A History of the Photographic Lens

  • Filename: a-history-of-the-photographic-lens.
  • ISBN: 0124086403
  • Release Date: 1989
  • Number of pages: 334
  • Author: Rudolf Kingslake
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Contents: Introduction. Meniscus Landscape Lenses; Portrait Lenses; Early Double Objectives; Optical Glass; The First Anastigmats; The Triplet Lens and Its Modifications; Meniscus Anastigmats; Telephoto Lenses; Reversed Telephoto Lenses; Varifocal and Zoom Lenses; Catadioptric (Mirror) Systems; Lens Attachments; Brief Biographies. Appendix: A Glossary of Optical Terms. Index. In this book, author Kingslake traces the historical development of the various types of lenses from Daguerre's invention of photography in 1839 through lenses commonly used today. Provides valuable information to anyone interested in the evolution of lens design.

A History of the Photographic Lens

  • Filename: a-history-of-the-photographic-lens.
  • ISBN: 9780080508177
  • Release Date: 1989-11-22
  • Number of pages: 334
  • Author: Rudolf Kingslake
  • Publisher: Elsevier



The lens is generally the most expensive and least understood part of any camera. In this book, Rudolf Kingslake traces the historical development of the various types of lenses from Daguerre's invention of photography in 1839 through lenses commonly used today. From an early lens still being manufactured for use in low-cost cameras to designs made possible through such innovations as lens coating, rare-earth glasses, and computer aided lens design and testing, the author details each major advance in design and fabrication. The book explains how and why each new lens type was developed, and why most of them have since been abandoned. This authoritative history of lens technology also includes brief biographies of several outstanding lens designers and manufacturers of the past.

The Lens

  • Filename: the-lens.
  • ISBN: 9781457179266
  • Release Date: 2012-10-08
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: NK Guy
  • Publisher: Rocky Nook, Inc.



Which lens should I buy for my camera? It's such a simple question, but choosing the right lens or lenses is actually one of the most important photographic decisions you can make. Nothing affects the quality of a photo more than the lens. It's no longer just about the megapixels-it's the glass that makes all the difference! Many first-time buyers of DSLRs don't venture past the basic lens included in the box. While some are reluctant to spend more money, others are confused by all the buzzwords or are overwhelmed by all the choices out there. It's really a shame, because interchangeable lenses give you amazing scope for quality photography. Take in vast sweeping scenes with a wide angle lens. Capture faraway birds with a telephoto lens. Examine the tiniest detail of a flower with a macro lens. Record the perfect portrait with a prime lens. Anything is possible when you choose the right lens for the job! This book isn't a simple catalogue of available lenses. New products are coming out all the time, and comparing specific lenses can be difficult. Instead, author N.K. Guy gives you all the information you need to make smart buying decisions. Optical technology is demystified, arcane terminology is decoded, and practical tips are provided. The Lens will help you build the perfect lens collection to suit your needs-now and in the future.

Camera

  • Filename: camera.
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105124109617
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 360
  • Author: Todd Gustavson
  • Publisher:



Few inventions have had as powerful an influence as the camera, and few modes of expression have enjoyed the enduring artistic, scientific, and popular appeal of photography. We are so focused on the products of the camera, the indelible images marking our lives and times, that it's easy to forget the instrument itself has a history. Now that history has been comprehensively traced for photography buffs and amateurs alike by Todd Gustavson, Curator of Technology at George Eastman House. In this stunning volume, hundreds of new and archival images from George Eastman House bring the story to life and provide an unmatched reference source. Vast in its scope, this groundbreaking book is an in-depth visual and narrative look at the camera, and consequently photography itself, as never before seen. - Jacket.

Optics in Photography

  • Filename: optics-in-photography.
  • ISBN: 0819407631
  • Release Date: 1992-01-01
  • Number of pages: 289
  • Author: Rudolf Kingslake
  • Publisher: SPIE Press



This book explains fundamental optical principles that apply to photography, cameras, and lenses. It is intended for professionals and serious amateur photographers as well as lens designers and optical engineers.

