelling is mathematical. Spelling is the manipulation of symbols according to agreed-upon patterns that produce predictable results. Spelling errors also fall into sets of predictable patterns. Success in spelling is not a product of intelligence. Many people struggle to spell due to coping strategies developed in place of explicit instruction. Often students who can read and express themselves competently nevertheless find spelling difficult. False assumptions about spelling, such as believing the English language is complex and/or irregular, damage confidence and lead to reluctance to even attempt to spell correctly. In Spelling For Life, teachers and studentslearn what the common spelling coping strategies aregain insights into undoing poor spelling habitswork together to notice patterns not only in regular spelling, but also in words which on the surface seem to break the spelling rulespractise successful spelling strategies, progressing from simple to complex words rapidly and with confidence. Aided by scripts, progressive assessments, unique tools and extensive practice lists, this highly acclaimed overview of spelling succeeds in developing critical thinking and confidence when reading and spelling. It can be used in conjunction with any established phonics program."--

Advances in English Historical Linguistics 1996

  • Filename: advances-in-english-historical-linguistics-1996.
  • ISBN: 3110161516
  • Release Date: 1998
  • Number of pages: 489
  • Author: Jacek Fisiak
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter



This volume contains 28 papers from the 9th International Conference in English Historical Linguistics, which took place in Poznan, Poland, in August 1996. The contributions cover all aspects of the history of the English language, including: phonology; morphology; syntax; and lexicon.

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

  • Filename: the-handbook-of-historical-sociolinguistics.
  • ISBN: 9781118257265
  • Release Date: 2012-02-15
  • Number of pages: 704
  • Author: Juan Manuel Hern├índez-Campoy
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

An Introduction to English Grammar

  • Filename: an-introduction-to-english-grammar.
  • ISBN: 9781317863960
  • Release Date: 2013-11-04
  • Number of pages: 292
  • Author: Gerald C. Nelson
  • Publisher: Routledge



English Language and its usage has become extremely emotive issues in recent years. Recurring discussions in the media have highlighted a growing demand for a return to the study of language after decades of neglect. This book is an introductory descriptive survey, intended for students, teachers and general readers which offers coverage of grammatical topics with sections on spelling, punctuation and exercises. Clear and concise, this much needed third edition of Gerald Nelson and the late Sidney Greenbaum's introduction will be of immense value to students who have little or no experience of studying English grammar.

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