Light and Lens

  • Filename: light-and-lens.
  • ISBN: 9781136104299
  • Release Date: 2012-09-10
  • Number of pages: 496
  • Author: Robert Hirsch
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis



Light & Lens: Photography in the Digital Age is a groundbreaking introductory book that clearly and concisely provides the instruction and building blocks necessary to create thought-provoking digitally based photographs. It is an adventurous idea book that features numerous classroom-tested assignments and exercises from leading photographic educators to encourage you to critically explore and make images from the photographers' eye, an aesthetic point of view. Acquire a basic foundation for digital photography. Light and Lens covers the fundamental concepts of image-making; how to use today's digital technology to create compelling images; and how to output and preserve images in the digital world. Explore the history, theory and methods of digital image-making. Light and Lens translates the enduring aesthetics of art photography into the digital realm. You'll view, capture and think about images from a new perspective. Increase your ability to analyze, discuss and write about your own work and the images of others. Learn with exercises and assignments by leading digital educators. Innovative techniques will train your eye to make the strongest visual statement. Solve visual problems and overcome image challenges. Whether you use a digital SLR or a point-and-shoot camera, you'll get new strategies to master composition, design and light. View the full range of the digital terrain with stunning images and commentary by over 190 international artists. Robert Hirsch is a renowned photographer, educator, historian and writer. His book credits include Photographic Possibilities: The Expressive Use of Ideas, Materials and Processes; Exploring Color Photography: From the Darkroom to the Digital Studio; and Seizing the Light: A History of Photography. He has had many one-person shows and curated numerous exhibitions. Hirsch has also conducted many workshops and interviewed eminent photographers of our time. The former executive director of CEPA Gallery, he is now the director of Light Research in Buffalo, New York, and on the Visual Studies faculty of University of Buffalo/The State University of New York.

Lens Design Fundamentals

  • Filename: lens-design-fundamentals.
  • ISBN: 0080921566
  • Release Date: 2009-11-20
  • Number of pages: 569
  • Author: Rudolf Kingslake
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the substantial changes in the field since its publication in 1978 Strong emphasis on how to effectively use software design packages, indispensable to today’s lens designer Many new lens design problems and examples – ranging from simple lenses to complex zoom lenses and mirror systems – give insight for both the newcomer and specialist in the field Rudolf Kingslake is regarded as the American father of lens design; his book, not revised since its publication in 1978, is viewed as a classic in the field. Naturally, the area has developed considerably since the book was published, the most obvious changes being the availability of powerful lens design software packages, theoretical advances, and new surface fabrication technologies. This book provides the skills and knowledge to move into the exciting world of contemporary lens design and develop practical lenses needed for the great variety of 21st-century applications. Continuing to focus on fundamental methods and procedures of lens design, this revision by R. Barry Johnson of a classic modernizes symbology and nomenclature, improves conceptual clarity, broadens the study of aberrations, enhances discussion of multi-mirror systems, adds tilted and decentered systems with eccentric pupils, explores use of aberrations in the optimization process, enlarges field flattener concepts, expands discussion of image analysis, includes many new exemplary examples to illustrate concepts, and much more. Optical engineers working in lens design will find this book an invaluable guide to lens design in traditional and emerging areas of application; it is also suited to advanced undergraduate or graduate course in lens design principles and as a self-learning tutorial and reference for the practitioner. Rudolf Kingslake (1903-2003) was a founding faculty member of the Institute of Optics at The University of Rochester (1929) and remained teaching until 1983. Concurrently, in 1937 he became head of the lens design department at Eastman Kodak until his retirement in 1969. Dr. Kingslake published numerous papers, books, and was awarded many patents. He was a Fellow of SPIE and OSA, and an OSA President (1947-48). He was awarded the Progress Medal from SMPTE (1978), the Frederic Ives Medal (1973), and the Gold Medal of SPIE (1980). R. Barry Johnson has been involved for over 40 years in lens design, optical systems design, and electro-optical systems engineering. He has been a faculty member at three academic institutions engaged in optics education and research, co-founder of the Center for Applied Optics at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, employed by a number of companies, and provided consulting services. Dr. Johnson is an SPIE Fellow and Life Member, OSA Fellow, and an SPIE President (1987). He published numerous papers and has been awarded many patents. Dr. Johnson was founder and Chairman of the SPIE Lens Design Working Group (1988-2002), is an active Program Committee member of the International Optical Design Conference, and perennial co-chair of the annual SPIE Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering Conference. Thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the substantial changes in the field since its publication in 1978 Strong emphasis on how to effectively use software design packages, indispensable to today’s lens designer Many new lens design problems and examples – ranging from simple lenses to complex zoom lenses and mirror systems – give insight for both the newcomer and specialist in the field

The History of Photography in 50 Cameras

  • Filename: the-history-of-photography-in-50-cameras.
  • ISBN: 1472575385
  • Release Date: 2014-11-06
  • Number of pages: 224
  • Author: Michael Pritchard
  • Publisher: A&C Black Visual Arts



The history of photography, perhaps more so than any other art, is a history of technology that is best revealed in the very vehicle that makes it possible - the camera. Through a selection of fifty landmark cameras, Michael Pritchard tells the story of this ground-breaking piece of equipment that changed the way we saw the world around us. Beginning with Louis Daguerre's daguerreotype of 1839, other entries include the Brownie (1900), the Kodak Instamatic 100 (1963), the Polaroid SX-70 (1972), right up to the Canon EOS 5D Mark III (2012) and the Nokia Lumia camera phone (2013). Illustrations show not only the cameras themselves but also the advertising material that accompanied them and some of the well-known images they were used to take. Pritchard uses each camera as a point of entry for talking about the people who created and used them and the kind of photos they produced, from Weegee and his Speed Graphic to Cartier-Bresson and the Leica's role in the invention of photojournalism. In the hands of individual photographers, he reveals, cameras came to represent unique styles of depiction. Together, the stories of the fifty cameras gathered here present an approachable and informative take on a medium that continues to fire the imagination, whether we're perfecting the selfie using the modern camera-phone or longing for the days of Fotomat.

The Miracle of Analogy

  • Filename: the-miracle-of-analogy.
  • ISBN: 9780804794008
  • Release Date: 2015-03-04
  • Number of pages: 208
  • Author: Kaja Silverman
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press



The Miracle of Analogy is the first of a two-volume reconceptualization of photography. It argues that photography originates in what is seen, rather than in the human eye or the camera lens, and that it is the world's primary way of revealing itself to us. Neither an index, representation, nor copy, as conventional studies would have it, the photographic image is an analogy. This principle obtains at every level of its being: a photograph analogizes its referent, the negative from which it is generated, every other print that is struck from that negative, and all of its digital "offspring." Photography is also unstoppably developmental, both at the level of the individual image and of medium. The photograph moves through time, in search of other "kin," some of which may be visual, but others of which may be literary, architectural, philosophical, or literary. Finally, photography develops with us, and in response to us. It assumes historically legible forms, but when we divest them of their saving power, as we always seem to do, it goes elsewhere. The present volume focuses on the nineteenth century and some of its contemporary progeny. It begins with the camera obscura, which morphed into chemical photography and lives on in digital form, and ends with Walter Benjamin. Key figures discussed along the way include Nicéphore Niépce, Louis Daguerre, William Fox-Talbot, Jeff Wall, and Joan Fontcuberta.

Beyond Point and Shoot

  • Filename: beyond-point-and-shoot.
  • ISBN: 9781457165177
  • Release Date: 2012-04-23
  • Number of pages: 140
  • Author: Darrell Young
  • Publisher: Rocky Nook, Inc.



There are two types of new photographers: those satisfied with their low-cost point-and-shoot cameras, and those more enthusiastic photographers who recognize the limitations of low-cost equipment and want to improve their pictures. No longer satisfied with simple snapshots, the enthusiast moves up to a more complex digital camera-one with interchangeable lenses and manual controls-to satisfy their artistic urge. Assuming little to no knowledge of photographic terms, techniques, or technology, Beyond Point-And-Shoot is intended to help smooth the transition from photographic newbie to "real" photographer who is experienced, in-control, and passionate about their craft. Author Darrell Young explores various types of interchangeable-lens cameras, focusing on those with larger imaging sensors, such as digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras. Learn how to get the most out of your camera's automatic and semi-automatic exposure modes, as well as how to move beyond those modes and take full, manual control of your camera. Watch your photography improve as you discover how to apply important photographic principles, such as depth of field, white balance, and metering. With this newfound knowledge you'll move beyond point-and-shoot and begin taking truly great photographs. Other topics include: Camera types Lenses Aperture, shutter speed, and ISO Metering and shooting controls Lens focal lengths and angles of view The histogram Color spaces Sensors Filters Image file formats Managing digital noise And much more!

Lens on Syria

  • Filename: lens-on-syria.
  • ISBN: 168257007X
  • Release Date: 2016-09-20
  • Number of pages: 304
  • Author: Daniel Demeter
  • Publisher:



Thousands of remarkable monuments and relics fill the land of Syria from the coast of the Mediterranean to its desert borders, dating back to the dawn of human history. The sites include: Bronze Age ruins, Roman temples and necropolises, churches and monasteries from the early Christian and Byzantine eras, Muslim forts and mosques, Crusader castles, and many more. When conflict broke out in 2011, these treasures were put at great risk and in subsequent years, many were destroyed in battles some were even the intentional targets of extremists. From 2006 2009, American photographer Daniel Demeter traveled broadly throughout Syria, documenting the country s warm and kindhearted people, vibrant markets, exciting landscapes, archaeological sites, historic monuments, and religious architecture. In seven chapters organized by region, Lens on Syria offers a unique visual experience of pre-war Syria and serves as an invaluable record of the country s long history, rich heritage, and diverse culture."

Applied Photographic Optics

  • Filename: applied-photographic-optics.
  • ISBN: UOM:39015054379428
  • Release Date: 2002
  • Number of pages: 656
  • Author: Sidney F. Ray
  • Publisher: Focal Press



Selected by the American Library Association's 'Choice' magazine as "best technical book", the first edition of this book soon established itself as the standard reference work on all aspects of photographic lenses and associated optical systems. This is unsurprising, as Sidney Ray provides a complete, comprehensive reference source for anyone wanting information on photographic lenses, from the student to the practitioner or specialist working with visual and digital media worldwide. This third edition has been fully revised and expanded to include the rapid progress in the last decade in optical technology and advances in relevant electronic and digital forms of imaging. Every chapter has been revised and expanded using new figures and photographs as appropriate, as well as extended bibliographies. New chapters include details of filters, measurements from images and the optical systems of digital cameras. Details of electronic and digital imaging have been integrated throughout. More information is given on topics such as aspherics, diffractive optics, ED glasses, image stabilization, optical technology, video projection and new types of lenses. A selection of the contents includes chapters on: optical theory, aberrations, auto focus, lens testing, depth of field, development of photographic lenses, general properties of lenses, wide-angle lenses, telephoto lenses, video lenses, viewfinder systems, camera movements, projection systems and 3-D systems. Everything you need to know about still and moving image lenses in one handy volume Be completely up-to-date with vital new information on optics for digital imagingBenefit from the expertise of this award-winning technical author

The Complete Book of Photographic Lenses

  • Filename: the-complete-book-of-photographic-lenses.
  • ISBN: 0817436979
  • Release Date: 1991
  • Number of pages: 144
  • Author: Joseph Meehan
  • Publisher: Amphoto Books



Describes the design and operation of standard, wide-angle, telephoto, and specialized lenses and examines how lens selection affects the content and composition of photographs

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